119 to 122 Sivayoganathasavamin, Vedapurisvara temples
119.— ON THE NORTH
WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE SIVAYOGANATHASVAMIN TEMPLE AT
inscription is dated in the 2nd year of Rajakesarivarman
and registers a gift of land to the temple at Tiruvisalur by
Pirantakan Irungolan alias Siriyavelar of Kodumbalur.
This chief has been identified by Mr. K.V. Subrahmanya Aiyar
with Pirantakan Siriyavelar alias
Tirukkarrali-Pichchan mentioned in a Tirukkalittattai inscription.
The name Siriyavelar occurs again in a much mutilated
Tirukkalittattai inscription of the reign of Sundara-Chola alias
Ponmaligaittunjinadevar (i.e., the lord who died in the
golden palace) who ‘drove the Pandya into the forest.’
The king who died in the golden palace was Sundara-Chola
Parantaka II., the father of Rajaraja I.
This Sundara-Chola Parantaka II., is called a
Rajakesarivarman in No. 302 of 1908 quoted above which also refers
to Ilam; but the passage is much mutilated.
The officer Siriyavelar is stated in a record of the time of
to have died on the battlefield in Ceylon in the 9th year
of Ponmaligaittunjinadeva (i.e., Sundara-Chola Parantaka II.).
Evidently Sundara-Chola Parantaka II.
and his General were engaged in a battle with the Ceylon king
who must as usual have helped with his forces the Pandya king, the
natural enemy of the Cholas.
the correction of 23 years in the Singhalese Chronology
worked out by Professor Hultzsch (Journal of the Royal Asiatic
Society for 1913, pp. 517-531) we gather that Mahinda IV. Must
have been the sovereign of Ceylon who was contemporaneous with
Sundara-Chola Parantaka II. In
his time, according to the Mahavamsa, Chapter LIV, there was
a fight with Vallabha (i.e., the Chola king) in which it is
stated that Mahinda’s General ‘destroyed him (the Chola)
! Prosperity ! In the 2nd year of (the reign of)
king Rajakesarivarman, Pirantakan Irungolan alias Siriyavelar
of Kodumbalur purchased and give the following land for feeding at
noon with one sumptuous meal
one Brahmana (versed) in the Vedas, in the sacred temple (srikoyil)
of the god (perumandigal) of Tiruvisalur in
Avaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam, a devadana and a brahmadeya
on the northern bank (of the Kaveri), as long as the moon and
the sun (endure). He
(also) paid fifty kalanju of gold to the great men (perumakkal)
of Tevangudi as iraikaval
for the one-eighth sey (of land) purchased from Tayanarayana
Bhatta-Somayajiyar of Tolur, on the northern bank of the (channel
called) Paramesvaravaykkal, (forming) the first padagam
of the sadukkam of
Narayananar . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . Tirunarayanachcheri got
it exempted from the payment of taxes and gave over (this)
one-eighth sey (of
land). This (charity
is placed) under the protection of the great men of the great
120.— IN THE SAME
is again a record of Rajakesarivarman dated in the 4th
year and must be attributed to Parantaka II, since it mentions the
General Pirantakan Irungolar alias Siriyavelar.
1.) Hail ! Prosperity ! In the 4th year of (the reign
of) king Rajakesarivarman, Pirantakan Irungolar alias
Siriyavelar, paid 130 ilakkasu to the great men of the big
assembly and gave, freed from payment (of taxes) (adeyam)
the following land for the sacred midday offerings to (the temple
of) the god (perumanadigal) at Tiruvisalur in
amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam, a devadana and a brahmadeya
on the northern bank (of the Kaveri), (to last) as
long as the moon and the sun.
4.) (One) quarter (veli of land) . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . kandam on the western side of the sacred shrine (sriykoyil),
(forming) the second padagam of the sadukkam of
Bhavanandi-Chaturvedibhatta-Somayajiyar of Kunjapevil (living)
in (the quarter) Tirunilakandachcheri and (one) kani
(of land) in the village-site (ur-irukkai) of Tiruvisalur,
(forming) the nattam portion of the attakam of
Nandisvara Bhatta (living) in Srimadhavaracheri, —
in all this quarter (veli) and (one) kani
(of land) were given (by him) (to last) as long
as the moon and the sun. (The
assembly of) all Mahesvaras shall
protect (this charity).
121.— IN THE SAME
Sanskrit inscription supplies some additional information about [Pirantakan]
Irungolar alias Sririyavelar mentioned in the two previous
records. He is here
called Siruvela the foremost member in the family of the daughter of
king Pirantaka and the light of the Irungola race.
The first of the attributes is interesting and has perhaps to
be understood with reference to the marriage of a member of the
Kodumbalur family named Samarabhirama to the Chola princess Anupama
mentioned in an inscription from Muvarkoyil.
If this is so, it follows that Anupama was a daughter of king
Parantaka I. It is also
known that prince Arikulakesari, son of Parantaka I., married Pudi
Aditta-Pidari, daughter of Tennavan Ilangovelar, another member of
the same family which was called Irukkuvel, Ilangovel or Irungola.
the 5th year of king Sundara-Chola this chief Siruvela (i.e.,
Siriyavelar) is stated to have given to the god at Srivisalura (i.e.,
Tiruvisalur) some mashakas of gold for rice offering
and the gatanakas (gadyanakas) which accrued to the
king as revenue from the village Nimba or Nimbagrahara for repairs,
and a lamp. Nimba or
Nimbagrahara on the norlther bank of the Kaveri is apparently the
modern Veppattur called Amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam in Tamil
1.) The light of his race, the fortunate one . . . . . . . .. . . .
. . (gave) . . .
. . . . . . .. . . .mashakas increased by five for offering in perpetuity cooked rice in
midday to the god dwelling in the temple . . . . . . . . . . . named
also (gave) for whitewash (i.e.,repairs) the gantanakas (gadyanakas
?) of the village Nimba, which were payable of the king.
2.) The king named Siruvela who was the light of the Irunkola race
and the foremost (member) in the family of the daughter of (king)
Pirantaka gave with delight a lamp to Hara (Siva) whose abode
was at Srivisalura.
3.) May the Mahesvaras protect the lamp presented with
delight in the prosperous fifth year of (the reign of) the
best of kings, the illustrious Sundara-Chola, by him who bore the
name Siruvela, to Isa (Siva) who was pleased (to dwell)
in the abode (temple) of Srivisalura (situated) in the
virtuous village named Nimbagrahara on the northern bank of the (river)
122.— ON THE SOUTH
WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE VEDAPURISVARA TEMPLE AT
incomplete record, dated in the 14th year of
Rajakesarivarman, registers gifts of money in ilakkasu
made by Rajadichchi and Kunjiramalli, the wife and daughter
respectively of Siriyavelan, for burning lamps in the temple at
Tirukkudittittai which was included in
Siriyavelan is identical with Pirantakan Siriyavelar, the
General of the Chola king Sundara-Chola Parantaka II.
The king Rajakesarivarman could not be identified.
It is not impossible, however, that he is identical with
Sundara-Chola Parantaka II.
Prosperity ! In the 14th year of (the reign of)
king Rajakesarivarman, Rajadichchi, the wife of Siriyavelan,
deposited (25) twenty-five ilakkasu for burning as long as
the moon and the sun (endure), one perpetual lamp, in (the
temple of) the god (perumal) of Tirukkudittittai in
Amaninara-chaturvedimangalam which was a devadana and a brahmadeya
on the northern bank (of the Kaveri).
(Also) Kunjiramalli, the daughter of
Siriyavelan, deposited 25 ilakkasu, for burning, as
long as the moon and the sun (endure), one perpetual lamp (in the
same temple). For the
total of 50 kasu (thus) paid, was purchased the land
(situated) on the western side of the village of Amangudi ; and
under the direction of Alikkonrai Sirdharakramavittar