The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

1 to 25

26 to 50

51 to 75

76 to 100

101 to 128

129 to 150

151 to 175

176 to 200

201 to 225

226 to 250

251 to 267

Appendix

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

PANDYA INSCRIPTIONS

MEDIAEVAL PANDYAS

(JATAVARMAN SRIVALLABHA.)

No. 201.

(A. R. No. 19 of 1929.)

Sivapuri, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the north wall of the prakara in the Svayamprakasesvara temple.

This epigraph dated in the 3rd year of the king who is simply called Srivallabha without any distinguishing epithet, has, on paleographical grounds, to be attributed to the Jatavarman of that name. It registers a gift of one ma of land made by a certain Tiruchchirrambalamudaiyan Niraitavanjeydal for a lamp to be burnt in the temple of Tiruttandoariyandar.

No. 202.

(A. R. No. 394 of 1929-30.)

Attur, Tiruchchendur Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Somanatha temple.

This record dated in the 3rd year of Srivaladeva, i.e, Srivallabhadeva, has to be attributed to Jatavarman Srivallabha. It registers a gift of money by Puvandi, the wife of Appippuvan, a vellala Anguttanallur in Kalattirukkai-nadu for a lamp in the temple of Somanathadeva at Arrur.

No. 203.

(A. R. No. 345 of 1930-31.)

Veppilaippatti, Sattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

Round a pillar in the Gangaiamman temple.

This inscription is dated in the 3rd year of Srivallabhadeva and states that this pillar was put to mark the site of the bund (anaikuri) of the tank (uruni) of Irunjonadu by Araiyan Madhurantakan alias Karunilakkudi-nadalvan.

No. 204.

(A. R. No. 27 of 1909.)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On a pillar on the rock-cut cave on the hill.

This record dated in the 4th year of Jatavarman Srivallabhadeva is much damaged at the end. Its contents cannot, therefore, be correctly

ascertained. It appears to register a gift made by Vellanai-Vitankan Avaiyanjan, the chief of Adalaiyur in Keralasinga-valanadu, of certain taxes due from Merkannamangalam in favour of the temple of Srimulasthanam-udiya-Nayanar on the hill called Tirumalai in Adaliyur-nadu.

No. 205.

(A. R. No. 493 of 1909.)

Solapuram, Kovilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the east wall of the mandapa in the venkatachalapati-Perumal temple.

This record of Jatavarman Srivallabha which is dated in the 4th regnal year is of interest as mentioning a pillaiyar or prince named Sundara-Pandyadeva, who laws camping at Arukai Kunrattur in Anma-nadu at the time of issuing this inscription. It is stated that on the representation made by the sabha of Sundarapandya-chaturvedimangalam, a devadana-brahmadeya village of god Sundarapandya-vinnagar-Alvar in the same nadu the prince made a gift of land to the temple.

This Sundara-Pandya who is described as a ‘Pillaiyar’ was apparently the son of Srivallabha, but he does not appear to have succeeded to the Pandya throne.

No. 206.

(A. R. No. 6 of 1929.)

Dalapatisamudram, Nanguneri Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the shrine in the Tirunagesvara temple.

This inscription dated in the 4th year of the king is engraved in slightly later script. The lateness of the script may be accounted for by supposing that the earlier records were re-copied later at the time of some renovation. The king is stated to have been seated on the pallikkattil called Pandyarajan in the Alagiya-Pandyan hall in the palace at Madurai when, on the petition of a certain Ayyar of Anabharanamangalam, he made tax-free some lands belonging to the temples of Varaguna-Isvaramadaiyar, Tirunagesvaramudaiyar and Puravuvarisvaramudaiyar and Puravuvarisvaramudiayar, at Perumbalanji Nattarruppokku.

No. 207.

(A. R. No. 226 of 1932-33.)

Perungulam, Srivaikuntam Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Tiruvaludisvara temple.

This record of Jatavaran Srivallabha is dated in his 4th year; but as it is damaged after the sixth line its purport cannot be made out. Perungulam had the other name of Uttamapandyanallur.

No. 208.

(A. R. No. 30 of 1909.)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the rock left of Entrance into the first cave temple.

This inscription dated in the 4th year of Jatavarman Srivallabha, seems to register the gift of land made tax-free in Kilkkannamngalam by Adalaiyur-nattalvan Mummudisolan Virasekharan.

No. 209.

(A. R. No. 641 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the east wall of the Dakshinamurti shrine in the Ammainatha temple.

Dated in the 5th year of Srivallabha who has the simple title of Tribhuvanachakravartigal only this record registers a gift of sheep by Setuvudaiyal, wife of Kuppai-Nambi, a brahmana of Seravanmahadevi-chaturvedimangalam for burning a lamp in the temple of Srikayilasamudaiya-Mahadeva in the village. These sheep to have been purchased for 90 diramam.

No. 210.

(A. R. No. 644 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk Tirunelveli District.

At the right entrance into the first prakara of the Ammainatha temple.

This record of the 5th year of the king registers a gift of sheep by Sendan Siddan for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Kailasamudaiyar at Seravanmahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu.

No. 211.

(A. R. No. 456 of 1906.)

Anaimalai, Madurai Taluk, Madurai District.

On a stone built into the floor of the platform in the shrine of the goddess in the cave-temple.

This is a fragmentary inscription, the beginning and end being lost. The 6th regnal year of a Srivallabhadeva is mentioned in line 2. A gift of land in the village Durgabhagavatinallur made probably by Kandadai Kalamegha-Bhatta of the Apastamba-sutra seems to have been recorded originally. Palaeographically the record may be assigned to the 12th century.

No. 212.

(A. R. No. 536 of 1911.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the wall of the Bhaktavatsala temple.

This record is damaged in the middle. It is dated in the 6th year of Srivallabhadeva, and can paleographically be attributed to the king of that name who flourished in the 12th century A.D. A gift of six anai-achchu is registered but the name of the donor is lost.

No. 213.

(A. R. No. 43 of 1929.)

Sivapuri, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the south wall of the second prakara in the Svayamprakasa temple.

This record which begins with the characteristic historical introduction is in the 6th year of the king’s reign, and, and registers a gift of land by Tillainayakan Tarunendusekharan of Ariya a merchant living at Aruviyur alias Nanndesipperunderuvu in Keralasinga-valanadu, for the expenses of offerings, etc., in the temple of Abhimuktisvaram-Udaiyar at Nripasekhara-chaturvedimangalam. The land was called Tillainayaka-vaykkal in the name of the donor.

Aruviyur, which is called Nandesipperunderuvu has the other name of Desiuyyavandapattanam in another record from the same temple. It must have been a merchant colony of some importance in those days.

No. 214.

(A. R. No. 410 of 1929-30.)

Attur, Tiruchchendur Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the west and south walls of the central shrine in the Somanathan temple.

This record begins with the introduction commencing with Tirumagal Jayamagal, etc., and is dated in the 6th year of Jatavarman Srivallabhadeva. It appears to relate to some assignment of the taxes on the lands at Tiruchchirrambala-nallur in Korkainadu for providing worship in the temple of Somanathadeva at Arrur in Kuda-nadu.

No. 215.

(A. R. No. 321 of 1908.)

Kuruvitturai, Nilakkottai Taluk, Madurai District.

On the north wall of the shrine in the Chitrarathavallabha-Perumal temple.

This inscription is dated in the 7th year of Srivallabha. Tiruvarangan-Perratiru, wife of Appan-Isvaran, made a gift of gold for providing offerings to the god Uyyakkondalvar set up by her in the temple of Paramasvamin who was pleased to stand in Tiruchchakkara-tirtham in Paganur-kurram.

No. 216.

(A. R. No. 309 of 1918.)

Marandai, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Kailasanatha temple.

This inscription of the 7th year of Srivallabhadeva states that the stone temple of god Srikayilasamudaiyar at Maran-Tayanallur alias Vikramapandyapuram in Mulli-nadu was erected by a certain Mani Bahuvayan alias Alagiya-So…………..yan.

No. 217.

(A.R. No. 38 of 1909.)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the south pillar in the rock-cut cave.

This record dated in the [8]th year of the king registers a gift of 1 ma of land by Ghatti-arasan of Tirukkunrakkudi in Tenarruppokku for a flower garden to the god Tenarru-Nayakar and another piece of land to god Pillaiyar, presumably in the same temple.

No. 218.

(A. R. No. 66 of 1929.)

Sivapuri, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the belt of the verandah in the first prakara, Svayamprakasa temple.

This record dated in the 8th year of Tribhuvanachakravartin Srivallabhadeva has to be assigned to this king Jatavarman Srivallabha. It registers that Danadan Pagaivenra-kandan alias Tuvarapativelan made a gift of land by name Anjadakanda-Navalkulam by purchase, for the kitchen expenses of the temple at Tiruttandonrisvaram-Udaiyar at Nripasekhara-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Keralasinga-valanadu.

No. 219.

(A.R. No. 31 of 1909.)

Kunnakkudi, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the verandah of the north wall of the rock-cut cave.

This record, which is dated in the 19th year of Srivallabhadeva, may be assigned to this king. It registers a gift of land by Nattan Adavi of Tirukkunrakkudi in penatruppokku in Keralasinga-valanadu for burning a lamp in the temple of Tirumalai-udaiya Nayanar, apparently the god in the rock-cut temple.

No. 220.

(A. R. No. 326 of 1916.)

Tiruvalisvaram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the Valisvara temple.

This mutilated epigraph belongs to the same king and contains the regnal year 9. It mentions a previous donation of Sundara-Pandyadeva, and registers a grant of 2 makkani of land for providing sandal paste and camphor to god Tiruvalisvaram-Udaiyar. A merchant of Rajraja-Erivirapattanam is also referred to as agreeing to supply these articles to the temple.

No. 221.

(A. R. No. 499 of 1909.)

Solapuram, Kovilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the east wall of the Venkatachalapati temple.

This record of the king, which is dated in the 9th year, furnishes a few incomplete astronomical details. It is much damaged and seems to mention that the king was seated on the seat Pandiyarajan in the hall called Alagiya-Pandiyan-kudam in the palace at Madurai. On this occasion his officer Kalingarajan represented that certain lands in the devanda of Tiruchchakkarattalvar may be given as karanmai to Sri-Harushan-Narayana-Bhatta-Vajapeyayajin of Kiranur living in Solantaka-chaturvedimangalam. The king thereupon did as required and fixed the taxes payable by him. Among the boundaries of the land a stone-dam called Parakrama-Pandiyankallanai, Vira-Pandiyan-kal, and Srivallabhapperaru are mentioned and Parakrama-Pandya and a Vira-Pandya were Srivallabha’s predecessors.

This royal order issued in the name of Konerinmaikondan and relating to the same transaction, is engraved in continuation of the above record.

No. 224.

(A. R. No. 325 of 1908.)

Kuruvitturai, Nilakkottai Taluk, Madurai District.

On the south wall of the Chitrarathavallabha-perumal temple.

This record does not contain the name of the king but purports to have been issued by the god himself, who is called Sarngin of Chakratirtham ; but it may be attributed to the time of Jatavarman Srivallabha because a new channel with the name of Sri-Vallabhapperaru is mentioned as having been dug to irrigate some lands. Further, the donee Sri-Harushan-Narayana-Bhatta-Vijapeyayaji of Kranur mentioned here figures in another record of this king (No. 223 above) with which this has to be connected.

No. 225.

(A. R. No. 119 of 1910.)

Rajasingamangalam, Tiruvadanai Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the north, west and south walls of the Kailsanathasvamin temple.

This record comprising of several fragments with intervening portions is dated in the 10th year of the king and relates to the remission of taxes on some lands granted by the king for the expenses of the temple at Rajasingamangalam, a brahmadeya in Varaguna-valanadu, on the representation made by Manabharanan who is styled as ‘nampillai’ in the inscription.

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