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Friday, March 09, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVII

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING 1903 - 1904

Cholas

Rajaraja I

No. 209.

(A. R. No. 187-A of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north base of the mandapa  in front of the

central shrine in the Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajaraja I

This inscription begins with the prasasti Tirumagalpola, etc., of Rajrajra I.  The date portion, however, has been lost.

It seems to mention the setting up of an image for the sribali procession by ………….. Vanni Kunran Kumara[n].

No. 222.

(A. R. No. 200 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south base of the ruined Siva shrine within the

Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 16 : 1000-01 A.D.

This incomplete record commences with the prasasti, Tirumagal pola, etc., of the king.  The donor Sembiyan-madeviyar is mentioned here as the queen of Gandaradittadeva and the mother of Uttamachola.  This queen, who, it is stated, built this temple called Sivalokam at Tiruvakkarai in stone also figures as the builder of the temple at Tiruvarur (vide No. 617 below).

This records the grant of the village Manali in Anmur-nadu in Oyma-nadu, as devadana for god Paramasvamigal at Sivalokam, the stone temple built by Sembiyan mahadeviyar.  The amount to be paid by the residents of Manali to the temple both in kind and in cash towards every item of provisions for worship, offerings and other connected services is given in elaborate detail.

No. 232.

(A. R. No. 210 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Vrishabhapurisvara temple.

Rajaraja  I.  Year 26 : 1010 – 11 A.D.

This inscription contains portions of the prasasti, Tirumagal pola etc., Rajaraja I.

It seems to record an endowment of sheep for  a perpetual lamp by a vaniyan of Tanjavur.  It also seems to record another endowment for a perpetual lamp.

No. 234.

(A. R. No. 212 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Vrishabhapurisvara temple.

Rajaraja I .  Year 23 : 1007- 08 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Tirumagal pola etc., of Rajaraja I.

It records the arrangement made for the distribution of wages to the various servants in the temple of god Tiruttantonri-Mahadeva in the eastern division of Singapura-nadu maintained by the kattar  (?) of Puduppadi-kkalleri alias Iravikula manikkapuram, by Valivalangilan Velan Suriyan alias Sundara-sola Muvendavelan.

No. 235.

(A. R. No. 213 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Vrishabhapurisvara temple.

Rajaraja  I.  Year 24 : 1008- 09 – 11 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Tirumagal pola, etc., of the king.

It seems to record the assignment of paddy measured out by merchants of the village and merchants that come from outside as their contribution to the levies called kolalavu, kal and sirruratchi  collected in the village Puduppadikkalleri alias Iravi kulamanikkapuram, a part of Sevur for burning two lamps to god Tiruttanronri-udaiyar.  A share of the contribution is stated to be allotted for the maintenance of the temple servants and the members of the matha attached to the temple.

No. 238.

(A. R. No. 216 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

in the Vrishabhapurisvara temple. Rajaraja  I.  Year 22 : 1006- 07 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Tirumagal pola, etc., of Rajaraja I.

It records the setting up of the image of Uma-Bhattaraki for god Adavallar, by Vanna[kkan Aiya]ran alias Chittirayali, a member of the corps called Jananathatterinja-valangai Velaikkarar, in the army of Sri Rajarajadeva, and a Vellala resident in Ravikulamanikkapuram, in the eastern division of Singapura-nadu.

No. 243.

(A. R. No. 221 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north base of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

 in the vrishabhapurisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 18 : 1002 – 03 A.D.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Tirumagal pola etc., of the king.

This records that on representations made by the authorities of the temple of Tiruttanronrippiran in the eastern division of Singapura-nadu, Arulmoli-Muvendavelar, an officer who was conducting enquiries about the condition of villages from Perumandai in Perumandai-nadu in Venkunra-kkottam, made over the lands in Perungulattur and Puduppadikkallerikkulangarai to them towards worship and various other offerings.  It was stipulated that the paddy collected as vadakkadan  from the lands according to the melvaram  should be spent for the various items elaborately specified in the record.

No. 300.

(A. R. No. 272 of 1904).

Yogimallavaram, Puttur Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a pillar built into  the wall of a mandapa  in the south-east

corner of Parasaresvara temple. Rajaraja I (?) Year 23 : 1008 A.D.

This inscription seems to record the gift of gold on the 80th day of the 23rd year of Rajaraja I, referred to in No. 297 above as the subject to a dispute between the sabha of Tiruchchukanur, and the tanattar of the temple.  The donor Namban Kuttadi alias Jayangonda-Solamarayan was a general of Rajaraja I.

This is a record of a gift of gold weighed by Danmakattalaikkal by Namban Kuttadi alias Jayangondasola Brahmamarayan.

No. 313.

(A. R. No. 284 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajaraja I.  year 27 : 1011 – 12 A. D.

This record commences with the verse “Etad-visvanripa-sreni”, etc., and the prasasti “Tirumagal pola”, etc. It seems to record the gift by the king, of a gold plate (?) which is stated to have been brought by Adigal Nakkan, a senior officer (perundanam) of the king and the kilan of Tiruniyamam in Kilar-kkurram in Rajasraya-valanadu and his servant.  It also gives a list of a number of other officials among whom is mentioned Murkkan Pandi, the kilan of Urappannur in the services of (panimagan) a sirudanam  officer of the king who is stated to be the srikaryam  officer of this god.

No. 322.

(A. R. No. 293 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine in

the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 27 : 1011 – 12 A. D.

This records a gift of 32 cows for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirukkalatti-mahadeva by Vannakkan . . . . . . . . . a merchant of Lokamahadevipuram alias Karaivalippettai of Perumbanappadi.  The cows were taken over by manradi (shepherd) Eran Kalan of Marappakkam in damar-kottam and seems to record another provision (details lost) made for burning a lamp by Damodaran Mamoli alias Tirukkalatti Nambi of Irayur in Panaiyur-nadu, a division of . . . . . . . .  . . .. sikhamani-valanadu.

No. 323.

(A. R. No. 294 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine in

the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  year 16 : 1000 – 01 a. D.

This commences with the prasasti, Tirumagalpola etc., and stops abruptly after mentioning Solavelar, who was holding the office of Dandanayakkam.

No. 327.

(A. R. No. 298 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine in

Kalahastisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  year 24 : 1008 – 9 A. D.

This inscription begins with the prasasti “Tirumagal pola” etc., and records the gift of 14 ¾ kalanju and one kunri of gold to the priests of the sanctum sanctorum (tiruvunnaligai-pperumakkal) of the temple of Tirukkalattideva for cleaning and decorating the premises in the shrine of Manikengai Madevar with the annual interest of 2 kalanu, 4  manjadi  and one pilavu on the endowed amount at the rate of 1 pilavu per kalanju per month by Taniyal-angadiyan Ilanjingasetti, the kilan  of Nagimangalam.  The duties of worship in this shrine were exclusively enjoined on the priests of the temple of Tirukkalatti-mahadeva.

No. 328.

(A. R. No. 299 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine

in the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  year 27 : 1012 A. D.

This records that Vaippur-udaiyan Adiyan Puyangan, the kankani officer of Arrur-nadu and other divisions included in it, having enquired of the upasakas of Arrur-nadu about their arrears in ghee and curd supplied to the temple of Tiruhkalattimahadeva, short of the stipulated amount as per terms of the endowment of 15 cows made by Sola-velan in the 16th regnal year of the king (1001 A.D.) and the total default in the supply of ghee and curd as per terms of another endowment of five cows, one each by Karupparudaiyan, his brother Pandari, his mother Porri, Tondaimanar alias Kavira Pidaran and Vayirameghan Vilupparaiyan, a merchant of Mummudisolapura, made in the 23rd regnal year of the king (1008 A.D.), they (the upasakas) seem to have agreed to pay a cash compensation of 24 kalanju and 2 ma towards the unmerited quantities of 15 kalam of ghee and 44 kalam and 2 tuni of curd computed from the date of the respective endowments up to 161st day of the 27th year of the king’s reign.  The further details of the record are lost.

No. 339.

(A. R. No. 310 of 1904).

Tirugokarnam, near Pudukkottai, Tiruchirappalli District.

On the south wall of the rock-cut central shrine in the Gokarnesvara temple.

Rajaraja I year 13 : 997 – 98 A. D.

This records that the lands belong to the Madevar at Sri Gokarnam were made tax-free by the nattar, who received a lump sum of 20 kasu and an annual grant of 5 kasu from Adambarudaiyan Velan Kari of Pambur-nadu.

No. 442.

(A. R. No. 412 of 1904).

Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirappalli Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District.

On the third pillar in the outer row of pillars in the upper rock-cut cave.

Rajaraja I.  year 16 : 1000 – 01 A. D.

This inscription commences with the prasati Tirumagal pola etc., of Rajaraja I.

It records a sale of land situated in Alangudi in Vilattur-nadu, a devadana to Kamban Maniyan alias  Vikramasinga Muvenda-velan, the kilavan of Suralur in Suralur-kurram, receiving 5 kalanju by the Patipadamula-ppattudai-ppanchacharya devakanmis of the temple of Tirubhuvanapati in Sirrambal – Tiruchchirappalli in Uraiyur-kurram and the urar of Sirrambal. The kilavan of Suralur was to reclaim the land and his contribution along with the 5 kalanju, the price of the land deposited in the temple treasury was to be utilized for feeding Brahmanas and Sivayogis on all the nine days of the Chittirai festival.

No. 468.

(A. R. No. 437 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On another pillar in the mandapa in front of the central shrine in

the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja I.  year 15 : 999 – 1000 A. D.

This inscription begins with the prasasti Tirumagalapola etc.,

It records the gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp, to be burnt with one ulakku of ghee, measured by the kana-nali, by Sikarudaiyan Tittai Maran of Puliyur-nadu to the god Tirumaraikkattalvar.

No. 470.

(A. R. No. 439 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On another pillar within the mandapa in front of the central

shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja I Year 22 : 1006 – 07 A. D.

This begins with the prasasti commencing with “Tirumagal pola” etc.,

This records the gift of 10 veli  of land by  purchase from the sabha of [Ku]dikia-chaturvedimangalam alias Iraiyanmangalam for 20 kasu by Viliyur-udaiyan Achchan Pirammadamallan, a merchant of periyavangadi (big bazaar) at Tanjavur for performing the pithu puja and other rituals to the deity Tirumaraikkad-udaiyar for the merit of Tayan Achchan, Achchan Tayan, his own elder brother and his younger brothers.

The members of the sabha of Iraiyamangalam made the 10 veli of land free of taxes like irai, echchoru, vettivedinai and others collected by the king, in lieu of 10 kasu, the remainder being the cost of land.

No. 471.

(A. R. No. 440 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On another pillar in the mandapa, in front of the central

shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja I.  year 6 : 990 – 91 A. D.

This records the gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirumaraikkattu Mahadeva, by Naranan Sattan, a vellala of Eyinanur.

No. 492.

(A. R. No. 461 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the Tyagaraja shrine in the

 Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 16, day 36 : 1000 A. D.

This records that Rajarajavajya(for vadya)marayar enquired into the previous cash endowments to the temple and provided for an endowment of 10 kasu for bathing the god with 108 kalasas on the day of Sadaiyam, the birth-day asterism of the king.

No. 493.

(A. R. No. 462 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar in the mandapa of the Tyagaraja shrine in the

Vedaranyesvara temple.  Rajaraja I.  year 19 : 1003 – 04 A. D.

This inscription is damaged and mutilated.  It begins with the prasasti  commencing with Tirumagal pola etc., and mentions Idaiyala-nadu.

No. 509.

(A. R. No. 470 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the fifth pillar in the mandapa  in front of the Tyagaraja

shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 15 : 999 – 1000 A. D.

This records the gift of 180 sheep by Ayyaran Ambalattadi of Perumbuliyur and Kalappala Tannichchai, the headman of Chirinar in Idaiyala-nadu for burning two perpetual lamps with one uri of ghee daily by the keralantakan-nali, in the shrine called Keralantakan erected by the donor Ambalattadi for Bhuvanivitankar of Tirumaraikkadu.

No. 616.

(A. R. No. 570 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the

second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 2 : 986 - 87 A.D. 

Published in S.I.I., Vol. XIII, No. 1.

No. 617.

(A. R. No. 571 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the

second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 7 : 992 A.D. 

This inscription is dated in the 303rd day of the 7th regnal year of Rajarajakesarivarman, i.e., Rajaraja I.

This records an endowment of 234 kasu equivalent to 200 kalanju as pudukkuppuram (capital funds for renovation) of the shrine for god Amarasundaradeva and goddess Uma Bhattaraki whose images were set up by Udaiya-pirattiyar Sembian-mahadeviyar in the temple of Tiruvaraneri Alvar at Tiruvarur raised in stone by her.  Provision was also made from these funds for worship and other offerings for the deities.  The sabha of Adiyappiya-chaturvedimangalam undertook to be in charge of the endowment.  Sembiyan ambar-natturkkonar was the Srikaryam  officer.

No. 652.

(A. R. No. 602 of 1904).

Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District.

On the west wall of the Pattabhiramasvamin shrine in the

Visvanathasvamin temple. Rajaraja I.  year 22 : 1006 – 07 A.D.

This record commences with the prasasti, Tirumagal pola, of the king and stops after citing the regnal year.

No. 664.

(A. R. No. 612 of 1904).

Viravalli (near Lalapet), Walajapet Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the north base of the Mandukanathesvara temple. Rajaraja I.  year 27 : 1011 – 12 A.D.

This inscription begins with the prasasti Tirumagal pola  of the king.

This records the gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp to god Mandai Nakkar of Mavandur, a hamlet of Madhurantaka-chaturvedimangalam.

 

Rajendra I

No. 186.

(A. R. No. 166 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Chandramaulisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  Year 8 and 10 : 1020 and 1022 A.D.

This record commences with the well-known prasasti, Tirumanni valara etc., of Rajendra Chola I.

This records the gift of a plate of bell-metal to god Mulasthanam-udaiya Mahadevar in Tiruvakkarai in Tirubhuvanamahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Jayangondasola-mandalam, and gift of sheep for two perpetual lamps, one to the god Tiruvuttisvaram-udaiya Mahadeva in Valudavur, a hamlet of Tiruvakkarai and the other to tod Tiruva[ga]stisvaram-udaiya Mahadeva in Olugarai, another hamlet of Tiruvakkarai, by Kumari Kutti alias Abhimanameru-chcholamuttaraiyan, a resident of Arruppakkam, a northern hamlet of Tiruvakkarai. 

The same donor made another endowment of sheep for a perpetual lamp in the 10th year of the king.

 

No. 192.

(A. R. No. 171 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the

Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajendra I.  Year 11 : 1022 – 23 A.D.

Commences with the prasasti, Tirumanni valara,  etc., of the king and stops after mentioning the above date.

No. 194.

(A. R. No. 173 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the mandapa  in front of the central shrine in

 the Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajendra I.  Year 19 : 1030 - 31

This inscription commences with Tirumanni valvara,  the prasasti of the king.  It is incomplete and damaged.

No. 195.

(A. R. No. 174 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in

the Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 29 : 1013-14 A.D.

This record commences with Tirumagal pola, etc., the prasasti  of the king.

It records the gift of sheep for a perpetual lamp to God Sri Mulasthanam-udaiya Mahadeva in Tiruvakkarai, in Tribhuvanamahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Jayangondasola-mandalam by Velalan Mambakkam-udaiyan Sattan Alai, a resident of Pandamangalam, the northern hamlet of Tiruvakkarai.

No. 197.

(A. R. No. 176 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in

the Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajendra I.  Year 7 : 1018-19 A.D.

This inscription commences with Tirumanni-valara, etc., the prasasti of Rajendra I. chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Jayangondasola-mandalam, for burning a perpetual lamp by Vellalan Nandi Eran, a resident of Siraiyur, a northern hamlet of Tribhuvanamahadevi-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 198.

(A. R. No. 177 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the mandapa  in front of the central shrine in

the Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajendra I.  Year 21 : 1032-33 A.D.

The title of the king Purvadesamum-gangaiyum-kidaramum kondaruliya Parakesari and palaeographical considerations suggest the identity of the king with Rajendra I.

It records the gift of a Sekandigai  (along) weighing 72 palams, by Tinaiyan Adavalan alias . . . . . .  Periyan.

No. 208.

(A. R. No. 187 of 1904).

Tiruvakkarai, Viluppuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north base of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in

the Chandramaulisvara temple. Rajendrachola [I].  Year 28 : 1039-40 A.D.

On palaegraphical considerations this inscription may be assigned to the reign of Rajendra I.  It seems to record an endowment for a perpetual lamp.  It mentions Alayeri Kandila[ma]rai.

No. 233.

(A. R. No. 211 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west wall of the central shrine in the Vrishabhapurisvara temple. Rajendra I.

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Tirumanni valara of Rajendra I and stops after a few lines.

No. 236.

(A. R. No. 214 of 1904).

Melsevur, Gingee Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north and west walls of the central shrine in the Vrishabhapurisvara temple.

Rajendra (I?).   Year 10 : 1021- 22 A.D. (?)

This inscription is dated in the 10th year of Parakesari Rajendra.  On palaeographical considerations and also on account of the absence of the title Tribhuvanachakravartigal, the king may be identified with Rajendra I.

It records a gift of sheep for a perpetual lamp to God Tiruttanronri Mahadevar of Sevur by Eluvan-Adavalan, the inhabitant of [Arak]karanmur in Oyma-nadu.

No. 288.

(A. R. No. 261 of 1904).

Tiruchchanur, Chandragiri Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a detached stone lying outside the prakara of the temple.

Rajendra I.  Year [10] : 1022 A. D.

This inscription is fragmentary.  It mentions Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 305.

(A. R. No. 276 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the east wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  Year 12 : 1023 – 24 A. D.

This records an endowment of 75 kasu, for burning a lamp in the dipastambha on every Karttigai day and for other offerings to the god Tirukkalatti-udaiyar, out of the interest of 2 kasu accruing from the capital amount, by Salukkikalakalan Kalappiriyan of Menma . . . . kadu-nadu in Puliyur-kottam in Jayangondachola-mandalam.

The title Salukkikalakalan of the donor seems to indicate that he might have had some share in the campaigns against the Western Chalukyas.

No. 306.

(A. R. No. 277 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the east wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  (1012 – 1044 A. D.) date lost.

This records a  gift of cows and sheep by Mummudi-cholan alias Minavan Pallavaraiyan, the perundanam officer of the king, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkalatti-mahadeva.  The cows and sheep were entrusted to the care of a shepherd Sanan Pottal of Venkal alias Satyasrayakulakalapuram in Paiyyur-Ilangottam.

No. 308.

(A. R. No. 279 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the east wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  Year 21 : 1032 – 33 A.D.

Damaged and incomplete.

No. 309.

(A. R. No. 280 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the east wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  year 18 : 1029 – 30 A. D.

This records the gift of 32 cows for burning a perpetual lamp to the god, by Malaitangi Kampan Udaiyan alias  Parakesari-Muttaraiyan.  The cows were entrusted to the care of a shepherd . . . . . . . . . . . seri of venkalattur alias Satyasraya-kulakalapuram in Venkal-nadu, a subdivision of Paiyyur-Ilangottam.

No. 310.

(A. R. No. 281 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the east wall of the central shrine of the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  year 23 : 1034 – 35 A. D.

This inscription records the endowment of 3 kalanju of gold, weighed by the kudinai-kal by Kanjaran Aiyan Surri of Kanjaru of Rajendrasinga-valanadu in Solamandalam, entrusted into the hands of Taniyil Uttaman, Pottan Pallikondan and Sankarappaddiyan Gangadhara Settan, the nagarattar  of Tirukkalatti alias Mummudicholapuram, who undertook to supply one nail of tumbai flowers daily out of the interest at one kunri per month, on the endowed amount.  It also records another gift of 32 cows by the same donor for daily supply of one ulakku of milk to the temple.

No. 314.

(A. R. No. 285 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  year 4, 251st day : 1016 A. D.

This records the gift of 6 kalanju of gold by Villavan Muvelan, the kilavan of Vilattur in Avur-kurram of Nityavinoda-valanadu for various food offerings to god Tirukkalatti-mahadeva, during the Uttarayana and Dakshinayana samkrantis.  The interest on 6 kalanju of gold is stated to be 1 ¾  kalanju and 1 manjadi  per year at the rate of a kunri per kalanju  per month which works out to 30 per cent.

No. 315.

(A. R. No. 286 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendracchola I.  Year 4, 238th day : 1016 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of 96 sheep by Solasikhamani-terinda valangai velaikkarar for a perpetual lamp to the god Tirukkalatti-mahadeva, for the merit of Singan Kulamanikkan, a soldier belonging to the Edirilichola-terinda valangai-velaikkarar of the sirudanam, who was killed in a feud with the Ilaiyaraja-Uttama-terinda valangai Velaikkarar, regiment and for the merit of Ilaiyaraja-uttama-terinda valangai velaikkarar.  The sheep were entrusted to the care of Maran Managati the manradi  (shepherd) of Sivapadasekharamangalam, the madavilagam village of god Tirukkalatti Udaiyar.

No. 316.

(A. R. No. 287 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajendra I.

This is an incomplete inscription of Parakesarivarman Udaiyar Sri Rajendra Choladeva I stopping after citing his prasasti commencing with Tirumannivalara etc.,

No. 317.

(A. R. No. 288 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendracholadeva.  Year 18 : 1029 – 30 A. D.

This records a gift of 96 sheep left in the hands of shepherds (manradis) Kalan Eran and Taniyall-Iraman, by Anitira Sankaran, for burning a perpetual lamp.

No. 318.

(A. R. No. 289 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  Year 24 : 1035 – 36 A. D.

This inscription records a royal gift of 46 kalanju  of gold weighed by dhanmakkattalaikkal for a diadem (pattam) to god Tirukkalatti Udaiyar.  It also registers the donation of 30 cows by Sankarappadi Tali Soman of Mummudisolapuram for a perpetual lamp to the same god.  The cows were entrusted into the hands of the shepherd Pon-Madan of Tittambakkam in Ikkattu-kkottam.

No. 319.

(A. R. No. 290 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north wall of the central shrine to the Kalahastisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I.  year 12 : 1023 – 24 A. D.

This record begins with the prasasti Tirumannivalara, etc., of the king.

It records the gift of 150 cows to the temple of Tirukkalatti-mahadeva by Chalukkiyakalakalan Kalappiriyan, the kankani-nayakam of Arrur-nadu.  The cows were distributed in the presence of Velipak-kilan Koyilmarayan, the Srikaryam and devarkanmigal of the temple, at the instance of the donor, among the shepherds Pallan Sattan, Pallan Sanan, Totti Madhavan . . . . . . . . . . tta-kon, and Sangan Alinjil, 30 a piece, stipulating the daily supply by each of them of 1 ulakku of ghee measured by Arumolidevan nali.  And another (2) endowment of 9 anradu narkasu, paid into the temple treasury by Vallan Kilan Sadangavi Soman of Pungunram in Tirumunaippadi for the supply of 1 alakku of ghee out of the interest on the endowed amount for mantradipam, andikkappu and tiruvalatti.

No. 320.

(A. R. No. 291 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north wall of the central shrine of the Kalahastisvara temple. 

Rajendrachola I.  Year 12 : 1023 – 24 A. D.

This inscription records (1) an endowment of 20 kasu by Arrulan  Devan Tuduvan of Arrur in Urrukkattuk-kottam for the Karttigai vilakku, homa  and other offerings to god Tirukkalatti-mahadeva, out of the interest on the endowed amount and

(2) a gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp by Pirantakan . . . . . . . . var Viman alias Gangai-kondasola Miladudaiyan, entrusting the sheep to the care of Danti Samuttan for the daily supply of one ulakku of ghee to the temple for the uninterrupted supply for which Sottaipiran alias Ainnurruva-manradi of Alagiyasolapuram stood guarantee.

No. 324.

(A. R. No. 295 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine in the

Kalahastisvara temple. Rajendrachola I.  Year 23 : 1034 – 35 A. D.

This incomplete and damaged record commences with the prasasti, Tirumanni valara etc., of the king.

It mentions the names Rajamanikka-setti, Vallan-kilan of Ugumbil in Mangadu-nadu in Paiyyur-Ilangottam, Tali Narayanan of Sangattimangalam in Purangarambai and others including variyilidu . . . . . . . . . .  silan Porrevan in Nedungunranadu in Puliyur-kottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 325.

(A. R. No. 296 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine in

the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajendra I.  year 22 : 1043 – 44 A. D.

This inscription contains a portion of the prasasti Tirumanni valara etc., of the king.

It records a gift for a perpetual lamp.  The name of the donor is lost.  It mentions Mummudisolapuram, a township in Perumbanappadi Arrur-nadu in Jayangondasola-mandalam and Ninrai in Ninraiyil-nadu.  The measure Arumolidevan is also mentioned.

No. 326.

(A. R. No. 297 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the north, east and south bases of the central shrine in

the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajendrachola I.  year 23 : 1034 A. D.

This registers an endowment of 35 kalanju of gold yielding an interest of 5 – ¼ kalanju per annum at 2 ma per month per kalanju  for feeding two sivayogins every day and another endowment of 40 cows for a midday lamp and pancha-gavya for the sacred bath of the deity in the temple and a temple and a third endowment of land for a nandavanam named after the donor to the temple by Dandanayakan Soman Kumaran alias Madurantaka-marayan.  The endowed amount was entrusted into the hands of some merchants of Solapuram in Arrur-nadu and the cows were made over to Maran Managati of Puliyam in Urrukkattu-kottam.

Further the record states that the mandapa in front of the temple built by the donor was named Maduranataka-marayan.

No. 329.

(A. R. No. 300 of 1904).

Kalahasti, Kalahasti Taluk, Chittoor District

On the caves of the central shrine in the Kalahastisvara temple. Rajendra I.  Year [3].

This inscription commences with the prasasti, Tirumanni valara, etc., of Rajendra I.  The date portion is damaged.

The purport is not clear as the inscription is badly damaged.  It mentions one Rajendrasolavilagam.

No. 613.

(A. R. No. 568 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the

second prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple. Rajendra I.  Year [8] : 1020 A.D. (?)

The prasasti Tirumanni valara etc., of Rajendra I is given at the beginning of this epigraph.

It seems to record an undertaking given by the temple officials at Tiruvarur in Tiruvarurkkurram in Kashatriyasikhamani-valanadu to arrange for the midday offerings to god Tiruvaraneri Dhanma-vidangadevar.  The Srikaryam of this temple was Namban Iraman alias Solavijya(vidya)dhara-muvendavelan of Tiyangudi in Inganadu in Kshatriya-sikhamani-valanadu.  Other details are lost as the inscription is incomplete.

No. 614.

(A. R. No. 569 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the Achalesvara shrine in the south-east corner of the

second prakara in the  Tyagarajasvamin temple. Rajaraja I.  Year 23 : 1007 – 08 A.D. 

This inscription begins with the prasasti Tirumagal pola of Rajarajakesari Rajaraja I.

This seems to record the exemption from some taxes and poliyuttu-kadamai due to god Sriyarur devar on some pieces of land in lieu of 40 kasu received from the servants of the god Vishnu …………who was pleased to be in the standing posture at manrakam by the perunguri …..sabha of Velangudi, a brahmadeyam of Tiruvarur-kkurram in Kshatriyasikhamani-valanadu.

No. 648.

(A. R. No. 598 of 1904).

Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District.

On the north wall of the Kuranganatha temple. Rajendra I.

This inscription contains only a portion of the prasasti Tirumannivalara of Rajendra I.

No. 734.
(A. R. No. 677 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a pillar in the mandapa in the central shrine in the

 Masilamanisvara temple.  Rajendrachola I. Year 3 : 1014 – 15 A.D.

This inscription records the construction of the mandapa, by Isakkan Arivalan a servant of Tirunallulan of Sri Parantakanallur alias Pusipakkam, in Urrukkadu nadu, in Urrukkattu-kottam, in Jayangondasola-mandalam.
 

No. 735.

(A. R. No. 678 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a second pillar in the mandapa of the central shrine in the

Masilamanisvara temple. Rajendrachola I. Year 7 : 1018 – 19 A.D.
 

This damaged inscription begins with the prasasti commencing with Tirumanni valara, etc., of the king.
It records the deed pertaining to the sale of 4000 kuli of land, by the members of the sabha of Ambattur in Ambattur-nadu in Pular-kottam to a Vellan of Villippakkam and entrusted to the authorities of the temple of Tirumullaivayil-udaiyar, for burning a perpetual lamp.

No. 738.
(A. R. No. 681 of 1904).
Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.
On the east wall of the first prakara in the Masilamanisvara temple.
Rajendrachola I. Year 3 : 1014 – 15 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of 90 sheep left in the hands of some shepherds by Nagan Velli of Ugumbil, in Mangadu-nadu, a district of Puliyur-kottam, a division of Jayangondachola mandapam, for burning a perpetual lamp daily in the temple of Tirumullaivayil-andar, at Tirumullaivayil in Kanapper[ur]nadu, a district of Pular-kottam.

No. 739.
(A. R. No. 682 of 1904).
Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.
On a pillar built into first prakara of the Masilamanisvara temple.
Rajendra I. Year [4] : 1015 – 16 A.D.

This inscription cites both the years 3 and 4 of the king.
This records the gift of some precious jewels set with stones such as rubies (manikkam), sapphire (maragadam), diamonds and pearls (in all 105) and ten flowers made of gold for the deities Mullai Alagar alias Ari Pasupatadeva and Astradeva in the temple of Tirumullaivayal, in Kanapperur-nadu, in Pular-kottam and refers to some provision for food offerings and for the conduct of services like abhisheka and for taking out the deities in procession.

No. 741.
(A. R. No. 684 of 1904).
Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.
On a pillar lying at the southern entrance to the mandapa in
front

 of the  Latamadhyamba shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Rajendrachola I. Year 3 : 1014 – 15 A. D.


This inscription records the gift, of 1200 kuli of land by Tirunallulan Isakkanarivalan of (vide No. 734 above) Achcharapakkam alias Sri Parantakanallur in Urrukkadu-nadu in Urrukkattur-kottam for food offerings to the deities Astradeva and Pasupatadeva in the temple of Tirumullaivayil Annar. The land was purchased by the donor from the Urar of Urodagam in Pulal-nad, who made it also tax-free.
 

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