The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Volume - III

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Part - I

Inscription at Ukkal

Melpadi

Karuvur

Manimangalam

Tiruvallam

Part - II

Kulottunga-Chola I

Vikrama Chola

Virarajendra I

Kulottunga-Chola III

Part - III

Aditya I

Parantaka I

Gandaraditya

Parantaka II

Uttama-Chola

Parthivendravarman

Aditya II Karikala

Part - IV

copper-plate Tirukkalar

Tiruchchengodu

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

Part - II

Miscellaneous Inscriptions From the Tamil Country

VI.- Inscriptions of Kulottunga-Chola I


No. 64 to 65 Inscriptions at Tiruvorriyur & Tiruvalangadu

No. 66 to 68 Inscriptions at Kolar, Somangalam & Conjeeveram

No. 69 to 70 Inscriptions at Tirukkalukkunram & Srirangam

No. 71 to 72 Inscriptions at Kilappaluvur & Tiruvidaimarudur

No. 73 to 74 Inscriptions at Cholapuram & Conjeeveram

No. 75 to 76 Inscriptions at Tirukkalukkunram & Jambukesvara temple

No. 77 to 78 Inscriptions at Kavantandalam & Perumber

Click here to continue..Kulottunga-Chola I..

Eleven years ago the Chalukya-Chola king Kulottunga I. was known only from the Chellur plates of his son Vira-Choda.[1]  Since then a considerable number of other records has become accessible.  Further versions of the pedigree of the last eastern Chalukya kings are contained in the Pithapuram plates of Vira-Choda[2]  and in two of the Pithapuram pillar inscriptions.[3]  In his valuable paper on the Kalingattu-Parani[4]  Mr. V. Kanakasabhai Pillai gave an abridged translation of this Tamil poem and identified its hero with the Kulottunga I. of the Chellur plates.  Dr. Fleet’s paper on the chronology of the Eastern Chalukya kings contains an account of the reign of Kulottunga I.[5]  based on all the materials which were available at the time.

The chief source for the history of Kulottunga I. are of course his own inscriptions.  I subjoin a list of those which have been discovered so far, grouping them under eight heads for the sake of convenience.


I. Sanskrit and Telugu inscriptions in the country.[6]

II. Two inscriptions in the Mysore State.[7]

III. Three Sanskrit inscriptions at Chidambara,Tiruvengadu and  Tiruvorriyur.[8]

IV. Tamil inscriptions without historical introduction.

1. 23rd year : Tiruvallam, No. 59 above.

2. 39th year : Pallavaram, No. 312 of 1901.

3. 44th year : Chidambaram, Ep. Ind. Vol. V. p. 105 f.

4. 48th year : Manimangalam, No. 32 above.

V. Tamil inscriptions opening with the words thiru mani vilankum

1. 2nd year : Tiruvorriyur, No. 64 below.

2. 2nd year : Tiruvalangadu, No. 65 below.

3. 2nd year : Kolar, No. 66 below.

4. 3rd year : Somangalam, No. 67 below.

5. 4th year : Kavantandalam, No. 77 below.

VI. A mutilated Tamil inscription of the 6th year at Tirukovalur, which opens with the words Poomelarivaiyum (No. 125 of 1900).

VII. Tamil inscriptions opening with the words pugazh suzhntha punari.

1. 5th year : Conjeeveram, No. 68 below.

2. 6th year : Conjeeveram, No. 1 of 1893.

3. 11th year : Perumber, No. 78 below.

4. 14th year : Tirukkalukkunram, No. 69 below.

5. 14th year : Ammundi, No. 325 of 1901.

6. 15th year : Tanjore, above, Vol. II. No. 58.

7. 18th year : Srirangam, No. 70 below.

8. 20th year : Kilappaluvur, No. 71 below.

9. 26th year : Tiruvidaimarudur, No. 72 below.

10. 30th year : Cholapuram, No. 73 below.

11. Date lost : Simhachalam, No. 363 of 1899.

12. 39th year : Conjeeveram, No. 74 below.

13 42nd year : Tirukkalukkunram, No. 75 below.

14. 45th year : Alangudi, No. 44 of 1891.[9]

15. 47th year : Jambukesvara temple, No. 76 below.

VIII. Tamil inscriptions opening with the words pugazhmadhu vilanga.

1. 7th year : Tiruvorriyur, No. 401 of 1896.

2. 10th year : Tirukkovalur, No. 121 of 1900.

3. 15th year : Srirangam, No. 61 of 1892.

4. 16th year : Tindivanam, No. 145 of 1900.

5. 20th year : Conjeeveram, above, Vol. II. No. 77.

6. 20th year : the smaller Leyden grant.

7. [2]1st year : year : Uttaramallur, No. 66 of 1898.

8. 23rd year : Tirukkalukkunram, No. 180 of 1894.

9. 25th year : Tiruppulivanam, No. 45 of 1898.

10. 26th year : Tiruvallam, No. 58 above.

11. 28th year : Gangaikondan, No. 163 of 1895.

12. 29th year : Kadapperi near Madurantakam, No. 135 of 1896.

13. 31st year : Draksharama, No. 196 of 1893.

14. 31st year : Tirukkovalur, No. 122 of 1900.

15. [32]nd year : Tirukkovalur, No. 130 of 1900.

16. 34th year : Conjeeveram, above, Vol. II. No. 78.

17. 35th year : Kadapperi near Madurantakam, No. 136 of 1896.

18. 3[6]th year : Takkolam, No. 18 of 1897.

19. 3[9]th year : Cholapuram, No. 46 of 1896.

20. 40th year : Draksharama, No. 197 of 1893.

21. 43rd year : Little Conjeeveram, No. 49 of  1893.

22. 45th year :  Tirumalavadi, No. 80 of 1895.

23. 46th year : Conjeeveram, No. 35 of 1888.

24. 48th year : Manimangalam, No. 31 above.

25. 48th year : Conjeeveram, No. 36 of 1888.

26. 48th year : Mannargudi, No. 103 of 1897.

27. 49th year : Gangaikondacholapuram, No. 80 of 1892.

28. Date lost : Tinnevelly, No. 145 of 1894.

29. Date lost : Pallavaram, No. 316 of 1901.

 

The parents of the king’s father were the Eatern Chalukya king Vimaladitya, who ascended the throne on the 10th May A.D. 1011,[10] and Kundava[11] or Kundava,[12] the daughter of the Chola king Rajaraja I. (whose reign commenced between the 25th June and the 25th July A.D. 985)[13] and the younger sister of his successor Rajendra-Chola I.[14] (whose reign commenced between the 26th November A.D. 1011 and the 7th July 1012)[15].  The parents of the king were the Eastern Chalukya king Rajaraja I., who ascended the throne on the 16th August A.D. 1022,[16] and Ammangadevi[17] or Ammangayamba,[18] the daughter of the Chola king Rajendra-Chola I.[19] Thus he was a descendant of the lunar race on his father’s side and of the solar race on that of his mother and grandmother.[20]  A younger sister of his, named Kundavai after her grandmother, is known from an inscription at Chidambaram.[21]  The Kalingattu-Parani, which unfortunately is very averse to mentioning proper names, records at least the name of Kulottunga’s maternal grandfather, Gangaikonda-Chola,[22] i.e., Rajendra-Chola I.,[23] and that of his father, the Eastern-Chalukya king Rajaraja I. The verse (x. 3) which contains the second reference has been hitherto misunderstood and ‘Rajaraja’ has been considered a mistake for the Chola king Rajendra-Chola I.[24]  Now Mr. Venkayya has found that Mr. Kanakasabhai’s translation of the verse may be modified as follows : - “Vishnu appeared again in the royal womb of the queen of him of the race of the Moon which dispels all darkness, - Rajaraja’s gracious Lakshmi (who was) of the rival race of the Sun.”  Here both ‘the queen’ and ‘Lakshmi’ refer to Ammangadevi, and her husband is the Eastern Chalukya king Rajaraja I.


[1]  Above, Vol. I. p. 49 ff.

[2]  Ep. Ind. Vol. V. p. 70 ff.

[3]  Ibid. Vol. IV. P. 36 and p. 227 f.

[4]  Ind. Ant.  Vol. XIX. P. 329 ff.

[5]  Ibid. Vol. XX. P. 276 ff.

[6]  Ep. Ind. Vol. VI. P. 219 ff.

[7]  Ibid. Vol. IV. P. 70, No. 6, and p. 72, No. 9.

[8]   Ibid. Vol. V. No. 13, A, B and D.

[9]  This inscription contains a long passage which describes Kulottunga’s conquest of Kalinga, but which cannot be published until a second, independent copy of it has been found.  The date portion is given in Ep. Ind. Vol. IV. P. 70 f.

[10] This date is calculated by Prof. Kielhorn from the Ranastipundi grant, which will be published by Mr. Venkayya in Ep. Ind. Vol. VI.

[11]  Ibid. Vol. IV. P. 302.

[12]  Ind. Ant.  Vol. XIV. P. 50.

[13]  Ep. Ind. Vol. VI. P. 24.

[14]  Above, Vol. I. p. 51 f.

[15]  Ep. Ind. Vol. VI. P. 24.

[16]  Ind. Ant. Vol. XIX. P. 129 f.

[17]  Above, Vol. I. No. 39, verse 7, and Ep. Ind. Vol. V. No. 10, verse 6.

[18]  Ep. Ind.  Vol. IV. No. 4, verse 20.

[19]  Above, Vol. I. p. 51 f.

[20]  Compare Kalingattu-Parani, x. verse 7.

[21]  Ep. Ind. Vol. V. p. 105.

[22]  Canto x. verse 5.

[23]  See above, p. 62, note 1.

[24]  Ind. Ant. Vol. XX. P. 279 f. and Vol. XXI. P. 323.

Home Page