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Thursday, October 27, 2005


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

BOMBAY-KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

THE SINDAS

Permadi

No.235

(B.K.No.164 of 1926-27)

KANAGINAHAL, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a broken slab built into the wall of the Narayanadeva temple

Permadi, circa 12th century

The epigraph which is fragmentary contains the description of the Sinda family commencing with Achugi. The text is almost identical with that found in lines 20-37 of No.119 of South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. XI, Part II.

Chavunda

No.236

(B.K.No.147 of 1928-29)

HOSUR, BADAMI TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a slab set up in the Siddhesvara temple, two miles from the village

Chavunda, 1155 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1076, Yuva, Pushya su. 14, Monday, Uttarayana-samkranti.  If su. is a a mistake for ba. and Monday for Sunday, then the details correspond to 1155 A.D., December 25.  The Saka year wa current.

It records a gift of land to the god Mallikarjuna in Kapilasrama by Gayadharanayaka, Pergade Somanatha-nayaka, karana Rayarasa and others with the approval of the Sinda queen Lakshmidevi, wife of Chavunda. Lakshmidevi is said to have been administrating the area granted by her husband.

No.237

(B.K.No.28 of 1927-28)

UNACHGERI, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a stone set up near the public well

Chavunda, 1165 A.D.

Thisis dated the 10th regnal year of the king, Parthiva, Pushya su. 13, Sunday, Uttarayana-samkramana.  The date is not regular.  The year Parthiva falling, the reign of Sinda Chavunda corresponds to 1165 A.D. In that year Pushya su. 18* occurred on December 17, the weekday being Friday.  The said Samkraman however, occurred on December 25, Saturday.

It records a gift by Heggade Isvarayya, of the Hejjunka and Biravana taxes, under the instructions of Chavundarasa. The latter part of the record is damaged.

No.238

(B.K.No.4 of 1927-28)

HIREMANNUR, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a stone built into the wall of Hanuman temple

Chavunda, 1169 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1091, Virodhi, Pushya su. 5, Thursday, Uttarayana-samkranmana, corresponding to 1169 A.D., December 25.

It records the renewal of a gift of land for the maintenance of a tank called Hiriyakere of Hiriya-Maniyur, at the request of Dasabova, the Adishthayaka of Jinasale, by Mahamandalesvara Chavunda of the Sinda family who was governing Kisukadu Seventy, Bagadage Seventy; Nareyamgal Twelve and Kelavadi Three Hundred.  The earlier part gives a genealogical account of the donor and his exploits.

No.239

(B.K.No.107 of 1926-27)

HOSUR, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a slab built into the wall of the Siva temple

Chavunda, circa 12th century

It records the gift of income derived from the taxes Hejjunka and Biravana for lamp, worship and offerings, to the god Mulasthana, by Nagadeva and Kesava, Pegigales * of the tax officer Bicharasa.  The latter is stated to have been a subordinate of the governor of the area, Mahamandalesvara Chavunda who might be the Sinda chief of that name.

Vira Bijjala

No.240

(B.K.No. 57 of 1926-27)

HARTI, GADAG TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a pillar in the temple of Isvara

Vira-Bijjala, 1173 A.D.

This is dated the 7th regnal year of the Sinda feudatory, Vijaya, Karttika-punnami, Monday, corresponding to 1173 A.D., October 22.

It records the gift of income from the Biravana tax on the garden of the god to the god Goyidesvara by the twelve gavundas of Harati, Aruvattokkalu, Ugura Three-Hundred, the One Thousand and Heggade Rammarasa after washing the feet of Jataveda-pandita, the Acharya of the temple.  Another gift to the same god by Maduvarasa is also registered.

No.241

(B.K.No. 205 of 1926-27)

NIDGUNDI, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a stone inside the Basavanna temple

Vira-Bijjala, 1174 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1096, Jaya, Marggasira-paurnami, Monday, lunar eclipse, corresponding to 1174 A.D., November 10.  The weekday, however, was Sunday.  The Sinda chief Vira-Bijjala stated to have been ruling at this time.

It records a gift of money made into the hands of the Mahajanas in favour of the god Madhavesvara whose temple was constructed at Nidugundi by the donor Karagavalaradhisthayaka Mahadeva-dandanayaka, who is described as the right hand of Mahamandalesvara Vira-Bijjala.  The earlier part of the inscription contains a genealogical account of the Sinda chief and a description of the Four Hundred Mahajanas of the Nidugundi.  The epigraph is partly damaged.

Vira Bijjala and Vira Vikrama

No.242

(B.K.No. 65 of 1928-29)

SULIBHAVI, HUNGUND TALUK, BIJAPUR DISTRICT

On a stone pillar in the Tulajabhavani temple

Vira-Bijjala and Vira-vikrama, 1186-87 A.D.

This is dated the cyclic year Visvavasu, Magha-amavasye, Monday.  The said year, falling in the regime of Vira-Vikrama of the Sinda family, corresponds to 1185-86 A.D. The equivalent of the date would be 1186 A.D., February 21, the weekday being Friday.  If, however, Visvavasu is a mistake for Parabhava, the details correspond to 1187 A.D., February 9, Monday, f.d.t. 31.  This seems to be the intended date.

It records a gift of land for maintaining the sluice of a tank by Mahamadalesvara Sinda Vira-Bijjala and Vira-Vikramaditya.  In the latter part of the record which is damaged is registered another gift by two toll officers of Kisukadu Nadu.

No.243

(B.K.No. 222 of 1926-27)

ABBIGERI, RON TALUK, DHARWAR DISTRICT

On a broken stone lying below a tamarind tree at Chaukimatha

Vira-Bijjala and Vira-vikrama, circa 12th century

This damaged record contains the following details of the date : Margasira su. 7, Thursday, Uttarayana-samkramana.  It cannot be verified.

It records two land gifts.  The second is a gift of land to the god Mulasthana after washing the feet of the preceptor Mallikarjuna by the Mahamandalesvara Vira-Bijjana and Vikramaditya of the Sinda family who were ruling from their capital at Erambarage.  The earlier portion which is damaged contains references to Chamundarasa, Kisukadu, Abbayigere and a gift the details being lost.

 

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