What Is India News Service
Thursday, October 27, 2005


South Indian Inscriptions






(A. R. No.470 of 1926)


On a slab lying on a raised pial of the Jumma-masjid in pydti street

Guvaladeva, 1081 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1003, Wednesday, Dakshinayana-sankramana, other details being lot. In the Saka year 1003 corresponding to 1081 A.D., the Dakshinayana-sankramana occurred on June 26, Saturday.

It is known that Chalukya Vikramaditya VI was the imperial ruler at this time.  But the inscription without mentioning his name states that the feudatory chief mahamandalesvara Guvaladeva of the Goa Kadamba family was governing the provinces of Kokana Nine-hundred, Palasige Twelve-thousand, Kundur Five-hundred, Kadaravalli Thirty, Kavadi-dvipa One lakh and a quarter and other areas.  The Kadamba prasasti is recounted.

It registers a gift of land made after purchase by Narasinga-setti in favour of the Biliya-basadi which was constructed at the rajadhani Analpura by Pradhana, Machanna.  It mentions the Jaina preceptors Ramachandra and Balachandra.  The epigraph is worn out in certain places.


(A.R.No.471 of 1926)


On a hero-stone lying in the compound of the Baragundi house


It refers to the king Govala, apparently of he Goa Kadamba family, and describes the loyalty and valour of a warrior who seems to have died in a fight.  the inscription is much damaged, the details being lost.

Jayakesi II


(B.K. No.454 of 1926)


On a slab set up in front of the temple

Jayakesi II, 1136 A.D.

The details of date preserved in this damaged and worn-out record are Saka 105[8] and Uttarayana-samkranti corresponding to 1136 A.D. December 25.

In the earlier portion of the epigraph, which appears to have contained a reference to the rule of a Chalukya suzerain, mention is made of a gift by Padmaladevi. Subsequently it seems to record a gift made either by the Kadamba chief Jayakesin II and his queen Mailala-devi or by some one at their instance.  There is rference to rajadhani Bhogu[ru].

Sivachitta Permadi


(A.R. No.429 of 1926)


On a slab set up in the Mallikarjuna temple

Sivachitta Permadi, 1149 A.D.

This is dated the 17th regnal year of the king, Suka, Pushya-punname, Sunday, lunar eclipse. The date is irregular.  In the year Sukla falling in the reign period of the king, the said tithi would correspond to 1149 A.D., December 16 which was Friday. Lunar eclipse did not occur on this day.  This date would show that his first regnal year was counted from 1133 A.D., falling within the reign period of his father.  The king is stated as ruling over the provinces of Gove, Konkana, Sevurige-nadu and Halasige-nadu.

It registers a gift of land and two houses made in favour of the god Mallikarjuna and two maths by Mada Boppana.  The donor is said to have purchased the gift property from the lords of Belavadigeri which formed part of Ammanabavi, an agrahara under the administration of Four Hundred Mahajanas.


(A.R. No.464 of 1926)


On a slab set up in front of the Siddesvara temple

Sivachitta-Permadi, 1158 A.D.

This is dated Saka 1080, Bahudhanya, Ashadha-amavasya, Monday, Dakshinayana-Sankramana, corresponding to 1158 A.D., June 27.  The weekday, however was Friday.

The inscription recounts the Kadamba prasasti and states that Mahamandalesvara Sivachitta-Vira-Permadi and Konkana Nine-Hundred from Sampagadi.  It registers gifts for worship, offerings and repairs in the temple of the god Panchalinga of Hosavolal situated in Kittur Thirty by the four Prabhus, Aruvattokkalu and Five Hundred Tontigas.


(A.R.No.443 of 1926)


On a slab set up in front of the Virabhadra temple

Sivachitta-Vira-Permadi, 1163 A.D.

This is dated the 17th regnal year of the king, Subhanu, Pushya su. 10, Monday Sankramana.  The date is irregular.  In the said cyclic year corresponding to 1163 A.D., the tithi corresponded to December 7 which was Saturday.  The Sankramana, obviously Uttarayana-sankramana, occurred on December 26, Thursday.

It records a gift of wet land for worship offerings and burning a lamp, to the god Svayambhu of Arasigere, by Mahamandalesvara Sivachitta-Vira-Permadi who was governingKomkana Nine-Hundred and Halasige Twelve-Thousand from Gove.  The gift was entrusted into the hands of Sivasakti-pandita.  Two more gifts to the deity are also mentioned.


(A.R. No.248 of 1926)


On a hero-stone set up in the Kalamesvara temple

Sivachitta Tribhuvanamalla, 1183-84 A.D.

This isdated the 18th regnal year of the chief, Sobhakrit, Chaitra su. 11, Tuesday. The cyclic year corresponds to 1183-84 A.D. But the etails of the date are irregular.  Chaitra su. 11 of that year corresponded to March 6, the weekday being Sunday.  Sivachitta Permadi of the Kadamba family of Goa who also bore the title Tribhavanamalla, is known to have commenced his reign from 1147 A.D. Thus the regnal year cited wuld be too low for his reign.

It describes an officer and records his death in a fight.  The epigraph is worn out and no other details can be made out.

Jayakesi III


(A.R.No.434 of 1926)


On a slab lying in front of the Kodi Basavanna temple

Jayakesi III, 1206 A.D.

This is dated the 20th regnal year of the king, Kshaya, Jyeshtha su.8, Wednesday corresponding to 1206 A.D., May 17.

It states that the Mahajanas of Huppavalli had the temple of Mahalakshmi built with the unanimous agreement and endowed land and a shop for worship and offerings to the deity.  It also records gifts including oil for burning a lamp before the deity, by the Settiguttas and other members of the trading community of the four towns of Diravada, Narendrapura, Tadakodu and Ammeyabavi in Halasige Twelve-Thousand.  Other gifts by the One-Thousand, the Five-Hundred-and-four and the Settiguttas of the four towns mentioned above, as well as others are also mentioned.

Jayakesi III and Vajradeva


(A.R.No.437 of 1926)


On a slab lying near the ruined temple of Siddhalingesvara

Jayakesi III and Vajradeva ; 1203-1216 A.D.

The record contains six dates.  The first is the 16th year of the reign of Vira-Jayakesideva, commencing from the Kaliyuga year 4289, Dundubhi, Pushya ba. 8, Wednesday, Uttarayana-sankramana.  The Kaliyuga year cited is the year from which the regnal year was reckoned.  For the cyclic year Dundubhi falling within the reign of the Kadamba king, the details correspond to 1203 A.D., January 7.  The weekday, however, was Tuesday.

The second date which is the cyclic year Rudhirodgari, Sravana-punnami, Friday, corresponds to 1203 A.D., July 25.  The third date is the 25th year of the reign of Vira-Jayakesideva, commencing from Kaliyuga year 4288, Prajapati, Sravana ba.13, Monday. This corresponds to 1211 A.D., August 8, the year being current.  The fourth date is the 28th year of the reign of vira-Jayakesideva, commencing from the Kaliyuga year 4289, Bhava, Magha, ba. 1, Saturday, which corresponds to 1215 A.D., January 17, Saturday, f.d.t. 21.  The fifth date is the 2nd regnal year of Vira-Vajradeva, Dhatu, Sravana su.5, Thursday, corresponding to 1216 A.D., July 2.  The last date is the 2nd regnal year of Vira-Vajradeva.  Dhatu, Margasirsha su [1], the weekday being lost.  The details cannot be verified but it falls in the month of November in 1216 A.D.

The inscription commences with the formal Chalukya prasasti and refers to the reign of Tribhuvanamalla or Somesvara IV who was actually no more.  After giving a brief account of the Kadamba rulers of Goa, it introduces Jayakesin III and his son Vajradeva who were ruling over Palasige Nadu.  Next is described a line ascetics who flourished at Manigundage in Hulambi Seventy.  The last of them was Chandrabhushana.  At the instance of this teacher a temple of Siva was constructed with the co-operation of the residents of the place and named Tribhuvanavira-Jayakesi, also called Siddhesvara.  Various gifts consisting of land, fixed shares of income, oil, etc., were made to this deity by chauda-gavunda, the Five-Hundred-and-four representatives of the place and others and these were entrusted into the hands of the above named teacher who was the trustee of the temple.  Among such donors are mentioned the Three Hundred of Muguda, Ugura Three Hundred of Huppavalli, Nuggiyahalli, Sattivur and the others of Kandagallu, Nandigave, Sonnaligeyapura, Vijayapura, Ayyavale and Kheda.


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