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Saturday, September 23, 2006


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1906-07

Pandya

 

Varaguna-Maharaja

No.17 (Page No 9)

(A. R. No. 17 of. 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam  Taluk, Tanjavur District

Sivayoganatha temple--- on the same wall

Pandya Varaguna-Maharaja : year  3+1 

Published  in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No.24  

Maranjadaiyan

No. 89 (Page No 53)

(A. R. No. 89 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on a stone set up at the entrance into the gopura

Maranjadaiyan. Date lost. 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 27   

 

No. 358  (Page No 249)

(A. R. No. 358 of 1907)

Aduturai, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Apatsahayesvara temple – on the same wall

Pandya Maran Sadaiyan :  year 4+1+1+1+1 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV. No. 7 

 

 No. 360  (Page No 249)

(A. R. No. 360 of 1907)

Aduturai, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Apatsahayesvara temple – on the same wall 

 

No. 364 (Page No 252)

(A. R. No. 364 of 1907)

Aduturai, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

Apatsahayesvara temple – on the same wall

Pandya Maran Sadaiyan :   year 4+1+1 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV No. 6.

Sadaiyamaran

No. 86 (Page No 52)

(A. R. No. 86 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same wall

Sadaiya-Maran:  year 2+9 

 Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 56

 

No. 440 (Page No 334)

(A. R. No. 440 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Sadaiyamaran :  year 46 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 78. 

 

No. 441 (Page No 334)

(A. R. No. 441 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Sadaiyamaran :  year 2+[8] 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 54. 

 

No. 447 (Page No 337)

(A. R. No. 447 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Sadaiyamaran :  year 2+7 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No. 52.

Vira-Pandya ‘who took the Chola’s head’

No. 87 (Page No 52)

(A. R. No. 87 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same base

Vira-Pandya ‘who took the head of the Chola’ : Year 4+4 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 81

Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-Pandya

No. 70 (Page No 45)

(A. R. No. 70 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the south wall of the central shrine

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Year 6 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 134 

 

No. 75 (Page No 47)

(A. R. No. 75 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same wall

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Year 14 

This is an inscription of Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-Pandyadeva, Who, it is learnt from No.112 of 1905 found at Mannarkoyil near Ambasamudram, was a son of Rajendra – Chola I. He was evidently appointed by the latter as his viceroy over the Pandya country after its reannexation to his kingdom (An. Rept. for 1905, para 25).According to the inscription the 15th year of Sundara-Chola Pandya Corresponded to the 24th year of Rajendra-Chola (acc. A.D. 1012 ). Hence the date of the present record would be about A.D. 1036.   

It registers a gift of a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruchchalatturai-udaiya-Bhatara by a resident of the place by name Vasudeva-Kramavittan. Mulli-nadu is here stated to have formed a division of Mudigondasola-valanadu in Rajaraja-mandalam.

No. 76 (Page No 48)

(A. R. No. 76 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the west and north  wall of the central shrine

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Date lost 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 140 

 

No. 77 (Page No 48)

(A. R. No. 77 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the north wall of the central shrine

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Year 16 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 155

 

No. 80 (Page No 50)

(A. R. No. 80 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same wall

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Date lost 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 179 

 

No. 81 (Page No 50)

(A. R. No. 81 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the north wall of the same mandapa

Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Date lost 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 165 

 

No. 82 (Page No 51)

(A. R. No. 82 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the south wall of the Perumal Shrine

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Year 13 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 146 

 

No. 83 (Page No 51)

(A. R. No. 83 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the west wall of the same shrine

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: year 19 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 163 

 

No. 85 (Page No 52)

(A. R. No. 85 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same base

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya: Date lost 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 180 

 

No. 88 (Page No 52)

(A. R. No. 88 of 1907 )

Ambasamudram, Amgasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Tirumalanathasvami temple --- on the same base

Jat. Sundara-Chola-Pandya. Date lost. 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIV, No, 181

 

Jata. Kulasekhara I

No. 94 (Page No 58)

(A. R. No. 94 of 1907.)

Kallidaikkurichchhi, Ambamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple –on the same wall 

This is only a portion of the historical introduction of the Pandya king Javarman Kulasekhara  I who ascended the throne in A.D. 1190.

No. 97 (Page No 60)

(A. R. No. 97 of 1907.)

Kallidaikkurichchhi, Ambamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple –on the south wall of the Goddess shrine

Jat.Kulasekhara I :year 9+4 (?) 

This is an inscription of Jatavarman Klasekhara I (A.D. 1190-1217) beginning with introduction  puvin Kilatti etc., and is dated in the 9th year and 1430th day of his reign I.e. the same day as in No. 91 above. It is stated that while the king was camping at Kalakkudi a representation was made by (minister ) Aiyan Kalingarayar asking for the remission of taxes on 5 ½  ma of land at Elivaram with its boundaries specified, which had been purchased by the temple of Nalayira Isvaramudaiyar at Kalladaikkurichchi from the assembly of Rajarajachaturvedimangalam in Mulli-nadu as recorded  in No. 97 (a) below. On this he was pleased to order that it may be so entered devadanairaiyili inclusive of antaryam in the tax register of the State, and engraved both on stone and copper. The next stage of the transaction follows in the same inscription prefaced by the king’s title Kenerinmaikondan (as observed in No. 91 above ) in which he orders his kelvi and the ulvari document of tax-free lands signed by his (revenue) officers to be issued to the temple (for record ). Their names as gives at the end are (1) Srivallavan Sri Kayilayamudaiyan alias Tyagabharana-Muvendavelan of Veliyarrur in Keralasinga-valanadu, (2) Amudananambi alias Palanattaraiyan the headman (Araiyan) of Ulakkudi in Kana-nadu of Madurodaya-valanadu and (3) Aditadevan alias Pallavarayan of Perumanalur in Anda-nadu.

No. 99 (Page No 64)

(A .R. No 99 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli district

Nagesvaram-Udaiyar temple-on the same wall

Jal. Kulasekhara : year 13+12  : 1214-15 A.D.

This begins with introduction Puvin kilatti etc., It registers a gift of 14 achchu made by one Achchan Tiruvikkairaman of Mayilaikkadu in Malai-mandalam, for the expenses of offerings during the two services in the temple morning and evening, to the image of Kshetrapala named Nailaiyalagiya-Perumal consecrated by Kakkunayakan Srivallan alias Uttama-Pandya-Brahmadirajan of Tirunaraiyur. The amount was left in charge of the Sivabrahmanas who undertook to measure out as interest thereon, 4 nali of paddy every day before the supervising Mahesvaras. Most of these Sivabrahmanas figure in No. 100 also below.  

No. 103  (Page No 68) 

(A. R. No. 103 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-krishnan temple –on the south wall of the central shrine

Jat. Kulasekhara I : year 13+1 : 1203-04 A.D.

This is an inscription which records a gift of one achchu, by a lady (name not given) the wife of one Tuppil Velerraperumal-Dasar, for burning a twilight lamp in temple of Nalayira-Vinnagar-Emberuman at Kolladaikkurichchi, with the interest on that amount. 

No. 104 (Page No 68)

(A. R. No. 104 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-Krishna temple –on the same wall

Jat. Kulasekhara I : year 9+3 : 1201-02 A.D.

This is an inscription recording the gift of one achch made by a certain Kadi Narayanan Si-Kayilayamudaiyan alias Vijaiyarayar, for a special offering of tiruppongam to the deity with I kalam of rice, ghee, curd et., on the day of a festival in Krittika in Karttigai month every year in the temple of Nalayira Vinnagar-Emberuman with the interest on the amount endowed. 

No. 110 (Page No 73)

(A. R. No. 110 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-Krishnan temple-on the same wall

Jat.Kulasekhara I: year 2 :1191-92 A.D. 

This begins with introduction Pudala madandai etc. It confirms the grant of some land free of kadamai (tax) at a place called Kollilagam, which had been made for offering to the deity in the temple of Nalayira-Vinnagar-Emberuman in the time of “Periya-Nayanar” srivallabhadevar by the Nagarattar Community of Kshatriyasikhamanipuram in Mulli-nadu. 

No. 112 (Page No 76)

(A. R. No. 112 of 1907)

Kallidaikkurichchi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District

Kiri-Krishnan temple-on the same wall

Jat.Kulasekhara I: year 9 +1+1 :1200-01 A.D. 

The inscription begins with introduction Pudalamadandai ect. The writing of the first few lines is dissimilar to that of the rest of the record. It states that on the representation of two persons Kunrapidarar and Tiruvarangachchelvar made to the king while he was seated on his throne Munaiyadaraiyan in his place at Madirai, the latter was pleased to order that 5 ma of land situated in Govindapadi the southern quarter of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam be granted tax-free to the temple of Nalayira-vinnagar-Alvar at that place , and that the ulvari (of remission of taxes ) be issued to the temple authorities to get the deed engraved on stone and copper.

No. 152 (Page No 122)

(A. R. No. 152 of 1907)

Malaikkoyil, Tirumayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

At the entrance into the (roct-cut) cave, right side

Jat. Kulasekhara : year 3 1192-93 A.D.

This inscription begins with the introduction Puvinkilatti etc. It records the remission of the taxes kadamai, vari and antarayam on a devadana land at Panikudi mangalam, belonging to the temple of Srivaram-udaiya-Nayanar at Kalvayil (Melaikkoyil) in Karna-nadu, a subdivision of Virudarajabhayankara-valanadu, by order of the chief Kalvyil-Nadalvan. The wording if faulty. 

No. 445 (Page No 336)

(A. R. No. 445 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

Jat. Kulasekhara (I) :  year 3+1 :  1193-94 A.D. 

This is a mere fragment mentioning a certain Sivallavan Tirunilakantan alias Tondaiman making some gift to the mahasabha of Arikesarinallur probably on behalf of the temple.

No. 450 (Page No 338)

(A. R. No. 450 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the same wall

[Jat.] Kulasekhara I :  year 2 :  1191-92 A.D. 

The introduction commences with the words Pudalavanidai. This is damaged. It seems to register a gift of land made by Tirunilakantan alias Tondaiman mentioned above to the temple through the mahasabha and the Pannaiseyvar of Arikesarinallur. 

No. 451 (Page No 339)

(A. R. No. 451 of 1907)  

Sinnamanaur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

Lakshminarayana temple – on the north,

West and south walls

Jat. Kulasekhara I :  year 13+6:  1208-09 A.D. 

The stones are out of order and some are lost. The inscription is also damaged. The introduction is the one commencing with the words Puvin kilatti. This registers a gift of land by the same Sivallavan Tirunilakantan mentioned above who is said to have also got it exempted from kadamai payment.

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