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Monday, March 05, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

PANDYA INSCRIPTIONS

CHOLA-PANDYA VICEROYS

No. 151.

(A. R. No.  618-B of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Ammainatha Temple.

This inscription is fragmentary and contains a portion of the Chola viceroy’s name.  It is dated in the 14th year.

No. 152.

(A. R. No.  712 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelvei District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of a shrine, Ramasvamin temple.

This inscription, which is damaged at several places, is dated in the 14th year of Sundara-Cholapandya and registers a gift of land made by the sabha of Nigarilisola-chaturvedimangalam for providing certain offerings to the image of god Uyyakkondalvar in the temple of Nigarilisola-vinnagar.

No. 153.

(A. R. No.  700 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the east wall of the central shrine, Ramasvamin temple.

This epigraph dated in the 15th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya registers a gift of pieces of land by a certain Parantakan-Nirainjan alias Disai-Ayirattainnurruva Dasamadi…………viran for the maintenance of a watchman (tirumeykappu) for the temple of Nigarilisola-vinnagar-Alvar.  The donor appears to have belonged to a trading guild as indicated by the name Disai-Ayirattainnurruvan borne by him.

No. 154.

(A. R. No.  111 of 1905.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This inscription is dated in the 16th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya and states that the Chera king (Seramanar) Rajarajadevar was present at the western gopura  of the temple of Rajendrasola-vinnagar-Paramasvamigal while issuing the order making the ten veli of land in Manabharana-chaturvedimangalam, a tax-free village belonging to the temple, as kudininga-devadana to six persons, who in return had to measure as vadakkadan 2600 kalam of paddy per year.  The measure called anavaratadanan is mentioned.

No. 155.

(A. R. No.  77 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Tirumulanathasvamin temple.

This record dated kin the 16th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya registers a gift of sheep and 6 palankasu  by a vellalaof Vidivittankanallur, a hamlet of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, for maintaining a lamp in the temple of Tiruchchalaitturaiudaiya-Mahadeva.

No. 156.

(A. R. No.  72 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Tirumulanathasvamin temple.

This is a damaged record belonging to the 17th year of a certain …… Solapandya who was evidently Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya.  The name of God Tiruchchalaitturai-Isvarar in ……………………chaturvedimangalam is mentioned as also some provision made for burning a lamp in this temple, the details of which are lost.

No. 157.

(A. R. No.  619 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north and west walls of the central shrine, Ammainathasvamin temple.

This inscription is issued on the 7th day of the 17th year of Sundara-Cholapandya is of interest in that its wording follows the conventional form adopted in the Chola period for documents conveying lands.  Two veli of land lying within the four boundaries specified with meticulous detail, in the village called Kallur in Melvemba-nadu in Mudigondasola-valanadu were given to the temple of Srikayilasamudaiya-Mahadeva, at the request of Amman, after having separated this land from the original division and constituting it into a new unit called Sivapadasekharanallur from the 16th year of Sundara-Chola’s viceroyalty.  ‘Sivapadasekhara’ was a title of Rajaraja the Great and hence this endowment was made in this honour.  Certain taxes such as alagerudu-katchikkasu and katchi-erudu-kasu were remitted on these lands, which were now made tax-free devadana.  Sundara-Cholapandya is described as having been seated in the western hall of the place at Rajendra-solapuram at the time of issuing this order.

No. 158.

(A. R. No.  622 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Ammainathasvamin temple.

This inscription is dated in the 17th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya registers a gift of 25 sheep by Ve[mba]n-Puvan, a merchant of Vanavanmadevipuram in Irunjonadu, a subdivision of Rajaraja-Pandinadu, to the temple of Kudarkudi-Mahadeva.  Kudarkudi was the original name of the present Kundalakkuttu, and is mentioned in the Erukkangudi inscription of Srivallabha, the Early Pandya king among the places wherein Iruppaikkudi-Kilavan had made some benefactions.

No. 160.

(A. R. No.  327 of 1916.)

Tiruvalisvaram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Valisvara temple.

This record is connected with No. 161 below to which it is complementary, and was issued while Sundara-Cholapandyua was seated in the western pavilion in the attattuveli in the palace precincts at rajaendrasolapuram.  It relates to a gift of 5 veli of land by purchase from the mahasabha of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam for the expenses of conducting festivals in the temple of Tiruvalisvaram-udaiyar and for feeding 25 brahmanas and for the reading of the Sivadharma.  The income from his land was ordered to be utilized for the above-mentioned items of charity by the king’s uncle (amman), as already stated in the other record, from the 16th year of Sundara-Solapandya’s reign.

No. 161.

(A. R. No.  332 of 1916.)

Tiruvalisvaram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the valisvara temple.

This record is dated on the 65th day of the 17th year of Jatavarman Sundaracholapandya and is connected with No. 160 above.  It was issued when the viceroy was seated in the dinner hall on the seat called Rajendrasola-Atimurkhachchengirai in the pavilion (chittirakudam) in the garden called Puttan to the north of Madurai in Madakkulakkil, a subdivision of Madhurantaka-valanadu, on the 53rd day of the 17th regnal year and was entered in the variyilidu (tax register) on the 65th day of the same year.  Under instructions from the Amman or uncle of the viceroy, land in Kakkalur, a suburb of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam was purchased and endowed to the temple of Tiruvalisvaram-udaiyar for conducting festivals and for feeding brahmanas.  Provision was also made for reading the Sivadharmam in the temple referred to in the other record from the same temple.

It may be noted that the name of the seat on which the viceroy was seated was apparently derived from the name of one of his officers Tirumandira olainayakam Rajendrasola-Atimurkhachchengirai.

No. 162.

(A. R. No.  102 of 1905.)

Ambasamudram, Abasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the Erichchavudaiyar temple.

This Vatteluttu record dated in the 18th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya is engraved in the Erichchavudaiyar shrine, and the stones are somewhat disarranged.  The object of the record seems to be the provision made for burning lamps in the shrines of Tiruppottudaiyar and Mulasthanam-udaiyar at Tiruchchalaitturai in Rajarajachaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu, a subdivision of Mudigondasola-valanadu.  Two other disconnected fragments are found on some slabs embedded in the walls of the same shrine.

No. 163.

(A. R. No.  83 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the west wall of the Perumal shrine in the Tirumulanatha temple.

This record which is dated in the 19th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya is very much damaged, but from the existing traces it is evident that it registers a gift of twenty-five sheep by a person, whose name is obliterated, for the maintenance of a lamp in the temple of  Tiruchchalaitturai-Mahadeva at Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu, a subdivision of Mudigondasola-valanadu, a division of Rajaraja-Pandinadu.

No. 164.

(A. R. No.  630 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Ammainathasvamin Temple.

This record is dated in 19th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya.  It states that 2 veli of land which had been granted as devadana to the temple of Kayilasamudaiyar at Nigarilisola-chaturvedimangalam by the Cholapandya viceroy and which had been constituted into a separate revenue unit under the name of Sivapadasekharanallur had originally been taken over for cultivation by the urar who had the kani right over Kallur in Melvemba-nadu, a subdivision of Mudigondasola-valanadu.  But as they were unable to pay the taxes thereon, they relinquished their cultivation rights in favour of the devakanmis of the temple, who now took over the lands, and gave an undertaking to the Puravari-tina-kkalattar  and the Varippottagamudaiyar, the revenue officials, not to interfere in any matter whatsoever with the lands in future.

The record is connected with No. 157 above in its subject matter.

No. 165.

(A. R. No.  81 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in the Tirumulanatha temple.

This is dated I the 20th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya and registers a gift of buffaloes by a private person for maintaining a lamp in the temple of Mulastha-an mudaiyar at Tiruchchalaitturai in Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu.

No. 166.

(A. R. No.  625 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasaudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Ammainathasvamin temple.

This belongs to Jatavarman  Sundara-Cholapandya, as his title Jatavarman is given, and it registers the usual gift of fifty sheep by Araiyan Ambalanathan for burning a lamp in the temple of Srikayilayam-udaiya-Mahadeva.  The regnal year is [20].

No. 167.

(A. R. No.  395 of 1929-30.)

Attur, Tiruchchendur taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Somanathesvara temple.

This record registers a gift of fifty sheep made by a soldier belonging to the battalion called sundara-solapondyatterina-palaiyaral for burning a lamp in the temple of Somanathadeva at Arrur.  There are several instances in which battalions were named after the name or surname of the reigning king, and the soldier of this record belonged to one such regiment named after Sundara-Cholapandya.  From later Pandya records, it is learnt that a Pandya army was stationed at Perungulam, a village situated near Arrur, land this Chola regiment may also have been in occupation of that village at this period.

As records of this viceroy later than the 23rd year are not known the date read doubtfully as [30] may probably be 20.

No. 168.

(A. R. No.  64 of 1905.)

Anaimalai, Madurai Taluk, Madurai District.

On the rock in the rock-cut tempfle of Narasimha.

This inscription of the 21st year of the viceroy registers a gift of sheep by a private person for a lamp in the temple of god Narasingadeva at Anaimalai.

No. 169.

(A. R. No.  65 of 1905.)

Anaimalai, Madurai Taluk, Madurai District.

On the rock in the rock-cut temple of Narasimha.

This inscription of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya is dated in the 21st year of  his rule.  It is incomplete, but from the available portion it appears to refer to some gift made for the maintenace of a perpetual lamp in the temple of lNarasimha, by the wife of sendan-Bhattan of Iraiyanaraisur, which is a place in the Tirukkoyilur taluk of the South Arcot District.  Anaimalai is said to be situated in Kiliraiyanmuttam in Rajendrasola-valanaldu, a district of Rajaraja-Pandinadu.

No. 170.

(A. R. No.  330 of 1916.)

Tiruvalisvaram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Valisvaram Temple.

This inscription belongs to the 21st year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya and registers a gift of 35 cows by a maid-servant of queen Ulagudaiya-pirattiyar named Bhaktargal-pandaram, for burning a perpetual lamp to god Tiruvalisvaram-udaiya, Emberuman at Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu.

No. 171.

(A. R. No.  99 of 1924.)

Perichchikoyil, Tiruppattur Taluk, Ramanathapuram District.

On the south wall of the Bhairava shrine in the Sugandhavanesvara temple.

This record is dated in the 21st year of the viceroy who is referred to as Jatavarman alias Udaiyar [Vi]rasola pandyadeva and registers a gift of land by a certain Kulasani Maluvamanikkam alias Ahirajaraja-Pungnra-nadalvan for providing offerings to the image of god Kshetrapala at Menmarudur alias Jayangonda-solanallur in Gangaikondasola-valanadu, a division of Rajaraja-Pandinadu.

This record appears to belong to the first viceroy of the name of Sundara-Chola-pandya, as a different viceroy with the high regnal year of 21 cannot be otherwise accounted for.

No. 172.

(A. R. No.  473 of 1929-30.)

Attur, Tiruchchendur Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On a stone in the pavement of the amma shrine in the Somanathesvara temple.

This inscription dated in the 21st year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya is damaged at the end.  It registers some gift made by Lokaditta-kkuttan of the Bharadvaja-gotra, a resident of Arrur-Sendamangalam for burning a lamp in the temple of Somanathesvara alias Ten-Tiruppuvanamudaiyar at Arrur-Sendamangalam, a brahmadeya in Kuda-nadu, a subdivision of Uttamasola-valanadu.  Ten-Tiruppuvanam must have been so named after the god of the same name in the Ramanathapuram district.

No. 173.

(A. R. No.  4 of 1931-32.)

Alagarkoyil, Melur Taluk, Madurai District.

On a pillar in the Sundara-Pandyan-mandapa  in the temple.

This record is dated in the [22]nd year  of a certain Jatavarman Sri-Cholapandya and registers some gift, the details of which are lost, by a certain brahmana lady of Solapandya-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Karunilakkudi-nadu, for maintaining a nilai-vilakku in the temple of god Tirumalirunjolai-ninraruliya-Paramasvamin in Kiliraniyamattam in Rajendrasola-valanadu, a division of Rajaraja-Pandinadu.  He may perhaps be identified with Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya for whom records of the 22nd year are known.

No. 174.

(A. R. No.  438 of 1909.)

Adanur, Kovilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north and west walls of the Adilingesvara temple..

This record consists of several disjointed pieces of which one mentions the 23rd year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya and to Adanur in Surangudi-nadu.  The name of the god Nattisvarattu-Alvar is mentioned in another piece.

No. 175.

(A. R. No.  617 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasaudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Ammainathasvain temple.

This inscription dated in the 23rd year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya relates to the sale of some land by the mahasabha of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam.  The record being damaged after this portion further details as to the object of the transfer of land, etc., are not known.

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