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Friday, May 04, 2007


 

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 Indo-Australia Relations


 

AUSTRALIA

BASIC FACTS ABOUT COUNTRY 

Name of the capital of the country

Australia, Capital: Canberra

Names of Provinces and Provincial Capitals:

Australian Capital Territory (Canberra), New South Wales (Sydney), Queensland (Brisbane), Victoria (Melbourne), South Australia (Adelaide), Tasmania (Hobart), Western Australia (Perth) Northern Territory (Darwin)

Population:

20,272,284

Currency/Exchange rate as on 1.3.05

Australian Dollar – A$ 1 = US$ 0.786
A$ 1 = Rs.32.85
 

Language spoken

English

Latitude/Longitude and time zone details:

(Lat) 10.41 South and 43.39 South

Name of HOS:

Major General Michael Jeffery, AC, CVO, MC (Retd.) Governor-General

Name of HOG:

Mr. John Howard, Prime Minister

Name of Foreign Minister:

Mr. Alexander Downer

Name of Finance Minister

Mr. Peter Costello

Name of Defence Minister:

Mr. Robert Hill

Name of Commerce Minister:

Mr. Mark Vaile

Name of Industry Minister:

Mr. Ian Macfarlane

Official Website Links to HOG:

http://www.pm.gov.au/

Official Weblink to HOS:

http://www.gg.gov.au/

Official Weblink to Foreign & Trade Ministry

http://www.dfat.gov.au

Name, address and contact details of country’s central bank

Reserve Bank of Australia, GPO Box 3947, Sydney, NSW 2001, Tele: 0061-2-9551 8111, Fax: 0061-2-9551 8000, Email: rbainfo@rba.gov.au

Basic foreign, international trade, etc. policies:  Australia has an open economy with very little Governmental control.  Few public utilities like telecommunications, power, airports and railways are in Government hands but there is a gradual yet deliberate movement towards their privatisation.  The Federal Government exercises total control over the defence sector and certain aspects of oil exploration and development but in the latter case, the norm would be towards exercising licensing and excise policies in terms of control.

Membership of major multilateral and regional organizations:  APEC, CER, ARF, Commonwealth.

Major industries, global companies, etc.: The economy is predominantly dependent on the extractive sector, be it agriculture or resource economy.  Australia has substantial reserves of important minerals.  It is the world’s largest supplier of coal and a major supplier of bauxite, iron ore, lead and zinc and other minerals.  It also has significant deposits of nickel, copper, gold, silver, uranium, diamonds and tungsten. It has huge reserves of crude oil.  Australia is a natural gas exporter.  Australia has 13% of the world share of economically recoverable reserves of lead.  It accounts for 12% of iron oxide, 11% of bauxite and 10% of zinc.  Australia’s share of mineral sand deposits is very high with the presence of 31% of the world’s ilmenite, 15% of rutile and 27% of zircon.  It has 30% of the world’s low-cost uranium reserves.

Australia is the world’s largest wool producing country(first in world export ranking), wheat is Australia’s largest crop (fourth in world export ranking) and sugar is widely cultivated (first in world export ranking).  With an extensive rural base and a large bovine population, export of meat, beef and veal, (first in world export ranking) including livestock takes place in significant quantities.  Australia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of bauxite and alumina and the third largest producer and exporter of aluminium.  Australia’s diamond production is the largest in the world for both gem/near gem and natural industrial diamond categories.

Despite the strong role of the extractive industry in the Australian economy, the contribution of the manufacturing and service sector to the economy is considerable.  In the industrial sector, construction, communications, machinery and manufactures play a significant role.  The services sector has been seen as the largest and fastest growing sector in the Australian economy.  This sector employs around 7.5 million people, representing 82% of the total employment and contributes to around 70% of Australian GDP.  Within this finance, property and business services constitute 17.8% of GDP; retail and wholesale trade 10% of GDP; transport and communication 7.7%; and construction 7%.  About two thirds of the estimated private sector businesses are in the service industries area.  Manufacturing contributes to 13% of GDP.

Investment: In terms of Australian investments overseas and international Investments in Australia as on September 30, 2004, outward investment by Australia was reported at A$ 544.9 billion and inward investment at A$ 1068.4 billion.  The major Australian investments were in the United States of America, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Japan and Hong Kong.  The main investors in Australia were the United States of America, the United Kingdom and Japan.  China continued its creeping presence in the Australian resources sector by investments I the areas of minerals and petroleum and natural gas.

Australian Foreign Trade (2004):

Total trade

A$ 329.0 billion

Exports

A$ 152.0 billion

Imports

A$ 177.0 billion

Trade deficit

A$ 25.4 billion

Largest trading partners

USA, Japan, UK, China, South Korea, New Zealand

Main exports

Coal, Non-monetary Gold, Iron Ore, Crude Petroleum, Bovine Meat

Main imports

Passenger motor vehicles, crude petroleum, computers, medicaments (including veterinary); telecommunications equipment.

Main export destinations

Japan, China, USA, Republic of Korea, New Zealand

Main import sources

USA, Japan, China, Germany, UK

Outward Investment

A$ 446.8 billion

Inward Investment

A$ 879.6 billion

Education/Universities :   http://www.idp.com/ 

INDIA-COUNTRY RELATIONS

India - Australia relations can be traced back to late 18th Century and  early 19th Century with shipments of coal from Sydney to Calcutta. This was  followed by export of horses from New South Wales. Later, more diversified trade ties developed between the two countries. Full diplomatic relations between our two countries are much more recent but still date back to more than 50 years. The pre-cursor of Consulate-General of India first opened in  Sydney as the Trade Office in 1941. The first Indian High Commissioner  reached Canberra in 1946.

India and Australia share much in common. Both countries are members of the Commonwealth, have similar institutions of parliamentary democracy, legal, financial and government institutions, free and vibrant press, speak the same language and are Indian Ocean littoral States. We are active members of the Indian Ocean Rim - Association for Regional Cooperation, ASEAN Regional Forum and dialogue partners with ASEAN.

The bilateral relationship continued to develop over the years. Prime  Minister Rajiv Gandhi visited Australia in 1986. A return visit was paid by  Prime Minister Hawke in 1989. Relations developed steadily, through the 1990’s, until the nuclear tests by India in 1998. However, after a brief dip, bilateral exchanges resumed, and became more active from 2000 onwards, following Prime Minister John Howard’s visit in July that year.

The visit of an Australian Prime Minister opened a new phase in bilateral relations. This visit was followed by a series of Minister-level visits  and substantive discussions between the two Governments.

The most recent was the visit of Mr. Yashwant Sinha, former External Affairs Minister in August 2003 for the Foreign Ministers’ Framework Dialogue. In 2004, Premier of Queensland, Mr. Peter Beattie; Premier of NSW, Mr. Bob Carr; and Premier of South Australia, Mr. Mike Rann, visited India.

Considering the interaction in the past two and a half years bilateral  relations between our two countries are poised to be raised to a new level. India and Australia have committed themselves to a co-ordinated international approach in overcoming the challenges posed by terrorism. We have similar approaches to many of the other pressing issues of our times.

India-Australia cooperation has made rapid strides in many areas. There are also official agreements and institutionalised mechanisms to promote bilateral cooperation such as Avoidance of Double Taxation Agreement, Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement, an MOU for Cooperation in IT, an MOU on Tourism and an MOU on Cultural Heritage Cooperation. India and Australia signed an MOU on Counter-terrorism in August 2003 and an MOU on Science & Technology in October 2003.  A new Air Services Agreement was initialled in September 2004 in New Delhi.

Bilateral Trade over the last five years 2000 to 2004

Australian Dollars (A$)

Year

 2000

 2001

 2002

 2003

2004

 Total Bilateral Trade A$  million

 2564.8

 3232.4

 3413.6

 4308.8

 6538.9

 % increase over the previous year

 16.6%

 26 %

 5.6%

 26.2%

 51.8%

 India’s Total imports from Australia A$  million

 1832.4

 2424.2

 2475.7

 3331.1

 5418.3

 % increase over the previous year

 20.8 %

 32.3 %

 2.1%

 34.6%

 62.7%

India’s Total exports to Australia A$  million

 732.4

 808.2

 937.9

 977.7

 1120.6

% increase over the previous year

 7.1 %

 10.4 %

 16%

 4.2%

 14.6%

Australia’s investment in India is approximately A$2 billion and there are 512 Australian joint ventures in India.  Considering the opportunities that exist, particularly in areas where Australia has expertise and India considers as priority sectors, there is need for a more active economic relationship.

Indian investment in Australia, too, is growing. There are already over 20 Indian IT companies which have offices in Australia. Satyam Computers have set up a development centre in Sydney while Tata Consultancy Services, Infosys and Birlasoft have set up similar centres in Melbourne. Indian companies have acquired copper mines in Tasmania, and Pacific Paints in Brisbane. Tata Iron and Steel Company and Oswal Group are pursuing investment proposals in Queensland and Western Australia.  Sterlite Industries have acquired two copper mines in the State of Tasmania at Mount Lyall and a copper/gold mine in the State of Queensland at Charters Towers.  The Aditya Birla Group has acquired copper mines at Nifty (Western Austsralia) and Mt.Gordon (Queensland).

Deepak Fertilizers and Petrochemicals Corporation Ltd. is setting up a joint venture in the Burrup Peninsula in the State of Western Australia valued at A$ 400 million for the manufacture of ammonium nitrate.

Gujarat NRE Coke Ltd. has acquired a coal mine in New South Wales in December 2004.  The Indian company also entered into a strategic alliance with BHP Billiton’s Illawarra Coal Mines.  These steps would allow Gujarat NRE Coke to import coking coal into India from its own mines in Australia.

The Joint Ministerial Commission and the Joint Business Council meeting last took place in New Delhi in February, 2003. The Federal Minister for Trade, the Hon. Mark Vaile led the Australian delegation. The Indian side was led by Commerce Minister Shri Arun Jaitley. The next meeting is scheduled to take place in Australia this year.

Indian Banks:

State Bank of India, Sydney Branch,
Level 12, Suite No.2-3,
234, George Street, Sydney, NSW 2000,
Tele: 02-9241 5643, Fax 02-9241 6972,
E-mail
sbi@bigpond.net.au

Branch offices in Indian Government and public sector organizations:

Government of India Tourist Office,
Level 2, Piccadilly,
210, Pitt Street, Sydney NSW 2000,
Tele: 02-9264 4855,
Fax: 02-9264 4860,
E-mail:  indtour@ozemail.com.au

The New India Assurance Co. Ltd.,
Level 17, 1 York Street,
Sydney, NSW 2000,
Tele: 02-9241 3388,
Fax 02-9247 8925,
Email: niasyd@magna.com.au

Air India,
Level 15, 31, Market Street,
Sydney NSW 2000
Tele:02-9283 4020,
Fax 02-9283 3371,
Email: airindia@netspace.net.au

Engineers India Limited,
Grain Pool Building, 172, St. Georges Terrace,
Level 1, Perth, WA 6000,
Tele: 08-9226 0253,
Fax: 08-9226 0937,
E-mail: mk_eil@bigpond.net.au

Indian Community in Australia: 

The Indian diaspora in Australia, a professional and respected group, with their commitment to Australia and cultural and family links with India,  provides an important bridge between our two countries. Visits of Indian
cultural troupes, singers, painters, as also of film crews for the shooting
 of song & dance sequences, television serials and special effects for Indian  films have also increased (estimated number 275,000).

Interaction at the people-to-people level is also increasing. The number of tourists visiting each others’ countries is increasing. Australia has also become one of the important destinations for Indian students seeking higher education. These students fit in well, by and large, in Australia and take back with them a rich experience.

NRI, PIO Associations in Australia


Mr. Shabbir Wahid, President, Federation of Indian Association of Victoria, 68 Victoria Road,Northcote, VIC – 3001, Phone: 03-9489 5505/0412 532 313, Fax: 03-9482 1941
Email:  vberera@hotkey.net.au

Mrs. Mallika Prasad-Chowta, President, Indian Australian Association,P.O. Box 82, North Adelaide, SA – 5006 Phone: 08-8379 8756(R) 08-8226 7048(W) Fax:  08-8362 1425 Email:  mallikapc@iprimus.com.au

Mr. Jay Jayaraman, President, Indian Cultural Soceity Northern       Territory,  (Inc), G P O Box 957, Darwin, NT – 0810 Phone: 08-8920   2299(O), 08-8945 1058(R), Fax:  08-8927 8898 Email:   jay.jayaraman@latis.net.com

Mr. Deepak Raj Gupta, President, India-Australia Association of Canberra, P O Box 593, Civic Square, ACT – 2608 Phone: 02-6209 8351(W) 02-6258 0238(R) 0422 300 205 Email:  alind.kumar@ese.ipex.com.au

Dr. Ulhas Lad,  President, Indian Cultural Society of Tasmania, Bharat Bhavan, 7 Lodge Street, Glenorchy, TAS – 7052 Phone: 03-6229 4111(W) 0418 294 110 Fax: 03-6229 2241 Email: ulhaslad@bigpond.net

Mr. Sarat Maharaj, President, Federation of Indian Communities, Queensland, P O Box 393, Aspley, QLD – 4034 Phone: 07-3403 6540(O) 07-3263 2093(R) 0401 111 709 Fax:      07-3263 2093(R) 07-3430 6561(O) Email:  maharaj@uqconnect.au

Ms. Sushma Paul, Hony. Consul of India, Suite 21, 2nd Floor Lincoln Housel, 4 Ventnor Avenue, West Perth, Western Australia – 6005 Phone: 08-9249 1038(R) 08-9486 9011(W) 0412 709 729 Fax:      08-9486 9611, Email:  consul@wa1.quick.com.au

Dr. Siddalingeswara Orekondy, President, United Indian Association Inc.,   P O Box 575, Strathfield, New South Wales – 2135, Phone: 02-9789 4000 (W), Fax: 02-9781 6280(W), Email:  uiasid@yahoo.com

Ethnic Media

Mrs. Neena Badhwar, Editor – The Indian Down Under, P O Box 99, Thornleigh, NSW – 2120, Phone: 02-9875 2713 Fax : 02-9980 6349 Email: tidu@tig.com.au

Ms. Rakha Bhattacharya, Editor – The Indian Post, 56 High Gate Street, Strathfield, NSW – 2135, Phone: 02-9742 6160/02-9798 4177 Fax: 02-9642 1117, Email: ip@theindianpost.com.au

Mr. Raj.P. Dudeja, Editor – India Voice, 20 Bent Street, Bentleigh, VIC – 3204, Phone: 03-9576 5767/0414 499 442 Fax: 03-9557 7157 Email: editor@indianvoice.net

Mr. Pawan Luthra, Editor – Indian Link, G P O Box 108, NSW – 2001 Phone: 02-9235 0900/0411 391 299 Fax: 02-9235 0911 Email: info@indianlink.com.au

Pt. Paras Ram Maharaj, Chief Editor – Hindi Samachar Patrika, 66 Bringelly Road, Kingswood, NSW – 2747 Phone: 02-4736 1904/0419 693 419 Fax: 02-4736 8074 Email: maharaj@pnc.com.au

Mr. Dinesh Malhotra, Editor-in-Chief , Bharat Times (The Indian Monthly), Level 1, 580 Barkly Street, West Foootscray, VIC – 3012, Phone: 03-9689 6406/9687 6071/0412 933 528 Fax: 03-9689 5697 Email: dm@bharattimes.com

Mr. Ashok Kumar, Editor, The Indian Sub-Continent Times, 6/130-17 Hill Street, Wentworthville NSW 2145, Phone 02-9896 2993, Fax: 02-98962993, Email: theistimes@hotmail.com

Mr. Neeraj Nanda, Chief Executive & Editor, South Asia Times, PO Box 465, Brentford Square, VIC 3131, Phone: 03-9389 4947, Fax: 03-9893 4947, Email: nnanda@optusnet.com.au

Mrs. Katriona Schlussler, Manager – Brisbane Indian Times, 2128 Sandgate Road, Boondal QLD – 4034, Phone: 07-3865 2673 Fax: 07-3865 2516, Email: admin@indiantimes.com.au 

Mr. Jasbir Singh, Editor, Indian Times, PO Box No.2302, Melton South, VIC 3338, Phone: 03 9747 9440/9350 4700, Fax: 03 9747 9440 Email: indiantimes@hotmail.com

Mr. Sashi Singh, Editor – The Indian Observer, P O Box 170, Rooty Hill NSW – 2766, Phone: 02-9625 2625 Fax: 02-9835 8282 Email: sashisingh@bigpond.com

Mr. Suhinder Singh, Editor, ASA Today, PO Box 834, Blacktown  NSW 2148, Phone: 0413 218 (M), Email: suhinders@yahoo.co

Mr. Taswinder Singh, Chief Editor, Indo-Times, PO Box 51, Thomas Town VIC 3074, Phone/Fax : 03 9466 4884 Email: indotimes@yahoo.com

ETHNIC RADIO/TV

Ms. Kumud Merani, Executive Producer, Hindi Radio Programme, SBS Radio, Locked Bag No.028, Crows Nest, NSW 2065, Phone: 02 9874 0553, Fax 02 9802 8580, Email: kumud.merani@sbs.com.au

Mr. Hari Narayan, Producer, Lokvani Hindi Programme, 26 Percy Crecent, CHAPMAN, ACT – 2611, Phone: 02-6288 1174, Fax:  02-6287 1274, Email: aoqact@lokvani.cnbra.com

Mrs. Manju Jehu, Convenor ,indian Programmeing Group, 45- Coverdale street, Indooroopilly, QLD-4068 Phone: 07-3879999528(R) 040353999150, Fax: 07-38799999528  Email: jehu43@usa.com manjujehu@three.com.au

Mrs. Jaya Sharma , SBS Radio, 81 Nordic avenue, Taylors Lake VIC-3038, Phone: 03-994992121(W) 9993666376(H) Fax: 03-963990138(W) 996852519999 ® E-mail: jaya.sharma@sbs.com.au

Mr. Vikram Sharma, Producer, Voice of India, 478-480, Cleaveland St., Surrry Hill NSW 2010, 02-9698 2604, Fax: 9699 1478, Email: vikramgm@hotmail.com

Ms. Sudha Saini, Producer, “Aaj Kal,Hindi Televisioon, Melbourne  Phone: 03 9882 2587, Email: sudhasaini@hotmail.com

Ms. Manpreet  Singh, SBS TV/Radio, Mobile: 0402 026 115, Email: manpreet.singh@sbs.com.au

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