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Monday, November 13, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

PANDYA, LATER

Arikesari Parakramapandya

No. 536 (Page No 365)

(A. R. No. 506 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Main gopura of the Visvanatha temple, left of entrance.

S. 1385 Margali su. 15. Tiruvadirai =temple, left of entrance.

This inscription in three Tamil verses records that Perumal Parakiramat-Tennavan also called Parakkirama Maran and Parakkirama pandyan died on the date quoted. 

No. 537 (Page No 366)

(A. R. No. 507 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Trnkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

Arikesari Parakrama pandyan*: S. 1369, Mithuna (Ani) 18, Saturday=1447 A. D. June 15. The week-day was Thursday. 

This inscription is damaged in some places, and it is also in Tamil verse.

It records that the king visited the temple at Tenkasi on Saka 1368, Vaikasi 10, Friday, Uttiram=1446 A. D., May 6 and arranged for the performance of the ceremony of ploughing (karilsanai Skt.karshanam). Then on the date quoted above the construction of the central shrine of the Siva temple at Tenkasi was completed. 

No. 541 (Page No 368)

(A. R. No. 511 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

(1)  Kaliyuga 4558, Karttigai 5, Thursday=1457 A. D. November 3. (2)

S 1379, Karttigai 25 (1) Thursday, Mrigasirsha, Simha-lagna=Irregular

The Saka year is a mistake for 1385.

This inscription also in Tamil verse, records that a certain ruler of Madurai named Valuda Parakrama caused the construction of the gopura beginning with upana started at Tenkasi on the first date quoted above and that he arranged to complete the same on the second date quoted above. (of No. 549 below and 536 above). 

No. 547 (Page No 368)

(A. R. No. 517 of 1909)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

Parakraman-Maran of Korkai: C. 14th 15th century.

This inscription, in Tamil verse, described the king Parakkirama-pandyan and Arikesari and refers to his charities in the Siva temple at Tenkasi. 

No. 549 (Page No 373)

(A. R. No. 519 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

Arikesari Parakrama-pandyan: 1463 A. D.

This inscription, in Tamil verses, records that the ruler, called Parakramakkaiytavan, Manakavachan, Korkaivendan, Arikesari, Vindaippor-kadandapandyan and Ponnin Perumal, finished the stone work of the gopura at Tenkasi within 6 years (of. No. 536 above.) and died.  

No. 550 (Page No 374)

(A. R. No. 519 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place. 

Arikesarideva alias Parakrama- Pandyadeva: S. 1381 and 31+8th year,

Mithuna (Ani) 23, su. 10, Wednesday, Svati== 1461 A.D., June 17. 

The day in the Mithuna was 21. 

This inscription records an order of the king grantingn, as sarvamanya madappuram, some land in Karruchcherrai-parru in Nallur-parru in Tennarinadu, to Tattuvappirakasan, a madapati (religious teacher ) residing in the Vitaranavinodan-perunteru on the western road, in lieu of his madappuram land in Pagur given to him by the king on a former occasion. 

No.556 (Page No 380)

(A. R. No. 526 of 1909.)

Renkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

East wall of the same mandapa right of entrance.

Arikesarideva alias Parakrama Pandyadeva: S 1384 and year 31+10 Karkataka (Adi) 5,

su. 7, Saturday, Hastam=1462 A. D., July 3. 

This inscription is in Tamil and Grantha characters. 

It records a grant of land, 2 ma in extent in Kunrakkudi in Tennari-nadu, as iraiyila, to a certain Setti Andapillai Parakramapandya-mudali alias Parakrama-pandyadevan, a servant of the temple of the god Visvanatha. Also refers to the provision of offerings to the goddess Gauri by Venrumalaiyitta-Perumal Virapandyadevar. 

The singnatory was Veliyarrur-udaiyan. 

No. 561 (Page No. 387)

(A. R. No. 531 of 1909)

Tenkkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

A guadrangular pillar set up in the same place.

Jatilavarman alias Tribh Perumal Arikesari deva alias Ponnin Perumal Parakrama-Pandyadeva: S.1384 and year 31+9, Mithuna (Ani) 28, ba. 13, Friday, Mrigasirsha =1462 A.D. June 25. 

This inscription is in Tamil and Grantha characters. 

It records a decision made, on the date quoted above, by the people (janam), the Vellalas of the 18 nadus, the two Pattiri groups and the five classes of parikaras (servants).  It is preceded by an account of the building of the temple of the god Visvanatha with all its constituent shrines and enclosures at Dakshina-kasi (Tenkasi) by the king.  It is stated that on Saka 1368, Rishabha (Vaikasi) 10, su. 10, Friday Uttiram=1446 A.D., May 6, he performed the karshana ceremony in the place where the temple was to be built and called it Dakshina-kasi, built the temple (tiruppadai-vidu) and installed therein the images of Visvanatha and the goddess Ulagamuludaiyanachchiyar.  Shrines to Sahasralinga and the Saktipitha were built, and parivara deities like Rishabhadevar were installed; installed the image of the goddess Pidari named Arikesarinangai in a shrine constructed on the western 5th Street and built the shrines for Aikesarippillaiyar, mandapas for bathing and offerings and other structures.  It is stated that the work on these was begun by the king in the 21+22 and year and was completed in 31+9th year, 17 years after its starts, and in this divine work, not a work by human beings, all the various groups of people mentioned above were associated.  It further states that to provide for the worship, offerings and services in various shrines and for the Magha festival in the month of Masi, villages listed below were gifted as devadana.  They included Tenkasi, Ilanji, Kunrakkudi, Puliyur, Pattakkaurichchi, Virapandyanallur, and Tanjavur, Kaderrai, Vallaimuttam, Panrimuttam, Tennambai, and Karruchcherrai in Nallurpparru, all these in Tennari-nadu, Tuvarankid and Idaittavanai in Kurumarai-nadu; and Naduviltalak-kurrupparru in Manailainallur, and Sahaviraramappereri in the Melpparru in Tennari-nadu; Tamanjurpparruin Kurumarai, Vitaranavinodavalanadu alias Visvanatappereri in Irasasingapperipparru in Ari-nadu; and Tuttarvakandappered in Virasikamanipparru in Kallaga-nadu.  It further records some more gifts of paddy and money in this connection.  All these gifts were ratified by the assembly of the various groups of people mentioned at the beginning who had agreed to continue to protect the gifts.

Maravarman Vira-Pandya

No. 546 (Page 372)

(A. R. No. 516 of 1909).

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

Virapandyan Abiraman : C. 15th century.

This inscription contains three Tamil verses in praise of the ruler who is described as one who, conquered Villavan and captured Vallam and who was also called Viramaran Seliyan.

No. 552 (Page 376)

(A. R. No. 522 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same wall.

Maravarman alias Tribh Virapandyadeva Year 2+11 Karkkataka (Adi) 30, su.,

15, Monday, Sravana=1434 A. D. July. But it was (Adi) 23, Wednesday.

This inscription records a gift, made by the king, of 10 ma of land in Adalaikulakkil in Kallaga-nadu, to provide for the offerings daily of 12 paniyaram (sweatmeat) to the god Visvanatha. It is stated that the gift was a devadana and it should take effect from the 11th year.

Jata Parakramapandya

No. 551 (Page 375)

(A. R. No. 521 of 1909)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

North wall of the same mandapa.

Jatilavarman alias Tribh Parakrama oandyadeva year 31 1, Karkkataka (Adi) 21. su.,

14 Monday, Uttiradam=1454 A. D. July 8; f.d.n. 94

The day in the month Karkkatakawas 10.

This inscription records a gift, made by the king, of the two village of Tanjavurpparru and Tattankulapparru, in Nallurupparru in Tennari-nadu as devadana to the god Visvanatha and the goddess Ulagamuludaiyanachchiyar. The villages Senkottai, Ilattur, Vellaimuttapparru, Nallur and Paimpolil are mentioned in connection with the description of the boundaries of the gift villages. 

The signatory was a certain Kidarattur-udaiyan.

Alagan Perumal Kulasekara

No. 544 (Page 370)

(A. R. No. 514 of 1909).

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

Kulasekhara (Alagan Perumal Kulasekhara) C. 15th century

This inscription, in Tamil verse, records that the ruler Alagan Kulasekaran completed the gopura at Tenkasi, which has been left unfinished by his brother (?) (annalvi). 

No. 553 (Page 376)

(A. R. No. 523 of 1909)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same wall.

Alagan Perumal alias Kulasekharadeva : S, 1395 and year 2+42, Makara (Tai) 7,

 su. 15, Monday, Punarpusam=1474 A. D., January 3.

This inscription is engraved in Tamil and Grantha characters. 

It refers to the various items of temple building work including the building of the main shrine from upana to stupi and gopura of the temple of the god Visvanatha in Dakshina-kasi (Tenkasi) on the northern bank of the Chitranadi in Tennari nadu, done in former days by Arikesari Parakrama-pandyan and to the building of an Olakka-mandapa (i. e., the hall of audience) by Alagan Perumal alias Kulasekaradevan in his own name. It records also the grant of lands and house-sites as iraiyili to three Brahmanas appointed to look after some specified item of worship and service in the temple. 

No. 554 (Page 378)

(A. R. No. 524 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same wall.

Alagan perumal Kulasekharadeva : S. 1395 and year 2+42, Kumbha Masi 15,

 ba. 7, Wednesday, Anusham=1474 A. D., February 9.

This inscription is engraved in Tamil and Grantha characters. 

It refers to the building from the central shrine to gopura of the temple of Visvanatha in Dakshina-kasi (Tenkasi) on the northern bank of Chitranadi in Tennari-nadu and states that a certain Tiruvali Srirangarajan Brahmadarayan of Kasyapa-gotra and Asvalayana-sutra, built a shrine, in the pancha-prakara for the god Polinduninrapiran and arranged for the worship of the god. It further states that the ruler desired to have the images of the Polinduinra-pillai, the goddess, and the attendant deities consecrated and to provide for their worship and offerings, which was done through the above mentioned Brahmarayan. 

No. 560 (Page 385)

(A. R. No. 530 of 1909)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Slab set up in front of the gopura in the same temple.

Perumal Kulasekharadeva : S. 1387, Year 2+34, Makara (Tai) 29, ba. 10,

Saturday, Rohini=1466, A.D., January 25: f.d.n. 12, if the tithi was su 10.  

This inscription is incomplete at the end. 

It refers to the construction of the various parts of the temple of the god Visvanatha and the provision made for worship and offerings therein in olden days by Ponnin-Perumal Parakkiramapandyadeva.  It also refers to the arrangement made for continuing these services and worship in the temple with the help of a certain group of people and five classes of servants.  It records a decision by various groups of people and the five classes of servants to institute a festival in their name in the temple and to provide for the various items of articles required in that connection.

Parakramapandya Kulasekharadeva

No. 559 (Page 385)

(A. R. No. 529 of 1909)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Parakramapandyadeva S. 1408.........20 (Para Kulasekhara) ba. 7,

Thursday, Pusam=1486 A.D., October 19.  The Month was Aippasi. 

This inscription is in Tamil and Grantha characters.  It is damaged in some places and is incomplete. 

It refers to the building of the temple of Visvanatha with all its shrine like the central shrine, ardha-mandapa, avarana (i.e., prakara) and gopura, in the Dakshina-kasi (i-e., Tenkasi) on the northern bank of Chitranadi in Tennarnadu, and to the provision made for the worship of the god Visvanatha and other deities.  It records a gift of a house-site as madappuram and matha to a certain sanyasi (ascetic) named Pranananda of Panaiyur of the (Bhrerivalar ?) Parishad, for service of supervising the various daily and special services and worship in the temple.

Parakramapandya

No. 543

(A. R. No. 513 of 1909).

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same place.

Parakrama-pandya: C. 16th century.

This inscription in Tamil verse, is in praise of the ruler.

Jatavarman Parakrama Srivallabha

No. 555

(A. R. No. 525 of 1909.)

Tenkasi, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District Same wall.

Jatilavarman alias Tribh Konermaikondan: (Jat Srivallabha.)

S. 1457, Manmatha, Vrischika (Karttigai) 23, ba. 12 Monday, September 18,

 2006 Svati=1535 A. D., (November) 22. 

This inscription is engraved in Tamil and Grantha characters and is damaged in some places.

It describes the king as Madhuramahendra. Jayamta Mangalapuravaradhisvara, Kshemasurannarasimha, Keralatamo-divakara, Cholasindhu-badavanala. Ahavarama, Madanasahitya, and Sarvabhauma. 

It refers to the prince Kulasekaradevar and records grant of land and House-sites to some temple servants for their services to it. It is stated that the land was in Kunrakkudi in Ten-Ari-nadu.

Kulasekhara or Perumal Parakrama

No. 562 (Page No. 392)

(A. R. No. 532 of 1909)

Tenkasi, Tankasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

South wall of the central shrine in the Porundininra-Perumal temple.

Perumal Kulasekharadevar-Parakra-Pandyadeva son of Jatilavarman  Alias Tribh Konermaikondan Perumal Abhirama-Parakrama-Pandyadeva; S. 1473, Year 8, Virodhikrit, Karkataka (Adi), 15 su 12, Tuesday, Mula =1551 A.D., July 14. f.d.n. 16.

This inscription is in Tamil and Grantha characters. 

It records a gift, made by Viravenbanalai Tirunelvelipperumal, of certain rights in the temple, to certain Tiruvaymolipperumal Parimala Bharati of Kottaiyur, who was the tiruvilanchanai of the temple.  It is stated that the order was shown to the Vasal-kariyam Tiruvenkatamudaiyan the Kariyakkanakku......) nayinan, the kattar Sirangarasan and other tanigars and to the sibhandarakkonakku Siraman.  The last mentioned Siraman figures as the signatory.

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