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Friday, March 09, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVII

INSCRIPTIONS COLLECTED DURING 1903 - 1904

Cholas

Rajaraja III

No. 176.

(A. R. No. 156 of 1904).

Tiruppalappandal, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the

 Madyasthanathesvara temple. Rajaraja III.  Year 11 : 1226-27 A.D.

Ponparappinaperumal, in whose reign the inscription is dated, is probably identical with Rajaraja III (cf., S.I.I., Vol. VIII, No. 80).

It records the construction of a shrine for Tandesurappillaiyar and the setting up of the images of Ilaiya Pillaiyar and his two consorts (Nachchimar) in the temple of Tirunagisuram-udaiya Nayanar of Tiruppalaippandal, by Senai A[t*]kondar Nathan Tirunanasambandavellan of Manamarudu.

No. 178.

(A. R. No. 158 of 1904).

Tiruppalappandal, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the

 Madhyasthanathesvara temple. Rajaraja III.  Year 2 :1217 A.D.

This inscription registers an agreement (ubhayattittu) given to Viranam-udaiyan Udaiyan Tiruk[ka]tturaiyudaiyan alias Alangarappiriyan, the [u]ukanakku of Pennagadam by three svabrahmanas who were in the enjoyment of kani in the temple of god Tirunagisvara-udaiya Nayanar of Tiruppalaippandal to supply the necessary articles (specified) for the worship of the god on sivaratri  day in the month of Masi with the interest on the 300 kasu received from the former in the month of Purattadi of the year.

No. 182.

(A. R. No. 162 of 1904).

Tiruppalappandal, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west base of the mandapa  in front of the central shrine in the

 Madhyassthanathesvara temple. Vijaiyarajendrachola [Rajendra III].  Year 11 : 1256-57 A.D.

This seems to record  the gift of land by Alagiyasolan alias Piridigangan alias Valandarumperumal for the spring festival in the month of Vaikasi to god Thirunagisuramudaiya Nayanar.  Tanininruvenra Sevagapperumal is also mentioned.

No. 296.

(A. R. No. 268 of 1904).

Yogimallavaram, Puttur Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the north wall of the Parasaresvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  year 9 : 1224 – 25 A.D.

The endowment recorded in this inscription was originally made in the reign of Rajaraja I (vide Nos. 297 and 300).  Since in the former, Vira Narasingadeva Yadavaraya, a well-known feudatory of Rajaraja III is mentioned, the king of this record may be identified with Rajaraja III.

This records the endowment of 26 ¼ kalanju of gold weighed by kudinai for various services and offerings to god Pippaladichcharamudaiya Nayanar by the sabha  of Tiruchchukanur.  The gift was taken over by the sivabrahmanas  of this temple.

No. 297.

(A. R. No. 269 of 1904).

Yogimallavaram, Puttur Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the north wall of the Parasaresvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 9 : 1224 – 25 A. D.

This inscription is dated in the month of Tai of the 9th year of Rajaraja III.  It refers to an endowment made on the 80th day of the 23rd year of rajaraja I.  it also mentions Salukki Vira Narasingadeva alias  Yadavaraya, as the ruler of the place (vide Nos. 296 above and 299 below).

The records an enquiry conducted by the aforesaid Yadavaraya, the Srimahesvaras and the Sthanattar, held in Tirukkannappadevan-tirukkavanam, into a complaint made by the sthanattar of the temple of god Pippaladisvaramudaiya-mahadeva in Tiruchchukanur, a brahmadeya in Tirukkudavur-nadu in Perumbanappadi-ttiruvengada-kkottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam, against the sabha of the same place that the latter failed to carry out the provisions of an endowment of 26 ¼ kalanju  for services and offerings during Uttarayana Samkramana to God Pippaladisvaramudaiya-mahadeva, made by Namban Kuttadi alias Jayangondasola-Brahmarayan of Aruvetovai kot (?), a brahmadeya  in Nenmali-nadu in Arumolideva-valanadu in Solamandalam on the 80th day of the 23rd regnal year of Rajaraja I, having received the amount of the endowment from the donor.  As the complainants could produce in evidence an epigraphical record of this transaction, the sabha was directed to pay the 26 ¼ kalanju into the temple treasury.

The uravar of Ilamandiyam, Erppidipattu, Avilali, Gunduppakkam, Tenappalli-Munnaippundi, Tandalam, etc., figure as signatories to this inscription.

No. 299.

(A. R. No. 271 of 1904).

Yogimallavaram, Puttur Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the north and west bases of the Parasaresvara temple.

Rajaraja II.  Year [6] : 1221 –22 A.D.

This inscription mentions a fight between Vira Narasingadeva alias Yadavaraya and Kadavaraya at Uratti.

It records the gift of land, irrigated by Narayanaputteri excavated for the merit of Narayana-ppillai, and taxes (silvari) including kadamai, ayam, porkadamai, padikaval, vetti, sarikai-kolvari, for the midnight and morning services to god Tippaladisvaramudaiya Nayanar in Tiruchchukanur, in Tirukkudavur-nadu in Tiruvengada-kkottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam, by Pokkan alias Pandiyataraiyar, son of Udaiyar, the son of Parasamayakolariyandar for the merit of his nephew (marumagan) Narayanappillai who attacked Kadavaraya and got killed in the fight mentioned above.  The name of the temple accountant is given as Perumulaiyurudaiyan Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan Singappillai alias Vagisa-pperumal (vide No. 302).

No. 304.

(A. R. No. 275 of 1904).

Yogimallavaram, Puttur Taluk, Chittoor District

On the south wall of the Kalyana mandapa of the Parasaresvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 14 : 1229 – 30 A. D.

This record mentions Vira-Narasingadeva alias Yadavaraya.

This inscription records the endowment of the taxes collected in kind and in cash, from the lands at Munnaippundi irrigated by the Vira Narasingadeva-pputteri, excavated at the cost of 100 kasu, for the procession during the festival called tirumasittirunal for the merit of Pillaiyar Vira Narasingadeva alias Yadavaraja, to god Pippaladisvaramudaiya Nayanar of Tiruchchukanur in Kudavur-nadu in Tiruvengadakkottam in Jayangondasola-mandalam by Pokkan alias  Pandiyataraiyar, son of Parasamaiya Kolariyandar, the head of the matha attached to this temple.

The Uravar of Munnaippundi took over the land, and agreed to remit 100 vatti  of paddy and 4 pon as the amount of tax both in kind and cash to be capitalized for the requirements of the festival.

No. 455.

(A. R. No. 424 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja III.  year 16 + 1 : 1232 – 33 A. D.

On palaeographical considerations, the king may be identified with Rajaraja III.

This inscription records the gift of jewels in gold and silver such as tirunerrimalai (forehead plate) bahu-valaiyam (armlet), tirukkaichchari  (bracelet), tirumulaittadam (breast plate), tiruvaram (necklace), udarabandhanam (belt), tiruppirai  (crescent), etc., to god manavala-nayanar and the goddess Nachchiyar of Tirumaraikkadu by Periyan Selkalandan of Nelveli, a merchant of Kulottungasolappattinam.  Also gives the weight of gold and silver for these jewels.

No. 460.

(A. R. No. 429 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja III.  Year 27 : 1242 – 43 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of 6½  ma and kil of ¾  (veli) of land by Uyyavandan alias Tiruvarangamarayan, one of the niyayattar of Perinaru in Rajendrachola valanadu, for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirumaraikkadu Udaiyar.  The gift land was made over to Srikrishna Bhatta and others of Anapaya-chaturvedimangalam who undertook to maintain the lamp with the balance after paying the kadamai  (tax) on the lands.

In detailing the boundaries of the gift land, the record mentions Vikramasolan Kadambur iranda[m kannaru].

No. 462.

(A. R. No. 431 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajaraja III.  Year 27 : 1242 - 43 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of land as tirunamattukkani to a deity (name lost) whose image was set up by Maluvali Selvan, a mudali in the temple of Tirumaraikkadudaiyar.  The sabha of Kundavai-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Idaiyalanadu of Rajendra-solavalanadu made the land free from taxes such as antarayam, kudimai, and nattu viniyogam.

No. 463.

(A. R. No. 432 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

in the Vedaranyesvara temple.  Rajaraja III.  year 22 : 1137 – 38 A. D.

On palaeographical grounds the king may be identified with Rajaraja III.

This records the gift of 35 veli of land, by Peruntiruvatti Kayilaikkilatti, a santikkutti made free from taxes including antarayam, kudimai, koyirramapperu and nagaraviniyogam by the Nagarattar of Rajendrasinga-puram in the western division (melaivagai) of Umbala-nadu, for various offerings including damanaka flowers during the spring festival to god Tirumaraikkadu-udaiyar.

No. 535.

(A. R. No. 493 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the first prakara  of the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Date  Lost.

This damaged inscription records the gift of ¼ veli of land, in Vikramasolan-Kadambur left in the hands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple, by Manarkkudaiya[n] .. of Idaiyala-nadu in Kulottungasola-valanadu, for burning a perpetual lamp.  Other details are lost.

No. 537.

(A. R. No. 495 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 27 : 1243 A. D.

The details of date viz., Makara ba.  15, Monday, Pusam are irregular.

This records the gift of 6 makkani land in Vikramasolan Kadambur, as tiruvilakkuppuram, by Araiyan Uyyavandan, of Kanattur, for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirumaraikkadu-udaiyar, in Umbala-nadu.

The gift-land was purchased from Tunaiyirundal Sani, by the donor.

No. 538.

(A. R. No. 496 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year  19 : 1234 A.D.

The details of date viz., Mithuna su 13, Sunday, Kettai, correspond to 1234 A.D., June 11, Sunday, ’28 ; ’92.

This registers the agreement regarding a gift of ¼ veli  of land in Anapaya-chaturvedimangalam in Idaiyala-nadu in Rajendrasola-valanadu to the donor Velan Kudandai Nayakan alias Panchavarayan of Siraikkavur, in Kilay-kkurram, in Nittavinoda-valanadu by the temple authorities.  The land was made over to the sivabrahmanas for burning a perpetual lamp with one ulakku of oil daily in the temple.  The weight of the lamp is stated to be 80 palam.

No. 541.

(A. R. No. 499 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the first prakara  in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 3 : 1218 – 19 A.D.

This records the sale (alvilai-pramana-isaivu-tittu) of 10 slaves with their associates of the Sadaiyandi-kuttam for 1,000 kasu by Ariyan Pichchan alias Edirilisola-Gangainadalavan, the kaval officer of Merpuram in Kunrur-nadu to the authorities of the temple of Tirumaraikkadu-udaiyar.  Five of these ten salves are stated to have been once sold to the god by mudaliyar Gangapillai alias Rajaraja-gangai-nadalvar.

No. 542.

(A. R. No. 500 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  year 7 + 1 : 1223 – 24 A.D.

Trhis records the gift of 2 veli of land in three plots, made tax-free in Kulottunga-solanallur in Umbala-nadu by Maluvadi Chelvan of Pundi for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumaraikkadu-udaiyar.

Among the boundaries of the second plot of land is mentioned the devadana land of Tiruttantonrisvaram-udaiyar of Vetkunrur and among those of the third are mentioned the piece of land pulaikkadaichchey belonging to Tennavan Muvendavelan, land in Vayalur and a highway (peruvali).

No. 543.

(A. R. No. 501 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 29 + 1 : 1245 – 46 A.D.

This inscription refers to the invation by Singana Danana aka of the Chola country in the 25th year (1240 – 41 A.D.) of Rajaraja’s reign.

It records the order (tana-niyogam) of the trustees (sthanattar) of the temple of Tiirukkodikkulagar in Kunrur-nadu, a division of Umbala-nadu conferring certain honours on Sattan Bhattanambi alias Uttaman-Nambi of Atulaparakkiramapuram in Kanattur-nadu, who besides providing a capital of 50,000 kasu for repairs, undertook to provide for the re-consecration, daily worship and festivals in the temple, which had been disturbed and neglected due to the invasion of Singana Dandanayaka.

No. 544.

(A. R. No. 502 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.   Year 24 : 1239 – 40 A.D.

This records the sale and dedication of two slaves Kalani and Kudiyal by Ariyan Pichchan alias Gangainadalvan to god Tirumaraikkad-udaiyar.

No. 548.

(A. R. No. 505 of 1904).

Agattiyanpalli, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south base of the central shrine in Agastyesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 2 : 1218 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., 2nd year, Kumbha, Monday, su. 2, Sadaiyam correspond to 1218 A.D., January 20, Monday, f.d.t., ’13; ’40.

This records the gift of 1,500 anradu-narkasu entrusted into the hands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple of god Tiruvagattiyanpalli-udaiyar in Kunrur-nadu in Umbala-nadu, for a perpetual lamp, by Tiruppalanam-udaiyar alias  Viratakularayar Pakkai Kudapulamudaiyan Araiyan Adittadevan Aditta…………lvar of Korramangalam in Purankarambai-nadu in Rajendrasola-valanadu.

No. 551.

(A. R. No. 508 of 1904).

Kodiyakkadu, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the Amritaghatesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  year 14 : 1229 – 30 A.D.

On palaeographical considerations this epigraph may be assigned to Rajaraja III.

This seems to record a gift for a perpetual lamp for god Tirukkodi-kkulagar in Kunrur-nadu in Umbala-nadu by a native of Nandinallur in Tirunaraiyur-nadu.  Other details are lost as the inscription is partly built in.

No. 563.

(A. R. No. 520 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north base of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 21 : 1236 – 37 A. D.

On palaeographical considerations this inscription can be assigned to Rajaraja III.

It records a grant of land, made tax-free by the shtanattar of the temple for burning a lamp at the Kulachchirai matha situated in the tirumadivilagam to the north of the temple of Tirunellikka-udaiyar.  It mentions Tirunanasambandan guhai, which was probably a monastery (See No. 564 below).

No. 564.

(A. R. No. 521 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 20 : 1235 – 36 A.D.

This inscription records the grant of land for a garden to god Tirunellikka udaiyar, by Marainansambandar and Alittervittagar, residing at the Tirunanasambandan-tiruguhai.  It mentions Kurukkai Purandaraguru-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 565.

(A. R. No. 522 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 20 : 1235 – 36 A. D.

This inscription seems to refer to some grant of land for food-offerings to god Ilaiyapillaiyar (Subrahmanya) by a certain Marainanasambandar.

No. 566.

(A. R. No. 523 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 8 + 1 : 1225 A. D.

The details of date given viz., year, 8 + 1 Kumbha su. 14, Sunday, Puram correspond to 1225 A.D., February 23, Sunday, ’75, f.d.n.  ’30.  The Kumbha month seems to have ended that day as the details correspond to the 1st Mina.  It is also stated in the body of the inscription that the gift was taken over in Panguni month.

This epigraph records a gift of 400 kasus for a lamp for Iranavira sandi  for god Tirunellikkavudaiyar in Arvala-kkurram in Irajendra . . . . . . . . –valanadu, by Andavan selkalalvan of Arur.  The money was taken over by Sivanan Tirunellikkavudaiyan alias Virasola Bhattan, a sivabrahmana of the temple for executing the wishes of the donor.

No. 567.

(A. R. No. 524 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north and east walls of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  (?) Year [3] + 1.

The portion containing the date is damaged.  It is stated that the grant was made on some day in Panguni.

This inscription seems to record a sale of land as tirunamattukkani to the temple of god Tirunellikka-udaiyar, receiving 1000 kasus, by Sokki, wife of Tamilavelan of . . . . . . . . . . . ttaiyanallur who had Tillainayakan as her guardian and another woman whose identity is not clear.

No. 570.

(A. R. No. 526 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 31 : 1246 – 47 A. D.

This damaged and incomplete inscription seems to record a grant of land to god Tirunellikkavudaiyar by Arayan Tillaiperuman of Tittaichcheri and his brothers Ga[ndaradittade]van Uyyavandan.  It also mentions the land of a certain Tamilavelan (see No. 567 above) as the western boundary of apparently the granted land.

No. 571.

(A. R. No. 527 of 1904).

Tirunellikkaval, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Amalakesvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 4 : 1219 A. D.

The details of date  given viz., 4th year, Makara ba. 7 . . . . . . . . . .  hasta, corresponds to 1219 A.D. December 29, Sunday, f.d.t. ’02, ’62.

This inscription seems to record a gift of 500 kasu for a sandhi lamp in the night to the temple, by Anantan Ki(Kri)shnan alias . . . . . . . . gainattu-velar, the headman of Kalaiyur.  This amount was lent out for interest at the annual rate of 24 per cent of 3 sivabrahmanas of the temple of god Tirunellikkavudaiya-nayanar in Arvalakkurram in Rajendrasola-valanadu.  Arayan Tillaipperuman, Arayan Gandaradittadevan, and Arayan Uyyavanda[n*] (mentioned as brothers in No. 570) figure as signatories.

No. 574.

(A. R. No. 529 of 1904).

Tiruttengur, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Rajatagirisvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 20 : 1235 – 36 A. D.

This inscription refers to a grant made in the 30th year (1208 A.D.) of Periyadevar Tribhuvanaviradevar i.e., Kulottunga III.

This epigraph records the undertaking given by the sivabrahmanas of the temple of Tiruvelliyangunram-udiayar to continue to burn the lamp for which they received 400 kasu from Kuruppulan Tiruvenkambamudaiyan Tiruchchorrutturai-udaiyan in the 30th year of the reign of Tribhuvanaviradeva.  The lamp given by the donor is said to have weighed 200 palam.  The donor is also mentioned in No. 575 below.

No. 577.

(A. R. No. 532 of 1904).

Tiruttengur, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Rajatagirisvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 24 + 1 : 1241 A.D.

The details of date given viz.,  24 + 1st year, Makara ba. 14 Saturday, Uttiradam regularly correspond to 1241 A.D., January 12, Saturday.

This inscription records the gift of one ma of land, as arasuperu entrusted to the palligal of the land endowed as tirunundavilakkuppuram, for supplying oil for a perpetual lamp for god Tiruvelliyangunramudaiyar, by the Uravar of Tiruttengur Velliyidunagaram in Rajarajasola-valanadu.

No. 629.

(A. R. No. 583 of 1904).

Kalla Perumbur, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Kailasanatha temple.

Rajendra III.  Year 19 : 1234 – 35 A.D.

This inscription records the dismissal of the accountant named Senalurudaiyan Madalai Uttamapiriyan, who held a lease in the village, from his post for gramadroha and divesting the right of his progeny to that post, by the Perunguri mahasabha of Rajasundari-charuppedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Tanjavur-kurram, in Pandya kulasani-valanadu.

No. 657.

(A. R. No. 606 of 1904).

Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District.

At the entrance into the central shrine in the Ramanathasvamin temple, right side.

Rajaraja II.  year 7 + 1 : 1153 – 54 A.D.

On grounds of palaeography this inscription may be assigned to the 12th century, and the king may be identified with Rajaraja II.

It records the figt of a door-post to god Tayilunallisira(svaram)udaiyar by Tayilunalla-velan, Jayngonda-velan and Tiruchchirrambala-velan.

No. 658.

(A. R. No. 607 of 1904).

Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District.

At the entrance into the central shrine in the Ramanathasvamin temple, left side.

Rajaraja II.  Year 7 + 1 : 1153 – 54 A.D.

For the reason stated above in No. 657 the king of this inscription also may be identified with Rajaraja II.

It records a gift of a gomukha by one Singapperumal alias Tirunirruchchola Muvenda-velan to god Tayilunallisuramudaiyar.

No. 689.

(A. R. No. 633 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  Year 11 : 1220 - 21 A.D.

This records the gift of 1000 kuli of land, in Karumbedu in Nedu-nadu made free of taxes like kadamai, ayam, padikaval, pattippon, and tarappadi by Viranarasingadeva of Yadavaraya for conducting the mid-day service (uchchi sandi) to god Tirukkarikarai-udaiyar, in Ninraiyur-nadu, in Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 694.

(A. R. No. 638 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III.  year 10 : 1225 – 26 A.D.

On palaeographical grounds the inscription may be assigned to the 13th temple.

This inscription records the gift of 32 cows left in the hands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple, by Ninraikulattulan Tiruvanperran alias Ninraiyurnattu-velan, for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirukkarikarai-udaiyar.

No. 702.

(A. R. No. 645 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 26 : 1241 – 42 A.D.

This inscription records the gift of 2 madai, left in the hands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple by Kavan Boyindan of Somiyur in Pakkai-nadu for a twilight lamp to the deity Tirukkarikarai Pillaiyar, in Ninraiyur-nadu in Kunravattana-kottam, a subdivision of Jyangondasola-mandalam.

No. 703.

(A. R. No. 646 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 16 : 1231 A.D.

The details of date viz., Karkataka 14, su. 10, Anilam, Thursday, correspond regularly to 1231 A.D., July 10, Thursday, ’65, ’97.
This inscription records the gift of 32 cows, left in the hands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple by Kulattulan Ammai Appan alias Villavarayan in Kunrai, for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirukkarikarai-udaiyar of Ninraiyur-nadu in Kunravattana-kottam, in Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 704.

(A. R. No. 647 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the Bhairava shrine, in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 9 : 1224 – 25 A.D.

This inscription records gift of money (palankasu) [details lost] by Rajanarayanavelan alias Tiruvekambamudaiyan of Kudir in Oriyur in venkunra-kkottam, left in the lands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple, for burning a twilight lamp to God Tirukkarikarai-ppillaiyar.

No. 710.

(A. R. No. 653 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 27 : 1242 – 43 A.D.

This inscription records the gift of 11 madai by Kottu[r] Vadukan for burning a twilight lamp to the deity Tirukkarikarai-pillaiyar of Ninraiyur-nadu, a district of Kunravattana-kkottam, a sub-division of Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 712.

(A. R. No. 655 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east walls of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III year 25 : 1240 – 41 A.D.

This inscription records the gift of 3 madai of gold left in the hands of the sivabrahmanas of the temple, by Karippillai, son of Sengamitti Kudiyar of Pandari-Seruvanur, in Melaippadaiyur-nadu, for burning a twilight lamp in the temple of Tirukkarikaraippillaiyar in Ninraiyur-nadu, in Naduvu-malai in Kunravattanakkottam, a sub-division of Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 713.

(A. R. No. 656 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 29 : 1245 A.D.

The details of date viz., Mithuna 32, su. 1, Monday, Pusam regularly corresponds to 1245 A.D., June 26, Monday, ’70 ; f.d.n. ’05.
This inscription records the gift of 16 madai by Vadugappillai alias Vayiradarayan of Kottalattur for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkarikarai-pillaiyar. The gift was entrusted to theSivabrahmanas of the temple who under took to maintain the lamp. (See No. 712 above.)

No. 715.

(A. R. No. 658 of 1904).

Ramagiri, Tiruvallur Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Valisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. Year 10 : 1225 – 26 A.D.

The inscription records the gift of 32 cows, left in the hands of the sivabrahmanas (names specified) of the temple by Ninrai-kulattulan Tiruvan Perran alias Ninraiyur-nattu-velan for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkarikarai-pillaiyar situated in Ninraiyur-nadu, a sub-division of Kunravattana-kottam, a division of Jayangondasola-mandalam.

No. 731.

(A. R. No. 674 of 1904).

Tirumullaivayal, Saidapet Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Masilamanisvara temple.

Rajaraja III. year 16 : 1231 – 32 A.D.

This inscription records the sale of 15 veli of land with rights of irrigation, for 60 palampulli-madai, by the mahasabha of Agarama Kolippadagai alias Kulottungasola-chaturvedimangalam, in Kanapperuru-nadu, in Pular-kottam, as tirunamattukkani, to the deity.
It detailing the boundaries of the land, the record mentions the highway at Ninravur.

Rajendra III

No. 387.

(A. R. No. 357 of 1904).

Narttamalai, Pudukkottai Taluk, Tiruchirappalli District.

On the rock which forms the north wall of the Tirumalaikkadambar temple.

Rajendra III (?)  Year 7 : 1253 A. D.

This inscription records the gift of land called Iluppaiseynilam situated in Perumudi alias . . . . dava-pperumalnallur made tax-free to [Poreru]seman alias Akalanka Achariyan, as a fee for carrying out repairs in the temples of god Tirumalaikadambur Udaiya-nayanar in Telingakulakalapuradevar-kkulottungasola-pattinam, Tiruvanaikka Udaiya-nayanar and Nachchimar by the Adichandesvara-devakanmigal in the presence of the deity Tirukkodi Devanar i.e., on the flag-hoisting day.  The donee, however, had to pay into the Sribhandaram, 1/10 of the proceeds from the land.

No. 448.

(A. R. No. 418 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine

 in the Vedaranyesvara temple. Rajendrachola III Year 9 : 1255 A. D.

The details of date given viz., Makara su. 2, Tuesday, Sadaiyam, corresponds to 1255 A. D., January 12, Tuesday, ’07 ; ’67.

This records the gift of ¼th veli and 4 ma of land by purchase from Pattanankilan Tavapperumal, of Anapayachaturvedimangalam by Bharadvaji Periyanambi Tirutturai-pperuaml of Iraiyamangalam alias Kulottungasola-saruppedimangalam (chaturvedimangalam), in the western division of Umbala-nadu, as tiruvilakkuppuram, for burning a perpetual lamp to the deity Tirumaraikkadu-Udaiyar, after paying the taxes on the land.

No. 452.

(A. R. No. 421 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajendrachola III.  Year 6 : 1251 – 52 A. D.

This records an order of Vanadarayar, on the representation of Yadavarayar to the king, assigning the income from levy on textiles (kuraittaragu-ayam) from the devadana lands to the deity Tirumaraikkadu-Udaiyar.

It mentions Munaiyadaraiyar as a signatory.

No. 491.

(A. R. No. 460 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the Tyagaraja shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajendra III.  Year 16 : 1262 A.D.

The details of date, viz., Rishabha, su. 11, Monday, Uttiram, regularly correspond to 1262 A.D., May 1.

This records the gift of 24 veli, 6 ma, and 3 kani  of land by Narayanan of Padappai in Malaimandalam for meeting the expenses for the conduct of a service called Tiruvikkiraman – sandhi on two occasions and for burning three perpetual lamps to the deity Tirumaraikkadu Udaiyar.

No. 534.

(A. R. No. 492 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the first prakara  in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajendrachola III.  Year 33 : 1279 A. D.

The details of date viz.,  Vrishchika su. 10 Monday, Uttirattadi are irregular.

This inscription is damaged and mutilated.  It seems to record a gift of land made by tax-free by the Nattavar  of Umbala-nadu, for [services] to the god and goddess in the temple.

No. 536.

(A. R. No. 494 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the first prakara  in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajendrachola III.  Year 18 : 1263 A.D.

The details of date, viz., Makara ba . . . . . . . . , Wednesday, Tiruvonam are irregular.

This records the gift of 2½ veli  and magani of land, originally purchased partly from Kunamalaippadi Udaiyan . . . . . . . . Pallavadaraiyar and partly from Nagandan of Anapaya-chaturvedimangalam in Idaiyala-nadu in Rajendrasola-valanaldu by Tirumaraikkadudaiyan Karpagapperuman of Kodumalur, who owned lands in Vayalur Palli, in Kunrur-nadu, as tirunamattukkani to the god Tirumaraikkadu-udaiyar.

No. 539.

(A. R. No. 497 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Vadaranyesvara temple.

Rajendrachola III.  Year 2 [6] : 1272 A.D.

The details of date viz.,  Makara ba. 6, Friday, Chittirai corresponds to 1272 A.D. January 22, Friday, f.d.t.’ 18 : ’90.

This records the gift of ¾ veli of land made tax-free by the uravar of Sirumutarai and Parpunankilaiyan Karikalasola-ppallavaraiyan, for food offerings to the deities Aludaiyar and Nayakar and their Nachchiyars, whose images were set up by Andanayakan alias Priamisvaramudiayar, the headman of Karaikkadaippu Elumur in the western division of Umbala-nadu in the temple of Ilamaraikkadudaiya Nayanar.

No. 545.

(A. R. No. 503 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajendrachola III.  year 12 : 1257 – 58 A.D.

This seems to record the ur-niyogam, given by the residents of Rajendrasingapattinam, regarding a gift of land for certain services and offerings and the contribution of a fish as karttigai-ppachchai, in the temple of the Tirumaraikkadu-udaiyar by the members of a body called the Paramamamuni Elunurruvar, who claim to be the descendants of the sage born of the fire that burnt Kama (i.e., Manmatha).

No. 556.

(A. R. No. 513 of 1904).

Kodiyakkadu, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the Amritaghatesvara temple.

Rajendra III.  Year 3 : 1276 A.D.

The details of date, viz., Kumbha su.  Are insufficient for verification.

This inscription seems to record a sale of land to Ediroppiladar alias Somanathadevar of the lineage of Mudaliyar of [Tiruchchatti]l-murram by the authorities of the temple of god Tirukkodikkulagar for the raising of a garden called Tiruvaypadi.

No. 557.

(A. R. No. 514 of 1904).

Kodiyakkadu, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the Amritaghatesvara temple.

Rajendra III.  year 32 : 1276 A.D.

The details of date given, viz., 32nd year, Makara ba.  Thursday, Revati corresponds to 1276 A.D.  January 23.

This inscription records that in exchange for the land formerly granted for the maintenance of the garden called Tiruvaypadi (cf.  No. 556 above) which was given over to Senapatigal, another plot of land called maiyartadanganni-mayakkal was granted by Nambikudiyan alias Gangainattukkon for his own merit.

No. 576.

(A. R. No. 531 of 1904).

Tiruttengur, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Rajatagirisvara temple.

Rajendra III.  Year 11 + 1 : 1257 A.D.

The details of date given viz., 11 + 1 year, Karkataka ba, Monday, Rohini, corresponds to 1257 A.D., July 9, Monday.  The tithi was 11.

This epigraph seems to state that the temple authorities exempted the merchant of Tiruttengur, a tirunundavilakkuppuram in the devadana  of god Tiruvelliyangunram-udaiya nayanar, from the payment of the tax in oil in consideration of the return of the land bought from the temple, by them sometime back in lieu of 50 kasu received by them.  They also arranged to give to Tiruttengur Poyan some other land as vettai-pperu in return for the land which was included in the tirunundavilakku-ppuram.

No. 600.

(A. R. No. 555 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District

On the north wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajendra III.  Year 20 : 1266 A.D.

The details of date given viz., year 20, Makara su. 13, Wednesday, Punarpusam regularly correspond to 1266 A.D., January 20, ’77,  ’82.

This inscription records the grant of two pieces of land by Pirambar Visaiyapalar of Tiruvidaimarudur to the matha built for the tapasyar, who were tending the gardens of the temple, doing other services in the shrines of gods Alagiya Tiruchchirrambalam udaiyar and Porpatikku-nayakisvaramudaiyar, set up by the donor and Alagapperuman alias Kalappalarayar of Sirnangur.  One of the pieces of the land is stated to have been purchased from Umaiyalvi alias Alagilumalagiyadevattalaikkoli, one of the dancing girls (padiyilar) living in the northern row of Irasakkal tambiran-tiruvidi Sannadhi-ttiruvidi.  The mahasabha of Adiyakkai-chcharuppedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Tiruvarur-kkurram in Geyamanikka-valanadu remitted the taxes on the lands.

No. 602.

(A. R. No. 557 of 1904).

Tiruvaur, Nagapattinam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the first prakara in the Tyagarajasvamin temple.

Rajendra III.     Year 13 : 1259 A.D. , Year 20 : 1265 – 66 A.D., Year 23 : 1268 – 69 A.D.

This inscription records three grants on different dates in the reign of the same king.  The details of date given for the first grant viz. year 13, Mina ba. 3, Monday, Tiruvonam, are irregular as the combination is impossible.

The first grant is of three pieces of land, one in Palli and Marayamangalam alias Rajadhiraja-chcharuppedimangalam, a devadana in Geyamanikka-valanadu and another in Perumpor, a devadana and another in Rajanarayana-chcharuppedimangalam, a tirappu-val-kudi,  the last made tax-free by the sabha, of the same place for worship and other services to gods Alagiya Tiruchchirrambalam-udaiyar and Porpatikkunayaka-Isvaramudaiyar, set up by them on the southern side of Rajakkaltambiran-tiruvidi Sannadhittiruvidi in Selva-ttiruvarur by Sirunangurudaiyan Araiyan Alaga-pperumal alias Kalappalarayan of Pambuni-kkuram in Suttamali-valanadu and Piramban Porpatikkunayakan Tiruvidaimarududaiyan alias Vijayapalan of Arkattukkurram in Pandikulasani-valanadu (See No. 600 above).  The latter made two grants in the 20th and 23rd regnal year of the same king, of two fields in his own land in Perumpor, a devadana  in Geyamanikka-valanadu, respectively for worship and other services to god Tirumaligai Vinayaka-ppillaiyar and to god Subrahmanya-ppillaiyar, whose images were set up by himself.

Kulottungachola

No. 451.

(A. R. No. 420-A of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the Vedaranyesvaa temple.

Kulottungachola III.  Date Lost.

This records the provision for the supply of one uri of ghee measured by the devar nali  for burning two perpetual lamps by Pokkakkudaiyar …………Iyarpagai-yandar……… of Marukal-nadu.  Iyarpagai, after whom the donor is named, was one of the saiva devotees whose lives are narrated in the Periyapuranam.

Rajaraja

No. 129.

(A. R. No. 111 of 1904).

Tiruchchopuram, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east base of the central shrine in the Mangalapurisvara temple.

Rajarajadeva. Year lost.

The regnal year in this inscription is lost.  The available details of date, saptami, Thursday, Svati, are insufficient to calculate the equivalent.

It records the sale of land to the god at Tiruchchopuram as tirunamattukkani by the mahasabha of Tyagavalli-chaturvedimangalam in Melkanadu.  Among the boundaries of the land is mentioned the name of a watercourse, palpanja perungali.

No. 450.

(A. R. No. 420 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja.  Date Lost.

This seems to record a gift of money to several shepherds (kons) for the supply of ghee, for burning a perpetual lamp to the god by Puttakkudaiyan Velan Andukond…………. Muvendavelar.  Line 12 mentions the territorial division Irunalam valarkum Rajaraja pandi-nadu. 

No. 472.

(A. R. No. 441 of 1904).

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On another pillar in the mandapa in front of the central shrine in the Vedaranyesvara temple.

Rajaraja  year 9 : 993 – 94 A. D.

This records the gift of 7 kasu by Viraikudi-kilavan Velan Narayanan alias Sembiyan Kilkarai Velan, of Mutturru-kurram, in Pandi-nadu, for offering daily 2 palams of sarkkarai (country sugar) out of 12 akkam accruing as interest on the endowed amount, to the god Tirumaraikkad-udaiyar.

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