Andhra Pradesh - Introduction @ whatisindia.com

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Wednesday, August 22, 2007


 

Andhra Pradesh


 

Quick Information

State Area 

275,069 (Sq. Km.)

State Capital

Hyderabad

Major Languages

Telugu and Urdu

Number of Districts

23

Population

76,111,243

Males

38,286,811

Females

37,440,730

Growth Rate 1991-2001

13.86 %

Density

275

Urban Population

27.08 %

Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)

978

Literacy Rate

61.11 %

Males

70.85 %

Females

51.17 %

Legislature

Legislative Assembly

Judicature

High Court, Hyderabad

Governor

Shri Narayan Dutt Tiwari

Address

Raj Bhawan, Raj Bhawan Road, Hyderabad - 500 041

Office No.

040 - 23310521

Residence No.

Fax

040 - 23312650

Email

governor@ap.nic.in

Chief Minister

Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy

Address

Chief Minister's Bungalow, Greenland's Circle, Begumpet, Hyderabad-500016

Office No.

040-23455698

040-23455205

040-23452933

Residence No.

040 - 23410333

040 - 23410555

040 - 23450666

Fax

040 - 23452498

Email

cmap@ap.nic.in

Chief Secretary

Shri J.Harinarayan

Address

Hyderabad-500001

Office No.

040 - 23453620

040 - 23455340

Residence No.

 -------

Fax 

040 - 23453700

  

  

General Information

Andhra Pradesh is the fifth largest state in India, both in area and population. 

Location

It is bounded by Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka and the Bay of Bengal.

Geography

The northern area of AP is mountainous. The highest peak Mahendragiri rises 1500 m (4920 ft.) above the sea level. The climate is generally hot and humid. Annual rainfall: 125cm. The Krishna and the Godavari are the major river systems in the state.

On Nov.1, 1956 in accordance with the recommendations of the State Reorganization Commission, the Andhra State was enlarged by the addition of nine districts formerly in the Nizamís Domination. Hyderabad, the former capital of the Nizam, was made the capital of the enlarged Andhra State.

History

Centuries ago, Andhra Pradesh was a major Buddhist center and part of Emperor Ashoka's sprawling kingdom.  Not surprisingly, traces of early Buddhist influence are still visible in several places in and around the state.  After the death of Emperor Ashoka, the Satavahanas established their kingdom in this region.

During the 7th century, the Chalukyas held sway over Andhra Pradesh until the 10th century, when the Cholas seized power.  In the 14th century, Muslim power reached this southern state and for centuries ruled over this princely state and finally was taken over by a General of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1713.  The successors of the General, known as Nizams, ruled the state till Indian Independence.

Successive dynasties from the Ikshvakus, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagaram kings, Qutb Shahis, Mughals and the Asaf Jahis, have contributed significantly to the State's rich cultural tapestry and have left behind a heritage studded with spectacular monuments, temples, mosques, palaces all vibrant with arts, crafts, dance and literature.

Andhra Pradesh was constituted as a separate State on October 1, 1953 on the partition of Madras Presidency and consisted of the undisputed Telugu-speaking area of that State.  On November 1, 1956, this region was expanded with the Telengana area of the former Hyderabad State, comprising the districts of Hyderabad, Medak, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Warrangal, Khammam, Nalgonda, and Mahaboobnagar, parts of Adilabad district, and some taluks of the Raichur, Gulbarga and Bidar districts, and some revenue circles of the Nanded district.

On April 1, 1960, 573.43 sq km (221.4 sq miles) in the Chingleput and Salem districts of Madras were transferred to Andhra Pradesh in exchange for 1062 sq km (410 sq miles) from Chittoor district. The district of Prakasam was formed on February 2, 1970. Hyderabad was split into two districts on August 15, 1978. A new district, Vizianagaram, was formed in 1979.

Reference:
Manorama Year Book 2007

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