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Tuesday, September 26, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Inscriptions of the Ranganathasvamy Temple, Srirangam

NAYAKAS

No. 541 (Page No. 523)

(A. R. No. 85of 1936-37)

V Prakara, slab kept in the Mettalagiyasingar shrine

No date

Records the obeisance of Vaiyappa-nayakkar-Krishnappa-nayakkar Kondama-nayakkar.  In characters of the 16th century A.D. 

No. 542

(A. R. No. 84 of 1936-37)

Another slab in the same place

No date

Records the obeisance of Krishnappa-nayakkar and Virappa-nayakkar.  In characters of the 16th century A.D.   

No. 543

(A. R. No. 6 of 1938-39)

II Prakara, east wall

Nandana (1593 A.D.)

Incomplete.  Refers to some gift (not specified) by Uruttiramuttiyappan (Rudramurttiyappan), son of Nallama Mummudi  . . . . . . .  . of Kangayanallur, on behalf of Virappa Nayakkar Ayyan.  The details of the date viz., Nandana, Panguni, Ekadasi may be equated to 1593, March 18, but are not sufficient for verification. 

No. 544  (Page No. 544)

(A. R. No. 61 of 1938-39)

II Prakara, south wall

Saka 1588 (1665 A.D.)

Registers a gift of gold by Muddirai-Raman son of Alagiyasingar belonging to the group of Sattada Vaishnavas, under orders from Chinnatambi-mudaliyar, the vassal-pradhani of Visvanatha-Nayaka  Chokkanatha-Nayaka, towards offerings at the four-pillared mandapa to the north of Tiruvali-Alvan (Cakrattalvar) Shrine.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1588, Visvavasu, Vrishabha su. 7, Thursday correspond to A.D. 1665, May 11, Thursday, 48; the nakshatra had however ended at .11 on the previous day.   

No. 545 (Page No. 525)

(A. R. No. 109 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, west wall of the Garuda-Mandapa

Saka 1588 (1667 A.D.)

Registers a gift of the village Iranyamangalam (Hiranyamangalam) by Visvanatha-nayaka, Chokkanatha-nayaka, left in charge of Nayananan, son of Krishnayyangar of Sreshtalur for offerings, etc., to the god on the 6th day of the Bhupati Udaiyar festival, when the god was taken to the sixteen pillared mandapa in the garden to the west of the 1000-pillared mandapa and on similar occasions.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1558, Prabhava, Makara su. 5, Wednesday, Punarpusam are irregular.  Su. 5 and Punarpusam cannot combine in the month of Makara.  Makara su. 5 of the specified year however, corresponded to 1667 A.D., January.   

No. 546 (Page No. 527)

(A. R. No. 11 of 1938-39)

II Prakara, east wall

Saka 1590 (1669 A.D.)

Registers gift of lands valued at 800 pon and yielding an annual income of 16 pon Malavanallur near Perungavur in Kilaimuri in Vadagarai-Malanadu by Muddirai Raman, son of Alagiyasingar belonging to the group of Sattada Vaishnavas, for certain offerings to be made to god Ranganatha during the Adi festival when the deity halted at Karungalluk-kuradu (stone platform) in Chittira-mandapa built by the donor, and for offerings to karugula (Karuvula) Nachchiyar on the occasion of Jothi-pujai during the Maha-navami festival.  The date viz., Saka 1590, Kilaka, Makara su. 13, Sunday, Rohini corresponds to A.D. 1669, January 3, Sunday, f.d.t. 95, 37. 

No. 547 (Page No. 528)

(A. R. No. 110 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, Garuda–Mandapa, west wall.

Saka 1591 (1669 A.D.)

Registers gift of land in Umayapuram and Pirappangudi by Alagiri, son of Chennama-Nayaka of the Janakala –gotra, for offerings and worship to the god on the 2nd day of the Bhupati-Udaiyar festival, when the god was taken to the Vitthalarajar-mandapa.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1591, Saumya,, Thula, su. 3, Sunday, Anusham, corresponds regularly to A.D. 1669, October 17, Sunday; 81 : 43. 

No. 548 (Page No. 529)

(A. R. No. 108 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, west wall of the Garuda-Mandapa

Saka 1593 (1672 A.D.)

Registers a gift of land in the village Kuttappara in Konadu to the east of Tiruchinapalli by Basavappa-Nayudu, son of Jangama of Kasyapa gotra for offerings and worship to the god on the 8th day of the festival instituted by Chokkanatha-Nayaka when the god was taken in procession to Vasanta vilasa-mandapa in Nachchiyar-toppu.  The record is dated Saka 1598 Virodhikrit, Magha, ba. 3, Monday, Uttira corresponding regularly to A.D. 1672 February 5, Monday 95 ; 60. 

No. 549 (Page No. 549)

(A. R. No. 103 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, east wall of the Garuda-Mandapa

Saka 1593 (1672 A.D.)

Damaged.  Seems to record the gift of land to the temple by Chodi Alagadri described as Pradhana and as the son of Kapa-Nayaka and grandson of Chodi Alagadri-Nayaka on behalf of Visvanatha-Nayaka Chokkanatha-Nayaka., The date viz., Saka 1593, Vriodhikrit, Phalguna su. 13, Friday, Makha, corresponding to 1672 A.D., March 1, Friday 57, 88. 

No. 550 (Page No. 532)

(A. R. No. 102 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, east wall of the Garuda-mandapa

Saka 1596 (1674 A.D.)

Registers a gift of the village Vukkakudi situated in Tiruvaluruvamita in Chola-desa and yielding a revenue of 600 rekha gadya by Chinna Bomma Nayudu for worship and offerings to the image of Ashtamabhuja-Gopalakrishna consecrated in the shrine built by him between those of Kurattalvar and Vithalesvara.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1596, Ananda, Sravana ba. 5, Tuesday, Asvani correspond to 1674 A.D., August 11, Tuesday 77.  The nakshatra Asvani was current throughout the day.   

No. 551 (Page No. 533)

(A. R. No. 104 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, east wall of the Garuda-mandapa

Saka 1596 (1674 A.D.)

Records the gift of the villages Tadam and Ukkagudi in Tiruvaruru-vanita in Chola-desa by Chinna Bommi-Nayaka in Madura in the kingdom of Visvanatha-nayani Chokkanatha-Nayaka, for offerings to god Ranganatha when the deity halted before the shrine of Gopalakrishna constructed by the donor (See No. 550 above).  The details of the date are the same as for No. 550 above namely Saka 1596, Ananda, Sravana ba. 5 Tuesday, Asvini corresponding to 1674 A.D., August 11, Tuesday, 77. 

No. 552  (Page No. 534)

(A. R. No. 105 of 1937-38)

V Prakara, south wall of the Garuda-Mandapa

Saka 1596 (1675 A.D.)

Seems to register gift of a village (name lost) by Kesavaraju, son of Ganaparaju and grandson of Venkatappa of Srivatsa-gotra and residing in Chirutanapalli (mistake for Tiruchinapalli) in the kingdom of Chokkanatha-Nayaka (son of ) Visvanatha-Nayaka and another gift of some lands in Mamjapuru for worship of the image of Varadaraja and for maintaining  feeding house (Ramanujakutam).  The record is dated Saka 1596, Ananda, Pushya, su. 15, Friday, Pushya corresponding regularly to A.D. 1675, January 1, Friday; ‘77’ .79.  There was a lunar eclipse on this day which is however not quoted in the record. 

No. 553 (Page No. 536)

(A. R. No.  2 of 1936-37)

I Prakara, slab built into the pavement

No date

Mentions Mangammavaru, Muddu-Chandrarekhammavaru, Kamalajammavaru, Janakammavaru and Induvadanammavaru who prayed to god Sri-Ranganatha for the welfare of their husband Chokkanatha-Nayaka.  The inscription is not dated.  

No. 554 (Page No. 537)

(A. R. No. 31 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, north wall

Saka 1602 (1679 A.D.)

States that Muddu Alakadri made a Suryaprabha and a kanchuka for god Ranganatha.  The record is in Sanskrit in Grantha characters.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1602 expressed by the chronogram Khanichaye, Siddharti Vrischika (Chandamsavali samgate), Wednesday, Chitra corresponds, to A.D. 1679, November 19, Wednesday, (tithi was ba. 12) .99; 47 (See No. 555 below). 

No. 555

(A. R. No. 27 of 1938-39)

III Prakara, north wall

No date

States that Muddu Alakadri gave a number of ornaments, the crown, hara etc., to the god Ranganatha and vessels for the deity’s bath, at the instance of his teacher Acharya Vadhula-Chudamani.  He also built a mandapa and arranged for offerings to the god.  He claims to belong to the line of Visva-natha (Nayaka).  The record is in Sanskrit written in Grantha characters and not dated.  

No. 556 (Page No. 538)

(A. R. No. 9 of 1936-37)

III Prakara, west wall

Saka 1602 (1681 A.D.) 

Registers a gift of land by purchase by Vadhukula (Vadhula) Desikar for offerings to the god on specified days namely, nine days during which the Tiruvamoli is sung and 6 days of the Tirupavitra festivities including the day on which he is taken out in procession to Kottai Chennama-Nayakkar-mandapam.  The details of date viz., Saka 1602, Raudri, Kumbha, su. 7, Sunday, Svati, correspond to A.D. 1681, January 30, Sunday, if the tithi quoted, viz., su. 7, is considered a mistake for ba. 7. 

No. 557 (Page No. 539)

(A. R. No. 3 of 1936-37)

I Prakara, slab built into the pavement

Prabhava (wrong for Vibhava 1638 A.D.)

Registers the gift of two villages Isanakur and Nanakur to Srinivasayya to meet the expenses of worship and sahasranama-archana etc., to god, for the merit of Muddammagaru, queen of Sriranga Krishna-Mudduvirappa-Nayaka.  The details of the date viz., Prabhava, Ashadha, su. 5, Friday regularly correspond to A.D. 1688, June 22, Friday, the cyclic year being Vibhava. 

No. 558 (Page No. 540)

(A. R. No. 4 of 1936-37)

Same slab

Vibhava (1688 A.D.)

Registers the gift of a kirita to god Sriranganayaka by queen Muddamma in the year Vibhava, Chaitra, bahula.  The week-day is not quoted and hence the date is not verifiable.  The year corresponds to 1688 A.D. 

No. 559

(A. R. No. 83 of 1936-37)

West wall of the Mettalagiyasingar shrine

Saka 1611 (1689 A.D.)

Records gift of land by purchase by Rangasayi, son of Chaundaraja of Tottappalli, for offerings to the god while the deity halted in the four-pillared mandapa built by the donor on the festival day named after Bhupati-Udaiyar.  The details of  date viz. Saka 1611, Vibhava, su. 6, Saturday, Rohini correspond to A.D. 1689, March 16, Saturday: 81, 34. 

No. 560 (Page No. 541)

(A. R. No. 106 of 1937-38)

II Prakara, Chandana-Mandapa, south wall

Saka 1613 (1690 A.D.)

Records the restoration to Kumara Venkata Varadacharya, son of Varadacharya and grandson of Achchi Sriranganarayanacharya of the Gargya-gotra, Asvalayana-sutra and Rik-sakha, by Rangakrishna-Muddu-Virappa-Nayaka of the Visvanatha Nayaka family, of the tirtham and other privileges which had been in the enjoyment of the family from the time of Udaiyavar (Ramanuja) but which had lapsed when his ancestor Achchi Sriranganarayanacharya had gone to the north where his disciples were in considerable number and stayed there for a long time.  The record is dated in Saka 1613, Pramoduta Bhadrapada, su. 15, Paurnami, lunar eclipse corresponding to 1690 A.D., September 8. 

No. 561 (Page No. 543)

(A. R. No. 102 of 1936-37)

West and south walls of the central shrine in the Dasavatara Temple

Saka 1619 (1697 A.D.)

Records the conferment of the Jiya at the Tirumangai-Alvar Sannidhi on Ramayyangar under the name Narayana-Jiyar, specifying his duties in the general administration and the periodical renovations of the temple.  Gives the line of the local pontiffs beginning with Alagiyamanavala-Jiyar who was initiated by Adivaraha Sathagopasvamin.  The date given viz., Saka 1619 Isvara, Purattasi, su. 11 is probably equivalent to A.D. 1697, September, 16.  (See No. 586 below). 

No. 562 (Page No. 544)

(A. R. No. 351 of 1950-51)

Gold milk bowl

Vikarin (1711 A.D.)

States that this bowl weighing 335-1/2 ga. is the gift made by Vijayaranga-Chokkanatha in the month of Masi in Vikari to the god falling in Chokkanatha-Nayaka’s reign corresponding to Saka 1632 and so the date of the gift may be 1711 A.D., January-February. 

No. 563

(A. R. No. 101 of 1936-37)

North and west walls of the central shirne in the Dasavatara Temple.

Saka 1639-40 (1717-19 A.D.)

Damaged.  Records grant of lands in Sengudi and Analai including house sites as nityagnihotra-vritti to Srirangaraja-Dikshitar out of the tiruvilayattam land of the shrine of Tirumangai-Alvar by Narayanasvamin, the agent in charge of the latter shrine in the Dasavatara temple.  The Jiyar was entitled to certain honors in the temple after daily worship and on the five festival days, in honour of Tirumangai-Alvar.  The details of date viz., Saka . . .  . . . pi, Uttarayana.  Vrishabha su. 2, Monday.  Revati are irregular.  Narayanasvami is perhaps identical with Narayana-Jiyar referred to in No. 561 above if so, the date of this inscription will be Saka 1639, Hemalambi of 1640, Vilambi. 

No. 564 (Page No. 546)

(A. R. No. 348 of 1950-51)

Gold plated staff of the umbrella studded with precious stones

Saka 1656 (1734 A.D.)

States that the golden umbrella was made for the god in Chaitra Suddha dasami, Friday, in the Saka year 1656, Ananda, (1734 A.D.) by Jiddu Visvanatha-nayani Vijayaranga-Chokkanatha-nayaka and that it was repaired in Margasirsha in the year Prabhava corresponding to 1927.  In modern characters.  The details of the earlier date may be equated to 1734 A.D., April 2, but the corresponding week-day was Tuesday, not Friday. 

No. 565 (Page No. 547)

(A. R. No. 101 of 1938-39)

II Prakara, beam of a polished Stone Mandapa on the west side

Ananda (1734 A.D.)

Records that the mandapa was built by Minakshi, the chief queen of Vijayaranga Chokkanatha in the year Ananda, on the 20th day of Ani corresponding to 1734 A.D., June 19. 

No. 566 and 567

(A. R. No. 349 and 350 of 1950-51)

Two gold-plated staffs

Saka 1656 (1735 A.D.)

State that the staffs weighing 1638 varaha gadyana and 1658 varaha godyana and 12 na  respectively were the gifts of Krishnajamma when Minakshamma, the pattamahishi of Vijayaranga Chokkanatha was ruling.  The details of date Sviz. aka1656, Ananda, Magha , su. 2, Tuesday, identical on both the staffs, correspond to 1735 A.D., January 14, Tuesday, f.d.t. 17. 

No. 568 (Page No. 548)

(A. R. No. 344 of 1952-53)

Gold Anklet of God Ranganatha

Saka 1656 (1735 A.D.)

Records that a pair of gold anklets with tinkling bells (gejjalu) is the offering of Peda-Venkata-perumal-nayanivaru, son of Lakshmidevammavau, the queen (pattamahishi) of Tupakula Ramalingayya-nayanivaru.  The weight of the set is given as 468˝ varaha.  Below this is engraved a later record stating that the anklets were re-made with an additional gold of the weight of 40 rupees by the munificence of Javira Bayi Bhagavamdas  (Bhagavandas), mother of G.B. Narottamdas of Bomaby, in the month of September 1929, and tha the weight of the jewel after remaking is 183 talas.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1656, Ananda, Magha su. 5, Friday correspond to 1735, A.D., January 17, f.d.t. 23.  The nakshatra (not quoted) was Uttarabhadrapada, f.d.n. 03. 

No. 569 (Page No. 549)

(A. R. No. 1 of 1936-37)

I Prakara, east side, slab built into the pavemen

Vrisha (1761 A.D.)

Records that certain epigraphs (relating to the endowments made) by Chokkanatha-Nayanivaru and Mangammagaru, having been destroyed by some miscreants, were re-engraved and kept on the east side of the tiruvunaligai (inner prakara) at the instance of the servants of the temple.  The inscription is dated Vrisha, Sravana, su. 10, Sunday probably corresponding to 1761 A.D. August 9, Sunday f.d.t. .35. 

No. 570 (Page No. 550)

(A. R. No. 10 of 1936-37)

III Prakara, north side, Beam of a Mandapa

No date

States that the Vedaparayana-mandapa is the gift of king Vijayaranga Chokkanatha.  A copy of this record is also engraved on the beam of the mandapa on the west side of the same prakara.  The record is not dated. 

No. 571

(A. R. No. 345 of 1952-53)

Gold kalasa of the deity

No date

States that this is the offering of Vijayaranga-Chokkanathanayaka to god Ranganayaka.  The record is not dated. 

No. 572 (Page No. 551)

(A. R. No. 346 of 1952-53)

Gold bowl with stand

No date

States that this is an offering of Vijayaranaga Chokkanatha-nayaka. 

No. 573

(A. R. No. 347 of 1950-51)

Gold pot in the Temple

No date

States that this (the gold pot) which weighs 12, 515 varaha and was stolen by thieves, was recovered, re-done and restored to the temple by Rangappa Odeya.  When it was stolen in the year Vikriti, on the 7th day of the dark fort-night of Bhadrapada, during the reign of Vijayaranga Chokkanatha-nayaka son of Visvanatha-nayaka, Tupakula Ramakrishnappa-nayudu recovered and restored it to the temple again.  The record is not dated. 

 No. 574 (Page No. 574)

(A. R. No. 353 of 1950-51)

Pair of solid Gold-plate, feet of the god

No date

States that this is the gift of the Vijayaranga-Chokkanatha to the god. 

No. 575

(A. R. No. 353 of 1950-51)

Gold Spittoon

No date

States that this is the gift to god Kasturi Ranganayakulu by Vijayaranga Chokkanatha.  There are three more similar spittoons, all of which bear the same inscription on them. 

No. 576

(A. R. No. 107 of 1938-39)

Senaimudaliyar shrine mandapa, pillar

Records the perpetual devotion of Nilaveniamma, mother of Ramakrishnappa-Nayaka, son of Tupakula Periya Ramabhadra Nayaka.  The characters of both are of the 17th century A.D. 

No. 577 (Page No. 577)

(A. R. No. 108 of 1938-39)

Senaimudaliyar shrine, Mandapa, 2nd pillar

No date

Records the perpetual devotion of Ramakrishnappa-Nayaka, son of Tupakula Ramabhadra-Nayaka.  The characters are of the 17th century A.D. 

No. 578

(A. R. No. 109 of 1938-39)

3RD Pillar in the same place

No date

Records in Telugu and Tamil as in No. 577 above, the perpetual devotion of China Mangama, wife (pattapu-devi) of Ramakrishnappa-Nayaka. 

No. 579 (Page No. 554)

(A. R. No. 110 of 1938-39)

4TH Pillar in the same place.

No date.

Records as in No.s 577 and 578 above, the perpetual devotion of Muthuna Mudaliyar, the vassal Pradhani of Ramakrishnappa-Nayaka, mentioned above. 

No. 580

(A. R. No. 126 of 1937-38)

A Pillar in the Ellaikkarai Mandapa

No date

Records,  in characters of the 18th century A.D., the perpetual devotions (sadasevai) of Totta (Dodda) Venkatadri-Nayaka, his sister Akkammal, Koner Ammal and Chokkalinga-Nayaka. 

No. 581 (Page No. 555)

(A. R. No. 127 of 1937-38)

A Second pillar in the Ellaikkarai-mandapa

No date

Records in characters of the 18th century A.D. the devotion of  Idakala Chinna-Tirukkami-Nayaka and of the members of his family.  On another face of the pillar is given the name of Achyutappa-Nayaka. 

No. 582

(A. R. No. 128 of 1937-38)

A Third pillar in the Ellaikkarai-Mandapa

No date

Records the devotion of Muttalagiri-Nayaka, Idakala Venkatayyan and Ellamma.   

No. 583

(A. R. No. 129 of 1937-38)

Fourth pillar in the Ellaikkarai-Mandapa

No date

Records the devotion of Uliyam Rangappa-Nayaka, Venkatammal and Nallamuttammal.

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