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Monday, February 26, 2007


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS


 

MISCELLANEOUS INSCRIPTIONS IN KANNADA 

VOLUME IX - Part - I 

HOYSALAS

No. 333.

(A.R. No. 126 of 1913.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE VENUGOPALASVAMI TEMPLE AT MAGALA, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

The record is dated Saka 1136, Bhava, Chaitra, su. 11, Brihaspativara.  The late Mr. Swamikannu Pillai has remarked on this date as follows:-“ = A.D. 1215 Thursday March 2; .48 N.B. A.D. 1214-15 was Bhava and Saka 1136 but the Chaitra here referred to is Chaitra at the end not Chaitra at the beginning of the year (vide section III of Indian Chronology)”.  But it may be noted that it was not a day of Sankramana. The inscription refers itself to the reing of the Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana Vira-Ballala (II).  The Urodeyas Harihara and Govinda, two learned Brahmans, are state to have consecrated the image of Sri-Gopala and, with the Mahajanas of Mangola, made grants of land and houses for conducting the worship of the god.  The genealogy of Harihara and Govinda is given and the Brahman general and minister of the king named Madhava is praised as a great warrior.

No. 334.

(A.R. No. 68-A of 1904.)

ON A SLAB LYING ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE ENTRANCE OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE OF THE BENAKAPPA TEMPLE AT ORUVAY, BELLARY TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated the cyclic year Isvara, Sravana, ba. 30, Sukravara, Surya-grahana, corresponding to A.D. 1217, August 4 Friday, with a solar eclipse.  It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Ballala (II).  Ranadhavala Basavana-Dandanayaka, who is described as the rescuer of Ballala’s suzerainty, is stated to have granted some land for the service of th god Vinayaka.  Echasetti is stated to have granted the Vinayaka-sthana to Chilarasi-guru, the disciple of Bhimarasi-guru; the sthala of Kampile and the four Nadus made a gift of tolls on bullocks to Echasetti.

No. 335.

(A.R. No. 743 of 1922.)

ON A PILLAR IN THE MANDAPA OF THE RUINED SIVA TEMPLE ON THE BANK OF THE NARIHALLA AT TALURU, HOSPET TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated Bahudhanya, Jyestha, ba. 15. Adivara corresponding to A.D. 1218 June 4, Sunday, in the reign of the Hoysala king  Vira-ballala (II). The Mahanalprabhu Bomma-Gavuda of Yaguvatti made a gift of land to Bommoja for constructing the Isvara temple of Talara.  

No. 336.

(A.R. No. 52 of 1904.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN FRONT OF THE BOLU-BASAVA TEMPLE AT KUDATINI, BELLARY TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1140, Bahudhanya, Kartika, punnami, Brihaspativara, Soma-grahana.  In Bahudhanya = Saka 1140 (expired) Karttika su. 15 corresponded to A.D. 1218 November 4, Sunday (not Thursday); but in the next year i.e., Pramathi, Kartika Punname did fall on Thursday = 24 October A.D. 1219.  Even on that day there was no eclipse.  The record belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-ballala (II). When Udayakaradeva-Brahmachariyarasa, the five vargas of the sthana of Kottitone, the ascetics of the five mathas and numberless ganas had assembled, the sixty families of the oil-makers set up the god Telligesvara and made a gift of the cess levied on every sale and purchase, for the service of the god.  The gift was made after washing the feet of Kalyanasakti, a Saiva teacher in charge of the institution.

No. 337.

(A.R. No. 218 of 1918.)

ON A BEAM IN THE MALLIKARJUNASVAMI TEMPLE AT KURUVATTI, HARAPANAHALLI, SAME DISTRICT.

This undated record refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-ballala.  The Mahamandalesvara Gommadeva, expert in sastra and sastra, and promoter of the glory of the Yadavas, is said to have mae a gift of 36 mattars of land to the north of Haruhe in Benneyuru twelve for the service of he god Ahavamallesvara and placed it in the charge of Lokabharana.   Since this Lokabharana is also mentioned in a record of Ballala II, the present inscription may belong to that king’s reign.

No. 338.

(A.R. No. 320 of 1925.)

ON A STONE PLANTED IN FRONT OF THE MURUKAL-MATHA AT KOTTUR, KUDLIGI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated the cyclic year Cishu, Ashadha, ba. 5, Sunday, corresponding to A.D. 1221, July 11, Sunday/  Hence the Hoysala king Vira-Narasimha to whose reign the record belongs may be the second of that name.  His general, Kesava-Dandanayaka, who is stated here to have been the cause of the expansion of his kingdom, made a gift of the village Mavinamage to Sankaranarayana-Bhatta, Bherundana-Bammayya, Achyuta-Bhatta and to Nagam (son) of Chilaya-Nayaka for the purpose of maintaining a satra (feeding house) and appointed the Mummuridandas, Hariga Kalabova, Jagaddala-Bammadeva’s son Soyideva and Ghattideva for the protection of the charity.  Senabova Somayya wrote this and the mason, Annoja engraved it.  We know from other records that Kesava was a Brahman general.  It also records a grant of land to the god Udakesvaradeva by the Mantri Muktideva.  

No. 339.

(A.R. No. 281 of 1918.)

ON A SLAB LYING IN A FIELD TO THE SOUTH OF ANIJIGERE, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

The record is dated Saka 1145, Chitrabhanu, Pushya, ba. 8, Somavara, Uttarayana sankramana, Vyatipata corrresponding to A.D. 1222, December 28, Monday, on which day the tithi commanded after .52;  the Saka year was current.  The inscription refers itself to the reign of the Hoysala king Vira-Narasimhadeva.  When his Mahapradhana Ammanna-Dannayaka was administering all the desas, the latter’s subordinat, Asagoda Pallava-Savanta of the Sonda-kula, who was the Mahanalprabhu of the Saviranadu made a gift of some plots of land (specified) for the service of the god Kalideva in the village Kuchigola, which was situated in Uchchangi thirty.  Both Ammanna and Asagoda Pallava are said to have been great warriors.

No. 340.

(A.R. No. 116 of 1913.)

ON THE FOURTH SLAB SET UP IN THE COURT-YARD IN THE BHIMESVARA TEMPLE AT NILAGUNDA, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1145 Subhanu, [Ma]gha, su. 11, Brihaspativara corresponding to A.D. 1224 February 1 Thursday, f.d.t. .87.  It belongs to the reign of the Hoysala king Narasimhadeva (II).  His father Ballala is stated to have driven out single handed the Sevana army from Soratur up to the bank of he Krishnaveni river, being mounted on his elephant.  It register the gift of some village (name lost) for the service of the god Bhimesvara.

No. 341.

(A.R. No. 447 of 1914.) 

ON A PILLAR OF THE MUKHAMANDAPA IN THEKALLESVARA TEMPLE AT SOGI, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated the 6th year of the Hoysala king Vira-Narasimha, the cyclic year Vyaya, Chaitra, su. 10, Somavara.  The date works out corrrrectly only for A.D. 1226, March 9 Monday, f.d.t; .44.  And so the king in whose reign the record is dated must be Vira-narasimha II.  Under the orders of Bommaya-Dannayaka, the Mahapradhana of the king, and with the consent of Goparasa, Bhutarasa, Hemayya and Mangateyya, Siripanna, the officer of tolls, Mailaradeva and others made a grant of 2 gadyanas each year out of the tolls-revenue in Pandya-nadu for the service for the god Kalideva of Soge.  Similarly the Heggade Devayya and others made a grant of 2 gadyanas for the service of the same god under the orders of Hiriyanna, the Heggade of Boppaya-Dannayaka, who was the officer of the bilukode tax.

No. 342.

(A.R. No. 449 of 1914.)

ON ANOTHER PILLAR IN THE SAME PLACE.

This record is of the same date and belongs to the same king as No. 447 of 1914.  It mentions the same personages.  The god for whose service gadyana 1 and panas 10 were granted is Kodya-Somanathadeva at Soge.  

No. 343.

(A.R. No. 280 of 1925.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT BENNIKAL , KUDLIGI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is dated Saka 1148, Byaya, Chaitra, su. 11, Adityavara, Uttarayana-sankramana, Vyatipata.  The date is irregular.  Chaitra su. 11 in Vyaya corresponded to A.D. 1226 March 11, Wednesday (not Sunday); nor was it a day of Sankramana.  It belongs to the reign of eh Hoysala king Vira-Narasimhadeva (II).  It extols the Hoysala dynasty and traces the king’s descent from Sala and states that the Mahapradhana Amitayya-Dandanayaka, son of Vamarasa of the Bharadvaja-gotra and Kanv-anvaya, and a great general and warrior, constructed the temples of Padmalesvara, Amritesvara, Lakshminarayana, Vamesvara, Ballalesvara and Narasimha at Bennekallu, the chief town of Bennekallu twelve in Kogali five-hundred in Nolambavadi-nadu and that he made grants of land in several villages for their worship, maintenance and repairs of the temples.  The grants are said to have been made by the king in the presence of the gods Vajresvara and Somanatha, after washing the feet of the Saiva teacher Khalesvaradeva, the Rajaguru.  The genealogy and exploits of the Brahman Dandanayaka Amitayya, as well as the spiritual descent lf Khalesvara are given in elegant Kannada poetry.

No. 344.

(A.R. No. 72 of 1904.)

ON A PILLAR IN FRONT OF THE CENTAL SHRINE OF THE KALLESVARA TEMPLE AT BAGALI, HARAPANAHALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This is a composite record registering various gifts made at different periods.  The first is dated the cyclic year Sarvadhari, Pushya 30, Brihaspativara, Surya-grahana in the reign of the Hoysala king Narasingadeva.  The details work out quite correctly for A.D. 1228 December 28, Thursday when there was a solar eclipse.  The Narasimhadeva of the record must, therefore, be Narasimha II.  A certain Bommayya-Dannayaka is stated to have made a gift of some land for the service of the god Kalideva of Baguli.  

The second is dated Sarvajit, Vaisakha, ba. 10, Guruvara corresponding to A.D. 1287 May 8, Thursday.  The fifty (Mahajanas) of Baguli are stated to have made a gift of land for the service of the god Bidirahalli – Svamideva.  In the third, some land is said to have been granted to Vishnughaisar of Gorur in Khara, Chaitra, su. 7, Guruvara – A.D. 1291 March 8, Thursday.  In the fourth a certain Heggade (name lost) is said to hve granted a portion of the toll-revenue for the service of the good Kalinatha on Sunday.  Bhadrapada ba. 30 of Angirasa solar eclipse, probaly = A.D. 1332 September 20 Sunday.  But on that day there was no solar eclipse.  In the fifth, merchants of various countries are said to have granted one tara of betel-leaves out of every nade for the service of th same god in Nandana, Vaisakha, su. 15, Thursday 5 probably = A.D. 1292 May 1, Thursday; f.d.t. 87.   In the sixth, the Brahmans are stated to have been exempted from samya ….. and vrittivyahara in Sarvajit, Ashadha, su. 5, Somavara, probably = A.D. 1287 June 17 Wednesday (the week day being an error).  The seventh records a gift in Khara, Margasira, ba. 12 (not verifiable).

No. 345.

(A.R. No. 126-A of 1913.)

ON A SLAB SET UP IN THE VENUGOPALASVAMI TEMPLE AT MAGALA, HADAGALLI TALUK, SAME DISTRICT.

This record is engraved in continuation of No. 333.  On the 10th day of Asvayuja of the cyclic year Vijaya ( = probably A.D. 1233-34) Mahavaddavyavahari Vasudeva-Nayaka is said to have made a gift of 2 gadyanas for making a flower garden for the service of the god Gopaladeva.

No. 346.

(A.R. No. 33 of 1904.)

ON A PILLAR IN THE BASTI AT KOGALI, SAME TALUK AND DISTRICT.

This is dated the cyclic year Yuva, Asvayuja, su. Paurnami, Guruvara.  Yuva in Ramanathadeva’s reign to which the record belongs was A.D. 1275.  In this year Asvayuja su. 15 fell on Sunday (not Thursday) 6th October. In the next year Dhatu = A.D. 1276, the tithi did fall on Thursday 24th September.  This was probably the intended date.  It registers the money-grants made by several Jaina devotees for the daily ablusion of Chenna-Parsvadeva of Kogali which is called a tirtha.  

No. 347.

(A.R. No. 34 of 1904.)

ON ANOTHER PILLAR IN THE SAME PLACE.

This is dated the cyclic yer Dhatu, Asvayuja, su. Purnima, Guruvara corresponding to A.D. 1276 September 24 Thursday.  It is therefore apparent that Yuva in the previous record is a mistake for Dhatu.  This also refers itself to the reign of he Hoysala king Ramanathadeva and records the gifts of money made by several devotees (names) to the temple of Chenna-Parsvadeva at Kogali.  

No. 348.

(A.R. No. 748 of 1909.)

ON THE WEST WALL OF THE KITCHEN OF THE MUKTESVARA TEMPLE IN SAMAYAVARAM, LALGUDI TALUK, TRICHINPOLY DISTRICT.

This is damaged and refers to the Hoysala king Ramanathadeva.  It mentions a certain Haritiya-Nayaka, son of Padumaya-Nayaka.

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