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Sunday, February 25, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

XIV.- Inscriptions of Parakesarivarman Uttama-Chola

No. 148 to 150 Sivayoganathasvamin, Siddhanathasvamin temples

No. 123 to 125 Madhuvanesvara, Mahalingasvamin, Varaha-Perumal temples

No. 126 to 127 Chandrasekhara & Ghritasthanesvara temples

No. 128 Madras Museum plates of Uttama-Chola

No. 129 to 133 Nagesvarasvamin, Umambesvara, Adimulesvara temples

No. 134 to 137 Virattanesvara, Ujjivanathasvamin, Nagesvarasvamin temples

No. 138 to 141 Mahalingasvamin, Vatatirthanatha, Nedungalanatha temples

No. 142 Manikanthesvara temples at Tirumullaivayil

No. 143 to 147 Adhipurisvara, Apatsahayesvara, Umamahesvara temples

No. 151 Umamahesvarasvamin temple at Konerirajapuram

No. 151-A  On the east and north walls of the same shrine

No. 148.- ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRING IN THE SIVAYOGANATHASVAMIN TEMPLE AT TIRUVISALUR[1]

This inscription, which is fragmentary, registers the gift of a gold kolgai set with gems, to the god at Tiruvisalur.  The place is mentioned in the Devaram.  It is not known exactly what kolgai means.  Kombir-kolgai occurs in the Tanjore inscriptions as an ornament for the tusk of Ganapati.  Perhaps kolgai is the cover or mask which is generally put over the linga  in Siva temples.

Hail ! Prosperity ! Udaiya[pirattiyar Sembi]yan-Mahadeviyar who had (obtained) in (her) sacred womb king Parakesarivarman alias the glorious Madurantaka (the son of) the glorious Gandaraditya, deposited . . . . . . . . . . . . . (one) sacred gold kolgai  in the treasury, [on the day] when she bathed the great god at Tiruvisalur.  On the upper kandam (of it) (there were) . . . . . . . . . . .  three hundred and fifty-five kalnaju of gold.  On this was set one ruby (manikkam) ; surrounding this were set . . . . . . . . . . diamonds (vayiram) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . palasavi and tugaluma (?) all round.  (The whole weighed) 4, 173 four thousand one hundred and seventy-three . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .

No. 149.- ON THE SOUTH WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE SIDDHANATHASVAMIN TEMPLE AT THIRUNARAIYUR[2]

This inscription, which is built in at the beginning, registers a gift of land for offerings by the mother of king Uttama-Chola, to the temple of Siddhesvaramudaiya-Mahadeva at Tirunaraiyur which was a brahmadeya in Tirunaraiyur-nadu.  The place is one of those mentioned in the Devaram and is situated in the Kumbakonam taluk of the Tanjore district.  It may be noted that the queen mother is here called Pirantakan-Madevadigalar.

(Line 1.) Hail! Prosperity! Udaiyapirattiyar the glorious Pirantakan-Madevadigalar alias the glorious Sembiyan-Madeviyar who had obtained in (her) sacred womb [king Parakesarivarman] alias the glorious Uttama-Choladeva, (gave) [6] veli of land for offerings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to (the god) Siddhesvaram-udaiya-mahadeva at Tirunaraiyur which was a brahmadeya in Tirunaraiyur-nadu.  The several (items of) expenses to be met from this (land) are as follows : -

(L. 2.) Rice for sacred offerings (to be made) three times (a day) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  for vegetable offerings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ghee-offerings, three times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . arecanuts for three times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 13 plantain fruits to be offered three times ; sugar for three times . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ten nali of paddy for (the expenses of) one Brahmana who performs worship, including the cost of (his) cloth ; sacred lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . for sidari . . . . . . . . . ghee . . . . . . . . . . . milk . . . . . . . . . . . curds . . . . . . . . . . . fried paddy . . . . . . . . . . . receiving these . . . . . . . . . . . including jalapavitra and (other) things required for bathing (the god) . . . . . . . . . . . and for the potter who makes the required pots, when scented powder is pounded . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pound the scented powder . . . . . . . . . . . to spread below the palikai . . . . . . . . . . . for the necessary things to (raise the) sprouts . . . . . . .  ; for the Brahmana who performs the punyaha . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . for 5 palam of sugar . . . . . . . . . . . ; plantain fruits 35 . . . . . . . . . ; arecanuts . . . . . . . . . . . different spices . . . . . . . . . . . thus for . . . . . . . . . . . Sankranti . . . . . . . . . . . Sankranti . . . . . . . . . . . superior . . . . . . . . . . . ; . . . . . . . . . . . rice for sacred offerings at midday to the god who presents himself . . . . . . . . . . . ; at this rate for five vegetable-offerings . . . . . . . . . . . ; in all, for one year . . . . . . . . . . . for the expenses of feeding on festival days . . . . . . . . . . . ; thus the . . . . . . . . . . . spent for the daily expenses, for the 12 Sankarantis, for the two pairs of sacred cloths (parisattam), to the god who presents himself in festive procession and for the feeding expenses on festival days ; the arrangement made for this is as follows : (The village) Meladavay in Tirunaraiyur-nadu, which the king (udaiyar) gave as a tax-free devadana land is the following.

No. 150.- ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE CENTRAL SHRINE IN THE ADIMULESVARA TEMPLE AT TIRUPPALATTURAI[3]

This is a record of the time of Parakesarivarman Uttama-Chola and registers a grant of land to Dayaparapperambalam built in the temple (?) at Tiruppatturai.  The assembly of Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam, i.e., the present Uttamasili village in the Trichniopoly district, received the gift and made it tax-free.  Dayaparapperambalam herein mentioned was probably the name of a hall where the village assembly used to meet.

Hail ! Prosperity ! In the . . . . . . . . . . . . year of (the reign of) king Parakesarivarman alias the glorious Uttama-Chola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the glorious Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam (which was a) brahmadeya . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vasudevan and . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the land purchased by these . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Having received (this) one ma and a half sey of land which they had purchased (and which was) on the western side . . . . . . . .. . . . . the fifty padagam belonging to Sandiran Vishnubhattan and his group of sadukkam-owners, - as an ambalappuram  (i.e., gift for the maintenance of an ambalam) to the (hall called) Dayaparapperambalam which they had built . . . . . . . . . . . . in this village ; and having received on hand the 5 five kasu of tattirai (derived) from this half kani and (one) mundirigai of assessed land of the 8th taram (class), - ordered the said (land) of one ma and a half sey to be tax-free, as long as the moon and the sun (endure) ; caused the deduction of taxes (to be entered) in the land register (nilamudal ?) and the tax register (pottagam) and had (the transaction) engraved on stone on the sacred central shrine (sriviman) of (the temple at) Tiruppatturai.  Since this land is not liable to pay sennirvetti and all other taxes, if (any) tax is shown (against it), (the said persons) shall pay a fine of 50 kalanju of gold which the assembly would decide for being credited to the sacred feet (of the king).  Even after paying the gold demanded in full (maraiyili), still we (the members) of the big assembly shall guard this land against (payment of) taxes.


[1]  No. 28 of 1907.

[2]  No. 159 of 1908.

[3]  No. 569 of 1908.

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