The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

No. 01  -  21

No. 22  -  42

No. 43  -  63

No. 64  -  84

No. 85 -  105

No. 106 - 126

No. 127 - 147

No. 148 - 168

No. 169 - 189

No. 190 - 210

No. 211 - 231

No. 232 - 252

No. 253 - 273

No. 274 - 294

No. 295 - 315

No. 316 - 336

No. 337 - 357

No. 358 - 378

No. 379 - 399

No. 400 - 420

No. 421 - 446

No. 447 - 471

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

VOLUME XIX - INSCRIPTIONS OF PARAKESARIVARMAN

No. 148

(A.R. No. 127 of 1931)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjavur Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple

This is partly damaged.  It records a gift of 90 sheep left in charge of a local shepherded by . . . . . . . Kalangasudar daughter of Devanar of Ayirattali for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahdeva at Tiruchchorrutturri.  It is possible that this Devanar is the same as the chief of that name mentioned in Me appaluvur inscription of Rajakesarivarman as the father of the donor Nakkar Akkaranangaiyar.

No. 149

(A.R. No. 133 of 1931)

On the same wall

This is damaged.  It seems to record a gift of 25 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple by Kilavan De[sappugal] queen of the Pandya Parantakan [Manabharanan] who might be identified with Parantaka Viranarayana the younger brother and successor of Varagunavarman.  This is evidently assignable to Parantaka I.

No. 150

(A.R. No. 139 of 1932)

Tiruchchirai, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a slab set up at the entrance into the central shrine, SaranganathaPerumal temple

The ends of lines of this inscription are lost.  It seems to record a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp with an ulakku of ghee every day in the temple of Tirumattirukkoyil-Perumal at Serrur by Paluran Porra[marai] a maid –servant of he royal harem of queen Kilanadigal at Tanjavur.

No. 151

(A.R. No. 315 of 1904)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south face of the north pillar of the rock-cut shrine, Melaikkyil temple

This records an endowment in gold of 5 kalanju realised by the sale of some cows gifted by donors for burning a lamp during the daily services in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram, as it was found difficult to maintain the cows by the temple.

No. 152

(A.R. No. 317 of 1904)

On the same face

This records an endowment of 7 kalanju of gold (tulaippon) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at TirumalaKunram by tali Aruran of Kodumbalur in Urattur-kurram.

No. 153

(A.R. No. 326 of 1904)

On the south face of the south pillar of the same shrine

A gift of 7 ½ tulaippon (kalanju) of gold for burning a wreath (of lamps jotimalai) in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu by a certain Nakkiran Manikkam.

No. 154

(A.R. No. 333 of 1904)

On the east wall of the same shrine, right of entrance

A gift of 7 kalanju (tulaippon) of gold by one Sendan of Siraganallur for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirumalakkunram.

No. 155

(A.R. No. 337 of 1904)

On the same wall

This records a gift of 7 kalanju (tulaippon) of gold and a lamp-stand for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mulattanattu-Perumanadigal at Tirunalakkunram, by Varaguna-Natti the daughter of Muttraiyar and wife of Sembiyan Irukkevel.  The donor is evidently different from the lady mentioned in No. 241 below of the 10th year of the king.  This might be an inscription of Uttaama-Chola.

No. 156

(A.R. No. 472 of 1904)

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaipundi Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the Tyagaraja shrine, Vedarayesvara temple

This is damaged inscription recording a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumaraikkadu by Tiru-Orriyur-Nakka[n], (a servant) of the temple at Tiruvarur.

No. 157

(A.R. No. 474 of 1904)

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the central shrine, same temple

This is similar gift of 90 sheep for a lamp in the same temple by Baradayan Palli son of Adnaur-kilan of Adanur to be maintained with an ulakku of ghee every day by the liquid measure called Tirumaraikkadan after the god.

No. 158

(A.R. No. 574 of 1904)

Tiruvarur, Nagapattanam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the mandapa in front of the Achalesvara shrine, Tyagarajasvami temple

This records an endowment of 30 kalanju of gold left with the Nagarattar of Tiruvarur by Devan Arubattunalvan for burning a perpetual lamp before god Tiruvaraneri-Mahdeva-Bhattaraka with the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee by the measure Tirunilakantan.  The person on whose behalf the gift was made seems to have been known as Kalavan Porundampondai-tirumulattanat-Tondar, probably implying that he was a spiritual teacher of the donor.  The writing seems to be late and the inscription may be assigned to Rajedradeva or Vikrama-Chola.

No. 159

(A.R. No. 610 of 1904)

Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the Mariyamman temple

This is fragment of an inscription (evidently of a different temple) which seems to register a sale as devadena, of a piece of land belonging to them in common by the village assembly, to the temple of Tiruvaikundattu-Perumanadigal for the gold received by them from a certain Perumal Satti(of Velur-kurram.)

No. 160

(A.R. No. 685 of 1904)

Tirupparkadal, Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Kharapurisvara temple

The inscription is built in the middle.   It records an endowment in gold made by a certain Araisan Devaradiyan alias Vaduganagan of Peruvengur in Paduvur-kottam for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkaramapurattu-Perumanadigal at Kavadippakkam.  The gift was entrusted to the care of the Annual Tank Supervision Committee.  Eruvengur might be the same as the present Vangur in the Walajapet taluk.

No. 161

(A.R. No. 9 of 1907)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvami temple

This records an endowment of 113 kalanju of gold to the temple of Tiruvisalur Perumanadigal, left in charge of the sabha of Nalur, By Sembiyan Karaikkadudaiyan alias Anniyuradigal for feeding a person daily in the temple with the monthly interest of a kunri on each kalanju of the amount.

No. 162

(A.R. No. 219 of 1907)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the north, west and south walls of the central shrine, Mahalingasvami temple

The inscription is of the time of Uttama-Chola.  It is much damaged.  It seems to register the purchase, tax-free, of two veli of land from the assembly of Peravur by public sale, by the officer of the king Koyil-Mayilai alias Madhuranta Muvendavelan of Sirringan for presentation to the temple of Sri Mulasthanattu-Perumanadiga at Tiruvidaimarudil.  This transaction is stated to have been effected with the concurrence(?) of the sabha of Tiraimur as the devakarmis (trustees) of the temple, the Nagarattar of tiruvidaimarudil, Ingannattu-Pallavaraiyar the srikaryam of the temple on behalf of the adhikari (officer) and the accountant in the temple, Tirunavaukkarayan Sivan on behalf of Nambirattiyar (queen) Chola-Madeviyar, all being assemble together in the temple.  The officer Madhurantaka-Muvendavelar figures in another inscription of Uttama-Chola published in S.I.I. Vol. III.

No. 163

(A.R. No. 436 of 1908)

Tiruvilimilalai, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On a pillar in the Sundarakuchambal shrine, Vilinathasvami temple

Being built into the stone pavement, a few lines at the bottom of each side of the pillar are inaccessible.  The inscription records an endowment in gold made by a certain chief or officer by name Amarabhujangan Muppuli alias Gandarulganda-pallavaraiyan for the daily feeding at mid-day of 4 Brahmanas in the temple of Tiruttantonri-Mahadeva at Tirumalalai in Vennadu.  With this 120 ½  kalanu, land was purchased for its yield in paddy to maintain this charity, the supervision of which passed after the demise of the donor to Amara-bhujangan Vanapperaiyan alias Vanavan Pallavaraiyan, probably his son.  The inscription is in early script and hence the record has been assigned to the reign of Vijayalaya (M.E.R. for 1909, Part II)

No. 164

(A.R. No. 268 of 1910)

Tiruvadandai, Chaingleput Taluk, Chingleput District

On the north base of the central shrine, Varaha-Perumal temple

This records a gift of 30 kalanju of gold deposited with the urar of the village for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of manavala-Perumal at Tiruvidavandai in Paduvur-nadu a subdivision of Amur-kottam, by Nakkan.  Enadi the headman of Innambar on the northern bank situated in Sonadu.  The inscription has been assigend to Uttama-Chola. (M.E.R. 1911, Part II)

No. 165

(A.R. No. 319 of 1910)

Tirumeyjnanam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Jnanaparamesvara temple

This registers a sale of land belonging to the mahasabha including the Nambimar of Nalur a brahmadeya village of Serrur-kurram, to the temple of Tirukkarkudisvarattu-Peruman (evidently the same as jnanaparamesvara), in the village, for meeting the requirements of rice offerings to the god during the three services in the temple, with 4 nali of rice for each service during which a light was also to be burnt.  Among the boundaries of the land is mentioned a land belonging to the Mahamatras of the village.

No. 166

(A.R. No. 208 of 1917)

Somur, Karur Taluk, Tiruchirapalli District

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Somesvara-Udaiyar temple

This records a gift of 2 ½ kalanju of gold for burning a light during the three services in the temple of Tirunombalur-Mahadeva by Pirantakan Purushottaman a member of the Danatonga-terinja-Kaikkola (regiment or group).  The early writing of the record and the surname Danatunga of Paranataka I suggests its assignment to his reign.

No. 167

(A.R. No. 17 of 1920)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple

This records the gift of 90 sheep and a ram for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumalavadi, by Tirukkunramudaiyan Kaan Tayan a teacvher of Idaiyaru.  Preceding this inscription is a piece of 4 lines with its beginning damaged, which records a gift of 4 ma of land for the ardhyama service in the temple by Parantakan madevadigal the mother of Uttama-Chola.

No. 168

(A.R. No. 559 of 1921)

Pullamangai near Pasupatikoyil, Papanasam Taluk, Tanjavur District

On the south wall of the central shrine, Brahmapurisvara temple

This records an endowment of land after purchase at Nallurcheri, for offerings during the morning service in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Pullamangalam in Kilar-kurram by one Sembiyan Mahavali-Vanaraya, who is evidently different from the Western Ganga chief Prithvipati II on who Parantaka I conferred the tile Sembiyan-mavali-Vanaraya’ some time between the 9th and 15th years of his reign.  This may probably be assigned to Uttama-Chola.

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