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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 190

(A.R. No. 127 of 1925)

Tiruvaduturai, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjvur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Gomuktisvara temple

The ends of the lines are built in.  This records a sale of 2 ma and odd of land tax-free, for 15 kasu received by them by the sabha of Sattanur a brahmadeya in Tiraimur-nadu on the southern bank of the river, from Omasi Orriyuran Kuttan of Tiruvanikka a devadana and brahmadeya in Kiliyur-nadu, who endowed the same for the supply of 108 pots of water (from the Kaveri) for the sacred bath of god Mahadeva at Tiruvavaduturai on the day of Uttarayana-cankranti every year.

No. 191

(A.R. No. 135 of 1926)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayuram Taluk, Tanjvur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Manavalesvara temple

This records a tax-free sale of land situated along the river at Kuriyakkudi-mangalam by the sabha of Videlvidugu-chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Nallarrur-nadu to the revenue authorities of the state (puravvuvari-tinaikkalattar) for 30 kasu (for being assigned to the temple).  Mention is made, while giving the boundaries of the land, of a previous sale of another position of the land to one Virasekhara-Muvendavelar.

No. 192

(A.R. No. 95 of 1931)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine. Pushpavanesvara temple

This records a gift of 15 kalanju of gold deposited with the sabha of Tirutturutti for burning a lamp out throughout the day in the temple by a resident of Nanandur in Arkkattuk-kurram.

No. 193

(A.R. No. 190 of 1931)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjvur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple

This records a gift of 25 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruchchorrutturai by Mallan Arangan (a resident) of the Manjanattar-Velam at Tanjavur.  This was to be maintained by the temple servants (patipadamulattar) and the devakarmi.

No. 194

(A.R. No. 438 of 1904)

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaipundi Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Vedarayesvara temple

This inscription is much damaged.  It seems to record an endowment of tax-free land made to the temple of Tirumaraikkadadevar after purchase (from the assembly) by Naranan Kadan of Puliyarpattu the headman of Palaiyur, to provide for the supply of 7 and odd kalam of paddy for the celebration of a seven-day festival in the month of Masi to god Mohana-Devar [in the shrine] to the south of the mulas hand.  It also records another gift of land made in the 10th year of the king by the same donor for offerings to the god in the main shrine on the day of Makha in that month and for the 7days of festival to Tenrali-Madevar [Mohana-Deva?] with seven kalam of paddy.

No. 195

(A.R. No. 484 of 1904)

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the Ramanathesvara shrine, same temple

This records a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp with an ulakku of ghee a day in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumariakkadu by oen Samanayaka-Perumal Tukki of Vettaivayal.  Mention is made of a liquid measure called Tirumaraikadan after the god.

No. 195-A

(A.R. No. 528 of 1905)

Tiruvellarai, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the rock in front o the Jambunathasvami temple

(See under No. 202)

No. 196

(A.R. No. 534 of 1905)

Tiruvellarai, Tiruchirapalli Talu, Tiruchirapalli District

On the pillar in the rock-cut cave, Pundarikaksha-Perumal temple

This is dated in the 8th year of Parakesarivarman who may be identified with Uttama-chola (?).  It registers a gift of 20 kalanju of gold made by Irayiravan Devi Ammanar the wife of the lord who died on elephant-back; i.e., prince Rajaditya, for providing for special offerings with 4 nali of rice on the days of the two vavu, sankranti and ashtami, to god Sri Krishna and goddess Sri-Rukmini in the big temple at Tiruvellarai, and another gift of gold for a lamp [to be burnt on these days].  This is said to be the earliest reference to the worship of Krishna and Rukmini found so far in the South Indian Inscriptions.

No. 197

(A.R. No. 343 of 1907)

Tirumalpuram, Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District

On the north, west and south walls of the central shrine in the ruined Vishnu temple

This records an endowment of 70 kalanju of god by Tiruvikraman a merchant of Ulakkuni for the purpose of feeding ten Brahmanas daily in the temple of Perumandiagal at Govindapadi.

No. 198

(A.R. No. 358 of 1906)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State, Tiruchirapalli District

On the north wall of the second prakara, Sikhanathasvami temple

This is stated to be a copy of an older document incised at the instance of the headman of Kil-Taniyam in Ollaiyur-kurram.  It records the deposit of 14 kalanju of gold (presented to the temple), with certain specified persons for the supply of ghee for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirunalakkunram-udaiya-Nayanar.

No. 199

(A.R. No. 173 of 1907)

Tiruppalatturai, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Adimulesvara temple

This records that the Sivadharmis (priests) of the temple of Mahadeva-Bhatara at Truparrurai in Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam on the southern bank of the river to burn a lamp in the temple with the interest on 8 kalanju of gold received by them from Aiyan Amudan a Vellala resident of Murukkur a hamlet of the village.  Uttamasili is known to have been a son of Parantaka I.  The inscription may be assigned to Uttma-Chola.

No. 200

(A.R. No. 174 of 1907)

On the same wall

This is dated in the 8th year of Parakesarivarman who has been surmised to be Uttma-chola.   This is an incomplete abstract of certain inscriptions recapitulating the endowments in land for worship, offerings and lamps in the temple, made by several persons in the 18th and 20th years of Parantaka I, which was ordered to be re-engraved out of their worn-out originals cut on the step of the old central shrine of the temple, by the assembly of Uttamaili-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 201

(A.R. No. 566 of 1908)

This is the same inscription as No. 173 of 1907 above.

No. 202

(A.R. No. 89 of 1910)

Tiruvellarai, Tiruchirapalli Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the rock in front of the Jambunathasvami temple

This is the same as No. 528 of 1905 with the built in portion at the end cleared.  It records a gift of 30 kalanju of gold for perpetual lamp in the temple of year.  Tiruvanaikkal-Perumanadigal at Tiruvellarai by Araiyna Tali of the same village

No. 203

(A.R. No. 116 of 1910)

Koyil-tirumalam, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a stone lying in the courtyard of the Magalesvara temple

This inscription is mutilated and incomplete.  It seems to record a gift of land after purchase for 3 kalanju of gold from the temple itself of Tirumagalattu-Mahadeva at Ambar in Ambar-nadu for burning a perpetual lamp before the god, by a person named Vanarayan Arangan Madevan.

No. 204

(A.R. No. 229 of 1911)

Kumbhakonam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur district

On the north wall of the central shrine, Nagesvarasvami temple

This inscription has been assigned to Uttma-Chola on account of the details of date in the 8th year of the king which corresond to A.D. 979, January 30, Thursday.  It records a gift of sheep by a member of the Gangadaditta-terinja-Kaikkola regiment for the maintenance of perpetual lamp in the temple of Paramasvamin at Tirukkilkottam at Tirukkudamukkil in Pambur-nadu.

No. 205

(A.R. No. 234 of 1911)

On the same wall

This is worn out in places.  This records a gift of 96 sheep by order of a queen of Uttama-chola (name not given) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Paramasvami of tirukkilkottam at Tirukkuddamukkil in Pambu-nadu.

No. 206

(A.R. No. 468 of 1918)

Tiruvenkadu, Sirgali Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the east inner Gopura, right of entrance, Svetaranyesvara temple

This is damaged.  It registers a gift of land at Kuttangudi, probably after purchasing it for 25 kalanju of gold, for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp in the Tiruvnkadudevar, by [Mina]van-Mahadeviyar a queen of Uttama-chola.

No. 207

(A.R. No. 244 of 1923)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple

This records the gift of a coco-nut garden, 3 ma in extent, to provide for one kasu per month for sidari fumigation during the 4 services in the day, and four kasu per year for the daily supply of sandal-paste, in the temple of Tiruchchelur Mahadeva at Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam, by Pudi (Bhuti) Pallavapperaiyan alias Virasikhamani-Pallavaraiyan.

No. 208

(A.R. No. 272 of 1923)

On the south wall of the same shrine

This records an endowment of half a veli and 4 ma of land for maintaining 5 musicians who were to play on instruments during the sribali service every day in the temple,  by Karpaga-Aditan Asan Amudanakkan. The madhyastha of the village.  The maha-sabha made this land tax-free.

No. 209

(A.R. No. 200 of 1926)

Sendalai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Sundar3esvara temple

This records and endowment of 15 kalanju of gold by one Omaindan Narayanan Anadtan of Kandiyur for buring with the interest on that amount a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirupperundurai-Mahadeva at Chandralekhai-chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Arkkattu-kurram.

No. 210

(A.R. No. 204 of 1926)

On the west wall of the same shrine

This inscription fixes the details of daily expenditure in paddy towards the ponagam offerings to the god, a dipamala of 161 amps to be burnt both morning and evening, a rice offering to god Brahma and a twilight lamp, in the temple of Tirupperundurai-mahadeva to be met out of the 30 kalam of paddy derived annualy from the devadana village of Punragai in Poygai-nadu.

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