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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 400

(A.R. No. 621 of 1920)

Udaiyarkudi near Kattumannarkoyil, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District

On detached stones in the mandapa behind the Navagraha images, Anantisvara temple

Portions of this inscription are lost.  It records the purchase of two plots of adjacent lands, one belonging to the sabha of Mel-Ilattur and the other to that of Mer-Chenninallur in Vennaiyur-nadu by two merchants, Tiruvarangadevar and his brother Aiyanattevar, who formed them into a unit called Nindadityanallu after their deceased uncle Dasanagan Nindan, and adding thereto another 3 veli of land after purchasing the same from the sabha of Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam, thus making an extent of 20 ˝  veli and 1 ma in all, endowed the whole for the daily feeding of 100 persons including 20 Brahmanas, in the hall built by them in the temple of Dvarapati-Paramasvami in the village in memory of the deceased person.  The assembly ofViranara, yena-chaturvedimangalam is stated to have received from the donor, 300 kalanju of gold as tiruttu-visam for reclaiming for cultivation the three veli  sold by them.  This is probably an inscription of Uttama-Chola’s reign.

No. 401

(A.R. No. 20 of 1921)

Little Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram Taluk, Chingleput District

On the east wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Phanamanisvara temple

This is much damaged.  It seems to record the construction of the tirumanjanakkundil tank in the premises of the temple of Tiruppadamudaiya-Koyil-Mahadeva by one . . . . Kolli-udaiyan son of Sankarappadiyan of Tanjavur.  The temple is called Tiruppadawadam-Udaiyar-Koyil in other inscriptions of the place.  This is probably a record of Uttama-Chola.

No. 402

(A.R. No. 366 of 1924)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north wall of thAgastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple

This records a gift of 4 ma of wet land after reclamation in Uragankudi a devadana village in Pyogai-nadu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva of Avanigandarva-Isvaragriham a devadana in Kunrakkurram.  This must have been evidently under orders of the Palavettaraiyar chief as in the case of a similar gift made in the 13th year of Rajakesarivarman by order of Pudi Palu-vettaraiyan Kumaran Kandan

No. 403

(A.R. No. 395 of 1994)

On the west wall of Minakshi-Amman shrine in the Sundaresvara temple, in the same village

This is a clear inscription of Uttama-Chola recording a gift of 96 sheep for a lamp in the temple of Tiruttor[r*]ram-udaiya-Mahadeva at Mannu-Perumpaluvur in Kunrak-kurram by Palavettariyar-Kandan Maravanar.

No. 404

(A.R. No. 47 of 1925)

Tirukkolambiyur, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the Gokhuresvara temple

This records a gift of 7 ma and odd of land at Kumaramangalam a hamlet of Peravur by Aruran Ponnambalattadigal queen ofUttama-Chola as tiruchchennadaipuram to the goddessUma-Bhattrakiyar in the temple of Tirukkolambadevar devoutly called here ‘the daughter’ of the queen.  The land is stated to have been purchased for the purpose from a lady by name Kadan Singam to whom it belonged as stridhana, through her son Mahamatran Gautaman Kesavan Srikanthan of Sattanur a brahmadeya in Tiraimur-nadu on the southern bank, as mudugan (guardian or representative), and was made tax-free by the assembly of Peravur in consideration of lump-sum payment of 50 Ilakkarungasu by the donor.

No. 405

(A.R. No. 496 of 1925)

Sembiyanmahadvi, Nagapatinam Taluk, Tanajvur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Kaialasnatha temple

This has been left incomplete.  It records an endowment of 143 and odd and 145 and odd kalanju of gold made respectively by Aruran Ambalattadigalar and Urattyan Sorabbaiyar two of the queens of Uttama-Chola for the same purpose as is mentioned is Nos. 311 and 383 above, of providing for offerings to the god on the day of Kettai in Chittiran month the birthday asterism of Sembiyan-Mahadeviyar the mother of Uttama-Chola and founder of the temple.  The money was deposited with the Sasanabaddha-chaturvedi-bhattat-tanapperumakkal (committee), which was also appointed by the queen mother.

No. 406

(A.R. No. 244 of 1926)

Kilappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the shrine, Vatamulesvara temple

This records an endowment of land after bringing it under cultivation at Vettamgudi a devadana village, for the provision of offerings of rice, vegetable and ghee on the day of Uttarayana-sankranti to god Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva in the temple, and of parched rice, coconut and sugar to Ganapati on the day of Tiruvonam in Panguni month, by Marapiran Nambi the srikaryam (of the king?).

No. 407

(A.R. No. 66 of 1928)

Tiruppugalur, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Agnipurisvara temple

This records an endowment of land after purchasing it tax-free from the assembly of the village, to the temple of Kayilayam-udaiya.Mahadeva at Tripura . . . . mangalam a brahmadeya in Kurumbu[r*]-nadu, by Gopan Sakappu . . . a queen of Uttama-Chola.  It is stated that the copper-plate document relating to this endowment was deposited in the temple of Sripugalur-Udaiyar.

No. 408

(A.R. No. 111 of 1929)

Lalgudi, Lalgudi Taluk, Tiruchirpalli District

On the east wall of the central shrine, Saptarishisvara temple

This records a sale of land 6 ma and odd in extent, free of taxes by the mahasabha  of Nityavintamangalam a brahmadeya in Idaiyarru-nadu to the temple of Isvara Bhatara at Tiruttavatturai, for 30 kalanju of gold which had been endowed to the temple for burning a perpetual lamp, by Sankaran Kunrappolan of Puttur in Malai-nadu (mentioned in Nos. 363 and 387 above) on behalf of Kokilanadigalar the daughter of Seramanar (Chera king).  This evidently refers to the queen of Parantaka I of that name, though she is not specifically referred to as such in the record.  Nityavinitamangalam which finds mention already in a record of Aditya I should have been so named after the surname ‘Nityavinita of a Pallava ruler, possibly Nandivarman III, an inscription of whom is found in the temple.

No. 409

(A.R. No. 503 of 1930)

Valappurnadu, Namakkal Taluk, Salem District

On the door-jamb, right of entrance, of the central shrine, Arappalisvara temple

This records and endowment in gold of 100 kalanju deposited with the Urar of Paruvur, Punnam, Muttur, Verunur and some other villages, by Pirantakan-Made vadigal alias Sembiyan-Madeviyar mother of Uttama-Choladeva and queen of Gandan Madhurantakan with the stipulation that in each month one village was to pay a kalanju and quarter as interest on the amount, to the amount, to the sabha of Tiruvarapalli for the conduct of worship on the day of Sankramana in the temple of Tiruvarappalli-Alvar on the Kollimalai hill in Kolli-nadu.

No. 410

(A.R. No. 444 of 1917)

Kuttalam, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the east wall of the first prakara Kuttalanathasvami temple

This inscription is in the vatteluttu script.  It records a gift of 26 cows for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkurralattu-Perumal by Adittan Muvenda-Palla[varaiyan] of Arrur in Tiruppanangattu-nadu in Solanadu.  This is assignable to Parantaka I.

No. 411

(A.R. No. 557 of 1922)

Tiruttangal, Sattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District

On a pillar lying in the south verandah of the prakara, Ninra-Narayana-Perumal temple

This is also in Vatteluttu script and is assignable to Parantaka I.  It records a gift of 31 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvengadanilai-Perumanadigal at Tiruttangal a devadana village by Devagudi Kalan Alaiyan Korran-Kilavan of Kadanur in Malli-nadu agreed to maintain the gift.

No. 412

(A.R. No. 142 of 1931)

On the same wall

Some stones are lost in the middle.  This seems to consist of two records one in continuation of the other, the second one being dated in the 20th year of the king.  They both register gifts of 90 sheep for burning 2 perpetual lamps in the temple, each with an ulakku of ghee supplied daily.

No. 413

(A.R. No. 335 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudikkottai state, Tiruchirpalli District

On the east wall of the rock-cut shrine, right of entrance Melaikoyil temple

This records an endowment of a village Marudangudi for conducting the tiruchchennadai (service) of god Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadiga at Tirunalakkunram by Madirantakan Irukkuvelar alias Achchan Vikramakesari.  It has been suggested in the M.E.R for 1908, para 90, that this donar might be same as the chief Bhuti Vikramakesari the builder of the Muvarkoyil at Kodumbalur.  This is evidently an inscription of Parantaka I.

No. 414

(A.R. No. 336 of 1904)

On the same wall

This gives details of the endowment (recorded in No. 413 above) of the village Munainariyar Marudangudi, and states that the income was to be utilized for offerings and worship to Paramesvara and for the maintenance of the yogis performing worship the deity.

No. 415

(A.R. No. 340 of 1904)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 7˝ kalanju of gold and a lamp-stand for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal by one Seruvidai Arinjigai.  This is probably a record of Parantaka I.

No. 416

(A.R. No. 344 of 1904)

On the same wall

This also records a gift of 7˝ kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram by Kadangi a resident of Pambaiyur in Kunriyur-nadu.  This may be assigned to Parantaka I.

No. 417

(A.R. No. 439 of 1917)

Kuttalam, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the east wall of the first prakara, Kuttalanathasvami temple

This is a Vatteluttu record evidently of the time of Parantaka I like No. 410 above.  It records a gift of 26 cows for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple by Dharma-setti alias Sadaiyan Kavayan a member of the Manigramam (guild) at . . . . in Tenvara-nadu.

No. 418

(A.R. No. 295 of 1908)

Tirukkalittattai, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vedapurisvara temple

This records a gift of 1/8 sey (veli) of land to provide for offering during the ardhayama service, to god Srikudittittai-Perumal at Avaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam a devadana and brahmadeya on the northern bank of the river, by Donaya-Kramavittan of Kondampatti (a member) of the alunganam of the village.  This writing is early and the record may be one of Parantaka I.

No. 419

(A.R. No. 441 of 1917)

Kuttalam, Tenkasi Taluk, Tirunelveli District

On the east wall of the first prakara of the Kuttalanathasvami temple

This is damaged Vatteluttu inscription assignable to Parantaka I.  It records a gift of 16 ma of land for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tirukkurralam in Tenvari-nadu by Kandan Iravi, made on the day of a solar eclipse.

No. 420

(A.R. No. 341 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai state, Tiruchirapalli District

On the east wall of the rock-cut shrine, left of entrance, Melaikkoyil temple

This records a gift of 7 kalanju of gold (tulaippon) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu by Valavan Peraraiyan a resident of Nirppalani in Urattur-kurram.  This might be assigned to Parantaka I.

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