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Friday, November 17, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

(INSCRIPTION COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1908-09)

CHOLAS

KULOTTUNGA III

No. 3 (Page No. 2)

(A. R. No. 3 of 1909)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Cholesvara temple.

Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 1[2]= 1189-90 A.D. 

This inscription records the gift of lands in some villages and the antaraya and other levies from them by [Rajendra]solan Keralan alias Nishadarajan for the daily expenses in the temple of the same god as occurring

 in No. 2 above of Ponnamarapati, stated here as situated in Rajendrasola valanadu in Rajarajappandi-nadu. 

Cf. Inscriptions (Texts) of the Pudukkottai State, No. 147. 

No. 5 (Page No. 3)

(A. R. No. of 1909)

Pon-Amaravati, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Cholesvara temple.

Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 18=1195-96 A.D. 

This inscription records a gift of land as madappuram to a matha called Nilamai-Alagiyan tirumadam (see No. 13 below) in the tirumadai-vilagam (sacred precincts) of the temple of Rajendrasolisvaram-udaiya-nayanar by Tirukkodungunramudaiyan Alagiyadevan alias Nishadharajan of Ponnamarapati in Puramalai-nadu. 

Cf. Inscriptions (Texts) of the Pudukkottai State, No. 150

No. 271 (Page No. 172)

(A. R. No. 256 of 1909)

Kunnattur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

Slab set up in the Nadanandesvara temple at Manamai,

a hamlet of the same village.

Tribh Kulottungacholadeva : Year 24=1201-02 A.D. 

This inscription is damaged and its end portion is not well-preserved.  It describes the king as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya’  It records a gift of 3 cows for burning a nanda lamp in the temple of Tiruvagattisvaramudaiyar at Manamai alias Jananthanallur in Amur-nadu in Amurk-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam, by a certain Tirunattapperumal a pakkilan of Valavasikhamaninallur. 

No. 286 (Page No. 182)

(A. R. No. 271 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 10=1187-88 A.D. 

This inscription is damaged in some places.  It describes the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya.  It records the gift of a sandhya lamp to the temple of the same god and place occuring in No. 285 above, by a certain Panchanadivanan alias Irasarasa Nilagangaraiyan Devan [......].  A sum of two palankasu to provide for this, is stated to have been entrusted to the Sivabrahmana Kanchikku.....bhattan Udaiyapillai alias Ananda[k]kalliyana-bhattan, who had right of worship in the temple, and who agreed to carry out the object of the gift.

No. 289 (Page No. 184)

(A. R. No. 274 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 37=1214-15 A.D

This inscription refers to the failure of crops in Tirukkachchur in the 10th year in the reign of the king and the consequent troubles of the people.  It records the grant of 15 kasu in lieu of the land given by the ur in the Kilakkaranai of the pidagai of Tirukkachchur, made by a certain Kuppaisorudaiyan alias Oymanattu-velan, the kilavan of Ayalur, for food offerings to the deity Tiruvalakkoyil-udaiyar and for the eleven sandhya lamps gifted by the ur itself.  The ur, receiving the amount from the donor, had agreed to perform the services accordingly.  The villages of Kudalur, Sirumanur, Melvilimalli and Peramanur are stated to form the boundary of the said land. 

No. 290 (Page No. 185)

(A. R. No. 275 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 13=11901-91 A.D. 

This inscription records a gift of 32 cows and a bull to provide daily one ulakku of ghee for burning a nanda lamp in the temple of Tiruvalakkoyiludaiyar at Tirukkachchur as occurring in No. 289 above, by one Kulottungasolak-Kannappan-Adinayan Panchanadivanan alias Rajaraja Nilagangaraiyan of Tiruchchuram in Kulottungasola-valanadu in Puliyur-kottam in Jayangonda solamandalam.  The cows and the bull were received by some Sivabrahmanas of the temple, who had agreed to burn the lamp perpetually. 

A postscript at the end of the inscription states that in the 18th (year of king?), a standing lamp weighing 132 palam was given to enable the burning of the nanda lamp mentioned above. 

No. 291 (Page No. 186)

(A. R. No. 276 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 20=1197-98 A.D.

The inscription refers to the king as one ‘who was pleased to take madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya’. It records a gift of land for burning a nanda lamp in the same temple at the same Tirukkachchur as occuring in No. 290 above, by Kirandai  Amararkanayakkar Kakkunayakkan and his younger brother Tiruvalakkoyiludaiyan of the same Tirukkachchur. It is stated that the gift-land was sold to one Kirandai Arumana-nayanar by the many Sivabrahmanas of the temple who had undertaken to carry out the object of the gift with the money thus obtained. At the end of the inscription, there is a passage which refers to the 15th year of Perumal (king) Sundarapandyadeva.  

No. 294 (Page No. 188)

(A. R. No. 279 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 37=1214-15 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete at the end. It seems to be a copy of No. 289 above. However the 10th year in which the failure of crops is stated in No. 289 to have occurred is not clear in the present record.  

No. 296 (Page No. 189)

(A. R. No. 281 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 22=1199-1200 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of one nanda lamp to the same temple of the same Tirukkachchur occurring in No. 295 above by the same person who figures as the donor in No. 290 above, but who is stated, hear, to belong to Mullaipadi, in the same nadu, kottam  and  mandalam. It is stated that 32 cows and one bull which he donated for the purpose of burning the lamp, were entrusted to manradi Atkondak-kon, his son Adavallan and the latter’s younger brother Sirri of Sengunram in the nadu of the same name, who had agreed to measure out daily one ulakku of ghee by the measure called Irasakesari.  

No. 297 (Page No. 190)

(A. R. No.282 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III alias Tribhuvanavire-deva Year 40=1217-18 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete. It describes the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya, and ‘who had a hero’s and a victor’s coronation’. It records an order of a certain Nandipanman and mentions Jayangondasola-mandalam. 

No. 298 (Page No. 190)

(A. R. No. 283 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Konerinmaikondan, Kulottunga III (?) Year 36=1213-14 A. D.

This inscription records the gift made by the king of 48 veli of land in Sengunram alias Arumolidevanallur in Sengunra-nadu in Kalattur-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam, and 67 veli of land in Vellala Madaiyar Pulliyam in Valla-nadu as devadana iraiyili to the temple of the same deity in the same Tirukkachchur occurring in No. 297 above, to provide for offerings to the deity therein. The gift was made on the request of Cediyarayan. The signatories were Irasanarayana Muvenda-velan, who was the tirumandira-olai,  Pallavarayan, Vilinattaraiyan, Tondaiman, Siddharayan, Chedikularayan, Singarayan, Angarayan, Vijayarayan and Nilagangaraiyan. 

No. 299 (Page No. 191)

(A. R. No. 284 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Tribhuvanaviradeva Kulottunga III : Year 37=1214-15 A. D.

This inscription is incomplete. It records a gift of a sandhi lamp and a sum of 3 palankasu to provide for that, to the same temple as occurs in No. 283 above, by a certain palakannan Vidivitankan Vaduganathan of Iraiyur in Kunra-nadu in Urrukkattuk-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam. The money was accepted by the Sivabrahmana who had right of Gautama[gotra], who must have agreed to carry out the object of the gift, as usual. 

No. 300 (Page No. 191)

(A. R. No. 285 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall as above.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 23=1205-06 A. D.

The king is described as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam, and the crowned head of the pandya. This inscription records a gift of two  sandhi lamps to the same temple in the same Tirukkachchur, made by a certain Ayilulan Aludaiyan Kakkunayakkan of Urattur in Konadi-nadu in Sengattukkottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam. It is stated that he gave 24 sheep to provide ghee for the lamps to the Sivabrahmanas  of the temple and that these sheep were received by a certain Samik-konan Kakkunayakka-konan, son of manradi Madak-konan of Tirukkachachur itself, who had agreed to measure out two nali of ghee monthly. 

The inscription also records that the same Samik-konan Kakkunayakka-konan had previously received 12 sheep from the temple treasury to provide ghee for a sandhi  lamp, and that he had agreed to measure out nali of ghee monthly in this connection. The measure used to measure out the ghee is called Irasakesari.

No. 302 (Page No. 193)

(A. R. No. 287 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 23=1200-01 A. D.

The king is described as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and the ceowned head of the Pandya’. The inscription records a gift of two sandhi lamps to the same temple in the same Tirukkachchur as occurring in No. 300 above one by a local man named Karandai Cherikkuttan Malaipagamvaittan (Skt. Harihara) and another by a certain Kumaran Sattan Varangattan Tiruchchirrambalam-udaiyan of Velur in Damanur-nadu in Urrukattuk-kottam. A sum of 2 palankasu  from the former donor was received by the Sivabrahmana kanchikuri Srikantha-bhattan Udaiyalillai alias Nityakalana-bhattan of Bharadvaja-[gotra] and a sum of 2 palankasu  from the latter donor was received by the Sivabrahmana Alvan Devappillai alias Narpattennayira-bhattan of Bharadvaja-[gotra]. Both were owners of right of worship in the temple, and they had agreed to carry out the object of the object of the gift perpetually. 

No. 303 (Page No. 194)

(A. R. No. 288 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 3, Avani 3=1180-81 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of two sandhi lamps to the temple of the same deity in the same Tirukkachchur as occurring in No. 302 above, by a certain Puduppakkilan-Adan of Ulalur alias Rajarajanallur in Kalattur-nadu in Kalattur-kottam. It is stated that the donor entrusted 4 palankasu to provide for the lamps with the Sivabrahmana  Srishtisvaramudaiyan Iranindan  alias Tillainayaka-bhattan of Kasyapa-[gotra] belonging to Kanaraikudi, who had right of worship in the temple and who had agreed to carry out the object of the gift hereditarily.  

No. 304 (Page No. 194)

(A. R. No. 289 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottungo-choladeva III. Year 5=1182-83 A. D. 

The inscription records a gift of two sandhi lamps to the temple in the same Tirukkachchur as occurs in No. 303 above, by two local persons named Nochchikkilan Tiruvalakkoyiludaiyan Tillaikkuttan and his younger brother Tiruvavaduturaip-perumal.  It is stated that a sum of 4 palankasu endowed by them to provide for the lamps, was received by two Sivabrahamanas having right of worship in the temple, named Tiruvudaiyan alias Tillainayaka, bhattan of Gautama-[gotra] and his younger brother Suryadevan alias Panmahesvara-bhattan, who had agreed to burn the lamp perpetually. 

No. 305 (Page No. 195)

(A. R. No. 290 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III alias Tribhuvanavira-deva:

Year 35=1212-13 A.D. 

The king is described as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya’. 

It records an order of Nandipanman.  Its contents are as follows.  Two persons Ambar-kilavan and Nerkunrakkilan owning lands in Madaiyar-pulliyam in Valla-nadu in Kalatturk-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam presented that the devadana of the temple of Tiruvalakkoyiludaiyar of Tirukkachchur of Sengunra-nadu, were getting depleted and that the temple trustees (tanattar) were saying that the services in the temple and repairs to it were not conducted.  To retrieve the situation the devadana and the pallichchanda lands, in Madaiyar-pulliyam, measuring 67 veli in extent together with garden-land were granted to the temple for services to the deity from the 280th day of the 35th year in the reign of the king.  The two persons mentioned above should meet the temple trustees and pay the tax-incomes and arrange for further transaction in the matter. 

No. 306 (Page No. 196)

(A. R. No. 291 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribhuvanachakravartin.....(Kulottunga III : Year lost : (13th century) 

The inscription is badly damaged.  The king is described as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya’.  It appears to record a gift of 3,000 (three thousand) Anradu narpudukkasu for a certain services (probably lamp) in the same temple in the same place, as occurs in No. 305 above.  A certain Tiruchchirrambala-bhattan is mentioned. 

No. 307 (Page No. 196)

(A. R. No. 292 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 25=1202-03 A.D.

This fragmentary inscription appears to record a gift of some sandhi lamp.  The endowed material (money or sheep) is stated to have been received by Udaiyapillai alias Tiruchchirrambala-bhattan who had agreed to measure one ulakku of ghee. 

No. 310 (Page No. 197)

(A. R. No. 292 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 22=1199-1200 A.D. 

This incomplete inscription records that a certain person (name not clear but probably reads as Inan) of the same Tirukkachchur had obtained 32 cows and a bull from the bhandara of the temple of the god Tiruvalakkoyiludaiyar and inlieu thereof had agreed to burn a nanda lamp in the temple by measuring one ulakku of ghee perpetually. 

No. 313 (Page No. 198)

(A. R. No. 295 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

East wall of the same mandapa.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 23=1200-01 AD., 

This inscription refers to the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya’. 

It records the provision of irrigation facility to the lands in Ambarpakkam alias Irandidutiyaginallur which was a hamlet of Sengunrum and a devadana of the temple of the god Trivalakkoyiludaiyar of Tirukkachchur, also occuring in the above records.  It is stated that this devadana hamlet was owned by some individuals such as Sengunran-kilan Orrikondan Taluvakkulaindan of Sengunram, his younger brother Karanaivitankam and the latter’s younger brother Perumanambi, and Kumaran Sattan Varanangattan-Aramudaiyan of Velur in Damanur-nadu in Urrukkattuk-kottam, his younger  brother Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan, his younger brother Cherikkuttan and his younger brother

Perumanambi, and Kumaran Sattan Varanangattan-Aramudaiyan of Velu in Damanur-nadu in Urrukkattuk-kottam, his younger brother Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan, his younger brother Cherikkuttan and his younger brother Tiruvegamudaiyan, who, with the help of paddy provided by the temple, permitted the irrigation facility consisting of 240 kuli of land and kalli tumbu (probably a sluice) through the tank called Periyadevapputteri, which irrigated their estate Vensinriyampakkam. 

No. 315 (Page No. 200)

(A. R. No. 297 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 15=1192 A.D. 

This inscription describes the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and the crowned head of the Pandya’. 

It records a gift of a sandhi lamp to the same temple of Tirukkachchur occuring in the above-discussed inscriptions, by Kulalan Kakkunayakkan, a karanattan and owner of property in the village.  It further records that a sum of 3 palankasu was endowed by him for this purpose, and this money was accepted by the Sivabrahmana Kanchikuri Srikantha-bhattan Udayapillai alias Nityakalyan-bhattan of Bharadvaja-[gotra], who was the Sivacharya of the temple and who had ¼ share in the right of worship in the same temple.  It is further stated that this bhatta had agreed to burn the sandhi lamp perpetually. 

No. 316 (Page No. 200)

(A. R. No. 298 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Tribhuvanaviradeva: Year 33=1210-11 A.D. 

This incomplete inscription describes the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya and who was pleased to anoint the heroes and the vietors’. 

It records a gift of sandhi lamp to the same temple occurring in No. 315, etc., above by a certain Palakannan Vidivitankan Vaduganathan of Iraiyur in Kunra-nadu in Urrukkattuk-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam, he endowed 3 palankasu for this purpose and the same was accpeted by the sivabrahmana Devappillai alias Narpattennayira-bhattan, son of Alvanbhatan of Bharadvaja-[gotra], who had right worship in the temple.  Further details are missing. 

No. 317 (Page No. 201)

(A. R. No. 299 of 1909)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III : Year 29=1206-07 A.D. 

This inscription refers to the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and Ilam and the crowned head of the Pandya’. 

It records a gift of two sandhi lamps to the same temple as occurs in No. 316, etc., above, by a certain Sendamaraikkannan, son of Kumaran Sattan Tiruvegambamudaiyan of Velur in Damanur-nadu, in Uttukkattuk-kottam.  He also endowed a sum of 4 palankasu for the purpose.  The money was accepted by the Sivabrahmana Udaiyapillai alias Nittakalyana-bhattan alias son of Kanchikkuri Srikantha-bhattan Devappiriyan of Bharadvaja-[gotra] who had right of worship in the temple and who had agreed to carry out the burning of the lamps. 

No. 334 (Page No. 215)

(A. R. No. 316 of 1909.)

Tirukkachchur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

Detached stone built into the south wall of the mandapa in front of the 

Anjanakshi-amman shrine in the same temple.

Tribh Tribhvana-choladeva : Kulottunga III : Year lost. C. 13th century.

This inscription is fragmentary. It refers to the king as one ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam, Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya and to anoint the heroes and the victors’. It records the setting up of an image of the Saiva saint Tirunavukkarasu (i. e., Appar) in the temple of [Tiruvalak-koyiludaiya-nayanar] of Tirukkachchur alias Nittavinodanallur in Sengunra-nadu in Kalattur-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam, by Biraman alias Chittirame[i . . . . ], son of Marudidangondar, a reciter of the sacred hymns (Tiruppadiyama) in the temple of the deity Biramisuramudaiya-nayanar of a chaturvedimangalam (name lost) in the same mandalam.   

No. 348 (Page No. 225)

(A. R. No. 329 of 1909)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District

North wall of the same shrine

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Kulottunga-choladeva III: Year 8, Aippasi=1185-86 A.D. 

This inscription contains the prasasti of the king commencing with Puyalvayppa valamperunga, etc. 

It records a gift of a nanda lamp to the temple of the god Tiruvikolamudaiyar of Kuvam alias Tiyagasamuttiranallur in Manavir-kottam in Jayagondasola-mandalam by a certain Kurumudi Sangan Govindan alias Vanavan Muvendavelan.  It is stated that he endowed for this purpose, 16 Anradu narpalankasu which was received by the Sivabrahmanas of the temple viz., Sennarperran Mahadeva-bhattam of Kavsika (Kausika)-[gotra], Udaiyapillai alias Tavarasarasa-bhattan of Gauvutama-[gotra], his younger brothers, Tiruvallamudaiyan-bhattan of Gavutama—[gotra], Devar alias Porkoyilnambi of Kasyapa-[gotra], and his younger brothers, who had agreed to carry out the object of the endowment perpetually. 

No. 353 (Page No. 231)

(A. R. No. 334 of 1909)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Virarajendra-choladeva: Kulottunnga III: Year Lost : C. 12th-13th century. 

This inscription is built in at the end, so the date and some other important details are lost. 

It records a gift of a nanda lamp to the temple of the god Tiruvi[rkola-mudaiyanayanar] of Kuvam alias Tiyagasmudranallur in Manavir-kottam in [Jayangondasola-mandalam, by Attiyuralvan Andapiran of Garggya-gotra, belonging to Kottur in Ambar-nadu in same mandalam. It is stated that he endowed some amount (details lost) of Anradu Narpalankasu for this purpose, and that the amount was accepted by a number of Sivabrahmanas of the temple who had agreed to burn the lamp perpetually from the month of Masi of the year quoted. 

No. 355 (Page No. 233)

(A. R. No. 336 of 1909)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottungacholadeva (III ?): Year 15=1192-93 A.D. ? 

This inscription records a gift of a sum of 20 Palankasu for a nanda lamp to the same temple of the same Kuvam occurring in No. 354 above, by Kachchikadamban Taluvakkulaindan-uyyavandan alias Sembiyan Vilupparaiyan of Palaiyanur-nadu in Manavir-kottam.  It is stated that the amount was accepted by number of Sivabrahmanas of the temple (names given) who had agreed to burn the lamp perpetually from the month of Chittirai of the year quoted. 

No. 356 (Page No. 234)

(A. R. No. 337 of 1909)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall as above.

Tribh Konerinmaikondan : Year 27-1204-05 A.D. 

This inscription is damaged in some places.  It records that the tanattar of the temple of the village mentioned in No. 349 above instituted a service called Kulasekharan-sandhi in the temple and that the king was requested to arranged to provide for this.  Accordingly the king made a gift of a village (name lost) as a tax-free devadana from the month of Ani in the year quoted above.   

No. 366 (Page No. 241)

(A. R. No. 345 of 1909.)

Kuvam, Tiruvallore Taluk, Chingleput District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottungacholadeva (III) : Year 3=1180-81 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of 36 Narpalankasu for burning a nanda lamp in the temple of Tiruvirkolamudaiyar in Kuvam alias Tiyagasamudra-nallur in Manavir-kottam in Jayangodasola-mandalam, by a certain Kavusikan Kakkunayakka-bhattan of Tiruvilimilalai. The temple Sivabrahmanas  Kausikan Devappillai, Gautaman Udaiyappillai, his younger brother, viz. Gautaman Soma-bhattan and Gautaman Tiruvalamudaiyan-bhattan and Kasyapan Devappillai who received the gift of money had agreed to burn the lamp from the month of Chittirai.  

No. 421 (Page No. 273)

(A. R. No. 400 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

South wall of the prakarai  in the same temple.

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Kulottungacholadeva III : Year 9. Vrischikam (Karttigai) 24, su. 7 Sadaiyam=1186 A. D. November 20.

This inscription contains the prasasti of king commencing with Puyalvayttu valam peruga, etc., it mentions the queen Buvanamulududaiyal.

It records a gift of 5 veli of land in the kudipparru in Sirringur to provide for food-offerings during the attasamam (ardhajamam) and the waking up (palliyeluchchi) services in the temple of the god Tiruppulippagavardevar of Sirringur, a brahmadeyam  in Kurukkaik-kurram in Maladu in Rajaraja-vala-nadu, by Malaiyaman suriyan Nirerran Edirikanayan  alias Rajarajamalaiyakularayan of Kiliyur in Tirumunaippadi-nadu. It is stated that from the area where the gift land is situated the lands previously gifted as devadana were exempted, and present gift was given as devadana without removing the tenants cultivating it. 

No. 434 (Page No. 285)

(A. R. No. 413 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District Same wall.

Tribh Virarajendracholadeva (Kulottunga III) : Year 6=1183-84 A. D.

This inscription is built in at the bottom and hence the details of the gift are not available now. 

It, however, seems to record a gift of taxes on weavers looms, etc., situated in the streets around the temple of the god Tiruppulippagavadevar of Sirringur a brahmadesam  in Kurukkaik-kurram in Maladu in Irajaraja-valanadu and probably income from vikkirama-solanallur also, to the same god, by a certain Elisaimohan alias Jananatha-Kachchiyarayan, son of Alappirandan Arasanarayanan of Kudalur. (See S. I. I., Vol. XII, p. 170, No. 9). 

No. 435 (Page No. 286)

(A. R. No. 414 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District Same wall as above.

Rajakesarivarman alias Tribh Virarajendracholadeva : (Kulottunga) III : Year 6=1183-84 A. D.

This inscription contains the prasasti of the king commencing with Puyalvauppa valam peruga, etc., and mentions the queen Buvanamulududaiyal. 

It records a gift of all incomes except the sirupadikaval, due from the devadana lands of the temple of the god Tiruppulippagavardevar of Sirringur a brahmadeyam in Kurukkaik-kurran in Maladu in Rajaraja-valanadu to Malaiyaman Sokkapperumal Ponparappinan alias Rajagambhirachchediyaman, of Kiliyur in the same nadu, by him to provide for the procession during the festival of the above-mentioned god held in the month of Purattadi. 

No. 436 (Page No. 287)

(A. R. No. 415 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District Same wall.

Tribh Virarajendracholadeva (Kulottunga III ?) : Year 6=1183-84 A. D.

This inscription records a gift of 70 kuli of land in Kiliyur in Rajarajavalanadu by the servant named Kuttan Panaiyan alias Ponparappina Malaiyaman of the same place, purchased for 1 ¼ kalanju of gold from the sabhai of the same place, for two nanda lamps to be burnt in the temple of the god Tiruppulippagavar of Sirringur, a brahmadeyam, in Kurukkai-kurram in maladu in Rajaraja-valanadu. It is stated that the gift of lamps was made for the merit of the servant’s master Rajagambhirachchediyarayar who also figures in No. 435 above. The lamps were received by the Sivabrahmanas  of the temple who had agreed to burn them for ever. 

No. 437 (Page No. 287)

(A. R. No. 416 of 1909.)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District Same wall.

Tribh Tribhuvanaviradeva (Kulottunga III) : Year 35=1212-13 A. D.

This inscription is built in at the bottom.

It records a gift of a standing lamp made of bronze and bell-metal, a bell and a vessel made of brass to the temple of the god Tirupplippagavadevar of  Sirringur a brahmadesam in Kurukkaik-kurram in Maladu in Irajaraja-valanadu by a certain Sivadavanapprumal Vamana-bhattan [Valappiranda] Birammarayan, son of Kasivan Adiyyaveli belonging to Palaiyur alias Irajanarayanacharuppedimangalam. It is stated that the gift was made for the merit of two devaradiyars 9dancing girls), named Soliyanachchi alias Ponnar Tiruvadimanikkam, daughter of Perral of Sirringur, and the former’s daughter Alavandapillai alias Piranattiyagi-nangai.   

No. 702 (Page No. 494)

(A. R. No. 654 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District

West wall of the same mandapa.

Tribh Kulottungacholadeva III : Year 17=1194+95 A.D.

It records a gift of objects to the goddess[1].  

No. 713 (Page No. 504)

(A. R. No. 662 of 1909)

Konerirajapuram, Thanjavur Taluk, Thanjavur District Same wall.

Tribh Kulottungacholadeva III: Year 16, Mina (Panguni) ba. 1,

Wednesday, Hastam=1194 A. D., March 9.

This inscription is damaged in several places. It refers to the king as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai and the crowned head of the pandya’. 

 It records that the temple of the god Tirunalamudaiyar in Vennadu, in Uyyakkondar-valanadu, in the balustrade on the southside of the Pugalabharana-mandapa, an image of the god Tiruvunaligai Vinayakappillaiyar was set up by a certain Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan alias Paramativakaran, of Tirunallam. It further records that the people (urar) of Pungudi alias Olaimangalattuppanavan-kundaiyur, a devadana, of the above-mentioned temple, and of Ilanalattur gifted away as iraiyili (tax-free) some lands in favour of the god Pillaiyar. Of these people, those of Ilanalattur gave a piece of land in thrie village as archchana-bogam to the same deity. Then the names of a number of signatories are given. It then records another gift of land made probably by the people of the other village, although its details are lost. 

No. 721 (Page No. 514)

(A. R. No. 670 of 1909)

Tirundungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District Same wall.

Tribh Tribhuvanaviradeva (Kulottunga III) : Year 32=1209-10 A.D. 

This inscription refers to the king as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai,

Ilam (i.e., Ceylon), Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya’. 

It records the gift of the land to the north of Tyagavallich-chatupedimangalam, to the east of Vikkiramabarananallur, to the south of [.]ttarambur and to the south and west of Mangalal, and all the incomes derived from the village to the temple of Tirunedungalam-udaiya-nayanar in Vadakavira-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu, by Valappakkudaiyan Tillai Tirumattapperumal, alias Visaiyalaiya Muttaraiyan of Valambakkudi.  It is stated that the donor gave the land to the Sibhandaram of the temple.

 

No.723 (Page No. 516)

(A.R.No.672 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

South wall of the same mandapa.

Karikalacholadeva  (Kulottunga III) : Year 6= 1183-84 A.D.

This inscription is damaged.

It record a gift, made by the king, of land 13 plus 3-I/8ma in Kallikkudi in Eyi-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu for daily worship and services in the temple  of Tiruvendugula-mahadevar in [Vada*]kavi-nadu. It also records another gift by the king probably to the same temple of the village f Puttambur in the same nadu and valanadu, its Aiyyan temple, Pidari temple, tank, and gardens, the extent of land totalling to 14 veli.

The  signatories were the tirumandira-olai, Tiyagavinoda- Muvendavelan Vandarayan, puravarikkuru Vairadarayan, etc.  

No. 725 (Page No. 518)
(A. R. No.674 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District Same wall.

Tribh Tribhuvanaviradeva (Kulottunga III) : Year 32=1209-10 A.D.

This inscription is damaged in some places. 

It refers to the king as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam (i.e., Ceylon),  Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya and who was pleased to perform the anointment of the heroes and victors’. 

It records a gift of land 301-1/4 kuli in extent, made by a certain Tillai Tirunattapperumal Visaiyalaya Muttaraiyan alias Narpattennayirapillai of Valambakkudi, a pratikshettra, to some bhattars of the temple of Tirunedungalam-udaiya-nayanar in Vadakavira-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu.  It is stated that the land was situated in the backyard of some houses in the street on the southern side of the temple.  It is also stated that some specified quantity of Sikaveri (i.e., Kaveri) water was to be supplied for the purpose of bathing the image of the deity. 

It also records the gift of income from some other land, as tirumanjanapuram, by the same donor. 

No. 726 (Page No. 520)

(A. R. No. 675 of 1909)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappali District Same wall.

Tribh Konerimaikondan, (Parakesari Kulottunga III): C. 12th century.

This inscription is damaged slightly. 

It records a gift of land, 10-1/4 plus 3/8 ma in extent to provide for daily worship and offerings to the god Mahadevar of Tirunedungalam in Vadakavi-nadu in Pandikulasani-valanadu, by the king and it is stated that this gift was made in accordance with the order of Parakesariparumar Visayalayasoladevar directing the grant of a tax-free devadana.    

No. 783 (Page No. 569)

(A. R. No. 732 of 1909)

Alambakkam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District In the same place.

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Kulottungacholadeva III: year 36,

Kumbha (Masi) su. [ . . .]Monday=1214 A. D., February 17 (?)

This inscription is damaged and incomplete. It contains the prasasti of the king beginning with Puyalvayttu, etc. 

It refers to the king as ‘who was pleased to take Madurai, Ilam (i. e., Ceylon), Karuvur and the crowned head of the Pandya.’ It appears to be a record of a gift of land to the temple of the village (name lost, but evidently sri-Madhurantakach-chaturvedimangalam), a Brahmadeyam, in Poygai-nadu in Vadakarai-Rajaraja-valanadu. it mentions the [Ma]durantakappreri. Other details are lost.  

No. 784 (Page No. 570)

(A. R. No. 733 of 1909)

Alambakkam, lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District In the same place.

Parakesarivarman alias Tribh Virarajendradeva (Kulottunga III) : Year 5,

Mesha (Chittirai) su. 1, Saturday, Asvati=1183 A. D., March 26.

 This inscription is damaged in some places. It contains the prasasti of the king commencing with puyalvayttu valam peruga,  etc. 

  It records a sale of land 5-3/4 ma in extent and a house of 22-1/2 kuli in area, in Sri-Madurantakach-chaturvedimangalam, a Brahmadeyam,  in Poygai-nadu, in Vadakarai-Irasarasa-valanadu, by some bhatta people of Vangipuram of the above mentioned village, to the temple of Sri-Kayi[lasam-udaiya-maha-devar] of the place. The price of the land is stated to be 402-1/2 Anradu Narkasu and that of the house 17-1/2 Anradu Narkasu.  

 A number of people figure as signatories, and a certain women named Udaiyapillai, daughter of Parvati alias Nittavinodamanikkam (details of her family lost) is stated to have paid the charges for engraving this record on stone.

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[1] See Appendix for text.

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