Chhattisgarh - Introduction @ whatisindia.com

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Saturday, April 14, 2007


 

Chhattisgarh


 

Quick Information

State Area (Sq. Km.)

136,034

State Capital

Raipur

Major Language(s)

Hindi

Number of Districts

16

Population

20,795,956

Males

10,452,426

Females

10,343,530

Growth Rate 1991-2001

18.06 %

Density

154

Urban Population

20.08 %

Sex Ratio (Females per 1000 Males)

990

Literacy Rate

65.18 %

Males

77.86 %

Females

52.40 %

Legislature

Legislative Assembly

Judicature

High Court, Bilaspur

Governor

Shri E.S.L. Narasimhan

Address

Raj Bhawan, Raipur

Office No.

0771-2331101, 2331106

Residence No.

0771-2331100

Fax

0771 - 2331104

Chief Minister

Sri Raman Singh

Address

Chief Minister Niwas, Raipur

Office No.

0771-2221000, 2221001, 2331001

Residence No.

0771-2331000

Fax

0771-2221306

email

cm@cg.nic.in
Chief Secretary Shri Shivraj Singh

Address

         =

Office No.

0771-2221207

Residence No.

0771-2331883

Fax

0771-2221206

email

cs.cg@nic.in

  

  

General Information

Location

Chhattisgarh is bounded by southern Jharkhand and Orissa in the east, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra in the west, Uttar Pradesh and western Jharkhand in the north and Andhra Pradesh in the south.

History

The new State of Chhattisgarh which came into being from November 1, 2000 as the 26th State of the Union fulfils the hopes and aspirations of the tribal people for which the Constitution entrusts the State to promote with special care their educational and economic interests (Article 46 – Directive Principles of State Policy).  It fulfils the long cherished demand of these people which was not acceded to by the State Reorganization Commission in 1956 and continued to be put forward by the people under various bodies like Chhattisgarh Bhartir Sangh, Chhattisgarh State All-Party Manch and Chhattisgarh Asmita Sangthan from time to time.

Creation of Chhattisgarh

The Congress Government of Madhya Pradesh took the first institutional and legislative initiative for the creation of Chhattisgarh.  On the 18 of March 1994, a resolution demanding a separate Chhattisgarh was tabled and unanimously approved by the Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha.  Both the Congress and the Bhartiya Janta Party supported the resolution.  The election manifestos of the Congress and the BJP for both the 1998 and the 1999 parliamentary elections as well as the Madhya Pradesh assembly election of 1998 included the demand for creation of separate Chhattisgarh.  In 1998, the BJP led Union Government drafted a bill for the creation of a separate state of Chhattisgarh from sixteen districts of Madhya Pradesh.  This draft bill was sent to the Madhya Pradesh assembly for approval.  It was unanimously approved in 1998, although with certain modifications.  The Union Government did not survive and fresh elections were declared.  The new National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government sent the redrafted Separate Chhattisgarh Bill for the approval of the Madhya Pradesh Assembly, where it was once again unanimously approved and then it was tabled in the Lok Sabha.  This bill for a separate Chhattisgarh was passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, paving the way for the creation of a separate state of Chhattisgarh.  The President of India gave his consent to The Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Act 2000 on the 25th of August 2000.  The Government of India subsequently set the 1st day of November 2000 as the day on which the state of Madhya Pradesh would be bifurcated into Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh.  Many political observers have commented on the relatively peaceful manner in which the Chhattisgarh state has been created.

State Profile

Chhattisgarh, a 21st century State, came into being on November 1, 2000. Larger than Tamil Nadu, it is just the right size, and is also fortunate to have a low population density.  Good Governance is the highest priority in this Fast Track State.  There is both policy stability as well as political stability.  Government has been kept small and the State is in excellent fiscal health.

Chhattisgarh is truly a land of opportunities.  With all major minerals including diamonds in abundance, it is the richest State in mineral resources.  There are mega industries in Steel, Aluminium and Cement. Chhattisgarh contributes substantially to the Human Resources of India.  Several hundred students from the State qualify for admissions in prestigious academic institutions every year.  Bhilai, the knowledge capital of the State, alone sends over 50 students to the elite Indian Institutes of Technology every year.  A unique Private Universities Act has been passed to attract investments in quality higher-education.

Its large power surplus is attracting power-intensive industries, and the State is poised to become the power-hub of the nation.  Its central location helps easy power transmission to any part of the country. The State is supplying power to Delhi ,Gujarat and Karnataka, among others.  Chhattisgarh ranks high in terms of good industrial relations and labor productivity.  There has been no labor unrest in either Bhilai or Korba, the Power capital, for several decades.

12% of India's forests are in Chhattisgarh, and 44% of the State's land is under forests.  Identified as one of the richest bio-diversity habitats, the Green State of Chhattisgarh has the densest forests in India, rich wildlife, and above all, over 200 non-timber forest products, with tremendous potential for value addition.

The City of Bhilai with its modern and cosmopolitan lifestyle is just 30 km from Raipur, the State capital. A new world-class capital city is to come up near Raipur's airport.  Raipur is at the centre of the rail and road routes between Mumbai and Kolkata, and is well connected to Delhi and Chennai.  Bilaspur's Railway Division is the most profitable Railway operation in the country, contributing 17% of the revenues of Indian Railways.

One third of Chhattisgarh's population is of tribes, mostly in the thickly forested areas in the North and South.  The central plains of Chhattisgarh are known as the “Rice Bowl” of Central India.  Female literacy has doubled in the last decade, and male literacy is higher than India's average.  Gender ratio is next only to Kerala.

Bastar is known the world over for its unique and distinctive tribal heritage.  The Bastar Dassera is the traditional celebration of the gaiety of our tribals.  All of Chhattisgarh has many virgin, unexplored tourism destinations.

Above all, the State's biggest asset is its 20.8 million people.  The people are friendly, open, warm and industrious.  Chhattisgarh has an enviable record of social harmony and maintenance of public order.

 

References:
Manorama Year Book 2007

http://chhattisgarh.nic.in

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