The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

Cholas

Pallava

Pandya

Rashtrakuta

Sambuvaraya

  Vijayanagara

  Miscellaneous 

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING THE YEAR 1905-1906

RAJARAJA I

No. 22 (Page No 16) 
(A. R. No. 22 of 1906)
Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur
Amritaghatesvara Temple – On The Same Base
Rajaraja I –14th Year. (A.D. 998) 

The short introduction lists only the victories of the king over the enemy’s ships at Salai and his conquests of Gangapadi, Nulambapadi, Tadigaivali and Vengai-nadu. The inscription records an endowment of lands wet and dry in Kilur Village to the temple of Kalakaladeva by one Diran Kuttan alias Adichchapanma-Vilupparaiyan for the daily supply of 4 nali of milk, evidently for the sacred bath of the deity, for burning a perpetual lamp and for the akkaradalai offering to the God on the days of Sankranti. Among the boundaries of the land mention is made of a field (?) called Varaguna-vilagam. 

No. 23 (Page No 17)

(A. R. No. 23 of 1906)

Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur

Amritaghatesvara Temple - On The Same Base.

Rajaraja I – 15th Year (A.D. 998-9)

This begins with the introduction Tirumagal pola etc., the details of the date given viz. Avani su.12, Saturday, Aslesha, give the equivalent A.D. 999, August 26, but the nakshatra was Sravana not Aslesha.  The inscription records a grant of land by the Sabha of Kadavur to two persons by namePadasivan Ayirattannurruvan Kalakalan alias Kadavur-Velan and Raman Chandrasekharan alias Nurrenma-Velan probably to provide for the playing of musical instruments during the several services and for offerings, to the deity in the temple of Tiruvira-ttanattu Perumandigal.

No. 26 (Page No 20)

(A. R. No. 26 of 1906)

Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur

Amritaghatesvara Temple –On The Same Wall

Rajaraja I – 16th Year, (A.D. 1000-1) 

The details of date given viz. Mithuna, su. 5, Thursday, Asvati would give the probable equivalent A.D. 1001, May 29, f.d.t. 17. The nakshatra was however Aslesha, 80, and not Asvati. The record is incomplete.  It seems to register a sale of land by the Sabha of “Padai-eviya” Kadavur in Ambar-nadu to a certain [se] mbiyan-Adigal-haturvedibhattan of the same village. Mention is also made of another person by name Baradayan-Adigal-Chaturvedibhattan who is stated to have been sent to Malai-nadu by Rajarajamarayar (evidently the king) on some mission. 

No. 27 (Page No 21)

(A. R. No. 27 of 1906)

Tanjavur District, Mayuram Taluk, Tirukkadaiyur

Amritaghatesvara Temple-On The Same Base

Rajaraja I – 16th Year, (A.D. 1000-1) 

The details of date are given as Purattadi ba. 2, Monday, Purnarvasu (A.D.1000, Sept.23). The tithi should be ba. 8. This registers the sale of ¾ veli and odd of land as tirunamattukkani to the temple of Tiruvirattanam-Udaiya-Paramasvami by the Sabha of Kadavur.  It seems that some money was due to the palace by way of a lady of Manjanattaru-velam.  The amount had doubled itself into 30 pon in course of time, and some members of the Samaraskesari-terinja Kaikkolar who were ordered to collect the debt, put severe pressure upon the sabha of the village to do so.brahmasrirayan had died in the meanwhile and the sabha sought out a jnati of his by name Samanta-Tanikar who, however, disowned any responsibility towards his deceased’s son Viranaryanan Sivan and the latters’ nephew Pullan Viranarayan Since these two could not be found, the property was taken over (?) exparte in lieu of the amount due and was sold to the temple.  The inscription is damaged and left income towards the end. 

No. 71 (Page No 68)

(A. R. No. 71 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkyilur Taluk Jambai

Jamunatha Temple –On The Same Wall

Bajaraja (I)-26th Year (A.D.1010-11)

This begins with introduction Tirumagalpola etc.  It is built in at the beginning of each line. It records the sale of some land tax-free by the assembly of Maruvur alias Vayiramegha-Chaturvedimangalam on the southern bank of the river vanagappadito the temple of Tanronri-Mahadeva at Valaiyur (Jambai) alias nittavinodapuram on the northern bank, to provide for offerings to god Kshetrapala deva in the temple.  The cost of the land and the lump-sum amount towards the payment of taxes (irai-dravyam) seems to have been received by the sabha from certain Kadagachchomasi of Kuvandur, a member of the alum-ganam. 

No. 77 (Page No 72)

(A. R. No. 77 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Jambai

Jambunatha Temple-On The Same Wall Of The Same Shrine

Rajaraja I – 28th Year (A.D. 1012-13) 

The inscription begins with introduction Tirumgalpola etc., it records a gift of 10 Kalanju of gold deposited with the urar of Palaippandal on the southern bank for a perpetual lamp in the temple by a merchant of the village by name Angadi Porraman for (the memory of) one piratti Siralan of Munaippadi Navalur. The reason for the gift is stated to be that the latter trespassed into the farmer’s house in the night and tried to assault his mistress in his very presence, by which he was enraged so much as to stab intruder to death.

No. 84 (Page No 79)

(A. R. No. 84 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Jambai

Jambunatha Temple-On The Same Wall

Rajaraja I – 24th Year (A.D. 1008-9) 

This begins with introduction Tirumagal pola etc.  It records a grant of land 22 Seruvu (?) in extent made by the sabha of Nerkunram alias vayiramegha-chaturvedi-Mangalam to the urar of Kolliyur in exchange for the lands acquired on their behalf from the latter by rajaraja-Vanakovaraiyar for the construction of a tank called the araiyagal-adittappereri in their village. The amount of the taxes on the lands payable to the king by the urar is said to have been 1000 kalanju of gold.

 No. 86 (Page No 80)

(A. R. No. 86 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Jambai

Jambunatha Temple-On The Same Wall

Rajaraja I – 26th Year (A.D. 1010-11)

The introduction is Tirumagal pola etc.  The inscription is left incomplete. It mentions an order of Maravan Narasimhapanman alias Rajaraja-Vanakovaraiyar to his subordinates to find out a land in the brahmadeya Kottagam on the northern tank in his nadu (i.e. under his jurisdiction) which would suffice to yield paddy at a kuruni and 4 nali per day as required for offerings to the god during the three services in the temple of Tantonri-Alvar. A panegyric of this chief is given in Sanskrit after the regnal year of the king, calling him an “ornament of Mahabali-kula and privipuraparamesvara”. 

No. 143 (Page No 119)

(A. R. No. 143 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Elvanasur

Gramardhanatha Temple-On The North Wall Of The Same Prakara

Rajarajadeva I – 24th Year (A.D. 1008-9) 

The characters of the inscription seem to be later than the period of the king. This records an endowment of land at the hamlet Kunjiramangalam after purchase by a certain Vasishtan Tiruviraman Tiruvarangan of Iraiyanaraiyur to the temple of Urudaiya-Mahadevar of the place to provide for offerings to god amarabuyangar-devar (?) during the three services in the temple.

Portion after line 24 does not seem to belong to this record. It mentions a grant of kasu to the temple by the chief Uttamasola-Miladu[daiyar] for offerings to the god. With this amount the temple authorities are stated to have purchased a land inclusive of tax-payment. 

No. 176 (Page No 145)

(A. R. No. 176 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Elvanasur

Gramardhanatha Temple-On A Slab Built Into The Floor At The Entrance

Rajaraja I – 7th Year (A.D. 991-92) 

The inscription is left incomplete. It seems to record the merger of two Villages Sembiyanmadevi-chaturvedimangalam and Arankalakki-chaturvedimangalam founded by the Miladu chiefs Iramadevan Pattalakan alias Vikramasola-maladudaiyan and Siddovadavan-Gamundan (?) alias Uttamasola-Maladudaiyan Respectively in the 15th year of Uttama-Choladeva, and probably their gift to the Temple in this year. Mention is made of a princess (?) by name Pudi Parantaka-Deviyar. 

No. 204 (Page No 163)

(A. R. No. 204 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – Date Lost.

This is a mutilated inscription with the introduction Tirumagalpola etc. It records a gift of sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mulasthanattu-Paramasvami by Kulatulan, a resident of Kusappadi in Tirumunaippadi-Mudiyur-nadu.

No. 206  (Page No 206)

(A. R. No. 206 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 17th Year (A.D. 1000-01)

The inscription is badly damaged. It begins with introduction Tirumagalpola etc., and records a gift of sheep for a lamp in the temple by one Munaiyaman Tirumullai….. 

No. 208  (Page No 165)

(A. R. No. 208 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The West Wall Of The Central Shrine.

Rajaraja I – 24th Year (A.D. 1007-08)

The inscription is left unfinished. The details of date are given as Vrischika, su. 5, [Wednesday], Tiruvonam corresponding to A.D. 1008, November 6, Saturday (not Wednesday). On this date the sabha of the place and the Senapati (commander) Mummudisola-Brah[marayar] are said to have met in the temple at Peringur (evidently for transacting some business). 

No. 214  (Page No 169)

(A. R. No. 214 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 12th Year (A.D. 995-96).

This is an incomplete inscription, recording probably the purchase of some land by the Rudraganapperumakkal who managed the affairs of the temple of Mulasthanam-Udaiya-Paramasvami at Peringur, from a shepherd of the place for 5 kalanju of gold. 

No. 216-A  (Page No 171)

(A. R. No. 216-A of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 11th Year (A.D. 994-95)

The inscription begins with a short Sanskrit version of the contents of the record. It registers an endowment of land for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mulasthanam-Udaiyar by Mudumbai Solaippiran-Kramavittan, a member of the Alunganam of Peringur, after purchasing the same from the assembly tax-free. 

No. 218  (Page No 173)

(A. R. No. 218 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The North And West Walls Of The Central Shrine.

Rajaraja I – 28th Year (A.D. 1011-12)

This begins with introduction Tirumagalpola etc. Portions of the inscription are wanting. A piece of four lines found with No. 212 above seems to be a part of this record and hence has been added after line 5. Thus connected together the inscription records a gift of sheep for burning two perpetual lamps in the temple, one by a lady by name Nillichchani, the wife of a member of the Alunganam of the village, and the other by a farmer (kudippalli) called Annavan Appuli. At the end of the inscription is also recorded a gift of a twilight lamp by Sirunangai, wife of Kailayattadigal a resident of the village.   

No. 219 (Page No 173)

(A. R. No. 219 of 1906)

South Arcot District, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, Perangiyur.

Ruined Siva Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 22nd Year (A.D. 1005-06)

The inscription has the introduction Tirumagal pola etc. It records a gift of sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple by Tali Nakkan Orali, a resident of the village and another gift for burning a twilight lamp before god Ganapati, by a shepherd.

 No. 265  (Page No 209)

(A. R. No. 265 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The South Wall Of The Central Shrine.

Rajak. Mummadi-Choladeva (Rajaraja I) – 4th Year (A.D. 988-89)

This records a gift made by the king of 497 kalanju of gold and a gold flower weighing 2 kalanju and odd to God Mahadeva at Tirumalperu, when he paid a visit to the temple to offer worship. The present is said to have been conveyed by the officer Arumoli-Muvendavelan of Karaippakkam.  

No. 269  (Page No 211)

(A. R. No. 269 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall. Rajaraja I (?)

The inscription is badly damaged in the first ten lines. It records a gift of 12 ½ kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumalperudaiya-Mahadeva by Kannandai Kuttattali of Vadagarai in Sembur-kottam, who said to have deposited the amount with the Urar of Nelvayil in Valla-nadu. 

No. 278 (Page No 220)

(A. R. No. 278 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajakesarivarman “Who Destroyed The Ships At Kandalur-Salai”

Rajaraja I — Date Lost.

The first half of the inscription is badly damaged. This seems to record an agreement given by the Urar of Palgur to measure out annually in the temple. 93 kadi and odd of paddy (as interest) for the 25 kalanju of gold, which they had received from some donor whose name is lost. 

No. 279  (Page No 221)

(A. R. No. 279 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajarajakisarivarman “Who Destroyed The Ships At Kandalur-Salai”

Rajaraja I – 12th Year (A.D. 996-97).

This records a gift of 96 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple by a certain Kannandai Kuttattali Marumakka[mpari] of Vadagarai in Semburkottam. 

No. 281 (Page No 222)

(A. R. No. 281 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajarajakesarivarman “Who Destroyed The Ships At Kandalur-Salai”

Rajaraja I – 12th Year (A.D. 996-97).

This records an agreement given by the Sabha of Sirrur alias Prithvimadevi-chaturvedimangalam (a part) of Tiruvalangadu in Pangala-nadu a division of Manaiyirkottam promising to measure out 225 kadi of paddy in the temple in the month of Panguni every year (as interest) for the 60 kalanju of gold received by them from the temple at Tirumalperu. 

No. 282 (Page No 223)

(A. R. No. 282 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The West Wall Of The Central Shrine.

Rajakesarivarman (Rajaraja I) Who Destroyed The

Ships At Kandalur-Salai – 12th Year (A.D. 996-97).

This records a similar agreement given by the Urar of Palugur in Palugur-nadu that they would pay, by way of interest on 60 kalanju of gold received by them from the temple at Tirumalperu, 225 kadi of paddy to be measured out in the temple in the month of Panguni every year. Reference is made to a fine of 100 kalanju realized by the temple as a result of the inspection of the temple management made by Madhurantakan Gandaradittanar in the 4th year of the king, and out of which 60 kalanju had been invested with the sabha of Sirrur as recorded in No. 281 above. Some transaction of the 14th year of a king (probably Uttama-Chola) is also recorded at the end but the details are not clear. 

No. 283 (Page No 225)

(A. R. No. 283 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajak. Mummadi-Choladeva (Rajaraja I) – 4th Year (A.D. 988-89)

The inscription states that on an enquiry made by Madhurantakan Gandaradittanar along with the officers Villavan-Muvendavelar, Rajamarttanda-Muvendavelar and four others into the affairs of the temple at Tirumalperu, it was found that the property of god Agnisvara was misappropriated by the staff of the temple for their own use, the daily worship to the deity being confined to the bare offering of rice. The concerned offenders were punished with fines and the six pieces of land measuring together 2 ½ veli were ordered to be resumed and the taxes thereon being paid to the Kamakkottam (Amman shrine) in the temple. One ma of land at Kulattur and 225 kuli at Sirriyarrur were also added to the main temple (See No. 282 above). 

No. 284 (Page No 226)

(A. R. No. 284 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajarajakesarivarman (Rajaraja I) “Who Destroyed The Ships

At Kandalur-Salai” – 11th Year (A.D. 995-96).

The inscription is left incomplete towards the end. It records the consecration of an image of goddess Uma-Bhattarakiyar Adisundaradevadeviyar in the temple at Tirumalperu by a certain Nimala (Nirmala)-silvar alias Narpattennayira-Pidarar, the head of a matha at Tiruppalur near Takkolam in Manaiyir-kottam, and the endowment of a land tax free for the worship of the goddess after purchasing the same from some Vellara brothers resident at the place.

No. 288  (Page No 234)

(A. R. No. 288 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajarajakesarivarman (Rajaraja I) “ Who Destroyed The Ships

At Kandalur Salai” – 12th Year (A.D. 996-97)

This inscription is damaged. It registers an undertaking given by the Urar of Manavil in Manavil-nadu a division of Manavil-kottam to the temple of Tirumalperudaiyar in Valla-nadu a division of Damarkottam, agreeing to measure out to the temple every year 225 kadi and odd of paddy as interest on 60 kalanju and odd of gold invested with them by the temple. 

No. 289 (Page No 236)

(A. R. No. 289 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.  Rajaraja I – Date Lost.

This is damaged. It seems to record some provision made for the daily supply of an alakku of oil (for burning of a lamp) in the temple at Tirumalperu.  

No. 293 (Page No 245)

(A. R. No. 293 of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 15th Year (A.D. 999-1000).

This has the introduction Tirumagal pola etc. It records an agreement given by the Urar of Tirumalperu to measure out a specified quantity of paddy to the temple once every year for the 15-½ kalanju of gold received by them from the latter. 

No. 295-A (Page No 246)

(A. R. No. 295-A of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 13th Year (A.D. 997-98)

This is damaged and incomplete. It seems to record a gift of land to meet the expenses of daily offerings to the deity in the temple of Tirumalperudaiyar, made by a lady by name Arangan Periyal, the wife of a local Vellala resident.  

No. 295-B (Page No 246)

(A. R. No. 295-B of 1906)

North Arcot District, Walajapet Taluk, Tirumalpuram.

Manikanthesvara Temple – On The Same Wall.

Rajaraja I – 4th Year (A.D. 988-989)

This is another damaged record found in the same place. It is dated in the 4th year probably of the same king, and registers a grant of 15 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple, made by a donor whose name is lost. The amount is stated to have been invested with the Urar of Kaitandalam in Damar-nadu.

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