The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

No. 01  -  21

No. 22  -  42

No. 43  -  63

No. 64  -  84

No. 85 -  105

No. 106 - 126

No. 127 - 147

No. 148 - 168

No. 169 - 189

No. 190 - 210

No. 211 - 231

No. 232 - 252

No. 253 - 273

No. 274 - 294

No. 295 - 315

No. 316 - 336

No. 337 - 357

No. 358 - 378

No. 379 - 399

No. 400 - 420

No. 421 - 446

No. 447 - 471

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 379

(A.R. No. 485 of 1925)

Sembiyanmadevi, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north and west bases of the central shrine, Kailasanathasvami temple

This is a clear inscription of Uttama-Chola who is also called Gandan Madhurantakadevar.  It records an endowment of land made after purchasing the same from several individual owners, by queen Urattayan Solabbaiyar alias Tribhuvana-Mahadeviyar to provide for the conduct of the sacred both of the god on the days of sankranti, for burning a perpetual lamp and for feeding a hundred Brahmanas on the day of Uttarayana-sankranti, in the temple of Kailasamudaiya-Mahadeva built and consecrated by Udaiyapirattiyar Madhurantakan-Madevadigalar alias Sembiyan-Mahadeviyar at Sembiyamahadevi chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Ala-nadu on the southern bank of the river which was also founded by the same queen-mother.  The inscription is incomplete and hence further details of the land are lost.  Mention is made in the middle of the record to some land purchased by Deviyar Aruran Ambalattadigalar (another queen of Uttama-Chola)

No. 380

(A.R. No. 488 of 1925)

On the west and south bases of the same shrine

This is evidently a supplement to the record No. 379 above, and gives an detailed schedule of the several items of requirements of worship, sacred bath, lamps and feeding in the temple, with their individual value in paddy, which was provided by the endowment registered in that record.

No. 381

(A.R. No. 490 of 1925)

On the south base of the same shrine

This records the gift of a gold fore-head plate for god Sri Kailayaudaiya- Mahadeva by Pattan Danatongiyar another queen of Uttama-Chola.

No. 382

(A.R. No. 491 of 1925)

On the same base

This records a gift of flywhisk with a golden handle weighing 30 kalanju by Panchavan-Mahadeviyar still another queen of Uttama-Chola.

No. 383

(A.R. No. 492 of 1925)

On the same wall

This records an endowment of 507 ½ kalanju of gold deposited with the chaturvedi-bhattai-tanapperumakkal of Sembiyanmahadevi-chaturvedimangalam by Kannapparasiyar alias Soma (Svarna) Mahadeviyar (a queen of Uttama-Chola?), to provide with the interest thereon for special offering to the god and its distribution, on the day of the Kettai (Jyeshtha) asterism in Chittirai month, which was the natal star of the queen mother Sembiyan-Mahadeviyar the founder of the temple and of the village.

No. 384

(A.R. No. 245 of 1925)

Kilappaluvur, Udiayarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the mandapa, Vatamulesvara temple

This records a gift of 5 sheep for the supply of ghee for the sacred bath of the god on the day of Uttarayana-Sankranti  every year in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadea at Siru-Paluvur in Kunra-kurram by Kausiyan Maran of Mangalam in Mangala-nadu, who is stated to have supervised the construction(?) of the temple built by Palavettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar.  A magani of land was also endowed by him for growing tumbai plants for the daily supply of a nail of flower to the god.  This is assignable to Uttama-Chola.

No. 385

(A.R. No. 222 of 1931)

Manamadi, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Tirukkarisvara temple

This records a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in temple of Tirukkarapurattalvar at Kalakkattur (Manamadi) by Madirantak Muppadi Iladarajan.

No. 386

(A.R. No. 338 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State,Tiruchirapalli District

On the east wall of the rock-cut shrine, right of entrance, Melaikkoyil temple

This records a gift of 7 kalanju (tulaippon) of gold by a resident of [Vedi]yankndi in Urattur-kurram for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of tirumulattanattu.  Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu.  This might be assigned to Uttama-Chola’s reign.

No. 387

(A.R. No. 350 of 1904)

On the south wall of the same shrine

This records a gift of gold and a lamp-stand for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur nadu, by Sankaran Kunrappolan (mentioned in No. 363 above) a native of Malai-nadu.  This is probably an inscription of Parantaka whose epigraph of the same regnal year (No. 351 of 1904) and in the same writing is engraved below this record.

No. 388

(A.R. No. 438 of 1905)

Tiruttani, Tiruttani Taluk, Chittoor District

On a stone set up at the entrance into the Virattanesvara temple

This is an incomplete inscription.  It registers the sale of a garden land which was their manjikkam (common property?), by the sabha of tiruttaniyal in Kunravaddanak-kottam to oen Velan Nilan of Siruvelur in Ilaiyur-nadu on the southern side of the river, a subdivision of Vesalippadi.  This might be a record of Uttama-Chola.

No. 389

(A.R. No. 183 of 1907)

Uraiyur, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Panchavarnesvara temple

This damaged inscription probably assignable to the reign of Uttama-Chola.  It registers an endowment of 2 ma of land after bringing it under cultivation by Tayan Arinjigai alias Tiruvudaitalai Ottuvattil Pichchi a Vellala lady residing at Uraiyur, for the supply of water (from the river) for the sacred bath of god Tiruvidaittalai-Perumal and for offerings of certain specified preparations on the day of Uttarayana-sankranti every year, in the temple at Uraiyur in Uraiyur-kurram.

No. 390

(A.R. No. 208 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

A big portion of this inscription has peeled off after line 2.  It seems to record a gift of a golden diadem to the god by a queen (nambirattiyar) whose name is lost clear.

No. 391

(A.R. No. 702 of 1909)

Turaiyur, Lalgudi Taluk,l Tiruchirapalli District

On the gopura of the Cholisvara temple, right of entrance

The writing of this inscription may be assigned to the 12th century A.D.  It registers the sales of a quarter veli of land called the Madhurantakan-mayakkal, to the temple of Tiruvalisvaram-udaiya-Mahadeva at Turaiyur in Kilpilaru a subdivision of Pachchil-kurram in Mala-nadu on the northern bank of the river, by the urar of the village for 25 kalanju of gold.  This amount seems to have represented only the lump payment in lieu of the taxes, as the land was lying fallow and was to brought under cultivation by the temple after its purchase, to meet the expenses of the festival Vaigasi-Visakam.

No. 392

(A.R. No. 35 of 1910)

Tirukkarugavur, Sirgali Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Madhuvanesvara temple

This is dated in the 16th year of Parakesarivarman who may probably be identical with Uttama-Chola.  It registers a sale, tax-free, of 3 pieces of land measuring 3 ma and kani in all belonging to the assembly of Tirukkarugavur, to the temple of Mahadeva in the village, for 31 kasu.

No. 393

(A.R. No. 328 of 1910)

Tirumeyjnanam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Jnanaparamesvara temple

The inscription is damaged in places.  It records the sale with exemption of taxes of an areca-garden for 40 kalanju of gold and of a wet land for 13 kalanju, by the mahasabha of Arurchcheri a brahmadeya in Tirunaraiyur-nadu to the temple of Tirumayanattudevar at Nalur.  Mention is made of an areca-garden belonging to a temple of god [Sam]paresvarattudeva, as one of the boundaries of the former.  This is probably a record of the reign of Uttama-Chola.

No. 394

(A.R. No. 391 of 1913)

Erumbur, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Kadambavanesvara temple

This inscription is damaged.  It seems to record a gift of some gold ornaments valued at 8 kalanju and of 20 kalam of paddy by Visanal Turuvangi a lady resident of Kachchippedu, for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp with a daily supply of an ulakku of oil, in the temple of Siru-Tirukkoyil-Perumanadigal at Urumur a devadana and brahmadeya village in Nalvayalur-kurram.  This was left in charge of Kavisiyan Nanurruvan Nagan a servant of the temple

No. 395

(A.R. No. 128 of 1914)

Tiruverumbur, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Pipilikesvara temple

This records an endowment of three plots of land called the Kayilaya-vayakkal Ganavadi-vayakkal and Araisi-vayakkal for the requirements of offerings during the ardhyama service in the temple of tirumalaiyalvar at Tiruverumbiyur in Kaviranadu by the urar (assembly) of the place.  This is probably an inscription of Uttama-Chola.

No. 396

(A.R. No. 369 of 1917)

Tiruvandarkoyil, Pondichery State

On the south wall of the central shrine, Panchanadesvara temple

This is left unfinished, stopping with the mention of  . . . . Bharadvaja of Sattamangalam (residing) at Narayanachcheri (a quarter) of Tribhuvanamahadevi-chaturvedimanglam a brahmadeya on the northern bank.

No. 397

(A.R. No. 51 of 1918)

Vriddhachalam, Vriddhachalam Taluk, South Arcot District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Vriddhagirisvara temple

This records a gift to the temple of Tirumudukunram-Udaiyar by Irungonar Naranan Prithi[vi]patiyar, of 6 ma of tax-free land for the daily supply of 4 nali of rice for the evening offering to the god 8 cows for ghee, 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp, a golden fore-head, and vessels for keeping the offerings and a lampstand.

No. 398

(A.R. No. 160 of 1919)

Kiliyanur, Tindivanam Taluk, South Arcot District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaikunthavasa-Perumal Temple

This inscription is damaged.  It seems to record a sale of some land irrigated by the local tank, by the mahasabha  of Kiliyanur in Oyma-nadu to Sattan Malladigal of Pakkam in Vesalippadi with the condition that he was to contribute a tuni of paddy after every harvest towards (the maintenance of) the tank besides paying the manrupadu (tax) due to the reigning king.  This is assignable to Uttama-Chola.

No. 399

(A.R. No. 7 of 1920)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple

This is an unfinished inscription.  It records the gift of a copper image of Kolgaidevar with bronze pedestal for receiving the sribali offering, and a silver tray for betel offering in the temple of Tirumalavadi-Udiyar by Achchan Durjati (a resident) of Gandaraditta-chaturvedimangalam.  This may be a record of Uttama-Chola.

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