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Saturday, September 23, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1906-07

VIJAYANAGARA


Kampa II

No. 494 (Page No 375)

(A. R. No. 494 of 1907)  

Kuttalam, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

Uttaravedisvara temple – on the south wall of the same mandapa 

This  is dated Saka 1303, Durmati, Rishabha, ba. 6, Wednesday, Avittam (A.D.1381, May 15) and mentions Kampana-Udaiyar at about the end. This is much damaged and seems to record a remission of some taxes consequent on a draught and famine (?) in the country during the (previous) year Raudri.

Harihara II

No. 501 (Page No 380)

(A. R. No. 501 of 1907)  

Vijayanagara (Hampi), Hospet Taluk, Bellary District

On a rock near the Jaina temples 

This records the gift of a dipamale (lights) to a god (name not clear) by Bukkayave the ardhangalakshmi (queen) of Vira Harihararaya (Harihara II) for the merit of her spiritual teacher Bhaskaradevayya. The date is given as Isvara (Saka 1319), Margasira su. [9], Tuesday = A.D. 1397, November 29, Thursday (not Tuesday). 

Virupaksha

No. 156 (Page No 125)

(A. R. No. 156 of 1907)

Mallangudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On a stone set up in the village. 

This is much damaged. It belongs to the Vijayanagar king Viruppana-Udaiyar (Virupaksha I) and is dated in the cyclic year Pingala (which corresponds to Saka 1299,) Ani 14. It seems to record an instrument of assurance addressed to the Tandirimar of Kalvasal-nadu, Kananadu and other places declaring Malaiyalangudi to be a place of refuge for all of them. It corresponds to the Anjinanpugalidam “the asylum for the fear-stricken” of other inscription.

Devaraya II

No 56 (Page No 34)

(A. R. No. 56 of 1907.)

Putalapattu, Chittoor Taluk, Chittoor district

Varadaraja temple  -- south  wall of the first prakara  

Portion to the right of the inscription is lost and lines 5 to 8 are seriously damaged this is a record of the Vijayanagara king Devaray whose name is not however clear. The dated portion is also imperfect, the words clearly readable being su. 8, Sravana, Friday. It seems to mentions the nayakattana of same chief (mahamandalesvara) who is said to be of the Atri-gotra and Apastamba-sutra and some gift for offering in the temple. 

No. 69 (Page No 44)

(A. R. No. 69 of 1907)

Tirumalai, Polur Taluk, North Arcot District On a boulder in the tank

Devaraya II : year Krodhana 

This is dated in the reign of the Vijayanagara king Viraprataka Devarya Maharaya (II) ‘who witnessed the elephant hunt’, and in the cyclic year  Krodhana(Karttika 6 ) corresponding to Saka 1367 and A.D. 1445. It records a decision by Tipparaisa –Nayakkar the agent (of the king ), the Tanattar and the Mahesvara and also the residents of Padaividu, setting apart the money received as income from the fishing lease in the tank (erippasi?) from four specified tanks in the Tirunamattukkani of Tirumalai, for (removing the silt and ) deepening those tanks every year, and the amount of the vasalkulippam (?) from the Pallichchandam to deepen another tank.

No. 158 (Page No 126)

(A. R. No. 158 of 1907)

Naganathasvami temple-on the east wall of the mandapa

In front of the central shrine

Devaraya II : Saka 1343 

This is dated in Saka 1343, Plava, Margali, 3, su. 6, Sunday, Avittam (A.D. 1421, November 30) in the reign of Devaraya Udaiyar, son of Ariyaraya (Harihara). It stops with the mention of Tirumeniyalagiyar Vi[dai-navalan]devar Senbagarayan alias Vijayalaya . . . . . . . of Suraikkudi in Tennarruppokku a division of Adalaiyur-nadu of Keralasinga-valanadu, who was probably a local chief. 

No. 312 (Page No 221)

(A. R. No. 312 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the third eastern gopura right of entrance 

This is also very much damaged. It seems to be dated in Saka 1320 in the reign of the vijayanagara king Virupaksha (?). It records an agreement among the temple authorities including the koyil-nayakam Narpattennayira-Bhatta, and the Kankani Vettamangalamudaiyar to follow certain arrangements with regard to the procession of the (subsidiary) deities in the temple on the days of festival. Mention is made of the entrance [Tirujna]nasambandan-tiruvasal, a temple (or shrine) of Irumarabundtuya-Perumal and one of Vikrama-Cholisvaramudaiya-Nayanar. Reference is made to (the time of) Sundara-Pandyadeva also. 

No. 606 (Page No 424)

(A. R. No. 606 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on a slab set up

near the inner gopura

Devaraya-Maharaya Saka 1355 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 31.

No. 617 (Page No 430)

(A. R. No. 617 of 1907)  

Gundluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Lakshminarayana temple – on a slab set up

in the premises

Devaraya.  Date lost. 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 34.

Immadi Praudhadeva (Mallikarjuna)

No. 67 (Page No 41)

(A. R. No. 67 of 1907)

Tirumalai, Polur Taluk, North Arcot District

Sikhamaninatha temple—on a pillar set up in front of the temple 

This is dated in Saka 1373, Prajapati, Mina, ba. 9, Thursday, Sravana (A.D. 1452, March 16= ba. 10) in the reign of the Vijayanagara king Pratapa Immadideva-Maharaya ‘who witnessed the elephant hunt’.  He has been identified with Mallikarjuna Immadi Praudhabhupa of C. P. No. 5 of 1907-08, the son of Devaraya II (A. R. for 1908, para 81). It records a gift of 19 pon and 3 panam by a dandanayaka (name not clear) of the king, for the expenses of worship and offerings to the deity Vallabha-Perumal(?) in the (Jaina) temple at Tirumalai in Mandaikula-nadu, a division of Murugamangalapparru in Palkunra-kottam of Jayankondasola-mandalam, for the merit of his overlord.

Immadi Narasimha

No. 615 (Page No 429)

(A. R. No. 615 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on a third slab set up in the same place 

Saluva Immadi-Narasinga Saka 1423 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI No. 40.

Krishnadevaraya

No 53 (Page No 180)

(A. R. No. 53 of 1907.)

Putalapattu, Chittoor Taluk, Chittoor district

On the north wall of the mandapa in the siva temple

Krishnadevaraya :Saka 1438 : 1516-17 A.D. 

This is dated in saka 1438, Isvara, Tula, su. 14, Mondya, probably corresponding to A.D. 1517, September 28. Details are irregular. It registers an agreement among the merchants (Ayyavali Pekkandar) and sundry  tradesmen from several places carrying on their profession in the Navalan-perunteruvu (street) at Puttalaippattu in Paluvurkottam, a division of Tondaimandala, fixing the rate of mangamai import payable by them to the temple of Bhimisvaram-udaiyar-Nayanar at the place on the different articles of merchandise. These are specified as follows :cattle, cotton yarn , cotton cloth , cotton wool, areca-nut, pepper, silk yarn, oil, cumin seed, sesamum, jaggery, salt, turmeric, sugar, ghee, buffalo, and ginger. 

No. 355 (Page No 246)

(A. R. No. 355 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple – on the second gopura, right of entrance

Krishnadeva-Maharaja :  date lost 

This is much damaged. It is one of the several copies of the inscription of the king found in many of the temples giving a list of his conquests over his enemy kings and of the beneficiary temples, both Siva and Vishnu, which he exempted from the payment of jodi and sulavari taxes due from them to the king, which is said to have amounted in all to 10000 varahas of gold. Tiruvisalur being one such temple, the inscription is also incised here. 

No. 424 (Page No 323)

(A. R. No. 424 of 1907)  

Virapandi, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Kannisvara temple – on a third stone in the same place

Krishnadeva-Maharaya : Saka 1451, [Sarva]dhari,

Arpasi 14 : A.D. 1528 

This records the gift by three residents of Pullainallur alias Virapandyanallur of the incomes ullayam and pattadaippadivu accruing to them from the village which was their sarvamanya to the temple of Kannisvaramudaiya-Nayinar.  

No. 493 (Page No 374)

(A. R. No. 493 of 1907)  

Kuttalam, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

Uttaravedisvara temple – on the north wall of the mandapa

in front of the central shrine

Krishnadevaraya.  Saka 1440 : 1518 A.D. 

This is dated in the cyclic year Dhatu, Simha, su. Paurnami, Friday, Magha (Maha-Magha) which probably corresponds to A.D. 1518, August 20; The cyclic year was Bahudhanya and the Nak-Satabhishaj. This record a sarvamanya gift of the taxes Jodi, Sulavari, Kallanai, Nattukkanikkai, rayavarttanai, and avasara-varttanai amounting to 90 pon and due to the king from Merkavaeri-Maganai in favour of the temple of Sonnavararivar at Tirutturutti Kurralam, on a representation made to him by Karanikam Vasavarasar, son of Somarasar of Tirupperyarrur in Eyil-nadu, a division of Tondai mandalam. This amount was to be utilized for offerings, adornments, repairs and for special festivals every month, to the god.

No. 496 (Page No 378)

(A. R. No. 496 of 1907)  

Svamimalai, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Subrahmanya temple – on the side of the first gopura, right of entrance

Krishnadevaraya. Saka 1436 :  1514-15 A.D 

The inscription is dated in Bhava, Tula. Su.  Utthana-dvadasi, Monday. Revati (A.D. 1514, October 30).  The month should be Vrischika. 

This is damaged both at the beginning which contains one or two Sanskrit verses and at the end. It seems to register a remission of some taxes by the king in favour of god Svaminatha. At the top of the inscription are engraved the figures of a trisula, vajra and a peacock with a serpent held in its mouth.

No. 498  (Page No 380)

(A. R. No. 498 of 1907)  

Vijayanagara (Hampi), Hospet Taluk, Bellary District

Krishnasvami temple – on the slab set up in the premise

Kirshnadevaraya.  Saka 1435

This is the same as No. 25 of 1889 

Published in S.I.I., Vol.  IV, No. 254.

No. 500 (Page No 380)

(A. R. No. 500 of 1907)  

Vijayanagara (Hampi), Hospet Taluk, Bellary District

On a broken slab in the underground temple

Krishnadevaraya.  Saka 1435 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. IX, No. 491.

Achyutadevaraya

No. 64 (Page No 380)

(A. R. No. 64 of 1907)

Tenepalli, Chittoor Taluk, Chittoor District

On the south wall of the Dakshinamurti

Shrine in the ruins of the Siva Temple Achchutayyadeva-Maharaya 

This is dated in Saka 1462, Sarvari, Simha, [ba.]14, Monday, Pushya, sivaratri, probably corresponding to A.D. 1540, August 1, the week day being Sunday. It seems to register the gift of magamai impost on articles of merchandise by the tradesmen from various places to meet the expenses of worship and offerings in the temples of Mallikarjuna-lingam and Varadaraja-Perumal at Teniyappali in Tiruvengadakottam (a division) of Perungodai-rajyam of Jayankonda-mandalam. 

No. 151 (Page No 121)

(A. R. No. 151 of 1907)

Puvalaikkudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Rock-cut cave—on the north wall of the Bhairava shrine

Achyutaraya : Saka 1454 (1532-33 A.D.) Khara, Tai, 8. 

This is damaged and seems to record a grant of tax free land to the temple of Tiruppauvalaikkudi-udaiya-Nayanar of Vadaparru by the Uravar of the Parru. Reference is made to the checking of the revenue accounts by one Semma-Nayakkar who was having his camp at Tirupputtur, and to the default in payment of the irai on the part of a land-owner by name Pillaimalai-Nadalvar.   

No. 162 (Page No 129)

(A. R. No. 162 of 1907)

Peraiyur, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Naganathasvami temple – on the same wall

Achyutaraya : Saka 1458 

This is much damaged. It is dated Saka 1458, Durmukhi, Arpasi [20]. It seems to register some endowment for the conduct of a festival in the temple in the month of Sittirai every year, by the Nattavar of  Kana-nadu probably in conjunction with some men of the army. Mention is made of an agent of the king by name Rasi-Mudaliyar and of one Vijayalayadevar.

No. 271 (Page No 184)

(A. R. No. 271 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Mahalingasvami temple – on the west wall

Of the mandapa in front the central shrine

Virapratapa Achyutadeva-Maharaya : Saka 1456 expired : 1564-35 A.D. 

The details of the date are given as Jaya, Tula, su. 2, Friday, Visakha, which would correspond to A.D. 1534, October 9.

This is a damaged inscription written in faulty language. This seems to register a sale of land and house sites by the Sripandarattar of the temple, to a certain Ramappa-Nayaka son of Vasavana-Nayakar of Annal-Endal in Tiruvannamalai Devamandala-sirmai effected at the latter’s request for 60 panam, for the purpose of a Subhakshaya, by which is probably meant Subha-sthala (a hall in which sacrifices are performed.)

No. 398 (Page No 297)

(A. R. No. 398 of 1907)

Kilakkarai, Ramnad Taluk, Ramnad District

Chokkanathasvami temple – on a second slab

Saka 1467 : A.D. 1545-46 A.D. 

This is also damaged and worn out. It registers the conferment of the right or kaval (watch) with its remuneration of the madichchilai-vari probably collected from the hawkers of goods at the place, granted by Achchutarayan-Tummusi-Nayakkar to the Padinen-vishayattar of Kilaikkarai alias Ninaittadu-mudittan-pattinam.

No. 400 (Page No 301)

(A. R. No. 400 of 1907)  

Kodumalur, Mudukulattur Taluk, Ramnad District

Kumilisvara temple – on the west wall

Immadi Achyutadeva-Maharaya: Saka 1456, Jaya, Chittirai 17,

Amavasya, Monday, Asvati (A.D. 1534, April 13) 

This registers the gift by the king, of the village Melai-Kodumalur alias Uttama-Pandyanallur excluding the lands already being enjoyed as the devadaya and brahmaday, for meeting the expenses of worship in the temple of Setu-Madhava-Perumal and of repairs to the temple of Ramanatha, both situated at Dhanushkoti. Half the village is said to have been granted as tiruvidaiyattam and half as devadana. 

No. 408 (Page No 309)

(A. R. No. 408 of 1907)  

Hanumantagudi, Tiruvadanai Taluk, Ramanad District

Malavanatha (Jain) temple – on some stones lying in front

Saka 1455 : Purattadi 20 

This is fragmentary. It mentions the village Jinendramangalam alias Kuruvadimidi  . . . . in Mutturru-kurram and the god Arha-Paramesvara Maluvanayakar, and records some gift (of land and money) to the temple. Two other pieces mention a kavar-chuvandiram. 

No. 607 (Page No 424)

(A. R. No. 607 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on another slab set up In the same place

Achyutaraya Saka 1456

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 112.

Sadasivaraya 

No 54 (Page No 33)

(A. R. No. 54 of 1907.)

Putalapattu, Chittoor Taluk, Chittoor district

Varadaraja-perumal temple – on the south wall of the central shrine

Sadasivaraya: saka 1471 

This is dated in saka 1471, saumya,…. Chatuedasi, Friday, Anusham, corresponding to A.D. 1549, but not verifiable. The later portion of the record is much damaged. The inscription mentions Dalavay Timmaraja-Ayyan the agent of Mahamandalesvara Ramaraja Timmayadeva-Maharajar and a certain Dennachari Ramayawho seems to have held some jivita under the former. This probably registers some provision made by this Ramaya for worship in the (Vishnu) temple at Puttilaippattu. 

No 55 (Page No 34)

(A. R. No. 55 of 1907.)

Putalapattu, Chittoor Taluk, Chittoor district

Varadaraja—Perumal temple  -- on the same wall 

This inscription is also much damaged. It is dated in saka 1467 Visvavasu (A.D. 1546-47) in the reign of the same king (Sadasiva) and  refers to Puttalaipattu as situated in vengalapparru-sirmai a southern division of Tiruvengadak-Kottam in Perungondai-(penukonda)-rajyam. It seems to record a gift of land to the temple of perumal in the village.

No. 63 (Page No 38)

(A. R. No. 63 of 1907)

Rangampetttai-Chittoor Taluk, Chittoor District

On a stone lying in a field near the village

Sadasivaraya: Saka 1490 

This is dated Saka 1490, Prabhava, Avani 2[6*]. Saptami, Rohini, Tuesday, probably equivalent to A.D. 1567, August 26 ; f.d.n. 14.  It is damaged in portions. It mentions one Dakshinamurti-Pichchan the maniyakaran of Nalla Bommu-Nayaka of Velur, and seems to register a gift of land for the maintenance of a Vinayaka shrine and a water-shed.

No. 148 (Page No 116)

(A. R. No. 148 of 1907)

Puvalaikkudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Rock-cut cave—on the east wall of the same mandapa 

This  belongs to the reign of the Vijayanagara King Virapratapa Sadasivadeva-Maharaya and is dated in Saka 1471. Saumya, Ani, 13, Monday, [su], Prathama, Mula, corresponding to A.D. 1549, June 10. It registers an endowment of land at Navarkudi, which was their Kaniyatchi, by the uravar of Karaiyur in Ten-Konadu a division of Olliyur-kurram in Kadaladaiyad-ilangaikonda-Sola-Valanadu, for the early morning service of the god in the temple at Tiruppuvalaikkudi in Ponnamarapati-nau as the gift of Tyagana-Nayakkar Peddappa-Nayakkar-Ayyan. 

No. 499 (Page No 380)

(A. R. No. 499 of 1907)  

Vijayanagara (Hampi), Hospet Taluk, Bellary District

Chandikesvara temple – on the broken slab built into the floor

Sadasivaraya.  Saka 1467

This is the same as No. 35 of 1889 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. IV, No. 265.

No. 605 (Page No 424)

(A. R. No. 605 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on a slab lying in the flower garden

Sadasivaraya Saka 1490 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 222.

No. 608 (Page No 424)

(A. R. No. 608 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on the third slab set up

in the same place

Sadasivaraya in S.I.I., Vol. XVI, No. 219.

Venkatapati 

No. 609 (Page No 425)

(A. R. No. 609 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on a fourth slab set up in the same place

Venkatapatiraya Saka 15[2]3 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XVI. No. 306.

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