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Tuesday, March 06, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XVI

TELUGU INSCRIPTIONS OF THE VIJAYANAGARA DYNASTY

No. 101.

(A. R. No. 161 of 1917.)

Sekuru, Guntur Taluk, Guntur District.

On a slab set up in front of the Venugopalasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1532 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1454, Nandana, Margasira su. 2, Thursday, corresponding to 1532 A.D., November 28.

It registers the grant of a piece of land in the village Sekuru to the god Tiruvengalanatha at Samgam by Bonamu Surappa-nayaka, son of Timma-nayaka.

No. 102.

(A.R. No. 545 of 1919.)

Little Kanchipuram, Kanchipuram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Arulalaperumal temple.

Achyuta, 1533 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1454, Nandana, Phalguna ba. 4, [Friday] corresponding to 1538 A.D., March 14.

Records that in the year Virodhi  on the day of Kartika bahula-panchami on the occasion of his coronation, king Achyutaraya directed Saluva-Krishnappa-nayaka  to assign villages to the temples of Varadaraju and Ekambaranatha equally, neither more nor less.  But as Saluva-nayaka gave more to Ekambaranatha, Achyutaraya hearing this, equalized the number of villages by redistribution.

This is a copy of the Tamil version of No. 544 of 1919.

No. 103.

(A. R. No. 162 of 1905.)

Markapur, Markapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On the east wall, left of entrance of the antaralamandapa of the

 Chennakesavasvamin temple. Achyuta, 1533 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1455, Vijaya, Chaitra su. 15, corresponding to 1533 A.D., April 9.

Records a gift of the toll and other incomes from the two villages Yachavaram, renamed as Achyutarayapuram and Kuravipalle renamed as Kondapuram in Kochcherlakota-sima held as nayankara by the donor, Mahamandalesvara Salakaraju Pina Tirumalayyadevamaharaju, to god Chennakesava.

No. 104.

(A. R. No. 340 of 1926.)

Kanaganipalle, Dharmavaram Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a stone set up in a street in the village.

Achyuta, 1533 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1455, Vijaya, Vaisakha su. 13, corresponding to 1533 A.D., May 6, (Tuesday).

It records an order to Isvarayya, the agent of Vakiti Timmappa-nayaka, exempting the artisan caste (panchalamvar) from payment of all the taxes in the thirty-two villages as of old, in order to rehabilitate them in their former places from which they had migrated to Kundripi-sima and Pakala-sima when these taxes were imposed on them in the time to Timmappa-Nayudu.

No. 105.

(A. R. No. 479 of 1906.)

Gopavaram, Proddatur Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On two faces of a slab set up in the middle of the villages.

Achyuta, 1533 A.D.

This is dated in Saka 1455, Vijaya, Jyestha su. 12, Sunday, corresponding to 1533 A.D., June 4.  But the week day would be Wednesday and not Sunday.

It records a gift of land to God Hanumanta consecrated by Vagumadugu Viramareddi in Gopavaram included in Ramesvaram-Podaturu in Ghandikota-sima by Mahamandalesvara Jagatapi Kanchchiraju Rangaya-Devachodamaharaju.  Gopavaram is said to have been obtained by the donor as umbali from Mahamandalesvara Salakaraju Tirumalayyadeva-maharaju.

No. 106.

(A. R. No. 59 of 1912.)

Mallinayanipalli, Dharmavaram Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up in the village.

Achyuta, 1533 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1455, Vijaya, Kartika su. 12 Wednesday, Utthanadvadasi, corresponding to 1533 A.D., October 29, Wednesday, ’80.

It registers the gift of some wetlands constituted into a hamlet called Mallapanayanipalli in Dharmavaram to God Mandem Narasimhadeva, who was pleased to manifest himself in a field near Dharmavaram, by Mahamandalesvara Salakaraju China Tirumalaraju for the merit of his parents Salakaraju and Tipajamma.  The donor is said to have obtained Dharmavaram as naynkara from the king.

No. 107.

(A. R. No. 183 of 1913.)

Gorantla, Hindupur Taluk, Anantapur District.

On the west wall of the mandapa in the Madhavarayasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1533 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1455, Vijaya, Kartika su. 15, Sunday corresponding to 1533 A.D., November 2.

The inscription is badly damaged and seems to register an order for the revival of the festivals on the days of the dasami as well as the Paurnami in the temple which had been neglected till then.

No. 108.

(A. R. No. 443 of 1911.)

Rayachoti, Rayachoti Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On the base of the east gopura of the Virabhadrasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1534 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1456, Jaya, Ashadha ba. 11, corresponding to 1534 A.D., July 7.

The inscription is damaged and records the grant of the grama-kavali income of the gift villages Mandem etc., of god Viresvara of Rachavidu to the god himself for various offerings by Kumara Venkatadri-nayaningaru.

No. 109.

(A. R. No. 55 of 1915.)

Chinna Ahobalam, Sirvel Taluk, Kurnool District.

Rund the base of the central shrine of the Narasimhasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1535 A.D.

This is dated Saka 14[58] (current), Manmatha, Chitra su 15,  corresponding to 1535 A.D., March 19, (Friday)

The epigraph is damaged.  It seems to register some grant to Vithalam Anantappa by Purushottama-Jiyya of the temple, and Vithalam Timmarasu, the agent of Chinna Tirumalarajayya for offerings to the god on certain occasions (tithiargas).

No. 110.

(A. R. No. 492 of 1906.)

Pulivendla, Pulivendla taluk, Cuddapah District.

On two faces of a slab lying at the entrance of the Anjaneyasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1535 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1457, Manmatha, Bhadrapada, su. 1, corresponding to 1535 A.D., August 29, (Sunday).

The inscription is in the form of a charter (nammika sasanam) granted to the merchants, reddis, karanams and others by Tuluva Yallappa-nayanimgaru, the agent of Timmaraju Salakayyadeva-maharaju, in order to rehabilitate the village, revising the taxes and levying a maximum fine of 12 rukas in case of default.

No. 111.

(A. R. No. 348 of 1920.)

Pamidi, Gooty Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a stone lying at the western end of the main street of the village.

Achyuta, 1535 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1457, Manmatha, Kartika su. 15, corresponding to 1535 A.D., November 9, (Tuesday).

It records a gift of the various tax incomes of the newly created hamlet to the west of Pamidi to god Bhogisvara of Pamudi by Maha mandalesvara Tirumalayyadeva maharaja, son of Mallinatha Yerayadeva maharaju.  The donor is said to have received the village Pamudi as magani from [Peda]Salakaraju Tirumalayyadeva maharaju.

No. 112.

(A. R. No. 607 of 1907.)

Nandalgur, Rajampet Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up near the inner gopura of the Saumyanathasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1534 A.D.

The inscription is dated Saka 1456, Manmatha, Pushya su. 15.  If the Saka year quoted is a mistake for 1457, the details correspond to 1536 A.D., January 8, (Saturday).  The Makara-sankramana referred to in the record occurred on December 28, twelve days earlier than the date of the record.

It records the restoration by royal order of the gift village Andupuru to god Tiruvengalayyanatha by Ramabhatlayya, on the representation of Talapaka Tirumalayyangaru.

No. 113.

(A. R. No. 159 of 1909.)

Markapur, Markapur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On the ast wall of the antarala-mandapa, Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1536 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1458, Durmukhi, Margasira su. 15, lunar eclipse corresponding to 1536 A.D., November 27, (Monday), ’66.

Records a gift of two villages Bodducherlu and Bondalapadu to god Chennaksava by Venkatadri, son of Yanddaluri Timmalyosyulu and the nephew of Bhutanathani Ramabhatly for the merit of the latter.  Tondamaregulla-sima in which the gift villages are stated to have been situated, was given as nayankara to the donor by the king.  Among the various incomes derived in the gift village occurs sumkhachuputayam.

No. 114.

(A. R. No. 19 of 1928.)

Budigumma, Kalyandrug Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a pillar set up near the dhvajastambha of the Hanuman temple.

Achyuta, 1537 A.D.

This is dated saka 1458, Durmukhi, Mahga su. 12, Monday, corresponding to 1537 A.D., January 22.

It registers the grant of the village Maredumanipale alias Hanumantapuram in Budigumma-sthalam in Kumdurppi-sima included in Rayadurga, to the temple of Hanumanta by Venkatadri, son of Devadasu, the agent of Bayyappa-nayaka, for the merit of the king and the chief.

No. 115.

(A. R. No. 680 of 1917.)

Perusomula, Koilkuntla Taluk, Kurnool District.

On a slab set up in the courtyard of the Chennakesavasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1538 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1460, Vilambi, Ashadha ba. 13, corresponding to 1538 A.D., July 24, (Wednesday).

It records that Mahamandalesvara Hanumayadeva-maharaju, son of Chintakunta Siddhayadeva-maharaju of Atreya-gotra, remitted the levies in cash and kind of the manya  lands of the temples of Mahalinga, Chennakesvara and Virayya in the umbali village of Perusomula, that were collected unjustly by the former rulers, and made over the proceeds of this remission to the respective temples.  The donor is said to have obtained the village of Perusomula as umbali from Salukaraju Raghupatirajayyadeva maharaju.

No. 116.

(A. R. No. 332 of 1922.)

Kosuvaripalle, Madanapalli Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in the Venkatramanasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1539 A.D.

This dated Saka 1462 (current), Vikari, Ashadha su. 12, corresponding to 1539 A.D., June 28, (Saturday).

It records the gift of the village Godugubba in Kosuvaripalli-sthalam in Vavilipati chavadi in Penugondamarjavadi-sima, as ekabhoga to god Tiruvengalanatha of Kosuvaripalle, by Kambham Timmanayani Venkatadri-nayaka for the merit of his father Timmi-nayaka.  Penugondamarjavadi-sima is said to have been obtained by the donor as nayankara from the king.

No. 117.

(A. R. No. 423 of 1926.)

Musalimadugu, Nandikotkur Taluk, Kurnool District.

On two faces of a mutilated pillar set up near the entrance into the fort in the village.

Achyuta, 1539 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1461, Vikarin, [Bhadrapada] su. 3, corresponding to 1539 A.D., August 16, (Saturday).

The record is very much damaged.  Seems to refer to some gift made to god Varasiddhi Vinayaka.

No. 118.

(A. R. No. 1 of 1904.)

Hampi, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On the right side of the south gopura of the Vitthalasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1539 A.D.

This record, in Sankrit verse, is dated Saka 1461, expressed by the chronogram Chandra-ras-amara-indra, Vikari, Bhadrapada su. 12, Tuesday, corresponding to 1539 A.D., August 26, ’36. It registers the gift of Anandanidhi to the Brahmanas by the king.

No. 119.

(A. R. No. 17of 1912.)

Kamalapur, Hospet taluk, Bellary District.

On the left side of the north gopura  of the Chikkahude temple near the village.

Achyuta, 1539 A.D.

This is a copy of No. 118 above engraved in Nagari characters.

No. 120.

(A. R. No. 20 of 1904.)

Kamalapur, Hospet Taluk, Bellary District.

On the left side of the east gopura of the Pattabhiramasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1539 A.D.

This is a copy of No. 118 above.  It is very much damaged.

No. 121.

(A. R. No. 422 of 1915.)

Vankayalapadu, Narasarowpet Taluk, Guntur District.

On a pillar set up near the Peddacheruvu in the village.

Achyuta, 1540 A.D.

The date is expressed by the Chronogram Akshi-rasa-sruti-imdu in Saka 1462, Sarvari, Chaitra, purnima, corresponding to 1540 A.D., March 22, (Monday) when there was a lunar eclipse also.

The inscription is in Sanskrit and Telugu verse and records the consecration of the God Parvatanatha at the village of Santaluru, conversion of the village Vankalapadu as an agrahara and named Ramachandrapura and the construction of a tank called Gopinatha-samudra near that agrahara village by Chinnamamba, wife of the chief Pratapa Yalla and sister of ramaya-mantri-Bacha, the chief minister of the king.  Ramaya-Bhaskar-amatya according to the Telugu portion, was administering Kondavidu.

No. 122.

(A. R. No. 302 of 1905.)

Pushpagiri, Cuddapah Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up at the southern gopura, right of entrance of the Vaidyanathasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1540 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1462, Sarvari, Asvayuja su. 15, Thursday.  If the month is adhika-Asvayuja, the details regularly correspond to 1540 A.D., September 16, Thursday 25, when there occurred a lunar eclipse.  Otherwise the date would correspond to 1540 A.D., October 14, Thursday f.d.t. ’82.

Records that Dalavayi Timmarusayya, son of Somarusayya of Chandragiri and Kalamamma represented to the king that Pushpagiri, situated in the Ghandikota-sima at the confluence of the five rivers considered sacred as the Varanasi of the south, and was obtained the royal assent to remit the durgadanayanivarttana, the bedige and other minor taxes that were being collected from the village formerly to the mahajanas of the agrahara for the merit of the king and for that of his own parents.  The donor is said to have obtained Ghandikota-sima as nayankara from the king.

No. 123.

(A. R. No. 303 of 1905.)

Pushpagiri, Cuddapah Taluk, Cuddapah District.

On a slab set up at the southern gopura right of entrance of Vaidyanathasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1541 A.D.

The record is dated Saka 1463, Plava, Vaisakha su. 3, Thursday regularly corresponding to 1541 A.D., April 28, Thursday, ’95.

Registers a sarvamanya gift of the incomes from the four villages, Eturu, Miduturu, Sarumpalli and Gangavaram, belonging to the Vaidyanatha temple, Kotavalluru belonging to the Aghorasivacharya-matha and Pinamachupalle and a third portion of Papareddipalle belonging to the Channakesava temple, to Aghorasivacharyula Chennappa and sthanam Peda Obayya and Pina-Obayya, the sthanikas of the Vaidyanatha and the Chennakesava temples at Pushpagiri by Dalavayi Timarusayya, son of Chandragiri Somarusayya, stipulating that the annual sum of 60 varaha gadyas payable as Ghandikotadurga-varttana by these villages be set apart for regular worship and offerings in the temple.

No. 124.

(A. R. No. 34 of 1928.)

Yerragudi, Kalyandrug Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab lying before the Ramesvara temple.

Achyuta, 1541 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1464 (current), Plava, Jyeshtha su. 15, corresponding to A.D., 1541, June 8, (Wednesday).

Registers the confirmation of the devadaya and brahmadaya lands in the village Yaragudi in Budigumma-sima on their holders as sarvamanya by Bayyappa-Nayaka on the same terms of settlement as in the time of Kondamarasayya.

No. 125.

(A. R. No. 176 of 1913.)

Bukkapatnam, Penukonda Taluk, Anantapur District.

On a slab set up at the entrance of the Lakshminarayanasvamin temple.

Achyuta, 1541 A.D.

This epigraph is dated Saka 1463, Plava, Asvija ba. 13, Monday, corresponding to 1541 A.D., October 17, ’39.

It records the grant of Rajulagutti in Krottacheruvumagani by Pedirajayya under the orders of Ramabhatlayya for the merit of the king.

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