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Saturday, November 19, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 169

(A.R. No. 352 of 1925)

Palankoyil, Polur Taluk, North Arcot District

On the north wall of he central shrine, Phalagrahisvara temple

This is written in very faulty language and is also incomplete.  A portion of the record is in slightly different writing and hence possibly it may both be genuine.  It states that while the king (Udaiyar) Uttama-Solar was staying in his palace at Kanchipuram, Kampanan Iraman alias Uttaamasola-Piridigangaraiyar the chief of Pangala-nadu in palgunra-kottam made a representation to the former and got the village Odiyampallam in Pudanadippadi in his jurisdictional nadu endowed as a sarvamanya-iraiyili to the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruppalangolur with the details of the requirements refined for the several services in the temple to be derived out of the lands.  It also mentions the necessary irrigational facilities to be made available for these lands.  Reference is made to two officers of the king Ulahan Gandaradittan alias Minavan-Muvendavelan and Paluvur-Nakkan alias Vikkiramsola-Marayan.

No. 170

(A.R. No. 121 of 1926)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Manavalesvara temple

This registers a sale of land tax-free by the assembly of Videlvidugu-chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya in Nallarrur-nadu on the northern bank to a merchant by name Sankayan Manran alias Nanadesiya Eduttapada-Muttasetti of the village Videlvidugudevi-Chaturvedimangalam a brahmadeya  on the south side of the river in Kurukkai-nadu, who endowed it for a perpetual lamp before god Kuttaperumal.  (Nataraja) at Tiruvelvikkudi.  The gift was placed in charge of (the mercantile community) Disaiyayira tainnurruvar.  The writing appears to be comparatively late.

No. 171

(A.R. No. 250 of 1926)

Kilappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the east wall of the mandapa, left of entrance, Vatamulesvra temple

This records the allotment (by the temple authorities) out of the devadana land at Tiruvalandurainally, of 1 ½  kalanju of gold, 3 ka’am of paddy and a pair of cloths, as remuneration to a sakkai of a Adalaiyur for enacting 3 parts of a sakkai-kuttu (dance-dramas?) in the temple on the day of a festival occurring in Asvini asterism in Aippigai month.  This sakkai-kuttu is mentioned in other inscriptions also (vide M.E.R. for 1915, Part II)

No. 172

(A.R. No. 148 of 1928)

Tiruppalanam, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Apatsahayesvara temple

This records a gift of 6 ma of land purchased from and left in charge of the sobha of Aniyamangalam for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruppalanam by one Tippanju-Alagiyan Maravan in conjunction with [pa]u[vetta]raiyar Kumaran Maravan.

No. 173

(A.R. No. 153 of 1928)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 25 kalanju of gold, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tiruppalanam a devadana in Mirai-kurram, by Namban Kandan a servant of Marudam-Batttan alias Solavelar the headman of Karugavur in Avur-kurram.  The gift was left in charge of three persons against the security of their land in the village.

No. 174

(A.R. No. 154 of 1928)

On the same wall

This records a similar gift of 20 kalanju for a perpetual lamp and a silver basin for offering water to the god during worship, by Nakkan Ganavadiyakkan son of Devanar of Tiruchchorrutturai of Kilar-kurram.

No. 175

(A.R. No. 179 of 1931)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple

This records a gift of 25 kalanjum of gold and a lamp-stand placed with the patipadamulattar of the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruchchorrutturai a devadana in Kilar-Kurram for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple, by Namban-Kandan servant of Marudan-Battan alias Solavelan the headman of Karugavur in Avur-kurram.

No. 176

(A.R. No. 189 of 1931)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the same temple, left with two shepherds of the village, by a certain Maran Malaipe ……the headman of Puliyur in Arumpuliyur of Aruvala-nadu.

No. 177

(A.R. No. 57 of 1935)

Kaverippakkam, Arkonam Taluk, North Arcot District

On a slab built into the floor near the entrance into the central shrine, Sundaravarada-Perumal temple

This is an incomplete inscription.  It records an agreement given by the Ganapperumakkal of Ilamandagam to regulate the flow of water from the tank(?) for the money and house they had received from Ayyalan-Kramavittan of Aralur.  Two more fragment are found engraved on the same slab, one dated in the 3rd year and the other in the 6th of Parakesarivarmna, the latter of which mentions a gift of 3 kalanju of gold to the Ilamndagam by one Karamabichche . . .. . . .mara Kramavittan.

No. 178

(A.R. No. 325 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south face of the south pillar of the rock-cut shrine Melaikkoyil temple

This records a gift of 7 kalanju [tulaippon] of gold by a lady named Nakkam lpulliyal on behalf of her [deceased?] son Kannan Kadan, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal.

No. 179

(A.R. No. 688 of 1904)

Tirupparkadal, Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine. Kharapurisvara temple

This records a decision of the Maha-sabha of Kavidippakkam alias Avaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam comprising the following committees viz. kudumbu-variya-perumakkal (ward supervision), eri-variyam (tank supervision), totta-variyam (garden supervision), kalani-variyam (field supervision), the Two-hundred big men, the Bhattas and the Visishthas.  A gift of 30 kalanju of gold received by them from a native of Araisur in Pamb uni-kurram a subdivision of Sonadu for repairing the breaches in the big tank of the village, was to be utilized as an endowment for the maintenance of a daily offering to the god, with 2 nali of rice with the interest accruing on the amount.  This duty was entrusted to the eri-variyam that would be elected for each year. The mode of election to the sabha and the committees in given in detail in the Uttaramallur inscription of Parantaka I (M.E. R. for 1899)

No. 180

(A.R. No. 691 of 1904)

On the west wall of the same shrine

The inscription has been almost completely erased.  It seems to record some provision made for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkarapurattu Perumanadigal by Madambudi-Kramavitta a member of alunganam of the village assembly.  The eri-variyam of the year had this responsibility of maintenance.

No. 181

(A.R. No. 234 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

This together with No. 233 of 1907 seems to form a single inscription with some portions lost, and hence with gaps in the continuity of lines.  This seems to record an endowment of one veli of land at [Vila]ngudi in Vennadu by a donor (name lost) during the management of Madhurantaka-Muvendavalar, for the maintenance of a musician name Kasyapan Kanda . . . . . . .Elupanaidevan who was to sing the desi songs before God tiruvidaimarududaiyar while seated in olakkam in the half of the temple.  Another two veli by the same donor at Vaigal, is said to have been presented after purchase tax-free from the assembly of that place, to gods Mahadeva and Talaikkoli-Vinnagar-vishnukkak at Tiruvidaimarudil in the 30th year of Madurai-konda Parakesarivarman, evidently Uttama-chola.

No. 182

(A.R. No. 422 of 1909)

Siddhalingamadam, tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District

On the east wall of the prakara, Vyaghrapadesvara temple

This records a gift of ten kasu which had doubled itself (by accumulation of interest, made by one Nambiran-adigal Achchapidari of Varagur.  This was to be used by the temple servants for the maintenance of two perpetual lamps in the temple of Aludaiyar Tiruppulippagavar-Devar at Sirringur in Kurukkai-kurram a subdivision of Miladu.  This is probably a record of Vikrama-Chola whose clear inscription of the 7th year is engraved in continuation of this.

No. 183

(A.R. No. 126 of 1911)

Tiruvaramesvaram, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Ramanathesvara temple

The inscription is built in at the end of the lines.  This seems to register an exemption from taxes granted by the assembly of Madanamanjari-chaturvedimangalam in Nenmali-nadu, on a quarter [veli] of land endowed to the temple after purchase for the daily remuneration of a pdakku of paddy and an annual payment of 3 kasu  in addition, to a Brahmana performing the abhishekha (and worship) to the god, by Godukulavan Virasolan a native of Paruttikkudi in the same nadu.  A plot of land was also assigned at Tiruvadiraichcheri for stocking manure for the land endowed.

No. 184

(A.R. No. 237 of 1911)

Kumbhakonam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Nagesvara, temple

This is damaged in the middle portion.  It seems to record an endowment in money, probably 80kalanju of gold (?) by Brahma-Setti a member of the supervisory committee of the temple of Tirukkilkottattu-Paramasvami at Tirukkudamukkil a devadana in Pambur-nadu for feeding two persons daily in the temple after the midday service to the god with special offerings (uttamaaram)

No. 185

(A.R. No. 165 of 1912)

Tiruvorriyur, Saidapet Taluk., Chingleput District

On alias slab built into the verandah round the central shrine, Adhipurisvara temple

This is probably an inscription of Pranataka I.  It seems to be identical with No. 402 of 1896.  It registers an endowment of 30 kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of tiruvorriyur-Mahadeva by a certain Karanai Vilupparaiyan Arivalan Puttan, who left the amount in charge of the sabha of Manalai the adjoining village.

No. 186

(A.R. No. 175 of 1912)

On another slab built into the floor of the same verandah

The inscription is much damaged.  It seems to record an endowment of land after purchase, for the requirements of worship in the temple of tiruvorriyur-Mahdeva by Namban diran a native of Mangalam on the northern bank of the Vennaru river in Sola-[nadu].  This might be a record of Parantaka I.

No. 187

(A.R. No. 16 of 1920)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarapalayam Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple

This records a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp with an ulakku of ghee daily, in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumalavadi a devadana in Poygai-nadu by Nakkan Arinjigai alias . . . . . . .ka-Pallavaraiyan of Tanjavur in Tanjavur-kurram.  Below this are two more lines of writing indistinctly engraved, one of which is dated in the 20th year of Parakesarivarman, and seems to record a gift of gold to the temple by one Daman Munaipperaiyan of Miraiyil in Miraikkurram.

No. 188

(A.R. No. 551 of 1921)

Pullamangai (near Pasupatikoyil), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Brahmapurisvara temple

This records a gift of 1 ½ ma of land for maintaining a lamp in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva by Aridan Maran Narayanan after purchasing the same from the mahasabha of Pullamangalam.

No. 189

(A.R. No. 257 of 1923)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai) Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple

This records the gift of land as endowment for the daily offerings during the evening service in the temple of tiruchchelur-Mahadeva, and for providing for the daily supply of 4 pots of water from the river Kuralai (Kudamurutti) for the sacred bath of the God, by Tiruvadigal Aiyanadi of Siruvelur in Ilaiyur-nadu on the southern bank of the river.  This land is said to have been got in exchange for a flower-garden adjacent to another which had been previously presented by the donor.

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