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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 43

(A.R. No. 10 of 1907)

On the same wall

This is damaged at the end.  It records an endowment of 10 ˝ kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvisalur Peruman at Amaninarayana chaturvedimangalam, a devadana and brahmadeya village on the northern bank of the river, by Rajendrasola-Muvenda[velar] of Milalai-murram, probably an officer of Rajendra-Chola I.

No. 44

(A.R. No. 16 of 1907)

On the same wall

This seems to register an endowment of Tiruvisalur-Perumanadigal, of 160 kuli of land to the south of Pasi-vaykkal (channel) and north-west of Avaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam, by one Madalan Sendan a resident of the place.

No. 45

(A.R. No. 247 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

This records a gift of a silver pot weighing about 144 (kalanju) to the temple by a native of Pandi-[nadu].

No. 46

(A.R. No. 4394 of 1908)

Tiruvilimilalai, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a pillar in the Sundarakuchambal shrine in the Vilinathasvami temple

This records the gift of a silver dish weighing 240 kalanju to hold the daily sribali offerings to God Paramesvara-Bhatara of Tiruvilimilalai by Udaiyar Tantonri.  Tanichchevagar, by which is perhaps meant the king himself as the ‘devoted servant’ of God Tantonri.  Tiruvilimilalai is said to have been a murruttu-devadana of (god) Vennattu-Perumanar.  This is engraved immediately below No. 438 of 1908 mentioning one Arikulakesari-Vilupparaiyan.  This might be assigned to Arinjaya instead of to Vijayalaya as is surmised in M.E.R for 1909.

No. 47

(A.R. No. 377 of 1909)

Siddhalaingamada, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Vyaghrapadesvara temple

The inscription is left incomplete.  It records an endowment of land at Vilivalam to provide for offerings, etc. and for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruppulippagavar at Sirringur a brahmadeya in Kurukkai-kurram a subdivision of Miladu.  The donor’s name is lost.

No. 48

(A.R. No. 720 of 1909)

Alambakkam, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirapalli district

On the north wall of the central shrine, Kailasnatha temple

This records an endowment of land made by the sabha of Dandipanmamangalam a brahmadeya on the northern bank of the river, to provide for the (daily) procession of the god within the prakara, in the temple of Amaresvara-Perumal of their village.  The inscription seems to be assignable to Parantaka I.

No. 49

(A.R. No. 81 of 1910)

Tiruvellarai, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the rock in front of the Jambunathasvami temple

This is possible an inscription of Paranataka I.  It seems to record a gift of land after purchase at Nripatunga-mangalam a brahmadeya village, by a private individual for worship and offerings to the god within the main shrine as unnaligaippuramin the temple of Tiruvanaikkal-Perumanadigal at Tiruvellarai.

No. 50

(A.R. No. 248 of 1911)

Kumbhakonam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tajavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Nagesvara temple

This records a gift of a quarter (veli) of land after its purchase for 25 kalanju of gold, by Puvan Kannan of Nedumpuraiyar in Malai-nadu. For burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkilkottattu-Paramasvami at Tirukkudamukkil.  The writing is similar to that of No. 96 below.  This is probably assignable to Parantaka I.

No. 51

(A.R. No. 276 of 1916)

Tirakkol, Wandiwash Taluk, North Arcot District

On the east face of the boulder containing Jaina images

This is partly damaged.  It seems to record some provision including (?) a gift of 200 sheep for the daily supply of 2 nali of ghee and 10 nali of oil to the Jaina temple.  Maisitta Perumballi at Sri-Dandapuram in Ponnur-nadu a subdivision of Venkurna-Kottam, by one Era-Nandi alias Naratonga-Pallavraiyan of Nelveli in Nelveli-nadu of Panaiyur-nadu a division of Chola-nadu.  This Nelveli is probably the same as one of the two talukas of the Tanjavur district.

No. 52

(A.R. No. 952 of 1918)

Palur, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli district

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sundaresvara temple

This records the re-allotment in certain proportion, to the deities in three shrines, of 10 ˝  ma of the old devadana land be ongoing to the temple of Nakkar Paramesvarar of Paluvur in Vilattur-nadu, and originally intended for the daily supply of 6 nali of rice for offerings to the god in the main shrine.

No. 53

(A.R. No. 355 of 1918)

On the same wall

Like the inscription No. 52 above, this also re-records (from an older document) the ownership by the temple of three pieces of land which had been granted to it as archanabhoga (for worship)

No. 54

(A.R. No. 358 of 1918)

On the same wall

This registers an endowment of land tax-free, for the (maintenance of the) priests performing worship in the temple of Pramesvara at Tiruppalur, by Arangan Vennaval of Karaikkudi in Vilattur-nadu.  The land seems to have needed some improvement which was left to the effected by the beneficiary.

No. 55

(A.R. No. 19 of 1929)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarapalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple

This registers a gift of 4 ma of land at Tennur in Kalaiyamangalam a brahmadya and devadana of Kilpilaru, a sub-division of Poygai-nadu, for maintaining a equal lamp in the temple of Tirumaluvadi-mahadeva, by Arinjigai Keni the daughyter of Mutta-Udaiyar [the elder lord?].  She is stated to have purchased it for 20 kalanju of gold including the cost of tax-exemption, while the kil-mudal right over the land had been already gifted away to the temple by one Gunarriyan (Gunadhya) T[r*]iyambakan of Kalaiyamangalam.

No. 56

(A.R. No. 12 of 1920)

On the west wall of the same shrine

This records a gift of 10 kalanju of gold by one Vai[va]lippakkam-udaiyan Perumanandi of Vesalippadi, which was left in charge of the sabha of kalaiyamangalam who were to measure 2 nali of rice for offering to the god on the days of Tiruvadirai (every month), and to fed five persons in the temple with this consecrated food.

No. 57

(A.R. No. 107 of 1920)

Adigudi, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirapalli district

On the left side of the doorway leading to the central shrine, Ankuresvara temple

This registers an endowment of land by Balasriyan Anai Pudi and Anai Siva-Battalakan two residents of Tiruvadikudi a brahmadeya in Kil-kuru of Kalarkkurram a subdivision of Mala-nadu on the northern bank of the river, for feeding 25 Brahmanas on each of the 7days of festival in the month of Masi in the temple of Isvara-Bhattaraka, and for a special offering to the god on the last day [tiruvettainadnru], when the god was taken out in procession ‘for hunting’. This is probably an inscription of Parantaka I.

No. 58

(A.R. No. 556 of 1920)

Udaiyarkudi near Kattumannarkoyil, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Anatisvara temple

This records a gift of 13 ˝ kalanju of gold (for the purchase of 96 sheep) deposited narayana-chaturvedimangalam for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantisvarattu-Paramasvami, by Kattukuri Yajna-Kramavittan a resident of Panditavatsala-cheri a quarter of the village.  This might be assigned to Uttama-Chola in whose 3rd year the details Makara, Thursday, Avittam corresponded to A.D. 972, January 18, f.d.n. 86. Panditavatsala was a surname of Parantaka I.

No. 59

(A.R. No. 559 of 1920)

On the same wall

This is also probably a record of Uttama-Chola and registers a similar gift by Solaipiran-Kramavittan of the gottam (goshtha-assembly) of Panditavatsalachcheri, who left it in charge of the manradikkalanai for burning a perpetual lamp.

No. 60

(A.R. No. 582 of 1920)

On the west wall of the shrine

This is incomplete.  It registers an endowment of land made after purchasing the same from the sabha of the eastern portion (kilai-kandam) of Parakesarichcheri, by Muttan Kaman alias Nara[ya*]na-Viluppuerarayan for the daily offering of a sweet dish called akkaradiyal to the god.  The ingredients for this preparation are given as follows: rice-4 nali: milk-4 nali: ripe plantains-10: sugar-14 palam: and ghee-1 ulakku.

No. 61

(A.R. No. 602 of 1920)

On the north wall of the same shrine

This records a gift of 12˝  kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp before the image of Chandrasekhara-Perumal in the temple, by Panchavanmadevi the consort (araisi) of Araiyan Mahimalayan alias Parantaka-Mattaraiyan.  The manradikkalanai of the place received the amount and agreed to supply an ulakku of ghee daily for the purpose.  This is probably an inscription of Uttama-Chola.

No. 62

(A.R. No. 605 of 1920)

On the same wall

This is incomplete.  It records an allotment of  lands belonging to the temple, among the members of the establishment in certain proportions according to the emoluments they were till now receiving (in cash), made by Kandiyur Devan-Devan of Bhuvanachulamanichcheri the managing officer of the temple (srikaryam tiruttuginra), on an order received from three madhyasthas representing the wards Tribhuvanamahadevichcheri, Kodandaramachcheri and Virasrikamukachcheri in the assembly of 120 members holding office of the gruma-kalyam for the year beginning with the Rishabha month.  To the names of two mudhyasthas is added the expression Perunkavidi indicative of some title which seems to have carried with it the grant of free-hold land, as seen in the word kavidikkani found in No. 63 below.  This is probably an inscription of Uttama-Chola.

No. 63

(A.R. No. 549 of 1921)

Pullamangai near Pasupatikoyil, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Brahmapurisvara temple

The details of the date given in the inscription correspond to A.D. 973, March 13, in the reign of Uttama-Chola.  The record states that the mahasabha of Pullamangalam a brahmadeya village in Kilar-kurram, which met together after beat of drum in the court-yard in front of the temple of Tiruvalandurai, sold tax-free a land 1˝ ma in extent, situated in Kandamangalam (another brahmadeya village) to the temple of Kalapidari in the centre of their village, for 25 Ilakkasu received from the karanattar of that locality.  This land is stated to have been confiscated out of the 3 ma belonging as kavidikkani to Tiruvenkattadigal alias Elunurraim-battunalvan the madhyastha of the village and his brothers, as the former failed to render account-for the money and paddy left in his charge for disbursement to certain Vellalas and Brahmanas.

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