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Friday, January 27, 2006


The Indian Analyst


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

BOMBAY KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME III

FEUDATORY DYNASTIES

The Guttas of Guttavolal | The Kadambas of Hangal | The Pandya chiefs of Nurumbada | The Khacharas of Basavur | Geographical Divisions

The Guttas

Another distinguished feudatory fairly large number of inscriptions in this volume is that the Guttas of Guttavolal (modern Guttal in Haveri Taluk).

The first member of the family of whom we have an inscription is Mallideva whose approximate date is A.D. 1115, as suggested by Fleet.  The name of his younger brother Joma who was unknown hitherto is revealed by a record (No. 124) at Honnatti.  It is dated in the Chalukya-Vikrama year 48 (A.D. 1124) when he was in charge of the administration of Ponnavartti Twelve, Beluhuge Seventy and Bennevur Twelve, Beluhuge Seventy with Guttavolal as his headquarters.  Since this Joma is the first of that name is this family he has to be designated as Joma I and Joma the grandson of his elder brother Mallideva who used to be re designated as Joma II.

The next person of this family is Vikramaditya, son of Malli.  Though he was known from the genealogical accounts found in the inscriptions of this dynasty, no record of his time had been found till now.  In the present collection we have an inscription (No. 293) which gives him the date Saka 1084 (A.D. 1162).  He is described therein as being in administrative control of the same divisions as Joma I.  Another inscription (No. 296) gives the name of his wife as Siriyadevi, which was not known before.  A chief named Joyideva of this family figures in a record (No. 302) of A.D. 1187.  If the date is recorded correctly, he may have to be considered as Joyideva II for whom the latest date known so far is 1181.  In that case Vikramaditya II whose earliest known date is 1182 will have to be considered as being associated with Joyideva II in administration for some time.

Vijayamahadevi, the sister of Vikramaditya II is another new person found in one of the records (No. 300) published in this volume.  She was married to Simgideva of Santali-mandala  to whose son Ballala, this Vikramaditya’s daughter was married.

Only two sons of Vikramaditya II viz., Joyideva and Vikramaditya were known till now.  But the name of another son i.e.,  Gutta, who seems to be the eldest, is found in a record from Chaudadanpur (No. 244).  This Gutta would then be Gutta III and his nephew Gutta (the son of Vikramaditya III) will be Gutta IV.  This same inscription discloses the name of another son of Vikramaditya III besides Gutta, Hiriyadeva and Joyideva, who were already known.  The name of this newly discovered person is Vikrama whose younger brother is stated to be Gutta(IV).  An inscription of A.D. 1283 from Hirebidari in Ranebennur Taluk of Dharwar District discloses the name of yet another member of this family, v.z., Vikramaditya, son of Joma.  He may be regarded as the son of Joyideva IV and called Vikramadity V.  His wife’s name is given in the same inscription as Padmaladevi.

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No. 293

(B.K. No. 51 of 1932-33)

Guttal, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Broken slab lying on the platform of a neem tree in front of the temple of Chenna Kesava (also called Surya-Narayana)

Vikramaditya I – A.D. 1162

This mutilated inscription refers to Mahamandalesvara Vikramadityarasa as governing a Ponnavatti Twelve, Beluhuge Seventy and Benneyuru Twelve, and is dated in Saka 10[04] . . . . Pushya su. 15, Monday, Uttarayana-Samkranti.  In Saka 1084, expired, corresponding to the cyclic year Chitrabhanu, the given details work out to Sunday, December 23, A.D. 1162; the Uttarayana-samkramana occurred on the following Tuesday, i.e., 25th December.  It records the gift of land made to the temple of [Parsvadeva] built by Vaddavyarahari Ketisetti.  The gift is stated to have been made for the feeding of ascetics and for the repairs of the temple.  Maladharidva of Pustaka-gachchha and Somesvara-Pandita are mentioned.

No. 294

(B.K. No. 54 of 1933-34)

Kengonda, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Slab set up near the temple of Kallesvara

Joyideva II – A.D. 1177

This inscription which refers to Mahamandalesvara Joyidevarasa as ruling over Beluhuge Seventy and Banavasi Twelve-thousand is dated in the Chalukya-Vikrama year 102. Vilambi, Pushya, su. 3, Sunday, Uttarayana-Samkranti.  The date is irregular.  In Vilambi neither su. 3 nor the Uttarayana-samkramana fell on Sunday.  In the previous year, however, (i.e., in Hemalambi) both these did occur on Sunday.  In the the latter is the intended date, its equivalent would be A.D. 1177, December 25, Sunday.  The year 102 is latest known year of the Chalukya-Vikrama era.

It records the gift of land made by Dasa-gavunda of Honungali or Honugali and his son Hariyamma for the worship and offerings of the god Mulasthana-Mallikarjuna and for effecting repairs to the temple.  The gift was entrusted to Kariya Dharmarasi Pandita, the acharya of the temple.  It also records gifts of tolls, etc., made by Sunkada Gavunda-Savi and others.

No. 295

(B.K. No. 54 of 1933-34)

Haralahalli, Haveri Talu, Dharwar District

Slab set up against the front wall of the house of Honnappa Byadagi

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1188

This inscription referring to Mahamandalesvara Vikramaditya as ruling Banavasenadu from his capital Guttavolal is dated in Saka 1110, Plavanga, Phalguna su. 13, Thursday corresponding to A.D 1188 February 11, Thursday, f.d.t. .61.  It states that Dandanayaka Dasiraja, the mahapradhana of Vira-vikramaditya constructed the temple of Dasesvara in the vicinity of the temple of Somesvara at Gottagadi.  It also registers the gift of the village Kodaliya Hasoavur in Perbalu Seventy made by Mahamandalesvara Macharasa.  It further registers a gift by Dasiraja, of the village Komnaji in Nolambavadi, which was formerly given to him by Jagadeva-Pandya at the time of his installation (Pattabandhotsava).  The grant of the village Kumchigere (?) by Somaladevi and others at the time of the Pattttabandhotsva of Vijaya-Pandyadeva, son of Odeyarasadeva ia also recorded.  The recipient of the gifts was Kalyanasaktideva of the Kalamukha sect.

No. 296

(B.K. No. 55 of 1932-33)

Haralahalli, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Slab set up against the front wall of the house of Honnappa Byadagai

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1188

This composite record contains two grants made on different dates.  The first one, made by Joyideva (II) jointly with his minister Susanga refers itself to the reign of the Kalachurya king Ahavamalla and is dated in Saka 1104, Plava, Uttarayana – samkranti.  The Saka year cited is the current year.  In the cyclic year Plava, Uttarayana-samkranti fell on Pushya ba. 2, Friday, corresponding to A.D.  1181, constructed by Joyideva (II) at Gottagadi on the bank of the Tungabhadra.  It is stated that this grant was caused to be engraved on a copper plate at the instance of Mallugi-Dandanayaka,  who was the Desadhikari.  This record apparently is a copy of the copper plate referred to above.

The second grant made by Dasiraja, the minister of Vikramaditya II, is dated in Saka 1110, Plavanga, Phalguna su. 13, Thursday, corresponding to A.D. 1188, February 11, Thursday f.d.t 61.  The Saka year cited is the current year.  It is stated that Dasiraja got a piece of land from Vikramatiya (II) and granted it for the feeding of the ascetics, etc.  Record is also made of the grant made by Vikramaditya himself for the merit of his mother Padmaladevi.  The recipient of the gifts was Rajaguru Kalyanasakti of the kalamukha sect and Kittagave-santati. 

The genealogy of Kalyanasakti as well as of Vikramaditya is given.  Vira-Pandyadeva and Kumara Vira-Pandyadeva are mentioned.

No. 297

(B.K. No. 53 of 1932-33)

Guttal, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Slab in Survey No. 664

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1189

This inscription referring itself to the rule of Mahamandalesvara Vira-Vikramaditya over Banavase-nadu, is dated in Saka 1112, Saumya, Ashadha su. 2, Vaddavara, year.  After giving the genealogy of the Gutta chiefs up to Vikramaditya (II), is states that he built a temple called Padmesvara for the merit of Padmaladevi who was his nurse (dhatri).  It also records a gift of land made for the same temple, at the time of the installation of the deity by Vikramaditya.  The recipient of the gift was Rajaguru Kalyanasakti, whose genealogy is also given.  Guttavolal is mentioned as the capital of Vikramaditya.  The inscription is much damaged.

No. 298

(B.K. No. 52 of 1932-33)

Guttal, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Hero-stone lying in front of the temple of Chennakesva

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1191-92

This badly damaged inscription refers itself to the rule of a Saka[1]114, Virodhikrit, Monday.  Other details are lost.  The Saka year cited corresponds to A.D. 1191-92.  On the strength of the date the record may be ascribed to Vikramaditya II.  It seems to record the death of Banaya-Nayaka  in a fight.  Guttavolal is mentioned.

No. 299

Chaudadanpur, Ranebennur Taluk, Dharwar District

Slab set up in the Muktesvara temple

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1192

This inscription is a composite record of two grants of land and refers to the rule of Ahavaditya Vikamaditya over Banavase-nadu.  Of the two grants one made by Khandeyakara Kameya, the subordinate of Vikramaditya, is dated in Saka 1113, Virodhikrit, Margasira Amavasya, solar eclipse, corresponding to A.D. 1191 December 18.  The week-day was Wednesday.  The gift, meant for the worship and offerings of god Muktesvara and for the repairs to the temple, was entrusted to Muktajiya.

The second grant, made by Vikramaditya himself, in the prsence of the mahajanas of Gope was made a month later, i.e.,  Virodhikrit, Pushya Amavasya, Thursday [Samkramana], corresponding to A.D. 1192 January 16, Thursday.  The samkramana, however, did not occur on that day.

The record gives the genealogy of Vikramaditya and states that Vikramaditya of Ujayini, whose descendants the Guttas claim to be, had acquired ashtamgasiddhi.  The genealogy of Kameya is also given.

No. 300

(B.K. No. 56 of 1932-33)

Haralahalli, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Slab set up against the front wall of the house of Honnappa Byadagai

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1213

This inscription referring itself to the rule of Ashavaditya Vira-Vikramaditya over Banavasi Twelve-thousand is dated in Saka 1136, Srimukha, Chaitra Amavasya, Monday, solar eclipse, Samkranti, corresponding to A.D. 1213 April 22, Monday.  There was a solar eclipse on that day but not Samkranti.  The Saka year cited is the current year.  The record which gives the detailed genealogy of the Gutta family, says that Vikramaditya II had a sister called Vijayamahadevi who was married to Singinripala of Santali-mandala and whose son Ballala married Tuluvaladevi, the daughter of Vikramaditya II.  It states that Vikramaditya constructed the temple of Tuluvalesvara in the vicinity of the temple of Svayambhu-Somanathadeva at Gottagadi on the western bank of the Tungabhadra, in memory of his daughter Tuluvaladevi who died after giving birth to a son called Bamma.  Further it records the grant of the village Guddahalapalli for the worship and offerings to that deity.  The recipient of the gift was the Rajaguru Trilochana-Pandita, the Sthanacharya of the god Somanatha.

No. 301

(B.K. No. 135 of 1932-33)

Kanavalli, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Slab built into a wall inside the temple of Durga

Vikramaditya II – A.D. 1233

This inscription refers to mahamandalesvara Vira-Viramaditya as ruling over Banavase-nadu and is dated in the year 1155 of Chalukya-chakravarti Soyideva, Vijaya, Chaitra su. Ashtami, Monday.  The year cited is apparently of the Saka era.  But for the week-day, the details correspond to A.D. 1233, March 20, the week-day, however, being Sunday and not Monday as recorded.

The Chalukya-Chakravarti Soyideva mentioned in the record may be the Western Chalukya king Somesvara IV.  But the date given, viz., Saka 1155 would be too late for him, for has last date known so far is A.D. 1200.  The period in which this record was made, was one of confusion, the Chalukya kingdom having been divided between the Yadavas and the Hoysalas who were fighting with each other for supremacy.  Apparently though no longer king, Somesvara IV was still being nominally acknowledged as ruler in some parts of the country.

It records a grant of land made by Vikramaditya and Chenna-gavunda of Kannavalli, for the worship and offerings to god Kallinathadeva of Mulasthana.

No. 302

(B.K. No. 91 of 1933-34)

Honnatti, Ranebennur Taluk, Dharwar District

Pillar in the temple of Ramalinga

Joyideva II (?) – A.D. 1187

This inscription refers to the rule of Maamandalesvara Joyideva and is dated in Plavamga Kartika Su. Purmima, Monday.  The Saka year is not given; but the details work out regularly to A.D. 1187, October 19, Monday, in the year Plavamga corresponding to Saka 1109.

It states that Sarvapradhana Tipparasa constructed the temple of Rajesvara in the premises of the Chamesvara temple of Honnavatti at the instance of Sarvadhikari Bichisetti, (who made certain gifts to that temple).  It also registers grants of lands, house-site and certain incomes, made by Hiriya Joyideva, Bichisetti, Tipparasa and other residents of Honnavatti (Modern Honnavatti).

No. 303

(B.K. No. 71 of 1932-33)

Havanur, Haveri Taluk, Dharwar District

Stone lying near the village Chavadi

Vikramaditya (Date lost)

This badly mutilated inscription refers to Vikramaditya and to a Yadava king.  It appears to record a grant made by a certain Mailalaevi, for the offerings to god Bhillesvara and for a  charity water-shed. 

No. 304

(B.K. No. 101 of 1933 – 34)

Hulihalli, Ranebennur Taluk, Dharwar District

Hero-stone near the temple of Kallesvara

Joyideva (Undated)

This fragmentary and undated inscription refers to Joyideva and seems to record the death of a hero (name lost), probably the son of a certain Boviya-Nayaka, in a fight.  As no other details are available, it is difficult to identify this Joyideva.

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