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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 232

(A.R. No. 292 of 1917)

Kuhur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine Amaravnesvara temple

This records a gift of 25 kasu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Adittavisvaram-Udaiya-Bhattarakar at Kurur in Tirunaraiyur-nadu, by one Astra-Siva who deposited the money with the tiruvunnaligai-perumakkal of the temple.  The name of the temple suggests its origin to king Aditya I.  The inscription may be one of Paranta I or Uttama-Chola.

No. 233

(A.R. No. 591 of 1920)

Udayarkudi near Kattumannarkoyil, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple

This is engraved in faulty script and mentions two persons Villaruvi Karai and another (name lost) probably appointed as watchmen to the temple

No. 234

(A.R. No. 368 of 1921)

Tiruvadi, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District

On a pillar in the Ardha-mandapa, Tiruvirattanesvara temple

This is damaged in the middle portion.  It seems to record some endowment (in money) by one Padipperaiyanfor the supply of ghee to the temple of Tiruvirattanam at Adhirajamangalyapuram, and with it also to six other sacred shrines viz. Tiruvaranavasi, Tirunagisvaram,, Tiruvagattisvaram, Tiruvagnisvaram, Tiruvidainalal and Tiruppalanam, for the performance of panchagavga ceremony and for offerning to the deities on the first day of every month, and (also) for special sribali offerings on the days of the Tiruvadirai asterism.  The gift was left in charge of the Nagarattar who held themselves responsible for conducting the worship

No. 235

(A.R. No. 250 of 1923)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai near Pandaravadi, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple

This records an endowment of land after purchasing the plots from several persons, made by the queen-mother of Gandaradittan Madhurantaka Sri Uttama-Chola for the merit of her son, to the temple of Tiruchchelur-Alvar at Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam to provide for the sacred bath of the god with 108 pots of water on all days of sankranti, for offerings and a pair of clothes for the deity and for the remuneration of the nambi (priest) who performed worship in the temple.  The names of the villages and channels occurring in the record such as Naratonga, Srikanttha, Solachulamani etc.  are suggestive of the surnames of the king’s predecessors.

No. 236

(A.R. No. 260 of 1923)

On the south wall of the same shrine

This records a gift of two silver vessels, a plate and a salver for holding the sacred offerings to the god and also of a fly-whisk with labelled golden handle and a gold cup [kolgai] by Tiruvadigal Aiyanadi [see. Nos. 139 and 189 above] who is here called Sembiyan Vesalippad-Muvendavelan.

No. 237

(A.R. No. 219 of 1923)

Kilappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Passupatisvara temple

This registers an endowment of 2 ½ ma of land for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Maravanisavara-grihattu-Mahadevar at Siru-Paluvur with the daily supply of on ulakku of ghee, by Malavar Kongani Senni-Nambiyar a maternal uncle of Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar after purchasing the same from Savandi maran Maran of the village in the name of Chandesvara-Bhatara for 15 kalanju of gold.  This is probably an inscription of Uttama-Chola.

No. 238

(A.R. No. 249 of 1926)

On the east wall of the mandapa right of entrance, Vatamulesvara temple, in the same village

The inscription is built in at the end.  It records an endowment after purchase by Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar of the village Sembudarkudi alias Tiruvalandurainallu, (the income from) which was allotted in certain proportions for the several requirements of worship in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-kahadeva at Sirupaluvur, including a perpetual lamp to the burnt before (the image of) god Maravanisvarattu-Deva.  This may be assigned to the reign of Uttama-Chola.

No. 239

(A.R. No. 152 of 1928)

Tiruppalanam, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Apatsahyesvara temple

The portion containing the king’s name is damaged.  This is probably an inscription of Parakesarivarman.  This is incomplete.  It records and endowment of 30 kalnaju of gold by Kilavan Desappu[ga*]1 the queen of (the Pandya) Parantakan Manabaranar, who left 22 ½ kalanju of the gift with the patipadamaulattarof Arruttali for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruppalanattu-Devar and 7 ½ with . . . . . . .Nakkanangudi (?) for some purpose which is not clear.

No. 240

(A.R. No. 170 of 1904)

Tiruvakkarai, Villupuram Taluk, South Arcot District

At the northern Entrance of the first prakara of the Chandramaulisvara temple

This inscription records the decision of the perunguri-perumakkal (assembly) of Tribhuvanamahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, granting (assembly) of Tribhuvanamahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, granting 4 veli of land with a big well in it, a dry filed and also some other land irrigated by the tank at Tiruvakkarai, for the expenses of worship and offerings to the gods Karrali-Paramasvami and Vishnu=Bhattaraka in the temple of that village; and also the appointment of 4 persons for performing worship therein and four others for music during the sribali service, with provision made for their maintenance with the land gift got at the village Aliyur.  The main village was evidently called after Tribhuvanamahadevi the queen of Parantaka I.  This may be a record of the reign of Uttma-chola.

No. 241

(A.R. No. 321 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State

On the north face of the north pillar of the rock-cut shrine, Melaikkoyil temple

This records a gift of 7 ½ kalanju of gold (tulaippon) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkurram in Kunniyurnadu by Nangai-Na[la]deviyar wife of Sembiyan Irukkuvelar.  The latter is evidently identical with the Kodumbalur chief Pudi (Bhuti) Parantaka son of Bhuti Vikramakesari, who under king Aditya Karikala overcame Vira-Pandya (vide M.E.R for 1908, paras. 88 and 91 S.I.I Vol. III, No. 139).  This may be assigned to the reign of Uttama-Chola.

No. 242

(A.R. No. 407 of 1905)

Kaverippakkam, Arkonam Taluk, North Arcot District

On a stone built into the bund of the tank

This is a fragment of an inscription, probably meant to record a tax-free gift of land to the temple of Tiruvakkisvara (Tiruvagnisvara), left in charge of the tank-supervision committee (of the village assembly).

No. 243

(A.R. No. 366 of 1906)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State.

On the south wall of the second prakara, Sikhanathasvami temple

This is stated to be a copy of an old document like No. 198 above.  It records a deposit of 7 ½ kalanju of gold by the temple with some specified persons who agreed to supply ghee for each month’s requirement of a lamp in the temple of Tirunalakkunrattu-Mahadeva.

No. 244

(A.R. No. 25 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central-shrine, Sivayoganathasvami temple

This records a gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple to be burnt with the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee, by Peruman Appan a merchant of Kumaramattandapuram.  This might be an inscription of Parantaka I.

No. 245

(A.R. No. 26 of 1907)

On the same wall

The writing of this inscription seems to indicate the same period as the above.  This records a similar gift of sheep for a lamp in the same temple by Kulichchani wife of Indamukki-Kovadi-Kramavittar a member of the alviganasa of the village.  The Perunaguri-perumakkal were to protect this gift.

No. 246

(A.R. No. 30 of 1907)

On the same wall

This is built in at the beginning of each line.  This also like the two inscriptions above seem to be assignable to Parantaka I, as the writing resembles that of No. 29 of 1907 which is a clear record of his.  It records a gift of 93 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple

No. 247

(A.R. No. 36 of 1907)

On the same wall

This is also an inscription assignable to Paranataka I because of the writing.  Like the above this also records a gift of 93 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvisalur-Perumanadigal, by Injan Tiruvisaluran of Sankarappadi.

No. 248

(A.R. No. 193 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

This records an endowment of 50 kasu deposited with the assembly of Tirunilakkudi in Tiraimur-nadu as sabhai-tanisa by one Karrai-Pattalakanand invested by them with a merchant of Tiruvidaimarudil by name Tiruviyalur-Sattan of Komar (Komar).  With the interest on this amount an ulakkuof thee was to be supplied every day for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple.  The nad is stated to have been under the control (menayakam) of Sandirasan (Chandraditya) Satturugandan of Varampusal.  The writing of the inscription is comparatively late pointing to the reign of Rejendra-Chola I.

No. 249

(A.R. No. 470 of 1908)

Uyyakkondan-tirumalai, tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli district

On the fourth pillar in the inner enclosure of the Ujjivanathasvami temple

This records a gift of 90 sheep and antoerh of 50 for burning a perpetual lamp nd a day lamp in the temple of Tirukkarkudi-Paramesvara at Nadivarmamangalam by Peranan Viranarayanan alias Sembiyan-maravan a perundanam (officer) under Virasola-Ilangovelar of Kodumbalur.  Karkudi is the ancient name of Uyyakkondan-Tirumalai and finds mention in the Devaram.  This has been assigned to Parantaka I.

No. 250

(A.R. No. 420 of 1909)

Siddhalingamadam, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

On the east wall of the prakara of the Vyaghrapadesvara temple

This is probably a record of Parakesari Vikrama-Chola, It records and endowment in money and land made by the Niladu chief Vadavan Rajendran to the temple of Tiruppulippagavar-Alvar at Sirringur a brahmadeya in Kurukkai-kurram a subdivision of Maladu Sixteen kalanju of gold was deposited with the temple authorities, with the interest on which the requirements forthesacred bath and offerings to the god were to be met on the days of the Uttara and Dakshina-ayanas, the Aippasi-vishu and of the eclipses during the year.  For additional expenses including remuneration to the priest [acharya-dakshinai] and 4 assistants, a nattappadappai and a quarter (kani?) of land were given and in addition, 12 copper-pots and a kandigai (spouted vessel) with 3 kalanju of gold as provision for their periodical repair or replacement.

No. 251

(A.R. No. 612 of 1909)

Tiruchchirai, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a stone built into the tank in front of the saranganatha-perumal

This is mutilated at the right end.  It records a gift of sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple (Tirumuttirukkoyil) at Serrur a devadanam Serrur-kurram by a resident of Kiramangalam in Poyyil-kurram.  The early writing seems to point to the reign of Parantaka I for this record.

No. 252

(A.R. No. 461 of 1912)

Kottur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On detached slabs built into the main gopura of the Kolundisvara temple

This is a fragment of an inscription which seems to record a tax-free gift of land at Palani-Kumaramangalam to the temple [at Kottur] in Nenmali-nadu.

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