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Saturday, September 23, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1906-07

 

Kulasekhara (unidentified )

No. 111 (Page No 74)

(A. R. No. 111 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-Krishnan temple-on the north wall of the central shrine 

This is dated in the 3+7th year, also expressed as the 3rd year and 2594th day, of Pandya Kulasekharadeva introduced with the title Tribhuvanachakravarti Konerinmaikondan. It records the remission of all taxes , by order of the king at the request of one Manabharanamangalattu Nambi, on 4 ma of land at Punal  alias  Kshatriya-sikhamanipuram Which had been in the enjoyment of the temple of Nalayira-Vinna-garalvar as tax-paying tirunamattukkani. The ulvari and the royal order (kelvi) were accordingly communicated to the temple executives permitting them to get the deed engraved on stone and copper. The identity of the king is not clear. 

No. 115 (Page No 78)

(A. R. No. 115 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kosakkudi-Perumal temple – on the south wall of the central shrine 

This is much damaged. The name of the king be read as Kulasekharadeva. It mentions the temples of  Kulasekharam-udaiyar-Nayinar Periyapiran and Nalayira-Ichchuvaram-[Udaiyar]. 

No. 406 (Page No 385)

(A. R. No. 406 of 1907)  

Perungarunai, Mudukulattur Taluk, Ramnad District

Varadaraja-Perumal temple – on a stone built

Into the base of the gopura

Tribh.  Kulasekhara :  year 2

This is a fragmentary record registering a gift of land for the worship of Siva and his consort Tirukkamakkotta-Nachchiyar. The stone was probably a part of the Isvara temple of the place. 

No. 442 (Page No 335)

(A. R. No. 442 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Tribh. Kulasekhara :  year 9 

This records a gift of 50 sheep and lamp-stand by Nangai, daughter of Arugan Aramosilaiyavandal (?) of  Tirupputtur for a perpetual lamp in the Naduvil-koyil at Arikesarinallur. 

No. 446 (Page No 336)

(A. R. No. 446 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Tribh. Kulasekhara :  year 11

This record a gift of a perpetual lamp to the temple by one Aniyan Appan of Alisirai alias Paranirupakesarinallur in Alanadu. 

No. 448 (Page No 337)

(A. R. No. 448 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Tribh. Kulasekhara :  year 9 

This records a gift of 50 sheep for a lamp in the temple Naduvil-koyil at Arikesarinallur by one Attiraiyan Nakkapiran Udaiyan of Vangimangalam near Tirupputtur. 

Maravarman Sundara-Pandya I

No. 92 (Page No 56)

(A. R. No. 92 of 1907.)

Kallidaikkurichchhi, Ambamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple –on the west wall of the central shrine

Mar. Sundara- Pandya I :year 9 : 1224-25 A.D. 

This is dated in the 9th year of king Maravarman Sundara-Pandyadeva (I) ‘who was pleased to present the Chola country’ (acc. A.D. 1216). It records an endowments of 12 achchu and odd of money to the temple of  Nilai-uadaiya-Pandisvarman-Udaiyar at Kalladaikkurichchi in Rajara-chaturvedimangalam by one Rajasimhan Tirumalirunjolai Narayanan Sivakalyananambi a resident of Talaichchangadu a quarter (cheri) of the place, the maintenance of the persons who were to recite the Tirumurai (Devaram hymns) in the temple. The individuals with whom this money was invested were to measure out every morning 8 nali and 1 alakku of paddy to the temple authorities for this purpose. Reference is made incidentally to a devadana  land (measuring 5 ½ ma ) at Elivaram belonging to the temple of Nalayira-Isvaram-Udaiyar, the cultivating right over which is said to have been sold by the donor of the above gift for a consideration of 10 achchu towards meeting the value of his endowment.

No. 93 (Page No 57)

(A. R. No. 93 of 1907.)

Kallidaikkurichchhi, Ambamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple –on the north wall of the central shrine 

This a record of the 5+ 1st year of the same king (Sundara-Pandya)with the attribute ‘who was pleased to take the Chola country’. It registers a gift of 6 ¼  achchu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple, by the Achchan Tikkan a native of Mayilaikodu in Malai-mandalam. The amount was deposited with the Sivabrahmanas of the temple who agreed to burn the lamp.

No. 96 (Page No 59)

(A. R. No. 96 of 1907.)

Kallidaikkurichchhi, Ambamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple –on the east wall of the same mandapa

Mar.Sundara- Pandya :year 20+1 : A.D. 1237 

This is dated in the 20+1st year of Maravarman Sundara-pandyadeva (I) ‘who took the Chola country’. The details of the date are given as Kumbha, su. 6, Thursday, Sadaiyam which are however found to be irregular.

It records an agreement given by three residents of Kalladaikkurichchi to measure out in the temple of Nilaiyudaiya-Pandisvaramudaiya-Nayanar, 5 ulakku of  oil every month for the sacred bath of the deity on all the Saturdays of the month. The endowment for this was an anai-achchu received by them from one Kaman Tiruvarangan alias Navallarai Nayar of [Kurama]ttur in Malai-mandalam.

No. 100 (Page No 65)

(A. R. No. 100 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple-on the west wall of the Goddess shrine

Mar. Sundara-Pandya I :  Year 5  : 1220-21 A.D.)

This is dated in the 5th year of Maravarman Sundara-Pandyadeva (I) ‘who took the Chola country’ (acc. A.D. 1216), and records a gift of 7 achchu invested with the Sivabrahmanas of the temple of Nalayira-Isvaramudaiyar at Kalladaikkurichchi by a lady devotee by name Kunramerinda-Perumal-Ammai for the expenses of offerings to some deities (names lost) set up in the temple by the door, and one achchu in addition for burning a twilight lamp. 

No. 102 (Page No 67)

(A. R. No. 102 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple-on the same wall

Mar. Sundara-Pandya I : year 5+1 : 1220-21 A.D.

This records a gift of 6½ achchu by Uyakkondan Srivallabhadevi a devaradiyal (servant) of the temple of Nalayira Isvaramudaiyar for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple. The amount was invested with the Sivabrahmanas of the temple who undertook to burn the lamp. 

No. 107 (Page No 71)

(A. R. No. 107 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-Krishnan temple-on the same wall

This belongs to the 20+1+1st year of Maravarman Sundara-Pandya (I) (acc. A.D. 1216) ‘who was pleased to perform the anointment of heroes at Mudigondasal-puram after having taken the Chola country’.  It records a gift of an achchu and quarter to the temple of Nalayira-Vinnagar-Emberuman by Irasipuram Karumanikkalvan a resident of the 4th cheri in Kalladaikkurichchi for meeting, with the interest on the amount, the expenses of offerings and worship to the deity on the day of a special festival in the month of Adi.  

No. 108 (Page No 71)

(A. R. No. 108 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-Krishnan temple-on the south wall of the central shrine

This is another record with the same regnal year of the king, registering a similar gift of one achchu for the expenses of a festival in the temple on the day of amavasya in the month of Panguni, by a lady by name Andanangai, the wife of Talaichchengattu Sri Krishanan a resident of Srivaikundam alias Rajendrasola-chatur-vedimangalam in Tiruvaludi-nadu.

No. 124 (Page No 90)

(A. R. No. 124 of 1907)

Pappankulam, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Ramasvami temple --- on the south and west walls of the mandapa in front

Mar. Sundara-Pandya I : year 20+ 3 (?) 1238-39 A.D. 

This is an inscription with introduction Pumaruviya Tirumadandai etc. It is dated in the 20th year and 849th day of the reign of Maravarman Sundara-Pandyadeva I (acc. A.D. 1216) who “having taken the Chola country was pleased to perform the anointment of heroes at Mudikonda-Cholapuram”. It registers an order of the king issued on the representation of (his minister ) Malavarayar, granting exemption of taxes on the karanmai  lands already belonging to it and on those now presented by the sabha to the temple of Bhagavati-Vinnagar — alvar consecrated at Velarkurichchi the north west quarter of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam in Mulli-nadu , by  Nadan Nambi alias Kumanarayan of Tirupparchorri. The execution of this order is engraved in another record (No. 124 A) the first line of the Konerinmaikondan. It is dated in the 20th year and 1158th day of the king’s reign i.e. about three months later.

No. 133 (Page No 107)

(A. R. No. 133 of 1907)
Kodumbalur, Kulattur Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Muchukundesvara temple—on the north wall of the same mandapa. 

This is a damaged and incomplete inscription of the [14]th year of Maravarman Sundara-Pandya (I) ‘who was pleased to present the Chola Country’. The details of the date are given as Mithuna, su. 2, Sunday, Pushya which would give the equivalent A.D. 1229, May 27. It registers a gift of land called Machchattan-vayal by one Alvan Tirukkodun Kunramudaiyan alias Kulasekhara-Brahmarayan a Sivabrahmana of the temple of Tiruvattisura-Nayanar at Karaiyur in Sola-Pandya-valanadu to provide for the renewal of worship and offerings and for burning lamps during the ardhayama service in the temple of Tirumudukunram-Udaiya-Nayanar at Kodumbalur which had been discontinued. Reference is made to a temple of Masattich churan udaiya-Nayanar.

No. 160 (Page No 128)

(A. R. No. 160 of 1907)

Peraiyur, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Naganathasvami temple – on the same wall

Mar. Sundara-Pandya I : year 13 : 1228-29 A.D. 

This is a record of Maravarman Sundara-Pandyadeva (1) ‘who was pleased to present the Chola Country’. It is partly damaged. It seems to register the lease of a waste land (nattapal) belonging to the temple, for the formation of a street called the Kulasekharapperunderuvu with the rental (manaiyirai) fixed at 3/8 kasu per year on every plot measuring 3 kol by 7 by the standard measuring rod known as the Idaiyarkol.

No. 413 (Page No 313)

(A. R. No. 413 of 1907)  

Periyakulam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajendracholisvara temple – on a stone built into the floor

of the ardha-mandapa in the Subrahmanya shrine

Mar. [Sundara-Pandya] :  year [1]7+1+1 

Like No. 416 below this seems to be an inscription of Sundara-Pandya of acc. A.D. 1216, and of the same regnal year. This is only fragmentary and gives no information beyond mention of Desiyariya Erivirapattinam in which this temple was situated.

No. 414  (Page No 313)

(A. R. No. 414 of 1907)  

Periyakulam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajendracholisvara temple – on stones built into

the floor of the court-yard

Mar. Sundara-Pandya :  year [17]+1+1 

This is also fragmentary and mentions a matha situated in Desiyariya Erivira pattinam.

No. 416  (Page No 314)

(A. R. No. 416 of 1907)  

Periyakulam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Kailasanatha temple – on the west, south and north bases

Mar. Sundara-Pandya I :  year 17+1+1 :  1234-35 A.D. 

This begins with a long introduction Pumaruviya Tirumadandaiyum etc. giving a detailed account of the king’s triumphs against the Chola and also others. He is stated to have celebrated the anointment of heroes at Mudigondasolapuram (Jayangondasolapuram) after conquering the Chola country. The inscription registers a gift of 7½ ma of land to the south of Alangulam inclusive of kadamai to the temple of Uyyavanda-Isvaramudaiya-Nayanar on the hill at Velkularamanallur in Menedungala-nadu, on the representation to the king made by the authorities of the temple of Nayanar at Eripadainallur while the former was camping at Alangulam. Land was also granted by order of the king for the formation of a tirumadaivilagam round the temple, so that the rents manaiyirai, kudimai etc. from the houses thereon could be utilized for burning the lights in the temple. The order is singed at the end by (the officers) Duvarapati Velan and Duvarapati-Brahmadhirajan.

No. 427 (Page No 325)

(A. R. No. 427 of 1907)  

Virapandi, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Kannisvara temple – on a sixth stone in the same place

Sundara-Pandya : year 13 : 1228-29 A. D 

This is an inscription of Maravarman Sundara-Pandya I ‘who was pleased to present the Chola country’. It states that the doorway of the ardha-mandapa of this temple was the gift of a Kaikkola resident of the place by name Selvan Tirunavudaiyan alias Tirujnanasambandan. 

No. 436 (Page No 332)

(A. R. No. 436 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on stones built into

the walls of the mandapa in front

[Mar.]. Sundara-Pandya I :  year 10 :  1225-26 A. D

This is fragmentary containing only a part of the introduction of the king and of the subject matter. The latter seems to be a gift of land as devadana to the goddess Tiruppalliyarai-Nachchiyar Santandar after celebrating the kalyanotsava by Muduugudinattuvelan Irsasingan of Pandimandalam. 

No. 449  (Page No 337)

(A. R. No. 449 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Mar. [Sundara]-Pandya I :  year 11 :  1226-27 A.D. 

This is a damaged fragment of an inscription of Sundarapandya who presented the Chola country. It seems to record some endowment made by Sivallavan Tirunilakantan Tondaiman mentioned in No. 445 above for offerings to god Vanduvarapatippillai (Krishna?) and the goddess (Pirattiyar) in the Naduvil-tirumurran at Arikesarinallur. 

Maravarman Sundara-Pandya II

 

No. 411  (Page No 312)

(A. R. No. 411 of 1907)  

Periyakulam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajendracholisvara temple – on the south wall

of the Subrahmanya shrine

Mar. Sundara-Pandya :   year  15 

This is a mere fragment. It mentions Alangulam and Padinenvihaya-Isvara. 

 

No. 412 (Page No 312)

(A. R. No. 412 of 1907)  

Periyakulam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajendracholisvara temple – on the west wall

of the Subrahmanya shrine

Mar. Sundara-Pandya :  year 15 

This is also a fragment stopping with the mention of Padinenvishaya-Isvara in Nedungula-nadu.

 Jatavarman Sundara-Pandya I

No. 613 (Page No 313)

(A. R. No. 613 of 1907)  

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District

Saumyanatha temple – on a slab set up

in the same place   

This is a damaged inscription of Jatavarman Sundara-Pandya I with the Sanskrit introduction Samasta jagadadhara etc. (acc. A.D. 1251). It seems to register the gift of a village Mananur (?) as sarvamanya (probably by the king) for worship and repairs to the temple.

On the top row are engraved the figures respectively of Sun, Flywhisk, Lamp, and crescent. 

The second row has the figures Lamp-stand, Pot on tripod, Flagstaff (?), Fish, pot on tripod. 

Jata. Vira-Pandya I

No. 117 (Page No 80)

(A. R. No. 117 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kosakkudi-Perumal temple --- on the east wall of the mandapa

Jat. Vira-Pandya: year 28, 82nd day : Month Purattadi 

This registers an endowment of 10 ma of land at Madilkkurichchi free of all taxes by order of the king, for the maintenance of a feeding house for Brahmanas and the Eka-dandi and Tri-dandi sanyasins, established on the bank (Sittakkarai ) of the river Tanporundapperaru by one Tirunilakantan Rajakkanayanar alias  Tondaimanar of Puduvur. The nature of the several taxes which are specified under exemption is not clear.

No. 131 (Page No 104)

(A. R. No. 131 of 1907)

Kodumbalur, Kulattur Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Muchukundesvara temple-on the south wall of the mandapa in front 

This is an inscription of Jatavarman Vira Pandyadeva dated in his 17th year, Simha, su. 10, Thursday, Mulam, corresponding to A.D. 1269, August 10. He seems to be the same as the ruler whose accession took place in A.D. 1253.  The record begins with a short introduction mentioning his victories over Konganam (Kongu), vadugu (Vadugar), Gangai-nadu (?) and the Kaveri and his coronation of heroes and victors at Puliyur (Chidambaram). It registers the sale of five pieces of land by the Kaikkolas and Kaikkola-mudalis of Kodumbalur to the temple of Tirumudukunramaudaiya-Nayanar of the same village, in lieu of certain sums of money which seem to have been borrowed from the temple by them sometime previously and by their forebears (?). Owing to the damaged state of the record the sense of the inscription in its details is not clear.  Mention is made of Pon. Palan-Soliyan-kasu and Vira-Pandya-kasu of which the values seem to have stood in the ratio 110 : 670: 1050.  Again 150 Panam is said to answer to 10505 kasu and 110 Kalanju to 12505 kasu in which the panam and kasu are general terms to be understood specifically according to the prevalent usage. 

Kodumbalur is said to be situated in Urattur-kurram a division of Konadu otherwise called Kadaladaiyad-ilangai-konda-Sola-valanadu.  

No. 402 (Page No 306)

(A. R. No. 402 of 1907)  

Perungarunai, Mudukulattur Taluk, Ramnad District

Isvara temple – on stones built into the basement

Vira-Pandya :  year 41 

These are fragmentary parts of an inscription of Virapandyadeva ‘who having taken Ilam (Cylon), Kongu and Solamandalam was pleased to anoint himself at [Perumbarral]-Puliyur’. This is evidently the same as Jatavarman Vira-Pandya (A.D. 1253-75) a contemporary of Jatavarman Sundara-Pandya I (acc. A.D. 1251). The details of the date are given as Mithuna, ekadasi, Sunday, Karttikai which would correspond to A.D. 1267, June 19, f.d.n. 29. The record seems to be a decision of the assembly of the place (sabha-vyavastha) ratifying an earlier document-probably of some privilege enjoyed by them-which had been in force till the 11th year of the king, but which seems to have been dishonored subsequently.  Mention is made of Uyyavandan alias Soliyadaraiyan under whose instruction the assembly seems to have met for its deliberation.

No. 421 (Page No 321)

(A. R. No. 421 of 1907)  

Kambam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Subrahmanya temple – on the south wall

Jat.  Vira-Pandya I : year 10 :  1262-63 A.D. 

The king is given the distinguishing epithets ‘who took Ilam, Kongu and Solamandalm, and having conquered the Vallan (powerful enemy ?) performed the anointment of heroes and victors at Tillaimanagar’. The inscription records a gift of tax-free land (by order of the king ?) for offerings to god Sevagattevar Tirchchendu-piditta-Piilaiyar (Subrahmanya ?) and goddess Periyapirattiyar at Tiruppuduvur in Tondaiman-valanadu.

No. 430 (Page No 327)

(A. R. No. 430 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on the same wall

Jat. Vira-Pandya (I) :  year 26 : 1278-79 A.D. (?) 

This seems to record a similar gift of an impost on certain articles of merchandise like betal-nut, pepper and rice agreed to contributed by the members of the community Padinenvishayattar of the four nagaram for a festival in Margali in the temple of Rajasimhesvaramudaiya-Nayanar at Arikesarinallur in Ala-nadu. Mention is also made of a bazaar to the east of Valangai-mikaman-tirumandapam built by (an officer) Pandiyadaraiyar in the name of Pillai Kulasekhara-Mahabali-Vanarayar. The members are stated to have met for their deliberation in the temple of Vikramapandisvaramudaiya-Nayanar at Sivallavan-padaividu.

Maravarman Kulasekhara I

No. 98 (Page No 63)

(A. R. No. 90 of 1907.)

Kallidaikkurichchhi, Ambamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple –on the south wall

Mar. Kulasekhara I : Year 33 

This is dated in the 33rd year of the Pandya, Maravarman Kulasekharadeva ‘who was pleased to take all countries ‘ (A.D. 1268 to 1308). The details of the date are given as Mithuna 12, Amavasya Mrigasirsha but these are found to be irregular. The date meant was probably A.D. 1301, June 7. It records an undertaking given by the kanmala residents of Kshatriyasikhamanipuram that they would measure out annually 10 kalam and odd of paddy to the temple of Nalayira-Isvaramudaiyar, for the expenses of conducting a festival in the month of Sittirai in honour of Tiruvidi-Nachchciyar Umaiyandar (whose image was) consecrated in the temple by one Sokkan Vittagan in case no festival was conducted in any year, the paddy was to be utilized for the daily offerings and worship of the goddess throughout that month. 

No. 126 (Page No 97)

(A. R. No. 126 of 1907)

Pappankulam, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Sidhajnanesvara temple --- on the north wall of the same kitchen

Mar. Kulasekhara I : year 8 : A.D. 1276

This is also dated in the 8th year king Maravarman Kulasekharadeva who ‘was pleased to take every country ‘. The details of dated are gives as Tula, su, 9, Wednesday, Sarvana which, are however, found irregular for this year.

It registers the sale of a tax-free garden land called Manaltottam and another plot at Tiruppadimangalam a hamlet in their village Karkurichchu alias Vikramapandyanallur by the Uavar to the same temple for the formation and maintenance of a flower garden, for 60 gulikaippanam. This is evidently the land referred to in the previous inscription as having been sold in Aippasi month.

No. 136  (Page No 109)

(A. R. No.136 of 1907)

Kodumbalur, Kulattur Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Muchukundesvara temple—on the same wall

Mar. Kulasekhara I : year 42 : 1309-10 A.D. 

This registers the perpetual lease of the tenancy right over a land known as Iluppaikkudi, given by the temple authorities (sthanattar) of Tirumudukunram-Uadaiya-Nayanar to one Devan Tirunelveli-Udaiyar. The land which is said to have been endowed to the temple, by a Kaikkola of Kodumbalur by name Viran Tondan alias Vikkira[ma*]-Pandyapanmar, for the conduct of ardhayama service, had been left fallow for a long time following a breach an destruction of the tank-bund and consequent spread of wild growth. The lessee now paid 100 panam to the temple as Parivattamudal (price of temple honour ?) and undertook to repair the breach, and after clearing the wilderness, to bring the land under cultivation and to measure out 7 kalam, 1 tuni and 1 padakku of paddy on every ma of land, whether cultivated with paddy or some other products like turmeric, ginger, betel or sugarcane.  

No. 144  (Page No 114)

(A. R. No.144 of 1907)

Puvalaikkudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Rock-cut cave—on the south wall of the mandapa in front 

Mar. Kulasekhara I : year 18 : 1285-86 A.D. 

This is a mutilated record of Maravarman Kulasekhara “who took every country”. It registers an endowment of land for providing for offerings to the deity during the early morning service in the temple, by three residents of Sundarasolapuram in Ollaiyur-kurram a division of Ten-Konadu in Kadaladaiyad-ilangaikonda-Sola valanadu. 

No. 149 (Page No 118)

(A. R. No. 149 of 1907)

Puvalaikkudi, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Rock-cut cave—on the south wall of the shrine of the goddess

Mar. Kulasekhara I : year 16 : 1284 A.D. 

This belongs to Maravarman Kulasekharadeva “who took every country.” The details of the date are given as Vrischika, su. 1, Wednesday, Revati which do not however suit in this year. The inscription registers an endowment of 6½ veli of land at Kovanur as a tax-free devadana by the Nattavar of Vadaparru-nadu including Sevvalur in Kudalur-nadu of Tenkonadu, and by Kalikadinda-Panyadevar, for the maintenance of a service called the Maramanikkan-sandi instituted by the former in the temple, and for offerings to the image of the goddess consecrated therein by the latter. 

No. 163 (Page No 130)

(A. R. No. 163 of 1907)

Peraiyur, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Naganathasvami temple – on the same wall of the same mandapa

Mar. Kulasekhara : year 22 : 1289-90 A.D. 

This is an inscription of Maravarman Kulasekharadeva ‘who was pleased to take every country’. It registers the grant of Permanent lease of tenancy of a land called the ‘Kadamban-Vayal’, measuring 256 kuli and belonging to the temple of Tirunagisvaram-Udaiya-Nayanar at Tirupperaiyur a devadana-brahmadeya village in Kananadu alias Virudarajabhayankara-valanadu, to Venran Tirumalapadi-Udaiyan Tirupperunduraippillai who was holding the madapatyam of the temple, on an annual rental (kadamai) to be paid by the lessee on a mutually agreed basis according to the nature of the crop raised. The lands is said to have been purchased from one Rajaraja-Nadalvan of the arasu-makkal (ruling family ?)residing at Malaiyalangudi and the Mudalis of the place which is called a padaipparru (army settlement).

No. 164 (Page No 132)

(A. R. No. 164 of 1907)

Peraiyur, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Naganathasvami temple – on the same wall 

The first two lines are dated in the 3rd year of the same king (Kulasekhara) as above, after which there is a gap making it doubtful whether the subsequent lines are part of this record. They seem to register a tax-free sale of seven pieces of land including Nakkaneri-Vayal and Pudarkkudikkadu by several individuals to the temple, and the grant of the lease of these lands on permanent tenure to the same Tirupperunduraippillai mentioned above (in No.163) on similar rental basis of payment by the lessee to the temple according to the nature of crops raised.

The names of the taxes on the lands remitted are given as arasuvari, antarayam, vettimuttaval, Panjupili, sanduvigrahapperu, echchoru, kurrarisi, silvari, peruvari and kilvarappachchai, and these were agreed to be paid on behalf of the temple by the sellers. Though the transaction is called a ‘sale’ the price of the land is not specified. 

No. 165 (Page No 134)

(A. R. No. 165 of 1907)

Peraiyur, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

Naganathasvami temple – on the north wall

 Of the Katchikodutta-Nayanar shrine

Mar. Kulasekhara I : year 22 : 1289-90 A.D.

This is damaged. It registers the sale of the permanent tenancy right over a devadana land known as Ponnavayakkal by the Araiyars and the Mudalis of  Malaiyalangudi to the same Madapatyam Venran Tirumalapadi-Udaiyan Tirupperun-duraippillai with the taxes thereon remitted at their cost.

No. 409 (Page No 311)

(A. R. No. 409 of 1907)  

Periyakulam, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajendracholisvara temple – on the west wall

of the central shrine

Mar. Kulasekhara I :  year 26 :  1293-94 A.D. 

Stones lost at the right end. This registers an agreement given by the Muppaduvattattu-Sivabrahmanas (priests) of the temple of Rajendracholisvaram-udaiya-Nayanar at Alagulam in Menedungala-nadu to burn four lamps in different shrines for the amount of panam received by them from Taran Uyyavandan Kaduvetti of Podiyil-Puttur in Sivala-valanadu.

No. 428 (Page No 325)

(A. R. No. 428 of 1907)  

Sinnamanur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on the south wall

Of the central shrine

Mar. Kulasekhara I :  year 3 :  1270-71 A. D 

The king is given the qualifying epithet ‘who took every country’. The details of the date Rishabha, su. 4, Thursday, Punarvasu, gives the English equivalent A.D. 1270, April 24. This registers the sale of a ma of land by the mahasabha of Arikesarinallurin Ala-nadu and two other bodies called the Pannai-seyvar and veli-seyvar of the place to a certain Mahadevan Periyanayan alias Valudinarayanan of Malangudi in Sembi-nadu on behalf of the temple of Rajasimhesvara for being made over to a devaradiyal as jivita.  

No. 429 (Page No 326)

(A. R. No. 429 of 1907)

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on the same wall

Mar. Kulasekhara I :  year 41 : 1308-09 A. D 

The inscription is mutilated. It refers to the 10th year of Sundara-Pandyadeva. It seems to register a gift of some impost on articles sold by them in the bazaars at Arikesarinallur and at Sivallavan-Padaividu for meeting the expenses of worship and festival in Margali month in the temple of  Rajasingesuramudaiya-Nayinar, by the (mercantile) bodies Padinenvishyayattar, the Settis of Chonadu and others.

No. 431 (Page No 328)

(A. R. No. 431 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on the north wall

Of the central shrine

Mar. Kulasekhara I :  year 41 : 1309 A.D. 

The king is given the title ‘who was pleased to take every country’. The details of date Ani 14, su. 1, Punarvasu, Monday would give the English equivalent A.D. 1309, June 9. 

It is left incomplete with the mention of the fact that the Nalunagaram Padinenvishayattar, the Padinetturaiya-Padinenvishayattar, the brokers, the Nattauchchettis the Talachchettis all assembled together in the temple of Vikrama-pandisvaramudiaya-Nayanar (also mentioned in No. 430 above) for conducting some business evidently in connection with a gift to the temple of Tirupulandurai-Udaiyar alias Rajasimha[choli]suram-Udaiyar at Arikesarinallur in Ala-nadu.

No. 432 (Page No 328)

(A. R. No. 432 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on the same wall

Mar. Kulasekhara I :  year 26 : 1293-94 A.D. 

The king is given the same title as in No. 431 above. The inscription registers the assignment of 21 ma of land in one block by the Mahasabha, the pannai-seyvar  and the veli-seyvar of Arikesarinallur and its entry in the tax-register (olugu) as devadana under the ur in favour of the temple of Rajasimhesvaram-Udaiyar of the place in exchange (parikshetra) for three separate plots of devadana land, one measuring 18 ma to the east of the stream called the Suruliyaru, 2 ma belonging to goddess Durga and 1 ma which had been sold already for the formation of tirumadai-vilagam. Arikesarinallur is referred to as a brahmadeya in Ala-nadu. 

No. 435 (Page No 331)

(A. R. No. 435 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Rajasimhesvara temple – on the south wall

of the shrine of goddess Sivakami

Mar. Kulasekhara I :  year 3 : 1270-71 A.D. 

This is damaged and disconnected record of four different pieces, which seems to register an endowment of 5 ma of land to provide for the expenses of a service called the Tirunilakantan-sandi in the shrine of Tirukkamakkottam Periyanachchiyar in the temple. Two persons are mentioned in connection with this gift evidently as donors viz. Tirukkaivelammaidevan and his brother Tirunelveli-udaiyan of [Sival]avan-padaividu.

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