www.whatisindia.com

What is India news service
Friday, March 09, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVII

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING 1903 - 1904

VIJAYANAGARA

 

Kampana Udaiyar II

No. 179.

(A. R. No. 159 of 1904).

Tiruppalappandal, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the mandapa  in front of the central shrine in the

 Madhyas-thanathesvara temple.  Kampana Udaiyar S. 1291,

Saumya : 1369 A.D.

Kampana Udaiyar is stated to be the son of Vira Bokkana Udaiyar.  The details of date given, viz., Saka 1291, Saumya, Tula su. 13, Sunday, Uttirattadi correspond to 1369 A.D., October 14, Sunday, the nakshatra  Uttirattadi having ended at 92, the previous day.

This inscription records the remission of the levy of nattu-viniyogam  on the kani land, Virapalanendal in Araivarisaipparru belonging to Nayanar, Pennorubaga-mudaliyar of Maruttur, by the Nattar in Vadagarai in Magadai-mandalam.

No. 183.

(A. R. No. 163 of 1904).

Tiruppalappandal, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north base of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the

 Madhyasthanathesvara temple. Kampana Udaiyar. S. 1291 : 1369 A.D.

Kampana Udaiyar is referred to as the son of Vira Bokkana Udaiyar.  The details of date given viz.  Saka 1291, saumya, Tula su. 11, Friday, corresponds to 1369 A.D. October 12.  (See No. 179 above).

This inscription records an agreement by the Nattavar of Tiruvayppadi in Magadaimandalam to conduct the 7th day festival for god Tirunagisvaram-udaiya Nayanar of Tiruppalaippandal.  Vanduvarapati-samayakkanakkan figures as the signatory of the record.

No. 690.

(A. R. No. 634 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Kampana 1375 A.D.

The details of date, viz., Ananda, Kumbha . . . . . .  Tiruvadirai, Sunday corresponds to 1375 A.D., February 10, Sunday, f.d.n. 17.

This damaged inscription seems to record the grant of certain rights of irrigation by the inhabitants of Ninrai to the mahajanas of Payarrur.  The temple accountant Panmahesvara-velan alias Virrirunda perumal of Pulvelur figures as one of the signatories.

No. 695.

(A. R. No. 639 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Kampana Udaiyar (II) : 1365 – 66 A.D.

The details of date, i.e., Visvavasu, Mithuna 10, Monday and Rohini are irregulr.  The cyclic year Visvavasu falls in S. 1287 (1365-66.).

This inscription records the gift of land as sarvamanya for lamp to the deities Tiruvalisvaramudaiya nayinar and Bhairava Nayinar in Ninraiyur-nadu in Kunravattanakottam, a sub-division of Jayangondachola-mandalam.

Below the inscription is another fragment in characters of about the 12th century.  It cities the 6th regnal year of a certain king (name lost) and seems to record a gift given by the Nattavar of Ninraiyurnadu.

No. 698.

(A. R. No. 641 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a pillar in the mandapa of the central shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Kampana Udaiyar II.  1370 A.D.

The cyclic year Sadharana fell in Saka 1292.  This records the gift of the pillar by Visanar, the younger brother of Pillappar.

No. 753.

(A. R. No. 696 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Walajapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Kharapurisvara temple.

Kampana Udaiyar.  1372 A.D.

The details of date viz., Saka 1294, Paridhavi, Kanni, su. 7, Sunday, Mula correspond to 1372 A.D., September 5, Sunday f.d.n. ’16.

The damaged inscription seems to record the gift of money by Ponnulan Mallinathat of Ponnur and a transaction by the mabasabha consisting of the Bhattas and Visisthas of Kaviripakkam alias Vikramachola-chaturvedimangalam, a free-hold taniyur) of Paduvurkottam, in Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 758.

(A. R. No. 701 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Walajapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the first prakara  in the Kharapurisvara temple.

Kampana Udaiyar.  Saka 1391 : 1469 A.D.

The details of date viz., Mesha su 9, Saturday, Hasta are irregular.

This badly damaged inscription seems to record the sale of a number of houses by the Maharudarar Sri-mahesvarar and Kaikkola-mudalis, who had assembled in the temple of Tirukkarapuramudaiya Nayanar at Tirupparkada, for meeting the expenses of taking out the deity mudaliyar in procession.

Harihara II

No. 433.

(A. R. No. 403 of 1904).

Chilamakuru, Kamalapuram Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab lying in the verandah in front of the Agastyesvara temple.

Undated.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. X, No. 617.

No. 700.

(A. R. No. 643 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Harihara II.  1400 A.D.

The details of date, viz., Pramathin, Makara, ba. 10, Sodi (svati), Sunday are irregular.  Palaeographically the inscription may be assigned to the latter half of the 14th century and hence the cyclic year the month viz., Pramathin, Makara will correspond to 1400 A.D.  January, falling in the reign of Harihara II.

This inscription records the gift of Velur as devadana to the temple of Tirukkarikarai-udaiya nayanar in Naduvu-malai in Ninraiyur-nadu, a district of Kunravattanak-kottam in Jayangondachola-mandalam, by the cultivators (er-vallavar) of Velur. 

No. 721.

(A. R. No. 664 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Harihara II. 1403 A.D.

The details of date viz., Subhanu, Makara, su. Purnima, Friday, Punarpusam, regularly correspond to 1403 A.D., December 28, Friday, ’64 ’84.
This records the gift of a share (vilukkadu) of land in the village Annalur in Vennaiyurnadu, by vallangilan Solappallavadaraiyan Arulalanathar-Seyyanarayanadevan of Ambattur in Ambattur-nadu to the deity Tirumullaivayal-udaiya nayinar, in Kanapperur-nadu, in Vikkirama-solavalanadu, for conducting the Tiruvudal festival on the seventh day of the festival in the month of Panguni.

No. 728.

(A. R. No. 671 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the central shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Harihara II. 1400 A.D.

The cyclic year Vikrama cited in the record fell Saka 1322. The king may be identified with Harihara II.
This inscription records the gift of some materials used in worship (tirumuttu) such as tiruvattanaikkal, tiruvandikkappu-talli and taligai, in all weighing 200 (palam) by Narpakkilan Korralappan Suriyadevan of Akudi-nadu to the deity Tirumullaivayal-udaiya nayinar at Kanapperur-nadu. It also records an endowment of 25 panam by Suriyappillai, towards the supply of ghee when the tiruvandikkappu ceremony is conducted.

 

No. 732.

(A. R. No. 675 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Harihara II. 1388 A.D.

The details of date, viz., Prabhava, Makara su. 5, Monday, Anilam are irregular as the combination of the paksha, tithi and the star are impossible in the month of Makara. The cyclic year Prabhava fell in Saka 1309.
This inscription records the gift of 400 kli of land made tax-free by the inhabitants of Ambattur in Ambattur-nadu to the deity Tirumullaivayal-udaiya-Nayinar, at Kanapperuru-nadu, in Vikkiramasola-valanadu alias Pular-kottam, in Jayangondasola-mandalam for the conduct of hunting festivals on sankrama days (Sankramappadivettai.) taking out the deity of the Ulaguyyakkondan-ttiruttoppu.
The record also mentions the measuring rod muppattirandadikkol.

No. 754.

(A. R. No. 697 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Walajapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the first prakara in the Kharapurisvara temple.

Harihara II.  1382 A.D.

The date discussed here points to the identity of the King Ariyanna-Udaiyar with Harihara II.  The details of the date viz., Saka 1304, Dundubhi, su. 14, Sunday, Sadaiyam will correspond to 1382 A.D. August 24 if the month is Simha as indicated by the combination of the paksha, thithi and star.  The thithi ended however at 45 of the previous day.

This inscription records the gift of land as Kaniyatchi, by the trustees (sthanattar) of the Tirukkarapuram-udaiya nayanar temple at Tirupparkada, to the inhabitants of Tirupparkadal in return for contributions towards the expenses of the services to the deity.

 

Viruppana Udaiyar

No. 256.

(A. R. No. 234 of 1904).

Singavaram, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north base of the central shrine in the ruined Adivaraha Perumal temple.

Viruppana Udaiyar Kshya : 1386 A.D.

This inscription is dated in the reign of Viruppana-Udaiyar, son of Vira Bokkana-Udaiyar.  This dated in Adi [June-July] of Kshaya.

It records the making over of Perran and his brother Ramandai as tiruvilakkukudi to god Panri Alvar, by the nattar and Samaiyamudalis of Kalavai-parru.  It mentions Vanduvarapati-chchamayavlean as the signatory.

Bukka II

No. 699.

(A. R. No. 642 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the wall of the prakara  of the Valisvara temple. Bukka II.  1382 A.D.

 

The details of date, i.e., Dundubhi, Chittirai 5, Wednesday, Chittirai are irregular.  On grounds of palaeography the inscription may be assigned to the latter half of the 14th century and hence the cyclic year and month viz., Dundubhi, Chittirai will correspond to 1382 A.D., January, falling in the reign of Bukka II.

This records the gift of land in Kava[n]da kKandanallur, with rights of irrigation from the lake at Venkulattur in Ninraiyur-nadu in Kunravattanak-kottam in Jayngondachola-mandalam, by the inhabitants (uravar) of Venkulattur to Mudaliyar Satyadarsanigal of the Tiruvalan-matha at Tirukkarikarai.

 

No. 725.

(A. R. No. 668 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Bukkaraya II. 1406 A.D.


The cyclic year cited in the record, i.e., Parthiva fell in Saka 1327. The details of date, viz., Parthiva, Masi I probably correspond to 1406 A.D., January 26.
This records the gift of 800 kuli of land in Vellanur by Ayyaluppa Kadaiyar, son of Payindi-Arasar, to the temple of Tirumullaivayil-udaiya Nayanar in Kanapperur-nadu, in Pular-kottam, for the service of tiruppalli-eluchchi. The gift land is stated to have been formerly granted to the donor by Viranarayanan [Ina]kku nalla perumal alias Orri Arasar, on the occasion of a solar eclipse. The inscription also mentions the measuring rod Asangadagandan kol. Vide No. 693 above.

Devaraya I

No. 27.

(A. R. No. 25  of 1904).

Malapangudi, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On a slab lying in front of the temple. Devaraya 1412 A.D.

 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. IX, Part II, No. 436.

Devaraya II

No. 19.

(A. R. No. 18  of 1904).

HKamalapuram, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On the mandapa in the field called Papajagalura-Hola near Kamalpur

Devaraya 1439 A.D.

 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. IX, Part II, No. 447.

No. 22.

(A. R. No. 21  of 1904).

Hospet-Kampili Road, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On rock near the Kalasapura-Anjaneya temple. Devaraya 1434 A.D.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. IX, Part II, No. 445.

No. 251.

(A. R. No. 210 of 1904).

Singavaram, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the central shrine in the ruined Adivaratha Perumal temple.

Pratapa Devaraya II. 1432 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., Paridhavi, Avani 12, Somagrahana, correspond to 1432 A.D., August 10, Sunday, but there was no lunar eclipse on that day.

This inscription records the making over the Malaiyakkon Vengadam, of Senji-parru as a tiruvilakku-kudi to god Panri Alvar of Singapuram.

No. 252.

(A. R. No. 230 of 1904).

Singavaram, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the central shrine in the ruined Adivaraha Perumal temple.

Pratapa-Devaraya-maharaya 1445 A. D.

This inscription dated in Krodhin, Adi 20, records the making over of Papan of Senji-parru as a tiruvilakkukkudi to god Panri Alvar of Singapuram.

No. 562.

(A. R. No. 519 of 1904).

Tevur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central

shrine in the Devapurisvara temple. Devaraya II, S. 1347 : 1426 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., Saka 1347, Visvavasu, tai 15, correspond to 1426 A.D., January 10, Thursday.

This inscription seems to record the settlement made by Periya Sirupparasar fixing the amount of the levy called magamai, payable by those, to whom the taxes on the classes of villages such as pandaravadai, irai-ilipparru, amaram, and likhitajivitam were leased out.  It appears that the taxes were being collected without reference to the prevailing prices.  Some settlements seem to have been made previously by Devargalnayan alias  Bukkana Udaiyar.  It also mentions one Annappayan, who seems to have come to Tiruvarur, to conduct an enquiry and Kannimandanayan, who bid a high  rate for being given the right to collect these taxes.  It is also stated that the Chikka Devar laid down that the members of the Valangai and Idangai could collect 1 panam per mavan (son) in each community.

No. 611.

(A. R. No. 566 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District.

At the right side of the entrance into the western gopura of the

second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple. [Devaraya II].  S. 1362 : 1440 A.D.

This record mentions Mahapradhana  Lakkanna Dannayaka Udaiyar.  The details of date given viz., s. 1362, Raudra, Bhadrapada ba. 1, Monday, Revati, regularly correspond to 1440 A.D., September 12, ’48 ; ’83.

It records the erection of the gopura as a service to god Valmikanatha by Nagarasar, son of Siddarasar, of Vasistha gotra and Asavlayana sutra, for the merit of Lakkanna – Dannayaka.

No. 612.

(A. R. No. 567 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District.

At the left side of the entrance into the western gopura of the

second prakara of the Tyagarajasvamin temple [Devaraya II]. 1440 A.D.

This is a Kannada version of No. 611 above.

No. 722.

(A. R. No. 665 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Devaraya II. 1424 A.D.

The cyclic year Krodhin cited in the inscription fell in Saka 1346. The paleography of the record would not militate against this. The details of date, viz., Krodhin, Arpasi 2 may correspond to 1424 A.D. September 30, in which case the king may be identified with Devaraya II.
This inscription records the gift of 4000 kuli of land by Orri Mannan alias Udaiyar Orri-Arasar and Arasuperumal alias Kadavaraya for conducting certain special festivals in the Kadavarayar tiruttoppu (sacred grove) and at the Asangadagandan-mandapa in the temple of Tirumullaivayal-udaiya-nayanar. The land was given away with irrigation facilities from the donor’s lake (periyeri).
Also mentions the measuring rod Asangadagandan-kol.

 

No. 736.

(A. R. No. 679 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

At the entrance into the mandapa central shrine of the Masilamanisvara temple.

Devaraya II. Undated.

This inscription records the royal order (irajakam) granting the proceeds from taxes like, sodi mugamparvai, angasalaikal, sampadam, visesha-adayam, arisikanam, nal-erudunar-pasu, vetti and kattayam in favour of the temple at Kanchipuram, Kalahasti, Tiruvorriyur, Tiruvalangadu, Tiruppalaivanam, Tirumullaivayal and other Saiva and Vaishnava temples, of Chandragiri for the conduct of daily services and festivals without break and stating that the temple lands should not be leased out. This order was issued at the instance of Vayiravanayinar and the mahesvaras of the temples, who represented that the services and festivals in the temple were not conducted properly, as the incomes from taxes and from the temple lands were misappropriated by the Jivitakkarar, the state officials and the Sthanattar.

No. 751.

(A. R. No. 694 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Walajapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the Kharapurisvara temple. Devaraya II.  1442 A.D.

The details of date viz., Saka 1364, Durmati, Kumbha su. 11 Wednesday, Pusam regularly correspond to 1442 A.D., February 21, Wednesday, ’20 ; ’79.  The Saka year 1364 was current.

This inscription records the remission of the taxes sulavari  and jodi in favour of the temples of Tirukkarapuram-udaiya nayanar, Tiruvalisvaram-udaiya nayanar, Tirukkurungudi Appan, and Perumal Pallikondaperumal at Tirupparkadal by Saluva Tippayadevamaharaja, for worship and offering on all occasions to be conducted regularly by Mahattumallayasvamigal.

No. 760.

(A. R. No. 703 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Walajapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west and south walls of the Ranganathaperumal temple. Devaraya II.  1442 A.D.

This record is connected with No. 751 above.

Pratapadeva-maharaya

No. 532.

(A. R. No. 490 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

In the second gopura  (left of the entrance) in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Pratapadeva-maharaya. 1466 A.D.

The details of date viz., Viya (Vyaya) Mithuna su. 10, Monday correspond to 1466 A.D., June 23.

This inscription is damaged.  It seems to record the gift of the proceeds from the levies viz., sulavari, olai-eluttuvattanoi, avatara vattanai, adhikariperu i.e., korrilakkai, padikaval, sadi (jati)vari, inavari, vettivari, etc., to the deity by Devaraya-Muvarayar.

Mallikarjuna

No. 26.

(A. R. No. 24  of 1904).

Nimbapur, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On the rock near the Kapilasrama. Praudhadevaraya 1450 A.D.

Published in S.I.I., Vol. IX, Part II, No. 453.

No. 254.

(A. R. No. 232 of 1904).

Singavaram, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south base of the central shrine in the ruined Adivaratha Perumal temple.

Mallikarujuna S. 1378 : 1457 A. D.

This inscription mentions Devaraya-Maharaya as the father of Mallikarjunadeva.  The details of date given viz., Saka 1378, Dhatu, Makara ba. 2, Wednesday, Magha, correspond to 1457 A.D., January 12.

It records the making over of Manavalakon, Tiruvengadamudiayan, Venrumalaitta Perumal and Timmanan as tiruvilakkukkudi  to the god Panri Alvar in Singapuram in Senjipparru in Singapuram-valanadu in Palkunrakkottam, by Tiruvengadamudaiyan Surappa-velan, who laws carrying on the sadamanadam in Padaividurajyam.  It was stipulated that his mudukudi was to pay 3 panams annually for the sacred lamp.

 

 No. 663.

(A. R. No. 611 of 1904).

Viravalli (near Lalapet), Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the rock in the Pallar Street. Mallikarjuna S. 1405 : 1483 A.D.

The details of the date viz., Saka 1405, Kumbha, Rohini are insufficient for verification.

Since the inscription is very badly damaged, other details are lost.

No. 737.

(A. R. No. 680 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

At the entrance into the mandapa central shrine of the Masilamanisvara temple.

Mallikarjuna. 1452 A.D.

This inscription is dated in the cyclic year Prajapati which fell in Saka 1374, The details of date viz., Prajapati, Makara su. 10 Friday, Pusam are irregular, as the combination of the tithi and the star in the month of Makara is impossible. If however, the tithi su. 10, is taken as a mistake for 15, the given date will regularly correspond to 1452 A.D., January 7, Friday, ’01 ; ’47.
This inscription records the gift of land as sarvamanya by the members of the mahasabha of Kolippadagai alias Kulottunga-solachaturvedimangalam for various offerings of the goddess Kodiyidai-nachchiyar on the occasion of Tiruppurattirunal.
In detailing the boundaries of the gift land the record mentions the bank of the lake called Tiruttaneri ; and Vellanur.


Pratapa Devaraya II

No. 251.

(A. R. No. 210 of 1904).

Singavaram, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the central shrine in the ruined Adivaratha Perumal temple.

Pratapa Devaraya II. 1432 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., Paridhavi, Avani 12, Somagrahana, correspond to 1432 A.D., August 10, Sunday, but there was no lunar eclipse on that day.

This inscription records the making over the Malaiyakkon Vengadam, of Senji-parru as a tiruvilakku-kudi to god Panri Alvar of Singapuram.

No. 252.

(A. R. No. 230 of 1904).

Singavaram, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the central shrine in the ruined Adivaraha Perumal temple.

Pratapa-Devaraya-maharaya 1445 A. D.

This inscription dated in Krodhin, Adi 20, records the making over of Papan of Senji-parru as a tiruvilakkukkudi to god Panri Alvar of Singapuram.

Praudhadevaraya

No. 531.

(A. R. No. 489 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

In the second gopura  (left of the entrance) in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Praudhadevaraya. Saka 1386 – 1465 A.D.

The details of date viz., Saka 1386, Tarana, Tai, 10 correspond to 1465 A.D. January 5.

This records the sale of 5 veli of land for 200 panam by the Adichandesvara-devakanmis of  the Tirumaraikkadu temple of Vedam Odinar Puliyur-nattur Velar, who made a gift of it to God Tambiranar of the same temple for conducting the Sivaratri festival.

 

Virupaksha III

 

No. 718.

(A. R. No. 661 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the entrance into the ruined gopura in the Valisvara temple.  Virupaksha III. 1480 A.D.

In the details of the date given viz., Saka 1 ’17, Sarvari, ba. 7, Monday, the Saka year does not agree with the cyclic year. The mention of the king Virupaksha as the son of Gajavettai-Pratapa-Devaraya and the mention of Narasingarajudaiyar who may be identified with the Saluva chief of that name, enables us to identify the king with Virupaksha III (1465 – 1485 A.D.) Hence the cyclic year Sarvari may be equated with 1480 A.D.
This damaged inscription seems to record a gift for lamp and flower offerings to vayirava-nayinar and other deities in the temple of Tirukkarikarai-udaiyar, for the merit of Narasingaraja-udaiyar and Obalayaraja.

Home Page


Archives | Links | Search
About Us | Feedback | Guestbook

© 2007 Copyright What Is India Publishers (P) Ltd. All Rights Reserved.