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Friday, November 17, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

PANDYA

 

Sadaiya Maran

No. 499 (Page No 335)

(A. R. No. 475 of 1909)

Edirkottai, Sattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

In the same place as above.

Sadaiya-Maran : year 20+14 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 65.

Vira-Pandya

No. 498 (Page No 335)

(A. R. No. 474 of 1909)

Edirkottai, Sattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On a rock close to the Sunai-Kanthesvara temple.

Virapandya :  year 15+4.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 94.

Jatavarman Srivallabha

No. 25 (Page No 18)

(A. R. No. 25 of 1909.)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the second pillar in the same cave.

Vikramapandyadeva I: Year 6=c. 1187-88 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of lands for food offerings to god Tirumalaiudaiya Tenarru-Nayakar at Tirukkunrakkudi, one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru, in Adalaiyur-nadu in Keralasinga-valanadu, by Virasekharan Aludaiyan alias Adailaiyur-nadalvan. The gift lands, stated to be situated at Tirukkunrakkudi comprised half the share of the donor the other half of it also being donated to the same deity in the place as per the record No. 26 below, by another donor who may have been closely related to the donor of the present record, perhaps a younger brother. 

No. 30 (Page No 23)

(A. R. No. 30 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the rock, left of entrance into the same cave.

Jatavarman Srivallabha : Year 4=1095 A. D.

Published in S. I. I., Vol. XIV, No. 208. 

No. 31 (Page No 23)

(A. R. No. 31 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

In the verandah of the north wall of the same cave.

Srivallabhadeva:Year [9]=1100 A. D.

Published in S. I. I., Vol. XIV, No. 219. 

No. 39 (Page No 29)

(A. R. No. 38 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the fourth pillar in the same place.

Jatavarman Srivallabhadeva: Year 8=1098-90 A.D.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 217.

No. 520 (Page No 350)

(A. R. No. 493 of 1909)

Solapuram, Sivagamga Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the east wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine of the

Venkatachalapati-perumal temple.

Jatavarman-Srivallabha: Year 4=1124-25.A.D.

Published in S.I.I, Vol. XIV, No. 205. 

No. 527 (Page No 355)

(A. R. No. 499 of 1909.)

Solapuram, Sivaganga Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

In the same place as above.

Srivallabha : Year 9=1129-30 A. D.

Published in S. I. I., Vol. XIV, No. 221.

Jata Sundara Chola-Pandya

No. 461 (Page No 299)

(A. R. No. 438 of 1909)

Adanur, Koilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the north and west walls of the same temple.

Jatavarman-Sundara-chola-pandya : Year 23=1043-44 A.D.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 174. 

No. 462 (Page No 299)

(A. R. No. 441 of 1909)

Adanur, Koilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the north wall of the same temple.

Jatavarman-Sundara-chola-pandya : Year 11=1031-32 A.D.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 142.

No. 500 (Page No 336)

(A. R. No. 474 of 1909)

Edirkottai, Sattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the south wall of the Venugopalasvami  temple.

Jatavarman alias Sundaracholapandyadeva  : Year Lost. 

This is a damaged and incomplete inscription in Vatteluttu characters of c. 11th century.  It refers to the village Udaiyamattandapuram.  The regnal year was probably twenty. (See No. 502 below).

No. 501 (Page No 336)

(A. R. No. 476 of 1909)

Edirkottai, Sattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District Same wall.

. . . . . Cholapandyadeva:  Year lost. 

This inscription in Vatteluttu characters of c. 11th century seems to refer to the nagarattar who got the land after purchase. All other details are lost.

Maravarman Vikrama Chola-Pandya

No. 457 (Page No 297)

(A. R. No. 434 of 1909)

Adanur, Koilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the south wall of the Adilingesvara temple.

Maravarman-Vikrama-chola-Pandya-deva (Junior contemporary of Jat

Sund chola-pandya): Year 20=1047-48 (?)

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 183.

Vikramapandya

No. 25 (Page No 18)

(A. R. No. 25 of 1909.)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the second pillar in the same cave.

Vikramapandyadeva I: Year 6=c. 1187-88 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of lands for food offerings to god Tirumalaiudaiya Tenarru-Nayakar at Tirukkunrakkudi, one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru, in Adalaiyur-nadu in Keralasinga-valanadu, by Virasekharan Aludaiyan alias Adailaiyur-nadalvan. The gift lands, stated to be situated at Tirukkunrakkudi comprised half the share of the donor the other half of it also being donated to the same deity in the place as per the record No. 26 below, by another donor who may have been closely related to the donor of the present record, perhaps a younger brother. 

No. 26 (Page No 20)

(A. R. No. 26 of 1909)

Kunnakkunadi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the same pillar in the same place.

Vikramapandyadeva : Year 6=c. 1187-88 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of lands for food offerings to god Tirumalaiudaiya-Tenarru-Nayakar at Tirukkunrakkudi, one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru, in Adalaiyur-nadu in keralasinga-valanadu by Uyyavandan Gandan alias Gangeyan alias Tiyagamigaman. The lands, stated to be situated at Tirukkunrakkudi, comprised the other half of the share belonging to the donor. The first half of the share formed the gift to the same deity in No,25 above, by another donor who was probably the elder brother of the donor of the present record, as can be guessed by the title Adailaiyur-nadalvar borne by him, a title which is not borne by the donor of the present record.

Jata Kulasekhara with Putala madandai 

No. 480 (Page No 315)

(A. R. No. 457 of 1909.)

Suttamalli, Tirunelveli Taluk, Tirunelveli District

West wall of the central shrine in the same temple.

Jatavarman alias Tribh Kulasekharadeva : Year 2=1163-64 A. D.

This inscription contains a prasasti of the king commencing with Putalamadandai Pugaludan poliya, etc., and mentions the queen Ulagamulududaiyal. 

It records an order of the king, executed by Konerimaikondan, addressed to the devakanmi  and the Srimahesvarakkankani of the temple of the god Bagavatiyisvaramudaiyar at Suttamalli alias Viravinodach-chaturvvedimangalam in Mel-Vemba-nadu, granting land in the western quarter of Seravanmadevichchaturvvedinmangalam in Mulli-nadu to provide for worship and offerings to the above-mentioned god.

A certain kangan alias Tirumudisntti of Kadamair Kodumalur alias Uttamapandyanallur figures as the signatory.

No. 482 (Page No 317)

(A. R. No. 459 of 1909.)

Suttamalli, Tirunelveli Taluk, Tirunelveli District

North wall of the same shrine.

Jatavarman alias Tribh Kulasekharadeva : Year 14, day 45=1175-76 A. D.

This inscription contains the prasasti of the king commencing with Patala madandai pugalodu poliya etc., and mentions the queen Ulagamulududaiyal. It also mentions that the king was seated on Pallippida-Malavaraya [ . . . . .] in the mandapa called Pugalabharanan-mandapa in the inner enclosure (ullalai) of the temple in Madakkulakkil Madurai. 

It records the gift, made by the king, of 100 drammas annually from out of the tax paid by the sabhai of Suttamalli alias Viravinodach-chaturvedimangalam in Mel-Vemba-nadu for deepening the tank called Kulasekarappereri at the place. The gift was made at the request of Karambisettu Alvanbatta Atirattiraiyajiyar, perhaps a member of the sabhai of the place. It is stated that the work of deepening of the tank started from the day when the asterism Uttirattadi fell in the month of Vaiykasi in the 13th year of the reign of the king. It is also stated that this order was made known to the executives of the temple of the god Tirunelveli udaiyar also. 

The signatories were Viravinoda-muvendavelan and Kurukularayan.

Jata Kulasekhara I

No. 10 (Page No 7)

(A. R. No. 10 of 1909.)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Cholesvara temple.

Jatavarman Kulasekharadeva I: Year 13-10=1213 A. D.

This record registers a gift, by Tirukkodunkunramudaiyan Keralan alisa Nishadharajan, probablyidentical with the donor of No. 5 above, of the village Velkur alias Malayadhvaja-chchaturvedimangalam in Puramalai-nadu, as tirunamattukkani and also of the taxes such as kadamai, antarayam, vettimuttam, ecchoru, kurrarisi elavai, araisavu, silvari, peruvari and others from the lands in the village to the tirukkamakotta-nachchiyar alias Aludaiya-nachchiyar of the Rajendrasolisvara-mudaiya temple at Ponnamaravati in Puramalai-nadu for various offerings including tiruppadimarru to the goddess.

Cf. Inscriptions (Texts) of the Pudukkottai State, No. 245.

No. 474 (Page No 310)

(A. R. No. 451 of 1909.)

Manappadaividu, Tirunelveli Taluk, Tirunelveli District

North wall of the shrine of the goddess in the same temple.

Jatavarman alias Tribh Kulashekaradeva I (?): Year 13+1, [.]=1213-14 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete.

It mentions the king, and the god (name not fully preserved) in Manapadaividu in the northern quarter of Sivallava-mangalam in Kilkalak-kurram.

Mara Sundarapandya I

No.2 (Page No 1)

(A. R. No.2 of 1909.)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Cholesvara temple.

Maravarman Sundara-pandyadeva I: Year 20+1= 1236 37 A.D. 

It records the royal gift of all lands in Pillai velarkudikkadu in Pungunrandu, specifying that three parts of it were to be utilised for food offerings during Sundarapandiyan-sandhi to the goddess Tirukkamakotta-nachchiyar, consort of the god Rajendracholich-churamudaiya-nayanar in Ponnamarapati, situated in Puramalai-nadu and one part as madappuram for the Sirivaranapiriyan Sri-matha.  The latter of the gifts was entrusted to Tirukkodungunramumudaiyan Sundararpperumal. 

Cf. Inscriptions (Texts) of the Pudukkottai State, No. 312.

No. 6 (Page No 4)

(A. R. No. 6 of 1909)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappali District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Cholesvara temple.

Sundarapandyadeva: (Mar Sund Pandya I) Year 11+I= 1227-28 A. D.

The king is described here by the title Sonadu-valangiyaruliya.

It records that the group of people called the Maramanikkar of Ponnamarapati in Puramalai-nadu and other districts conferred the title of Marachchakravarti-pillai on Tiruvarankula-mudaiyan as a reward for his reciting the Per-vanji, and also granted some tax-free lands for reciting verses in praise of Perumal of Ponnamarapati.  

Cf. Inscriptions (Texts) of the Pudukottai Satea, No. 278 where a fuller text with another part is given. According to this publication the inscription id found in the Vishnu temple. 

No. 18 (Page No 13)

(A. R. No. 18 of 1909)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappali District

On the north wall of the Sundararaja-perumal temple.

Maravarman Sundarapandyadeva (I): Year 13+1=1229 A.D.

The king described here as Sonadu-valangiyaruliya 

This inscription registers a royal order to the servants of the same temple of Alagapperumal-vinnagar-emberuman-alvar, granting the two villages, Sevur and Munjaikkudi, which formed the category of Vallakurruva-kodu-vatkani, as tax-free devadana for the daily offerings in the temple.  Gurukularayan, Avaninarayana Vilupparayan and Vanavan Vilupparaiyan figures as the signatories. 

Cf. Inscription (Texts) of the Pudukkottan State, No. 289 

No. 37 (Page No 27)

(A. R. No. 36 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the second and third pillars in the same place.

Marvarman sundarapandya I: Year [3] =1219-20 A.D. 

The record commences with Pumaruviya tirumadandaiyum, the prasasti of the king who is described as Sonadu-valangiyarluliya. 

It records the gift of paddy perhaps purchased out of the money got from the produce of lands in Niyamam, one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru in Kerlasinga-valanadu to a deity (name lost) probably by Gandan Aludaiyan alias Kalvayil-nadalvan. 

No. 40 (Page No 30)

(A. R. No. 39 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

In the verandah of the same cave, below two images.

Sundara-pandyadeva (Maravarman Sundara pandya: I Year 8: 1223-24 A.D. 

This, much-damaged record, described the king as Sonadu-valangiyaruliya. 

It seems to record the gift of lands and levies in a place (name lost) to god, Aludaiyapillaiyar in the temple of [Te]narru-Nayakar in Tiru[kkunrakkudi] one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru, in Kerlasingavalanadu, probably by Gandan Amudagandan of Niyamam. 

No. 41 (Page No 30)

(A. R. No. 40 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On a wall in front of the same cave.

Maravarman Sundara-pandyadeva (I): Year 15+1=1231-32 A.D. 

This record is much damaged.  It describes the king as Sonadu-kondu Mudikondasolapurattu virabhishekamum panniyaruliya. It seems to record a gift of land in Niyamam for food offerings to god Tenarru-Nayakar by Gandan Udaiyancheydan alias Gangeyan of Niyamam, one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru in Keralasinga-valanadu. 

No. 44 (Page No 32)

(A. R. No. 43 of 1909)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On the east wall of the Madhunadisvara shrine at the food of the hill.

Maravarman (Sundara-pandyadeva) (I): Year 17=1232-33 A.D. 

This damaged record describes the king as Sonadu-kondu mudikonda-salapurattu virabhishekam panniyaruliya. 

It seems to record a gift of lands in Tirukkunrakkadu, made tax-free, for food offerings to god Udaiyar Tenarru-Nayakar of Tirukkunrakkudi, by Gandan Udaiyancheydan alias (name lost), probably Gangeyan, the same as the one figuring in No. 41 above, of Niyamam, one of the villages irrigated by (the river) Tenaru in Keralasinga-valanadu.  The lands are stated to have been previously sold to a person named Tiruttalikodai aliasViikkiramapandyapanman of Niyamam, by Gandan Udayancheydan. 

No. 327 (Page No 208)

(A. R. No. 309 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Maravarman Tribh Sundarapandyadeva I (?): Year 19, 1234-35 A.D. (?) 

This inscription records the gift of the village Nariyanpakkam belonging to Irandayiravelipparru by the nadu (inhabitants) of the parru as mathappurairaiyili to Mudailiyar Perumal-Tadar.  The signatory, by order, was Chittiramelivelan. 

No. 486 (Page No 321)

(A. R. No. 462 of 1909)

Suttamalli, Tirunelveli Taluk, Tirunelveli District

South and west walls of the Saundararaja-perumal temple.

Mirvarman (Mar Sun Pandya): (Acc. 1216 A.D.)

This inscription is much damaged and fragmentary.  It contains portions of the king’s prasasti commencing with Pumaruviya tirumadandaiyum, etc.  Other details are not clear. 

Alagapperumal

No. 16 (Page No 11)

(A. R. No. 16 of 1909)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappali District

On the south wall of the Sundararaja-perumal temple. 

This inscription in Tamil characters of about the 14th century, records an order of Nishadarayan addressed to the authorities of the same temple of Tirumerkoyil-Alagapperumal-vinnagara-emberuman of Ponnamarapati in Puamalai-nadu, granting all the taxes due from some communities of Sevur alias Alagapperumal-nellur, a tiruvidaiyattam village of the god, for burning two perpetual lamps in the temple from the month of Karttigai in the 2nd year of Nishadarayan. 

Cf. Inscriptions (Texts) of the Pudukkottai State, No. 986.

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