Meghalaya - Introduction @ whatisindia.com

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Saturday, April 14, 2007


 

Meghalaya


 

Quick Information

State Area (Sq. Km.)

22,429

State Capital

Shillong

Major Language(s)

Khasi, Garo and English

Number of Districts

7

Population

2,306,069

Males

1,167,840

Females

1,138,229

Growth Rate 1991-2001

29.94 %

Density

103

Urban Population

19.63 %

Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)

975

Literacy Rate

63.31 %

Males

66.14 %

Females

60.41 %

Legislature

Legislative Assembly

Judicature

High Court, Guwahati

Governor

Sri M. M. Jacob

Address

Raj Bhawan, Meghalaya, Shilong-793001

Office No.

0364-2223001, 2223487 S-2322

Residence No.

0364-2225352

Fax

0364-2223338

email

                   =

Chief Minister

Sri D. D. Lapang

Address

Jaiaw Main Road, Shillong, Meghalaya

Office No.

0364 - 2224282

Residence No.

0364 - 2223922, 2224571

Fax

0364 - 2227913

email

ddlapang@shillong.meg.nic.in

Chief Secretary

Shri S.K. Tewari

Address

Shillong-793001

Office No.

(0364) 2224801, 222250

Residence No.

(0364) - 2223695

Fax

(0364) - 2225978

email

                   =

  

  

General Information

Meghalaya is a small state in north-eastern India. It is a hilly strip in the eastern part of the country about 300 km long (East-West) and 100 km wide, with a total area of about 22,429 sq km. The population numbered 2,306,069 in 2001. The state is bounded on the north by Assam, with the Brahmaputra River as the border between them, and on the south by Bangladesh.  The capital is Shillong, which has a population of 260,000.

Meghalaya was originally part of Assam, and became a separate state on 21 January 1972.

The climate of Meghalaya is moderate but humid, the average annual rainfall going as high as 1200 cm in some areas, making it the wettest state of India. The town of Cherrapunji, south of capital Shillong holds the world record for most rain in a calendar month while the village of Mawsynram, near town of Cherrapunji holds the distinction of seeing the heaviest yearly rains.  About one third of the state is forested. The ranges of the Garo Hills in the west, Khasi Hills, and Jaintia Hills in the east are not especially high, with Shillong Peak the highest point at 1,965 m. Many caves are known to exist with unique limestone structures forming curious stalactites and stalagmites.

Tribal peoples make up about 85 percent of Meghalaya's population. The Khasi, the largest group, followed by the Garos, were among those known to the British as "hill tribes". Other groups include the Jaintias and the Hajong (40,000). About fifteen percent of the population is defined as non-tribal; these include about 54,000 Bengalis and 49,000 Shaikhs. Meghalaya is one of three states in India to have a Christian majority; the other two (Nagaland and Mizoram) are also in the north-east of India. A sizeable minority (16%) of the population follow an ancient Animist philosophy.

Although the state government has been promoting tourism, separatist groups (ULFA and NDFB) have been using the Garo Hills recently as a base of operations; the rugged forested terrain and the border with Bangladesh make the hills a good hideout.

Location

Located in northeast India, Manipur is bounded north by Nagaland, east by Myanmar (Burma), South by Myanmar (Burma) and Mizoram, and west by Assam.

History

Having a varied and proud history from the earliest times, Manipur came under the British Rule as a Princely State after the defeat in the Anglo-Manipuri War of 1891. After independence of India in 1947, the Princely State of Manipur was merged in the Indian Union on October 15,1949 and became a full-fledged State of India on the 21st January, 1972 with a Legislative Assembly of 60 seats of which 19 are reserved for Scheduled Caste. The State is represented in the Lok Sabha and 1 for Scheduled Caste. The State is represented in the Lok Sabha by two members and by one member in the Rajya Sabha.

 

References

http://en.wikipedia.org/ 

Manorama Year Book - 2007

 

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