The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Dynastic Index

Topographical Index

Text of the Inscriptions 

Chalukyas Eastern

Cholas

Pandya

Dutch

Hoysalas

Kakatiyas

Marathas of Tanjore 

Pallava

Qutb Shahis

Rashtrakuta

Reddis

Rulers of Kongu

Sambuvarayas

Vijayanagara

Other Feudatories

Miscellaneous

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

rulers of kongu

Viranarayana

No. 114 (Page No 71)

(A. R. No. 11 of 1909)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north wall of the Venkatesa-perumal temple.

Viranarayanadeva: 1139-49 A.D.

This fragmentary inscription of which the date portion is lost mentions the manradi Amattan-Kari lankai……., evidently the same as the one who figures in No. 110 above.

No. 127 (Page No 78)

(A. R. No. 121 0f 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Viranarayanadeva :Year 3=1141-42 A. D.

This damaged inscription records the grant of land as madappuram to god Kariyapiran of Sri-Kumarangavima-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Kataivali-nadu by Tirupperpalasiriyan Sri-Vasudevan Sri-Narasingabhatta-somayaji alias Virasola-Brahmendran who is stated to have received the land from Perumal Virasola-deva.

No. 128 (Page No 78)

(A. R. No. 122 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Talik, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Konerinmaikondan  (Viranarayana ?) : e. 1139 A. D.

This damaged inscription records an order of the king addressed to the residents of Koluman granting some thing (details not preserved) to meet the expenses relating to the procession, during a festival, of the deity Karumanikkapiran of Kumarangabhimach-chaturvedimangalam in Karaivali-nadu.

In continuation of this record are engraved two others which also seem to be grants of land, etc., for the procession of the same deity, by some individuals.

No. 129 (Page No 79)

(A. R. No. 123 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Konerinmaikondan-Viranarayana (?) e. (1139-49 A. D.)

This badly damaged inscription records the gift of paddy for offerings to the god Karimanikkalvar at Kumarangabhma-chchaturvedimangalam by the king.


No. 130 (Page No 79 )

(A. R. No. 124 of 1909)

Kimaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

This very much damaged inscription records an order of the king relating to the grant of land and certain levies probably for raising and tending a flower garden. The other details are lost.

No. 161 (Page No 105)

(A. R. No. 153 of 1909)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same base.

Vira-Narayanadeva: Year 8=1146-47 A.D.

This inscription is damaged in some places.  It contained also other particulars of date but owing to the damage suffered by the record, all that remains of these is the 5th lithi of the bright half of the month.

It records the sale of land by public auction held at Keralakesarinallu in Karaivali-nadu.  It states that the land belonged to manradi Viladattaraiyan of the above-mentioned place and that the sale by auction was intended to pay off the fine imposed on him for the destruction he caused to the treasury of the god Tiruvalandurai-udaiyar.  It is stated that the land was purchased for 10 ½ achchus by a certain Kannabhattan, a servant of the temple of Viracholisvaramudaiyar, on behalf of the temple treasury.

No. 166 (Page No 108)

(A. R. No. 157 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Konerinmaikondan (Viranarayana): No date: e. 1139-49.

This inscription records the gift, made by the king , for the merit of mamadi (uncle), of the village of Devanpadi alias Viranarayananallur in Kavadikka-nadu, with all its taxes, in favour of the image of the deity Tribhuvanasundarar setup in the temple of Viracholichchuramudaiyar and for the celebration of the marriage (of the deity). It is stated that the village was gifted as a devadana to provide for lamps in the temple. It is further stated that the supervision of the gift was not to be done by the samantars and the executive authorities but only by the Srimahesvarar and the temple servants.

No. 167 (Page No 109)

(A. R. No. 157-A of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Konerinmaikondan : Viranarayana (?) : No date : e. 1139-49 A. D.

This inscription records the grant made by the king, to the servants of the deity of the temple of Viracholisvaramudaiyar, of paddy from a village in Onpadukarai-nadu to provide for the food-offerings to god Sundaraperumal Vinayakappillaiyar and for the images of the god Tirubhuvanasundarar and to the temple of the goddess Nachchiyar which were set up for the merit of the king’s mamadi (uncle) and for taking out in procession (of the images of the above deities) on the day n the month of Purattasi when the asterism Sadaya, the star of nativity of the king, occurs.

No. 168 (Page No 110)

(A. R. No. 157-B of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

(Konerinmaikondan: Viranarayana (?): No date: e. 1139-49 A. D. This inscription, which is slightly damaged, records a grant of land in Tiruvalalandurai alias  Kerelakesarinallur in Karaivali-nadu, made by the king and entrusted to a certain Kannabhattan, a servant of the temple of Viracholisvaramudaiyar at Kolumam  to provide for food-offerings to the deity Dakshinamurtti, set up in the above-mentioned temple (for his own merit) Also records on order stipulating that the manradis  should measure out oil for the sandhya-dipam and provide for the procession of Sribali. 

No. 171 (Page No 113)

(A. R. No. 160 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Slab built into the floor in front of the same mandapa.

Vira-Narayanadeva: Year 10=1148-49 A. D.

This is a fragmentary inscription. It records the name of the ruler and the regnal year and mentions Pandi-man [alam].

No. 198 (Page No 129)

(A. R. No. 186 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Rajakesari-Konerinmaikondan: (Viranarayana) : Year 2, 46th day =1140-44 A. D.

This inscription records a grant of the village of Tanavasi alias Viracholanallur in Kitpa-nadu, made by the king, on the occasion of his coronation, to the goddess Perunkarunaichchelviyar of the Tirukkamakottam  in the temple of the god Avinasiyaludaiyar. The gift is stated to have been made to a certain Madevandar. Also states that the taxes levied from the village should be received by the servants of the goddess only and the king’s offerings like the samantas and others should not enter the village. The record further states that in regard to the colonising of the village, the above-mentioned made vandar would decide on the families to be brought into the village, and that the inhabitants of the village themselves should measure out oil. etc., in the office of the goddess’s shrine.

No. 224 (Page No 146)

(A. R. No. 212 of 1909.)

Kannadiputtur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

In the same place as above.

Vira-Narayanadeva : Year 8[1]=1146-47 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of a sandhya lamp to an Isvara temple (name lost) and a sandhya lamp to the temple of Ammadesvara and two achchu of money (to provide oil for the lamps) by a certain merchant named Kandan Andammai of kannadiputtur in Karaivali-nadu.

No. 226 (Page No 147)

(A. R. No. 214 of 1909.)

Kannadiputtur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vira-Narayanadeva : Year 10=1148-49 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of two [achchu?] of money for burning a sandhya lamp to the deity Tiruv-Anantisvaramudaiyar, by a certain Virasolak-kulasekharapanman, a senapati of the king. It is stated that the amount was entrusted to Karikalasola-bhattar who had the right of worship in the temple.

No. 227 (Page No 148)

(A. R. No. 215 of 1909.)

Kannadiputtur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

West wall of the sameTemple.

Tribh Vira-narayanadeva : No date : 12th century.

This inscription is also damaged and the date portion is lost. It appears to record a gift of money for burning two sandhya lamp in the temple of Tiruv-Anantisvaramudaiyar in Kannadipputtur, by a certain Ulagudaimukkokkilanadi, for his own merit.

Kulottungacholadeva

No. 183 (Page No 120)

(A. R. No. 172 of 1909)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva: Year 3+1st=1152-53 A.D. 

This inscription records the gift of one sandhya lamp to the deity Avinasi Aludaiyar and an endowment of some Palanjalakai achchu to provide for burning the lamp by Marudanmalaiyan alias Kulottungachola-Vikkiramadittadevan, a samanta (feudatory) of the king.

No. 184 (Page No 121)

(A. R. No. 173 of 1909)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Kulottunga-choladeva: Year 14 1st=1163-64 A.D. 

This inscription is damaged in some places.  It records the gift of one sandhya lamp to the deity Avinasiyandar and an endowment of one kalanju of pon to provide for burning the lamp, by a certain Uyyavandan Avinasi alias Viratamittamalai, probably a samanta (feudatory) of the king.

Vira-Chola

No. 123 (Page No 75)

(A. R. No. A.119 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Viracholadeva: year 20=1201-03 A. D.

It records the gift of land in Virasolachaturvedimangalam in Virakeralavalanadu, as tiruvilakkuppuram, by Kurangattu Sri-Krishnan of Sri-Kumarangavima-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Karaivali-nadu to the temple of Kariyapiran for burning 16 lamps in the temple. 

No. 124 (Page No 76)

(A. R. No. 120 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Viracholadeva : Year 20-1202-03 A. D.

This incomplete and damaged inscription refers to several flower-gardens in Kumarangabhima-chaturvedimangalam, named after Adhiradhirajan, Sadagopan, Devaki-putran, etc. 

No. 125 (Page No 76)

(A. R. No. 120-A of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Konerinmaikondan (Virachola) :Year 4, 151st day=1186 A. D.

This damaged inscription dated in the 151st day of the 4th year of the king records an order of the king to the residents of Kolumam granting of some land to the east of the tank called Keralakesarippereri in Kolumam together with the incomes from levies like irai, puravu, siddhayam, clavai, yugavai, etc., as procession on the Amavasya days.

No. 133 (Page No 81)

(A. R. No. 125 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the north base of the Karivaredaraja-perumal temple.

Konerinmaikondan (Virachoola ?) :Year 1 [9]=1201-02 A. D.

This damaged inscription records the order of the addressed to a temple servant (name lost) granting a piece of land, together with irai, puravu siddhayam, elavai, ugavai, etc., situated on the eastern side of the big channel at . . . . solanmadevunallur to the servant who performed worship in a temple (name lost) for the merit of the king on the Ekadasi day in the bright half of Maragali coinciding with the natal star of the king.

No. 141 (Page No 88)

(A. R. No 133 of 1909.)

Komaralingam, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

On the west wall of the Karivaradaraja-perumal temple.

Konerinmaikondan (Virachola) : Year 17=1199-1200 A. D.

This inscription, which is slightly damaged, records the order of the king addressed to the Srivaishnavas and the person in charge of Srikarya of the temple of Kariyapiran in Kumarangabhimach-chaturvedimangalam in Karaivali-nadu granting lands in a number of chaturvedimanagalas (names specified) together with elavai, ugavai, etc., excluding kadamai, as puravirt-tiruvidaiyatam, evidently to the god Kariyapiran. Agaram Adhiradhiradhich-chaturvedimanglam is also mentioned.

No. 145 (Page No 92)

(A. R. No. 137 of 1909.)

Sangaramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall

Konerinmaikondan (Viracholadeva) :No date : e. 1183-1206 A. D.

This inscription records that the king caused the construction of a temple and the installation in it of (the linga) called Virachola-Isvaram-udaiyar after him, at Kolumam to mark the occasion of the solar eclipse that occurred on the day of the ruler's asterism of nativity. It further records the grant of the (right of worship permanently) in the temple and other grants made by the king to a certain Ejnamutti Mulasthanamudaiyan alias Kannabhattan. 

No. 146 (Page No 93 )

(A. R. No. 138 of 1909.)

Sangaramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same Wall.

Konerinmaikondan (Viracholadeva) :Year :23=1205-06 A. D.

This records a gift, made by the king, of land and certain privileges to the architect named

Maniyan Kayilayam alias Virachola-achariyan who built the temple of Viracholisvaram-udaiyar at Koluman. It further records that the architect would arrange for the setting up of the images (of the deities) in mental and stone in, and for doing repairs to, the temple as well as for providing paintings in the temple including the Tirunadaimaligai and the Tiruveduttukkatti. 

No. 147  (Page No 94)

(A. R. No. 139 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Viracholadeva :Year 21=1203-04 A. D.

This inscription is damaged. It appears to record a gift of land in Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya, in Vaikavi-nadu, to the god Virachola-Isvaramudaiyar in Kolumam. One of the boundaries of the land is stated to be Cheranai-menkonda-cholan-peruvadi (road ?).

No. 149 (Page No 95)

(A. R. No. 141 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District

Vira-choladeva :Year 28=1210-11 A. D.

This inscription is damaged. It appears to record a gift of land in the village of Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam in Virakerala-valanadu.Mentions Virakerala-mannarai and Virakerala-vaykkal  as well as a land belonging to a certain Viranarayana-brahmarayan. 

No. 150 (Page No 96)

(A. R. No. 142 of 1909.)

Sangramanllur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vira-choladeva :Year 2[1]=1203-04 A. D.

I records a gift of paddy made by a certain Sirinayakan alias Virachola-Nulamban who was a member of the temple executive committee to provide daily one ulakku of oil for a lamp given by the same person to the temple of Viracholisvaram-udaiyar. In this connective Kannadipputtur in Karaivali-nadu is enjoined to measure out a certain quantity of paddy.

No. 152 (Page No 98)

(A. R. No. 144 of 1909.)

Sangramanllur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Vira-Choladeva Year 21=1203-05 A. D.

It refers to the king as one who ruled the two Kong8u countries as one. It records a gift of land in Palani in Vaikavi-nadu to provide for food offerings to the god Virachola-Isvaramudaiyar, made by Gandaradichchan-setti alias Adiradirajakkandiyadevan, a samanta (feudatory) of the king. Among the lands mentioned in connection with the boundaries of one of the gift lands is one called Sivapadasekhara.

No. 158 (Page No 103)

(A. R. No. 150 of 1909)

Sangramanllur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Vira-choladeva : Year 21=1202-04 A.D.

This inscription [2] is incomplete.  It refers to the king as one who ruled the two Kongu together, and records a gift of land, made by the king, to provide for offerings to the god of Viracholisvaramudaiyar who was set up and consecrated in Kolumam for the merit of the king.

No. 163 (Page No 107)

(A. R. No. 155 of 1909)

Sangramanallur, Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Konerinmenkondan : Vira-chola? : No date: accn. 1183 A.D.

This inscription is damaged slightly.  It registers the gift, made by the king of paddy in favour of the Pidari temple of the ugachchar in the village (name lost) in Vaikavi-nadu and the Kala-pidari temple of Karaivali-nadu, the gift being entrusted to a certain Kannabhattan, a divakanmi of the temple of Viracholisvaramudaiyar.  It is stipulated that this person should render certain services in lieu of the gift-paddy.  It is attested by Uttaramantiri. 

No. 164 (Page No 107)

(A. R. No. 156 of 1909.)

Sangramanallur Udumalaipet Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Konerinmaikondan : (Vira-chola) : No date : accn. 1183 A. D.

This inscription records the endorsement of the king to the gift of land, made by Jayamgondasoli alias Ulagudaiya-mukkokkilanadigal, the daughter of Viracholadeva who ruled the two Kongus as one. The land appears to have been situated in a place Lrajaraja . . . .in Karaivali-nadu. The gift is stated to have been entrusted to one Kannabhattan, a servant in the temple of Viracholisvaramudaiyar, and it was for doing certain services to the deity Nittaninraduvar (i.e., Nataraja).

The record is signed by Uttaramantiri.

No. 187 (Page No 122)

(A. R. No. 176 of 1909.)

Avanashi, Avanashi Taluk, Coimbatore District Same wall.

Vira-choladeva : Year 4=c. 1186-87 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete. It seems to record the gift of certain taxes to provide for certain services to the god Avinasi Aludaiyar.

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[1] The year has been doubtfully read as [2nd in A. R. S. I. E., 1909].

[2] The two other items included along with this in A.R.S.I.E., 1909, are missing.

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