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Friday, April 28, 2006


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1906

RAJARAJA I

No. 305      

(A. R. No. 305 of 1906)

North Arcot District. Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Ruined Vishnu Temple --- On The Same Wall

Rajaraja I --- 10th Year (A.D. 994-95)   

This is a damaged fragment of a record stopping with the mention of the          devakanmi (of the temple) and of Damalkottam. 

No. 322

(A. R. No. 322 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Ruined Vishnu Temple – On The SameWall.

Rajaraja I – 19th Year (A.D. 1003 – 04)

The inscription has the introduction Tirumagal  pola  etc. It states that one thousand kuli  of land at Sirriyarrur belonging to the temple of Govindapadi perumanadigal, which had been overlaid with sand on account of a breach in the Palar river was brought under cultivation by the voluntary efforts of Kadamban Venkadan  a vellala a resident of  Nallur – Pudukudi in Tiruvalundur-Nadu a division of Solanadu. He was helped in this by an additional allotment of temple lands adjoining the above with irrigational facilities. Kadamban Venkadan then re-endowed the whole plot of land for providing for the daily sacred offerings to the deity with rice, ghee and other specified articles. The inception also records another gift 1150 kuli of land by the same donor after purchasing the same from the urar of Venpakkam for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple. 

No. 333          

(A. R. No. 333 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Ruined Vishnu Temple --- On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 10th Year (A.D. 994-95) 

This records an endowment of 20 kalanju of gold by Arunilai Srikrishnan alias Muvenda Pidavurvelar the accountant of Pidavur – nadu in Solanadu, which was invested with the Urar of Velkala Venpakkam adjacent to (?) Govindapadi. The three kalanju collected from them as interest every year was to be utilized by the trustees of the temple, for the recitation of the Tiruppadiyam hymn beginning with the expression [kola] narkulal composed (?) by the donor’s father Kayavan Arunilai, on the seventh day of the annual festival in the temple. 

No. 335

(A. R. No. 335 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Ruined Vishnu Temple --- On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I --- 11th Year (A.D. 995-96) 

This records a gift of 96 sheep by one Mayiletti Venkadan of Pattam in Avur-kurram in Solanadu for burning a perpetual lamp before the image of Anumadeva (Hanuman) set up by him. The donor is also stated to have endowed 10 kalanju of gold left in charge of the Urar of Velkala Venpakkam to provide for the daily offerings to the same deity with 2 nali of rice. 

No. 340

(A. R. No. 340 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Ruined Vishnu Temple --- On The West And South Walls Of The Central Shrine.

Rajaraja I – 20th Year (A.D.1004-05)

The inscription is damaged. It seems to register a sale of land about 947 kuli in extent, by the Urar of Amanpakkam to the temple at Govindapadi. It is stated that the cost of the land was paid by Ponvilli alias Vaishnavadasan. A resident of Kundur who formed a flower garden out of it for god Sri Krishna. The land was made tax-free by the Urar with the amount, which had been deposited with them sometime previously. 

No. 342

(A. R. No. 342 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Ruined Vishnu Temple --- On The North, West, And South Walls Of The Central Shrine.

Rajaraja I --- 23rd Year (A.D. 1007-08)

This has the introduction Tirumagalpola etc. It records an endowment of 90 kalanju of gold invested with the Urar of Velkala Venpakkam a devadana village of Govindapadi – Dever by Kaman Komandai a native of Elur– Amanai in Venbaikkudi – nadu a division of Pandi-nadu also called Rajaraja valanadu, with the condition that they were to measure out every year, as interest on the amount, 120 kalam of paddy in the temple, for the (daily) offering of akkaradalai preparation to the God.  The donor also presented 15 cows to the temple for the supply of milk as ingredient to the offering. 

No. 391

(A. R. No. 391 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Tirumayyam.

Rock-Cut Siva Temple – In The Same Place

Rajaraja I – 19th Year (A.D. 1003-04)

The inscription is damaged and built in and also incomplete. It begins with the introduction Tirumagalpola etc. It seems to record an endowment of land made by the Sabha of Tirumeyyam a devadana-brahmadeya  village in Kana-nadu said to be a division of Arumolideva-valanadu to provide for worship and offerings to god Vishnu-Bhataraka consecrated in the temple of Sri Mulasthanam-udaiya Mahadeva by a resident of the place by name Tiruvengada[Tatar].

No. 403

(A. R. No. 403 of 1906)

Tiruchirapalli District, Pudukkottai State, Tirumayyam.

Satyagirinatha-Perumal Temple – On The Same Stone.

Raja raja I.

This is a badly damaged fragment containing only a portion of the introduction Tirumagalpola etc. of Chola Rajaraja I. 

No. 411

(A. R. No. 411 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall.

Raja raja I – 28th Year (A.D. 1012-13)

This is in Vatteluttu characters. It is damaged. It begins with the usual introduction Tirumagalpola, etc. This records a tax-free gift of land at Kudalur in Murappu-nadu to the river Tanporunam (Tamaraparni), after purchasing the same, by Kaiyanayakan Naranamasura(?) of Nechchura-nadu, a division of Rajaraja – mandalam.       

No. 412

(A. R. No. 412 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 28th Year (A.D. 1012-13)

This is a Vatteluttu inscription. It is mutilated. It seems to record a gift of land tax-free to the temple of Ten-Tirumalirunjolai-Emperuman by three individuals of the place. 

No. 413

(A. R. No. 413 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 28th Year (A.D. 1012-13)

This is also in Vatteluttu script and is mutilated. It seems to record an endowment of land by the nattar of Murappa-nadu in Rajaraja-mandalam to the temple of Emperuman at Ten-Tirumalirunjolai on the north bank of the [Tanporu]ndam river to provide for the expenses of a big feast in the temple on the day following the day of asterism Uttiradam in Adi month and for burning lamps.

No. 414

(A. R. No. 414 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall Of The Central Shrine.

Rajaraja  I – 23rd  Year (A.D. 1006-03)

This is also in Vatteluttu. It is mutilated and stops with the mention of god Karumanikkadevar “who was pleased to have his abode” in Ten-Tirumalirunjolai (a quarter?) of Tirumukkudal in Kilkalak-kurram, a division of Rajaraja-valanadu. 

No. 417

(A. R. No. 417 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall.

Raja raja I-- Date Lost

The inscription is badly mutilated and damaged. It seems to record some provision made by the Sabha of the place for (special) offerings and worship to god Tirumalirunjolai – Devar on the day of Uttiradam in the Adi month.

No. 418

(A. R. No. 418 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The South Wall Of The Central Shrine

Rajaraja I — 29th Year (A.D. 1013 – 14)

This begins with introduction Tirumagalpola etc. It records a gift of a lamp stand and 25 sheep for burning a lamp in the temple of Karumanikkadevar by the wife of a merchant by name Raman Lakkuvanan of Karavandapuram in Kalakkudi-nadu. Ten Tirumalirunjolai is said to be in Kilkalakkurram. 

No. 419

(A. R. No. 419 of 1906)

 Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall

Rajaraja I — 24th Year (A.D. 1008 – 09)

The inscribed stones are built out of order. The epigraph begins with introduction Tirumagalpola etc. It records a gift (of money?) by Araiyan Kumaran of Panangudi in Pattinakkurram a division of Kshatriyasikhamani-valanadu on the southern side of the Kaveri River in Solanadu, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumalirunjolai – Devar. The writing is Vatteluttu.

No. 420

(A. R. No. 420 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The Same Wall

Rajaraja I — 23rd Year (A.D. 1007 – 08)

This begins with Tirumagalpola introduction. This is a Vatteluttu inscription, which is mutilated towards the end. It seems to record a gift (of 15 cows?) for a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tirumalirunjolai in Kilkalakkurram said to be a division of Rajaraja –valanadu, by a native of Tirunelveli in Kilvembai-nadu. 

No. 422  

(A. R. No. 422 of 1906)

Tirunelveli District, Tirunelveli Taluk, Sivalapperi.

Alagar Temple – On The South And West Walls Of The Central Shrine.

Rajaraja I – 26th Year (A.D. 1016-11)

Pieces are missing in the middle of the inscription. This begins with the usual introduction of the king (Tirumagalpola etc). It records the endowment of a land called Kulakkudikkulam on the north bank of the river Tanporundam, free of all taxes, to provide for the expenses of the tiruchchennadai  (daily procession with lights inside the prakara of the temple) of god Karumanikka-devar “who was pleased to reside” in Ten-Tirumalirunjolai, by the Mahasabha of Srivallabhamangalam (Sivalapperi) a brahmadeya in Kilkalak-kurram a division of Rajaraja-mandalam.

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