The Indian Analyst
 

South Indian Inscriptions

 

 

Contents

Preface

Introduction

Text of the Inscriptions 

1 to 25

26 to 50

51 to 75

76 to 100

101 to 128

129 to 150

151 to 175

176 to 200

201 to 225

226 to 250

251 to 267

Appendix

Other South-Indian Inscriptions 

Volume 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Vol. 4 - 8

Volume 9

Volume 10

Volume 11

Volume 12

Volume 13

Volume 14

Volume 15

Volume 16

Volume 17

Volume 18

Volume 19

Volume 20

Volume 22
Part 1

Volume 22
Part 2

Volume 23

Volume 24

Volume 26

Volume 27

Tiruvarur

Darasuram

Konerirajapuram

Tanjavur

Annual Reports 1935-1944

Annual Reports 1945- 1947

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 2, Part 2

Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum Volume 7, Part 3

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 1

Kalachuri-Chedi Era Part 2

Epigraphica Indica

Epigraphia Indica Volume 3

Epigraphia
Indica Volume 4

Epigraphia Indica Volume 6

Epigraphia Indica Volume 7

Epigraphia Indica Volume 8

Epigraphia Indica Volume 27

Epigraphia Indica Volume 29

Epigraphia Indica Volume 30

Epigraphia Indica Volume 31

Epigraphia Indica Volume 32

Paramaras Volume 7, Part 2

Śilāhāras Volume 6, Part 2

Vākāṭakas Volume 5

Early Gupta Inscriptions

Archaeological Links

Archaeological-Survey of India

Pudukkottai

PANDYA INSCRIPTIONS

INSCRIPTION OF THE EARLY PANDYAS

No. 129-130.

(A. R. Nos. 603 to 604 of 1915.)

Eruvadi, Nanguneri Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On a boulder in the Irattaipottai rock.

The following two labels engraved in Vatteluttu characters of the early 9th century A.D. are found below the images of Jaina Gods sculptured on the face of the rock overhanging a cavorn on the hill. One of them states that the ascetic Ajjanand was responsible for the setting up of the image under which the inscription is engraved, while the other mentions a sabha. This Ajjanandi has figured in similar donative labels at Uttamapalaiyam and Ayyampalaiyam, two other Jains colonies in the Madurai district, which were flourishing in this period.

CHOLA-PANDYA VICEROYS

No. 131.

(A. R. No. 213 of 1932-33.)

Perungulam, Srivaikuntam Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north side of the artha-mandapa in the Tiruvaludisvara temple.

In the third year of Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-Pandya in which this inscription is dated, a certain Vellala of Perungulam alias Uttamasolanallur in Tiruvaludi-Valanadu made a gift of sheep for burning a lamp in front of the goddess Durgaiyar in the temple of Tiruvaludisvaram.

No. 132.

(A. R. No. 107 of 1905.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This record dated in the 4th year o the reign of Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-Pandya states that the assembly having met in a hall of the ambalam, made some decision about the lands and houses granted to the gardeners, drummers, potters, garland-makers, torch-bearers and

devaradiyar of the temple of Sri-Rajendrasola-vinnagar-Alvar at Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in mulli-nadu, a subdivision of Mudigondasola-valanadu, a district of Rajaraja-Pandinadu. The record is incomplete and so the full details of the transaction are not available.

As stated in another inscription, from the same temple, the temple of Rajendrasola-vinnagar-Alavar was erected by the Chera king Rajasimha in the name of Rajendrasoladevar, the Chola king who was apparently his overload.

No. 133.

(A. R. No. 108 of 1905.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This fragmentary inscription mentions the 6th year of the reign of a king those name, which is lost in the missing portion, may be Sundara-Chola-Pandya. It is noteworthy that a seat in the kudam or hall of the palace was called Rajendrasola-iranai-vilupparaiyan, evidently after the name of the officer, ‘Tirumandira-olai-iyakam’ of the same name, who also figures in this record ; and that the king was stated on this seat while issuing the order, which in its entirety may have some reference in the gift of the taxes on the lands in a village called Manabharana-chaturvedimangalam, which had been endowed as a devadana to the temple of Rajendrasola-vinnagar-Devar. The revenue officers mentioned here figure in other records of this viceroy.

No. 134.

(A. R. No. 70 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the Tirumulanatha temple.

This incomplete epigraph dated in the 6th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-Pandya relates to some gift, the nature of which is not specified, made by Sendan-Tambi-Nangai, for burning a lamp in front of the Tirumulasthanattu-Mahadeva at Tiruchchalaitturai in Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu, a subdivision of Mudikondasola-valanadu, a division of Rajaraja-Pandinadu. Sendan seugaiyan, a merchant of Kshatriyasikhamanipuram
is stated to be he guardian.

No. 135.

(A. R. No. 416 of 1929-30.)

Attur, Tiruchendur Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Somanatha temple.

This record is dated in the 6th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya and registers a gift of two buffaloes by a certain vellala of Arrur-Sendamangalam, a brahmadeya in Kuda-nadu for a lamp in the temple of Somanathadeva. These were left of the charge of two Sivabrahmanas of the temple, who had to supply the ghee necessary for the burning of the lamp.

No. 136.

(A. R. No. 40 of 1908.)

Virasikhamani, Sankaranayinarkoil Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On a pillar of the rock-cut cave temple.

This record of the 8th year of this viceroy is very much damaged and appears to relate to some gift of land for maintaining a lamp in the temple of Kayilayattu-Perumanadigal at Viravinoda-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Kallaga-nadu a subdivision of Mudigondasola-valanadu.

No. 137.

(A. R. No. 615 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Ammainatha temple.

This incomplete record dated in the [10]th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Chola Pandya registers a gift made by the Sivabrahmanas of the temple of Cholendrasimha-Isvaramudaiyar at Nigarilisola-chaturvedimangalam in regard to something which was done in the temple of Srikayilayamudaiyar in the same village.

No. 138.

(A. R. No. 618-A of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Ammainatha temple.

These two disjointed fragments appear to belong to Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-pandya and refer to separate gifts of money and land made by a few persons for burning a lamp in the temple of Kayilasamudaiyar (?).

The year 10 is mentioned is fragment 1 while fragment 2 refers to year 8 (?), Nambirattiyar and to the onam festival.

No. 139.

(A. R. No. 5 of 1927.)

Vijayanarayanam, Nanguneri Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north and west walls of the Manonmanisvara temple.

This inscription is dated in the [10]th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya out it is incomplete, land does not contain information as to the nature of the transaction it was intended to record. After this is another fragmentary portion dated in the 14th year of a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pandyadeva. Vijayanarayanam is called Jayangonda sola-chaturvedimangalam and was a brahmadeya in Nattarruppokku in Uttamasola-valanadu.

No. 140.

(A. R. No. 76 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the west and south walls of the Tirumulanatha temple.

This record, the date of which is lost is the damaged portion but which may have been within 10, belongs to Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya and registers a gift of 16 kasu and a lampstand by Bhuvaniperuvali alias Sankaranarayanapperaiyan, a Vellala of Rayasikhamani, for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mulasthanattu-Paramesvara at Tiruchchalaitturai in Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 141.

(A. R. No. 115 of 1905.)

Tiruvalisvaram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Valisvara temple.

The record dated in the 11th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya registers a gift of cows by the mahasabha of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam for burning a lamp in the temple of god Tiruvalisvaramudaiyar. Several other similar endowments are also recorded in continuation of this gift.

No. 142.

(A. R. No. 439 of 1909.)

Adanur koilpatti Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, adilingesvara temple.

This Vatteluttu record dated in the 11th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Chola-pandya is damaged at the end. It registers a gift of a lamp with stand and fifty sheep by a certain Achchan Perran for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of Nattisvarattalvar at Adanur alias Udaiyamarttandanallur in Surangudi-nadu.

No. 143.

(A. R. No. 621 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the west wall of the central shrine in the Ammainatha temple.

This epigraph dated in the 12th year of Sundara-Cholapandya registers an agreement given by aganaligai-sivabrahmanas of the temples Cholendrasimha-Isvaram and Sri-Kayilayamudaiyar-Srikoyil to burn a lamp in the latter temple in return for the interest on an amount of 36 kasu, which was required to be contributed by them towards the construction of the tiruchchurrumadam in the temple, and which was paid on their behalf in a lump sum by a certain Srikantha-Damodarabhattan of Perumaru[dur] residing in this village.

No. 144.

(A. R. No. 109 of 1905.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This inscription dated in the 18th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya registers the sale by the sabha of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam to the temple of Rajendrasola-vinnagar-Paramasvamigal, which according to other inscriptions is known to be the temple built by the Chera king Rajasimha in the name of his Chola overlord.

No. 145.

(A. R. No. 110 of 1905.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north, west and south walls of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This inscription issued on the 139th day in the 13th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya contains the details of the sale of land by the sabha of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam to the temple of Rajarajasola-vinnagar-Devar. As stated in some other records of this viceroy he was seated in the western mandapa in the attattuveli or the open space reserved for plays in the palace at Rajendrasolapuram, while passing the orders relative to this document. The land sold, viz., 14 and odd veli in extent, was re-grouped into a new hamlet called Solapandyanallur and converted into a tax-free devanda. The names o several revenue officials are mentioned in this record. This inscription is connected with No. 109 of 1905, i.e., No. 144 above.

No. 146.

(A. R. No. 82 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Perumal shrine in the Tirumulanatha temple.

This slightly damaged record is dated in the 15th year of Jatavarman Sundara Cholapandya and relates to the gift of land made for the merit of the merchant community called nana-desi-disai-ayirattu-ainnurruvar, apparently of Pandi-mandalam who were residing in the quarter called Rajendrasolapperunderuvu probably at Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam. This merchant-guild figures in a number of other records in the Tirunelveli district. The donor appears to be a member of this community named Solai-Ainnurruvan.

No. 147.

(A. R. No. 612 of 1916.)

Sermadevi, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Ammainatha temple.

This inscription which is dated in the 13th year of the same Sundara-Cholapandya registers a sale of land by the mahasabha of Nigarilisola-chaturvedimangalam to the temple of Sri-Kailasamudaiyar after receiving the vilaipporul (i.e., sale price) and the iraipporul (i.e., the amount paid in a lump sum in lieu of the annual taxes).

Among the boundaries is mentioned a channel called Nigarilisola-vaykkal.

No. 148.

(A. R. No. 106 of 1905.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the north wall of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This epigraph dated in the 14th year of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya registers the sale of the village Manabharana-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Mulli-nadu, which was the property of two brahmanas of Nigarilisola-chaturvedimangalam named Govindan Madhava-bhattan and Govindan Tiruvikraman to the temple of Rajendrasola-vinnagar-Paramasvamigal at Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam. It is stated that the brahmanas had originally, obtained the village as the gurus, probably, of the ruling dynasty.

No. 149.

(A. R. No. 75 of 1907.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasmudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On the west wall of the Tirumulanathasvamin temple.

This record of Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya dated in his 14th year is incomplete. It registers a gift of a lamp by a brahmana named Alikonrai Vasudevakramavittan of Panchavan-madevichcheri, a suburb of Rajaraja-chaturvedimangalam, to the temple of Srimulasthanamudaivar. In this inscription Mullinadu is described as a subdivision of Mudigondasola-valanadu, a division of Rajaraja-Pandinadu.

No. 150.

(A. R. No. 392 of 1916.)

Mannarkoyil, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tirunelveli District.

On a step in the mandapa of the Gopalasvamin temple.

This inscription which belongs to the 14th regnal year of Sundara-Cholapandya without any distinguishing epithet registers a gift of a lamp-stand and of cows for maintaining half a lamp in the temple of Rajendrasola-Vinnagar-Alvar, by a servant, (name lost) of Seralanmadeviyar, queen of the Chera king Cheramanar Rasingadevar. As the Chera king Rajasimha was a contemporary of the first viceroy Jatavarman Sundara-Cholapandya (Ep. Ind., Vol. XI, pp. 294) this record must be attributed to him.

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