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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 421

(A.R. No. 342 of 1904)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 7 kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu by (a lady) Udaiyan Kalimadi on behalf of her (deceased?) son Vilupperaiyar Velan Pugalan of Mannaikudi.  This might be an inscription of Paranataka I.

No. 422

(A.R. No. 363 of 1921)

Tiruvadi, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District

On a pillar in the ardha-mandapa of the Tiruvirattanesvara temple

This records the gift of lamp-stand and 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvirattanattu-Mahadeva at Adhirajamangalyapuram by one Vellikkean Piramali a resident of the place.  The nagarattar received the sheep and the sabha agreed to maintain the lamp.  This is probably an inscription of Parantaka I.

No. 423

(A.R. No. 442 of 1917)

Kuttalam, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the east wall of the first prakara, Kuttalanathasvami temple

This is in vatteluttu script and is damaged.  It records a gift of cows for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple by a lady by name Ariyampoduviyar wife of [Na]ranappallavaraiyar.

No. 424

(A.R. No. 443 of 1917)

On the same wall

This is in Vatteluttu alphapet.  It is built in at the right end.  It records a gift of nine Ilakkasu by the urar of Tirukkamanjur in Kalakkudi-nadu for burning a lamp with an uri of ghee every day in the temple

No. 425

(A.R. No. 445 of 1917)

On the same wall

This is also in Vatteluttu script and is much damaged.  It seems to record some provision made for burning a lamp in the temple

No. 426

(A.R. No. 639 of 1905)

Tiruchchengodu, Tiruchchengodu Taluk, Salem District

On the rock to the east of the steps called Arupadam padi on the hill

This records a gift of 5 kalnju of gold deposited with the Tiruvadirai-Ganapperumakkal (committee) at Tiruchchengodu for feeding with the interest thereon five Brahmanas (on the day of Tiruvadirai every month), by Kadan Pudi Maikkam in the name of his daughter Mundankon.

No. 427

(A.R. No. 631 of 1905)

On the same rock

This is much damaged.  It seems to record an endowment made by [Ku]kari Sundari wife of a native of Pugaliyur for feeding Brahmanas on the days of dvadasi  through the agency of Dvadasi-Ganapperumakkal at Tiruchchengodu.

No. 428

(A.R. No. 428 of 1917)

Kuttalam, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the east wall of the first prakara, Kuttalanathasvami temple

This is assignable to Paranataka I.  It records a gift of 25 sheep for burning a lamp with an ulakku of ghee every day in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirukkurralam by one Nakkan Appi Tirumurtti.  This is in Vatteluttu script.

No. 429

(A.R. No. 630 of 1905)

Tiruchchengodu, Tiruchchengodu Taluk, Salem District

On the rock to the east of the steps known as Arupadampadi on the hill

This records a gift of 12 kalanju of gold deposited with the (assembly) Pannirandu-nattu-perumakkal of Tiruchchengodu by Vedan Sendan Seruvachchi for burning a lamp in the temple with the interest thereon.

No. 430

(A.R. No. 638 of 1905)

In the same place

This records a gift of 3 kalanju of gold for feeding with its interest 2 Brahmanas on the days of dvadasi, Tiruvadirai and Turvonam every month (in the temple) on the hill at Tiruchchengodu, through the agency of the three respective(?) Ganapperumakkal of th place.

No. 431

(A.R. No. 246 of 1911)

Kumbhakonam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west and south walls of the central shrine, Nagesvara temple

This is damaged in places and incomplete.  It is bilingual and records a gift of 20 gold coins to the temple of Tirukkilkottattu-Bhattaraka by Kachchuvan (Kasyapan) Danapati Arangan alias Panchavan . . . . the headman of Karuvur in Milalaik-kurram.  This may be assigned to Parantaka I on account of the early writing and the high regnal year given for the king.

No. 432

(A.R. No. 238 of 1914)

Tiruvengavasal, Pudukkottai state, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Vyaghrapurisvara temple

This is unfinished, and seems to record some provision made in money for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumerrali-Mahadeva at [Tiruvengai]vayil in Peruvayil-nadu by a native of Kalaimangalam in Kaviram (Kavira-nadu) a division of Valla-nadu.

No. 433

(A.R. No. 162 of 1931)

Tiruchchattutai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west and south walls of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple

This is damaged in the middle portion.  It records a gift of 30 kalanju  of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruchchorrutturai-Mahadeva with an ulakku [of ghee] every day to be supplied by the patipadamulattar.

No. 434

(A.R. No. 180 of 1906)

Graman, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sivalokanatha temple

This is built in at the beginning and is also incomplete.  It seems to record gift of land by Peruntalan of Kilanmurnadu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple [Mula]sthanattu-Mahadeva.

No. 435

(A.R. No. 308 of 1904)

Tirugokarnam, Pudukkottai state, Tiruchirapalli District

On the third pillar (from the right) in front of the rock-cut central shrine, Gokarnesvara temple

The end of this inscription is lost.  It seems to record a gift, by Peruman Vamanan of Tiruvetpur in Kavira-nadu a subdivision of Valla-nadu, of one tulaippon (kalanju) with the annual interest on which an offering was to be made to god Gokarnattu-Mahadeva, on the day of Uttiram evidently in Panguni month.  This is evidently as inscription of Parantaka I.

No. 436

(A.R. No. 322 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai state, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south and east faces of the north pillar of the rock-cut shrine, Melaikkoyil temple

This is an inscription of Paranataka I.  It records a gift of 7 kalanju (tulaippon) of gold made Mayilai Tindan alias Avantiyakovan-Pallavaraiyan of Pudukkudin Urattur-kurram, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Paramesvara at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu.

No. 437

(A.R. No. 182 of 1931)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple

This is damaged.  It records a gift of sheep by a certain Lokamarayan for a perpetual lamp to be burnt in the temple with an ulakku of ghee every day supplied by a local shepherd.

No. 438

(A.R. No. 205 of 1917)

Somur, Karur Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Somesvaram-Udaiyar temple

This is an inscription of Paranataka I.  It records a gift of 5 kalanju of gold by the standard weight) kasettangal for burning a lamp during the day in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirunombalur by Araiyan Kaman a resident of Sirrur in Miyamala-nadu.

No. 439

(A.R. No. 447 of 1917)

Kuttalam, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the east wall of the prakara, Kuttalanathasvami temple

This is in Vatteluttu and records a gift of 6 buffaloes for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tirukkurralam in Tenvari-naru by Kovadi Konra Vellala resident of Vallapuram in Mala-nadu.

No. 440

(A.R. No. 443 of 1907)

Sinnamanur, Periyakulam Taluk, Madurai District

On the north wall of the Lakshminarayana-Perumal temple

This is dated in the 36th year of Parakesarivarmn and is engraved in the Vatteluttu alphabet.  It is much damaged and is also incomplete.  It seems to register some endowment for the daily supply of ghee for a lamp in the temple of Tirunaduvur-Bhatarar at Arikesarinallur a brahmadeya in Ala-nadu by one Tiruchchedi Irasadi on behalf of his son Irasadi Solai.  This is surmised to belong to Parantaka I on account of the high regnal given for the king.

No. 441

(A.R. No. 635 of 1905)

Tiruchchengodu, Tiruchchengodu Taluk, Salem District

On the rock to the east of the steps called Arupadamapadi on the hill

This is mutilated fragment of an inscription stopping with the regnal year of the king, who might be very possibly Parantaka I.

No. 442

(A.R. No. 331 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai state, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north face of the south pillar of the rock-cut shrine, Melaikkoyil temple

This may be assigned to the reign of Paranataka I.  It is incomplete and records some gift (probably of gold) made by one Arinjigai Ali of Perunkurrakkudi in [Ku]dalur-nadu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Paramesvara a Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu.

No. 443

(A.R. No. 332 of 1904)

On the south and east faces of the same pillar

This records a gift of 7 tulaippon of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu by Poduva . . . . . Echehil Mandai a resident of Parunkurrakkudi in the same nadu, who deposited the amount with four temple servants (pattudaiyar) for the purpose.

No. 444

(A.R. No. 528 of 1905)

Tiruvellarai, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the rock in front of the Siva temple

This is built in at the end of lines.  It seems to record a gift of (30) kalanju of gold deposited with the mula-parishad of Tiruvellarai by a local resident for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple See No. 202 above, with which this is identical.

No. 445

(A.R. No. 338 of 1906)

Tirumalpuram, Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District

On the north wall of the central shrine, ruined Vishnu Temple

This records a gift of 120 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Perumanadigal at Govindapadi in Valla-nadu a division of Damar-kottam, by Panchavan-Mahadeviyar, who is stated to be the consort Solapperumanadigal and to have hailed from Kottur in Nenmail-nadu  a division of Sola-nadu.  Solaperumanadigal was evidently the reigning king, and the present record is one of Uttama-Chola.

No. 446

(A.R. No. 339 of 1906)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 96 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Ninraliya-Perumanadigal at Govindapadi by one Kuditangi Ulagatali of Tavusampalalai in Damar-kottam.

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