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Tuesday, March 06, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVI

TELUGU INSCRIPTIONS OF THE VIJAYANAGARA DYNASTY

No. 26

(A. R. No. 255 of 1905.)

Tripurantakam, Karkapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up to the east of the Chikatimidde of the

 Tripurantakesvara temple. Vijaya Bukka, 1423 A.D.

This is dated in saka 1345, Sobhakrit, expressed by the chronogram bana-yugaanala-indu, Pausha ba. 10 Monday when the sun was entering Mrigarasi.  The corresponding date would be 1423 A.D., December 27, Monday, ’73, if Mrigarasi stands for Makara-rasi.

This inscription in Sanskrit verse, states that when Vijaya Bukka, son of Devaraya was ruling over the kingdom from Vijayanagara, his minister Nagayamatya of Harita-gotra, son of Chaundapa and Srimayi, having worshipped God Tripurantaka and the goddess Tripurambika at Srisaila, bought a rice-field worth 300 nikshkas from Kumara Bhikshavritti and granted the same to the god.  Nagayamatya is described as the foremost among the Upapradhanas.  Mentions Ganamba as the donor’s wife and Linganarya, son of Gangadharacharya, as the composer of the record.

No. 27

(A. R. No. 125 of 1917.)

Paturu, Guntur Taluk, Guntur District.

On the Hanuman pillar set up in front of the Vishnu temple.

Devaraya II, 1423 A.D.

The record is dated in Saka 1344, Sarvari, Phalguna su. 15, Thursday.  Saka 1344, however, corresponds to Subhakrit.  If Sarvari is a mistake for Subhakrit, the details regularly correspond to 1423 A.D., February 25.

It registers the grant of a piece of land in the village Pranturu towards the south of the river Krishna to Kondduri Ramanuja by prince Ramachandra, son of king Devaraya.  The gift was made by Chenukali Kesava, the agent of the prince.

No. 28

(A. R. No. 496 of 1906.)

Mopuru, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab lying behind the western gopura of the Bhairavesvara temple.

Kumara [Kevaraya II], 1425 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1347, Visvavasu, Asvija su. 3, Sunday, corresponding to 1425 A.D., September 15, ’14.

It records that Tirumalaraya, son of Gandaraguli, Boppadevani Virupanna, described as the nijabhritya of the king, had the gopura to the west of the temple of Bhairavadeva of Mrompuru constructed by his servant Vemula Tippi-nayaka, for the merit of his mothers Demayamma and Nagayamma and his sister Tirumaladevamma.

No. 29

(A. R. No. 519 of 1906.)

Ulimella, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up in front of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Devaraya II, 1426 A.D.

This is dated in the cyclic year Parabhava, Pushya ba. 1, Sunday.   The cyclic year Parabhava, falling in the reign period of Devaraya II may be equated with Saka 1348, in which case the date corresponds to 1426 A.D., December 15.

This damaged inscription seems to record a gift of the village Ulimella to Chennakesavaperumal by Sambeta Bammayadeva-maharaju.

No. 30.

(A. R. No. 371 of 1926.)

Tangeda, Palnad Taluk, Guntur District.

Ona slab set up in front of a dilapidated Siva temple.

Devaraya, [1432] A.D.

The particulars of the date are lost.

It seems to refer to a gift of land to god Siva of Tangeda for the merit of the king.  Also refers to another gift of land made to god Tripurantaka of Tangeda on Ashadha ba. 7 of the year Paridhavin.  The year Paridhavin falling in Devaraya II’ reign corresponds to 1432 A.D.

No. 31.

(A. R. No. 606 of 1907.)

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up near the inner gopura of the Saumyanathasvamin temple.

Devaraya II, 1433 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1355, Pramadi, Ashadha su. 15, Thursday, Lunar eclipse corresponding to 1433 A.D., July 2.

It registers a gift of income from taxes like Visabadipannu, Kanika, etc. by the reddis of the villages of Prolinadu, Lembaka, Talapaka, Tangaturu and Opili in Pottapi-nadu, to God Cholkkanatha on the bank of the river Bahu in Neladaluru.

No. 32.

(A. R. No. 420 of 1915.)

Vankayalapadu, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On a slab bearing an image of Hanuman.

Vijayaraja [Devaraya II], 1441 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1363, Durmati, Kartika su. 11 Thursday, corresponding  to 1441 A.D., October 26.

It seems to register a gift by Potanayinimgaru for the merit of his parents.  The inscription is very much damaged.

No. 33.

(A. R. No. 269 of 1905.)

Tripurantakam, Markapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up to the north of the Chikatimidde in the

Tripurantakesvara temple near the village. Devaraya II, 1441 A.D.

The record in Sanskrit verse is dated in Saka 1363 expressed by the chronogram gunatarka-rama-sasi, Kartika, parva, Monday.  This may correspond to 1441 A.D. October 30, Monday which was a day of Paurnami 06 or November  13, Monday which was a day of Amavasya ’86.

It records the construction of a tank and grant of some land in Maindanapadu for a flower garden, three cows for supply of ghee for the lamps and brass vessels for offerings to god Tripurantaka called Balasailasiromani and Tarunagirinatha, by Mallanarya or Mallaya-mantrin, son of Timmaya-mantrin who was the son of Narahari of Udayagiri in Karnata.  The gifts are said to have been made at the instance of the pontiff Bhikshavritti.

No. 34.

(A. R. No. 617 of 1907.)

Gundluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddaph District.

On a slab in the Lakshminarayanasvamin temple.

Devaraya (II), (date lost)

The date portion of the record is lost except for the tithi  and the week-day namely 7, Wednesday.

The inscription records a gift of land, free of certain specified taxes, to God Lakshminarayana of Gundluru by Narasimha Pregada, the pradhani of Rayadeva-maharaju, son of Mahamandalesvara Sammeta Lakkayadeva-maharaju, who is said to have been ruling over Gundluru in  Pottapi-nadu.  The gift was made for the merit of Lakkayadeva-maharaju and Siryadevi-ammamgaru.

No. 35.

(A. R. No. 386 of 1915.)

Maruturu, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On a pillar set up near the image of  Hanuman.

Mallikarjuna, 1453 A.D.

This is dated Saka 137[5], Srimukha, Bhadrapada su. 15 Sunday, corresponding to 1453 A.D., August 19.

It seems to register a gift of ten madras to Brahman for the merit of Singi-sani.  The record is much damaged.

No. 36.

(A. R. No. 406 of 1911.)

Attirala, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up at the ruined main entrance of the Parasuramesvara temple.

Saluva Narasimha, 1477 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1399, Hemalambi, Sravana ba. 8, Thursday, Gokulashtami, corresponding to 1477 A.D., August 2, the week-day, however, was Saturday.

This  incomplete record states that Avasaram Annamarusayyangaru, having camped at Siddavatta visited Araturevula on the day of Gokulashtami, enquired into the affairs of the temples of Kshetresvara Parasurama and Bhairava and finding that worship and offerings had been stopped and the temple revenues mismanaged, granted land to the temples for offerings and worship, for the prosperity of the king.

No. 37.

(A. R. No. 516 of 1906.)

Mutukuru, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a pillar set up at the entrance into the courtyard of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Immadi Narasimha, 1493 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1415, Pramadi, Chaitra su. 15, Monday, lunar eclipse, corresponding to 1493 A.D., April 1.

It records a gift of income derived from sthalasunkam and other specified taxes, to god Chennakesava in Muttakuru situated to the south-east of Bhairavakeshetra on the Mohanachala in Mukti-nadu, by Sunkkayya, brother-in-law of Bokkasam Timmanayaka on the occasion of the lunar eclipse.  Bokkasam Timma-nayaka is said to have obtained Muktinadu as nayankara from Narasa-nayaka.

No. 38.

(A. R. No. 429 of 1920.)

Ramapuram, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab in the Ramesvara temple.

Immadi Narasimha, 1497 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1419, Pingala, Chaitra su. 9, Saturday, Sriramanavami, corresponding to 1497 A.D., March 13.  The week-day, however, was Monday.

It records a gift of the village Jarivuti (i.e Jalivutla) to god Ramadeva of the village by Kesama-nayaningaru, with the permission of the king, for the merit of Immadi Narasimharaya and Narasa-nayaka.  The village is said to be situated in Penna-magani of Jagatapi-Gutti which is said to have been obtained by the donor as nayankara from the king.

No. 39.

(A. R. No. 386 of 1904.)

Proddatur, Proddatur Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up in the Ramesvara temple.

Immadi Narasingaraya, 1498 A.D.

The inscription is dated Saka 1420, Kalayukti, Margisira ba. 30, Thursday, solar eclipse, regularly corresponding to 1490 A.D., December 13, ’18.

Records a gift of 4 ½  puttis of dry land equivalent in extent to one gocharmam to the sthanam varu for god Ramalinga of Ramesvaram in Muliki-nadu by Ganti Kannama-nayudu, with the stipulation that the land be converted into a wet land fit for growing paddy with the water from the Ramesvara canal.  The donor is said to have obtained Muliki-nadu as a nayankara from Narasa-nayaka who is stated to have been ruling over the kingdom at the command of Saluva Immadi Narasingaraya-maharaya.

No. 40.

(A. R. No. 615 of 1907.)

Nandaluru, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up near the outer gopura, left of the entrance, Saumyanathasvamin temple.

Immadi Narasimha, 1501 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1423, Durmati, Ashadha su. 12, Monday corresponding to 1501 A.D., June 28.

The inscription records a gift of the village Akimppodu, in his nayankara tract Pottapi-nadu by Parvata-nayaningaru, son of Sarnapanayini Devi-nayudu of Valapandili-gotra to god Chokknanthadeva of Nelandaluru, for the merit of Narasa-nayaka.  Devi-nayadu who bear the title Tondamandalasthapanacharya is stated to be ruling over Sirivola, Siddhavatam, Sakali and Pottapi-nadu with Ghandikota as his capital while his son, the donor was administering Sakali-Pottapinadu with Siddhavatam as his capital.

No. 41.

(A. R. No. 166 of 1913.)

Panem, Nandyal Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in the courtyard of the Panikesvarasvamin temple.

Immadi Narasimha, 1503 A.D.

This record is dated Saka 1425, Rudhirodgarin, Sravana su. 15, Monday, corresponding to 1503 A.D., August 7.

It registers the gift of lands in Panem situated in Penugonda-chavadi to the sthanikas of the temple of Panikesvara by Honnappa-nayaka, son of Bokkasam Devappa-nayaka for conducting worship in the temple for the merit of the king and Narasa-nayaka.

No. 42.

(A. R. No. 167 of 1913.)

Panem, Nandyal Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in the courtyard of the Panikesvarasvamin temple.

(Immadi) Narasimha, 1503 A.D.

This is a copy of No. 41 above with slight variations.

No. 43.

(A. R. No. 54 of 1915.)

Atmakuru, Nandikottur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in front of the Siddhesvarasvamin temple.

Immadi Narasanayaka (Vira-Narasimha), 1505 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1428 (current), Krodhana, Kartika ba. 3, Thursday, corresponding to 1505 A.D., November 14, which was Friday.

The record is damaged.  It registers the gift of the village Atukuru to the god Mallikarjuna of Sriparvata by the king who is stated to be the son of Narasa-nayaka and the grandson of Isvara-nayaka.

No. 44.

(A. R. No. 171 of 1913.)

Panem, Nandyal Tauk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in the Anjaneya temple.

Vira Narasimha, 1506 A.D.

The record seems to be dated Saka 14., Krodhana,  the other details being lost.  The Saka year corresponding to Krodhana would be 1428 (current) 1506 A.D.

It appears to record some gift, probably of land, in the village Panem in Pedakantisima to the god Svyambhu-Mallikarjuna on the auspicious occasion of Kany Brihaspati as in No. 43 above.

No. 45.

(A. R. No. 491 of 1906.)

Pulivendla, Pulivendla Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up at the entrance of the Ranganathasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1509 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1431, Sukla, Kartika su. 12, Monday, corresponding to 1509 A.D., October 24, which was, however, Wednesday and not Monday.

It records a gift of the village Kunddalkundu to the god Srirangaraju of Pulivindla by Narasayyadeva-maharaju, brother of Basavaraju, son of Tammaraya, grandson of Vallabharaya and great-grand son of Bejavada Madhava-varma of Vasishtha-gotra and Surya-vamsa.  The gift village is said to be situated in Pulivindala-sthala, a subdivision of Mulkinadu in Ghandikota-sima of Udayagiri-rajya.

No. 46.

(A. R. No. 165 of 1913.)

Panem, Nandyal Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in the courtyard of the Panikesvarasvamin temple.

Krishnaraya, 1510 A.D.

This inscription is dated Saka 1431, Pramoduta, Chaitra su. 15 corresponding to 1510 A.D., March 25, (Monday).  The Saka year quoted is wrong for 1432.

Registers a gift of the village of Budidepadu in Panem-sima by Honnapa-nayaka, son of Bokkasam Devapa-nayaka to the tamalas (i.e., priests) Ramajiyya, Virajiyya and others of the temple of Panikesvara of Panem for the amritapadi service of the god.  Panem-sima is said to have been obtained by the donor as nayankara from the king.  The record is couched in telugu interspersed with Kannada.

No. 47.

(A. R. No. 387 of 1904.)

Ramesvaram, Proddatur Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up in the courtyard of the Ramalingesvara temple.

Krishnaraya, 1510 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1432, Pramoda, Asvija su. 12, corresponding to 1510 A.D., September 15, (Sunday), Utthanadvasai.

It records the remission of the marriage-tax in many divisions such as Ghanagiri, Gutti, Kandanavolu, Gandikota, Siddhavata, Chandragiri, Mulki-nadu, Rayadurga, etc., which constituted the Vijayanagara kingdom.  The order of the king was carried out by Saluva-Timmappayya, Govindayya and [Adapi]-Nayaningaru.  The genealogy of the king is described as in the copper plates.

No. 48.

(A. R. No. 348 of 1922.)

Rangasamudram, Madanapalle Taluk, Chittoor District.

On a rock in a field to the south of the village.

Krishnaraya, 1510 A.D.

The record which commences with the imprecatory verses, is dated in Saka 1432, Kartika su. 12.  If the cyclic year is Pramoda, the details may be equated to 1510 A.D., October 14, Monday.

It seems to record the remission of the marriage tax (pendli-sunkam) on all the communities in Kamrnnati-sima, on the representation of Tippana, son of Nagi-nayudu, Cholagani Tatana and Golla Kasavana.  Mentions Saluva Timmarusaya and Adepanayaka.

No. 49.

(A. R. No. 180 of 1913.)

Bukkapatnam, Penugonda Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a rock near the temple.

Krishnaraya, 1512 A.D.

This is dated Angirasa, [Asvija] su. 12, Wednesday.  In the king’s  reign the cyclic year Angirasa corresponded with the Saka year 1434  and so the details may be equated to 1512 A.D., September 22.

The epigraph is damaged at the beginning.  It registers that the devadaya  and brahmadaya lands under the tank Krottacheruvu in Penugonda-rajya which had been held rent-free (suruvamanya) from the time of Chikka Odeyalu had been re-assessed on account of certain disturbances in the interval.  The king, now at Sivanasamudram on state business, ordered that the lands might be restored as before and this was announced on the occasion of the laksha-homa ceremony conducted at Penugonda.  Kunama-nayadu had this inscription engraved under orders of Rayasam Kondamarasayya Demarasayya.

No. 50.

(A. R. No. 162 of 1924.)

Kalahasti, Chandragiri Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the west wall of the third prakara in the Kalahastisvara temple.

Krishnaraya, 1513 A.D.

The record is dated in Saka 1435, Srimukha, Ashadha su. 11 corresponding to 1513 A.D., June 13, (Monday).

Registers the royal gift of a golden prabhavali  set with precious stones and the grant of some villages for daily worship and offerings and for conducting certain specified festivals to the god Kalahastisvara-Mahadeva for the merit of his parents, Narasanayaka Odeya and Nagaji-amma.  Gives the geneology of the Tuluva dynasty down to Krishnaraya.  The Kannada version of the record engraved on the north gopura of the temple is published in South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. IX, Part II, No. 489.

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