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Tuesday, March 06, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVI

TELUGU INSCRIPTIONS OF THE VIJAYANAGARA DYNASTY

No. 301.

(A. R. No. 68 of 1915.)

Chinna Ahobalam, Sirvel Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in the kanchugumbha-gopuram in the

Narasimhasvamin temple. Venkatapati, 1590 A.D.

This is dated  Saka 1512 (current), Virodhi, Phalguna ba. 30, corresponding to 1590 A.D., March 25, (Wednesday).

It registers a gift of land for offerings during the processions of god Prahladavarada at Viguva Tirupati by Savaram Rangapparaju, son of Yallaparaju and grandson of Suraparaju of Mallapachintakunta.

No. 302.

(A. R. No. 299 of 1926.)

Madhurapuram, Dharmavaram Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab lying in front of the Chennakesava temple at Madhurapuram, a depopulated hamlet of Dampetla. Venkatapati, 1590 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1512, Vikriti, Ashadha ba. 30, Solar eclipse corresponding to 1590 A.D., July 21, (Tuesday).

The inscription records that when the king was ruling from Penugonda, Nallaraneni Chimnapa, the servant of Mahanayamkacharya Potam Yara-Kadirinayani-Kondapa-nayaka restored the incomes in cash and grain from certain lands in Devarapalle which were misappropriated by Hande Devinayudu when he was ruling over Dampetla, to god Chennakesava Alagha-Perumal at Madhurapuram for the merit of his master and the king.

No. 303.

(A. R. No. 258 of 1913.)

Srimushnam, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the first prakara of the Bhuvarahaperumal temple.

Venkatapati, 1592 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1514, Nandana, Sravana ba. 5, corresponding to 1592 A.D., August 17, (Tuesday).

States that Chilamburu in the Kurichipattu sub-division of Pallikondapatnam-sima formerly obtained by Avasaram-Konappa as an agrahara from Kondama-nayaka, son of Timmarasu and grandson of Handeriga Gangadharayya was granted by him (Konappa) to god Adivaraha-Perumal in lieu of which the Sribhandaramvaru of the temple gave the donor 500 kuntas of garden land and two house-sites in addition to a share in the offerings made to the god.

No. 304.

(A. R. No. 322 of 1920.)

Gooty, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a pillar lying in the prakara of the Ramasvamin temple.

Venkatapati, 1593 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1515, Vijaya, Jyeshtha su. 2 corresponding to 1593 A.D., May 22, (Tuesday)

It records that Mahamandalesvara Alludu Raghunatharajayyadeva, of Kasyapa-gotra and solar race made an endowment of 24 gadyas per annum at the rate of 2 gadyas per month out of the yidiga-gutta of Guttipatnam paid into the hands of Khanderaya for the daily supply of flower garlands to god Ramachandra of Jagatapi-gutti.

No. 305.

(A. R. No. 377 of 1904.)

Kalamalla, Kamalapuram Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up close to the east wall of the Anjaneya

shrine in the Chennakesava temple. Venkatapati, 1593 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1515, Vijaya, Kartika su. 12, corresponding to 1593 A.D., October 26.

The king is stated to have been ruling from Penugonda.  It records a gift of income derived from the market cess (pentasunkham) to the god Chennakesava by the agent (karyakartta) (name lost) of Mahamandalesvara Nandela Aubhalrajayya-maharaju.   The donor bears the epithet Katahari.

No. 306.

(A. R. No. 609 of 1907.)

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set near the inner gopura of the Saumyanathasvamin temple.

Venkatapati, 1601 A.D.

The inscription is dated Saka 15[2]3, Plava, Chaitra ba. [5] corresponding to 1601 A.D., April 12, (Sunday).

Barring the date, the other details of the record are badly damaged.

No. 307.

(A. R. No. 260 of 1916.)

Srimushnam Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the first prakara of the Bhuvaraha-perumal temple.

Venkatapati, 1602 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1525 (wrong for 1523), Plava, Phalguna su. 10, corresponding to 1602 A.D., February 21, (Sunday).

It registers a grant of land in the village of Yalamangala excluding the devamanya and  sthana-manya lands formerly given by Achyutappa-nayaka and Padigasani, by the trustees of the temple, and Venkata Ravu Konetayya, the agent of Kondamanayani-Krishnappa-nayaka to one hundred and forty one servants (sevugalavaru) of the temple of Adivaraha at Srimushnam for conducting services to the god on specified occasions.

Stipulates payment of cash (modalu) in lieu of services by such of those servants who were not able to render their services to the temple.

No. 308.

(A. R. No. 382 of 1920.)

Marnepalli, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a stone set up near the Anjaneya temple. Venkatapati, 1602 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1525 (current), Subhakrit, Margasira ba. 7, corresponding to 1602 A.D.,  November 25.

It records gift of the village Marinepalli in the Puleti-magani of Gutti-sima to god Raghunayaka of Gutti-durgam, by Alludu Ramarajayyadeva-maharaju, who is said to have obtained Gutti-sime as his amara-nayankara from the king.

No. 309.

(A. R. No. 564 of 1915.)

Siddhavatam, Siddhavatam Taluk, Cuddapah District.

At the entrance, on the east wall of the old fort.

Venkatapati, 1605 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1527,  (also expressed by Chronogram Asva-ambaka-bana-bhu) Visvavasu, corresponding to 1605 A.D.

It states that the Matla chief Ananta constructed the fortifications round the town of Siddhavatam which had been captured by his father Ellama Raju, after defeating in battle, the chief Kondraju Tirupati Raju.  Ananta who belonged to the Devachoda family claims his descent from the solar race.  He bore the titles Manne-Hamvira and Rachabebbuli.  Among his achievements described at length are mentioned his victory in the battle of Jambulamadaka (i.e., Jammalamadugu) and the capture of Cuttack.  He is praised as the right hand of the Karnata emperor (i.e., the Vijayanagara king) and as the author of the Kakutsthavijayamu and other works.  He is also stated to have constructed a tank in the name of his father.

The inscription commences with a Sanskrit verse followed by six verses in Telugu.  See Sources of Vijayanagara History,  pp. 248-50.  Published in the Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXXVII, pp. 103 ff.

No. 310.

(A. R. No. 67 of 1915.)

ChinnaAhobalam, Sirvel Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up to the right of the entrance into the

kanchugumbha-gopuram of the Narasimhasvamin temple.

Venkatapati, 1609 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1531, Saumya, Jyeshtha ba. 10, Friday corresponding to 1609 A.D., June 16.

It registers the gift of seven gold gilded pinnacles, two fly whisks and a white silk umbrella to the god Ahobala at Diguva Tirupati by Madisetti-Rudrayya and others for the merit of the 150 nagarasvamins  who bear among others the title Penugondapuravaradhisvara.

No. 311.

(A. R. No. 184 of 1913.)

Gorantla Hindupur Taluk, Anantapur District.

On astone built into the floor of the mandapa in the Madhavarayasvamin temple.

Venkatapati, 1610 A.D.

This damaged inscription is dated Saka 15[32], Sadharana, Pushya su. 2, Friday corresponding to 1610 A.D., December 7, ’41.

It seems to record a grant of the incomes of the temple of Madhavesvara of Gorantla for the merit of the king and Chikka-Venkatappa-nayaka.  The donor's name is lost.

No. 312.

(A. R. No. 452 of 1916.)

Vellanguli, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On a side of the slab set up in the village.

Venkatapati 1613 A.D.

This is dated Saka 153[5], Pramadi, Uttarayana, Hemanta-ritu, Pushya ba. 13, Mula, Wednesday and Kollam 799, Tai 1 corresponding to 1613 A.D., December 29, ’33, ’82.

It registers the grant of a piece of land in the village Vellangudi alias Virabhupalasamudram in Mulli-nadu to Venkatadri-bhatlu and Narasamma on the occasion of the consecration of the image of Krishna and Kamesvari by Visvanatha Krishnappanayaka when the king was ruling from Vijayanagara and Visvanatha Virappa-nayaka was ruling over his territory.

No. 313.

(A. R. No. 286 of 1905.)

Venkatadripalem, Markapur, Kurnool District.

On a huge pillar lying at the entrance of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Venkatapati, 1614 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1536 expressed by the chronogram rasa-rama-bana-sasi, Ananda, Ashadha su. 11, Thursday regularly corresponding to 1613 A.D., July 7, ’43.

The inscription is Sanskrit verse registers a gift of the four villages Gurrapusala, Chennarayapalle, Garaladinna and Katarivanipalli to god Chennakesava by Gangapanayaka of Madala-gotra, son of Venkatadri and grandson of Ganga of the family of Rayapa-nayaka.  The gift villages are said to have been situated in Dupati-sima to the east of Srisaila.  The donor is described as ruling Srigiri-mandala.

No. 314.

(A. R. No. 424 of 1923.)

Venkatadripalem, Markapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab lying in front of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Venkatapati, 1614 A.D.

This is another copy of No. 313 above.

No. 315.

(A. R. No. 377 of 1911.)

Narayanavanam, Puttur Division, Chittoor District.

On the outer gopura of the Kalyana Venkatesaperumal temple.

Venkatapati, 1620 A.D.

The  inscription is dated Raudri, Bhadrapada ba. 12.  The cyclic year seems to be equated to the Saka year 1544.  If the Saka year quoted is a mistake for 1542 (Raudri), the details correspond to 1620 A.D., September 13, Wednesday.

It records the gift of tolls on various articles of merchandise such as cloth, areca, pepper, jaggery, tamarind etc., to god Kalyana Venkatesvara of Narayanapuram by the chiefs of the mercantile corporation of Ayyavole headed by Prithivisetti Rayanamantri Bhaskara.

No. 316.

(A. R. No. 285 of 1905.)

Venkatadripalem, Markapur, Kurnool District.

On a huge pillar lying at the entrance of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Ramadeva, 1622 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1544 expressed by the chronogram veda-ambhonidhi-bana-chamdra, Dundubhi, Vaisakha, Urjitapaksha (ba), Vishnu-divasa (11), Sitamsu-vara (Monday), corresponding to 1522 A.D., april 26.   The weekday, however, was Friday and not Monday.

This inscription, in Sanskrit verse, records the gift of the village Singarikonda alias Battepadu in Kochcherlakota-sima, to god Chennakesava of Venkatadrinagara by Malla of Vellutla-gotra, son of Virapa and grandson of Malla of the Ravela family for the nityotsava, pakshotsava, masotsava  and vatsarotasva ceremonies.

No. 317.

(A. R. No. 423 of 1923.)

Venkatadripalem, Markapur, Kurnool District.

On a slab lying buried in front of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Ramadeva, 1622 A.D.

Same as No. 316 above.

No. 318.

(A. R. No. 53 of 1915.)

Nagaluti, Nandikotkur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a pillar set up in front of the Virabhadra temple.

Ramadeva, 1624 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1546, Raktakshi, Jyeshtha su. 5, corresponding to 1624 A.D., May 12, (Wednesday).

It registers the construction of a gopura towards the east and a mandapa near it in the prakara of the temple of Virabhadra at Langgaluti in the region of Srisaila-Sidhapuram, the consecreation of the images of Kasi-Visvesvara and Kalyana-Basavesvara in it and a gift of land along with copper and bronze vessels by Bonttala Nagisetti of Vichchupakula-gotra, with the approval of Sayapanayani Timma-nayaka, the governor of the area.

No. 319.

(A. R. No. 376 of 1920.)

Anumpalli, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a rock behind the deserted Isvara temple in the village.

Ramadeva, 1626 A.D.

The record is damaged.  It is dated Saka 1548 (current), Krodhana, Phalguna ba. [30] corresponding to 1626 A.D., March 1 7, (Friday).  The solar eclipse mentioned in the record occurred a month earlier on Thursday, February 16.

It records a grant of land in Anumpalle on the occasion of a solar eclipse for lamp-offerings to god Yagantisvara by Vuyyala Narasandu.  The village Anumpalle was situated in Penakacharla-sima in Jagatapigutti-sima.

No. 320.

(A. R. No. 374 of 1920.)

Anumpalli, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a stone set up in front of the old Gopalasvamin temple.

Ramadeva, 1626 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1548, Vibhava, Kartika ba. 2, lunar eclipse.  The details are irregular.  Saka 1548 was Kshaya, not Vibhava ; there was no lunar eclipse in Kartika either in the year Kshaya o  Vibhava.

It records a gift of land in the sthanamanya of god Gopalasvami in Anumpalle in Penakalacherla-sima belonging to Jagatapigutti-sima, to China-Timmaya, son of  sthanam Kesavayya of Vemulapadu by Immadi Papi-nayaka, son of Mahanayanka-charya Attili Peda Papi-nayaka of Nagasamudram, for the merit of his parents.

No. 321.

(A. R. No. 317 of 1920.)

Gooty, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a pillar to the left side of gate No. 5 of the Fort.

Ramadeva, 1627 A.D.

This record is dated in the cyclic year  Prabhava, Phalguna.  As Ramadeva was ruling between 1618-1630, we may equate the details viz., Prabhava, Phalguna  to 1628 A.D., March.

It registers a gift of the village Turukapalle in Gutti to jatikarta Narayana by Biravoli Tiruvengalanatharajulayyavaru.

No. 322 .

(A. R. No. 336 of 1920.)

Turukapalli, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a stone set up near the Anjaneyasvamin temple.

Ramadeva, 1628 A.D.

This is dated in the cyclic year Prabhava, Phalguna, corresponding to 1628 A.D., March.

This damaged record also seems to register the gift of the village Turukapalli to jatikarta Narayana.  See No. 321 above.

No. 323 .

(A. R. No. 305 of 1926.)

Chinnakotla, Dharmavaram Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab  built into a shed in the village.

Ramadeva, 1626 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1551, Sukla, Asvija su. 15 corresponding to 1629 A.D., September 23, (Tuesday).

The record is fragmentary.  It seems to state that, when the king  was ruling from Velluru, Venkatapati-nayaka, son of Venkatadri and grandson of Lingana of Kotapadu granted some lands (?) in a village (name lost) in Chiramagani obtained by him as amara from Pemmasani Inumadi Timma-nayaka in respect of a tank constructed by Chika-vodeyalu.

No. 324.

(A. R. No. 94 of 1912.)

Vanavolu, Hindupur Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a rock in the field. Venkatapati II, 1633 A.D.

The record is badly damaged.  It is dated in Saka 1555, Srimukha, the other details being lost.  The Saka year corresponds to 1633 A.D.

It seems to record a sarvamanya gift probably of land.  The details are lost.

No. 325.

(A. R. No. 471 of 1925.)

Pallikonda, Velllore Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the inner wall of the gopura of the Uttara-

Ranganathasvamin temple, right of entrance.

Venkatapati II, 1638 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1559, Bahudhanya, Asvija ba. 3.  If the Saka year quoted is a mistaka for 1560, the details correspond to 1638 A.D., October 15, (Monday).

It seems to record some gift, probably of land, made by the king to Koniki Ramalingam for some service in the temple of Pallikonda-Ranganathasvamin.

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