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Saturday, March 03, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 76.

(A.R. No. 168 of 1929.)

Govindaputtur, Udayarpalayam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Gangajatadhara temple.

This is an inscription of Rajaraja I, the details of the date given here viz. 3rd year, Tula, Monday, Navami Tiruvonam, corresponding to 3rd October, A.D. 987. It records an agreement (Ottolai) given by the assembly (PerunguriPerumakkal) of Periya Sri Vanavanmahadevi-chaturvedimangalam, in consideration of a lump sum of 200 kalanju, to pay all the taxes due on a veli and quarter of land endowed for worship to the temple at Vijayamangalam by Ambalavan Paluvur Nakkan alias Vikramasola-Maharajanof Kuvalalam, a nobleman of Mummudi-Choladeva, who had also built the Srivimana of the god with stone. The assembly is stated to have met in full strength for this transaction in front of the temple of Vinaiyabharanavinnagar-Emberuman in the centre of the village, after due announcement of its sitting by beat of drum and blowing of trumpet. The donor has figured as an important personage in the inscriptions of Uttama-Chola.

No. 77.

(A.R. No. 86 of 1931.)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Pushpavanesvara temple.

This records an endowment made by Pisangan Aiyarradigal of Nanandur, of 8 kalanju of gold left with the sabha of the village, for the supply of ghee for the sacred bath of the god at Tirutturutti, a devadana village in Arkkattuk-kurram, on the days of sankranti.

No. 78.

(A.R. No. 192 of 1931.)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple.

This registers an endowment of half (veli and 2 ma of land for the midday offerings to the god Tiruchchorrutturai-Mahadeva by Manandai Srikanthan Bhattarakan, the brahmadeya-kilavan (headman) of the village.

No. 79.

(A.R. No. 94 of 1933.)

Virapuram, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a pillar set up near a linga in the village.

This registers an endowment of land tax-free for the midday offerings to the deity in the temple of Unchisvarattalvar at Nedungunram in Nedungunranadu, a subdivision of Sembor-kottam, after purchasing it from the Urar (assembly) of the village by Vidangan, the commander of the regiment called the Anukkabhimarpadai. On account of the paleography of the inscription it has been assigned to the reign of Rajaraja I (M.E.R. 1933, II 22).

No. 80.

(A.R. No. 80 of 1934.)

Amur, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a slab set up in front of the Vighnesvara shrine.

This inscription is slightly damaged. It seems to record the repairs (?) done to the big tank at Amur by a certain Sattividanga Perumu. . . . .  Kumanan.

No. 81.

(A.R. No. 463A of 1914.)

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the Tyagaraja shrine, Vedaranyesvara temple.

This records a gift of 90 sheep, left with the servants of the temple of Tirumaraikkattalvar, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple, by a certain Adigal Kunran.

No. 82.

(A.R. No. 432 of 1905.)

Tiruttani, Tiruttani Taluk, Chittoor District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Virattanesvara temple.

This inscription registers an agreement given by the subha of Tiruttaniyal in Kunravaddana-kottam, that their Annual Committee would supply daily an ulakku of oil for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvirattanam-udaiya-Mahadeva in lieu of interest on 12 kalanju of gold received by them from the temple.

No. 83.

(A.R. No. 211 of 1906.)

Perangiyur, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, ruined Siva temple.

This inscription registers the remission of the taxes due on some land endowed for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mulasthanam-udaiya-Paramasvami at Peringur, by Agnisarma Dasapuri-Bhatta-Somayajiyar of Pullalur, a member of the Alunganam of the village, who paid a lump-sum of money therefore to the assembly (Perunguri-perumakkal). The alphabet of the inscription looks like that of No. 210 of 1906 of the time of Rajendra-Chola I, and the details of the date, viz. 4th year, Mithuna, su. 7, Thursday. Hasta agre for A. D. 989, June 13, when Hasta commenced at 25 of day.  The record is therefore one of Rajaraja I.

No. 84.

(A.R. No. 34 of 1907.)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of thecentral shrine, Sivayoganathasvamin temple.

This registers some transaction (details lost) between prantakan Irungolar alias Siriyavellar] and the Big Assembly (Perunguri) to whom the former gave 430 Ilakkaraunkasu, evidently on behalf (of the temple) of Perumanadigal at Tiruvisalur. This person is the well known general of king parantaka II Sundara-Chola, to whose reign therefore the present inscription should be assigned.

No. 85.

(A.R. No. 320 of 1907.)

On the same wall.

This states that Pirantakan Irungolar alias Siriyavelar paid 130 Ilakkasu to the assembly of Amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam for exempting from taxes, a quarter veli and odd of land endowed by him for the midday offerings in the temple of Tiruvisalur-Perumanadigal. This is also an inscription of Sundara-Chola.

Text. Published in South Indian Inscriptions,

Volume III, No. 120.

No. 86.

(A.R. No. 114 of 1910.)

Tirumalam, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a slab lying in the courtyard of Magalesvara temple.

The inscription records the gift of a gold crown and a necklace set with rubies, sapphires, diamonds and pearls to the image of Mahakalattu-Mahadevar on the occasion of the abhisheka (consecration) of the god, by Kari Puliyan alias Solamarayan of Paluvur in Kunra-kurram.

No. 87.

(A.R. No. 263 of 1910.)

Tiruvadandai, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north base of the central shrine, Varaha-Perumal temple.

This inscription records an agreement of the Uravar of Paduvur in paduvur-nadu, a subdivision of Amur-kottam, to supply 90 nali of oil per year calculated at an ulakku a day, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Srivarahadevar at Tiruvidavandai, a devadana in the same nadu, in lieu of interest on 20 kalanju of gold endowed and left with them by Duggayyan Sattan of Purushottama-mangalam in Valluva-nadu (a subdivision) of Malai-nadu. A penalty of 4 ¼ kanam was to be paid to the Dharmasana (court of Justice) in case of default in the supply. It is stated at the end that this amount was utilized by the Uravar as a set-off against the taxes and the water-rent due on a certain temple land.

No. 88.

(A.R. No. 114 of 1914.)

Tiruverumbur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Pipilikesvara temple.

This records an endowment of 10 kalanju of gold made by Sendan Seyyavayamani, a servant (or dancing girl) of the Tiruvarangam temple, to the temple of Tenkailayattu-Mahadeva at Srikantha-chaturvedimangalam for burning a twilight lamp in the temple, and to provide for the daily supply of a pot of water to the temple from the river for the sacred bath of the deity. The temple servants (upasakas) accepted the gift and made themselves responsible for the obligation. It is possible that this is a record of Aditya I as it is engraved above No. 115 of 1914 which belongs to Parantaka I, and as its alphabet is also early.

No. 89.

(A.R. No. 430 of 1918.)

Tirukkurugavur, Shiyali Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Velvidainatha temple.

This records the remission of taxes on some devadana lands belonging to the temple of Tiruvelladai-Andar at Tirukkurugavur secured by Sembannarul Uttamanidh alias ……..Anukkappallavaraiyar for a lump-sum in gold paid by him to the sabha of Poygaikkudi, a brahmadeya in Vadakarai Tiruvali-nadu. The same donor is mentioned also in No. 433 of 1918, a record of the 15th year of Parakesarivarman from the same place, under the title Uttamasola-Muvendavelar. This is probably an inscription of Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.

No. 90.

(A.R. No. 538 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

A gift of 15 kalanju of gold for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantisvaram-Udaiyar at Viranarayna-chaturvedimangalam, by two brothers Tattan Tiruvengadanarayanan and Tatttan Setti.

No. 91.

(A.R. No. 560 of 1920.)

On the same wall.

This records an endowment of land by Uttaman Chandran alias Sembiyan Pallavadarayan of Pattam in Avur-kurram on the southern bank (of the river) for the daily feeding of three Brahmans in the temple at midday. The land is stated to have been purchased for the purpose from Kasyapan Yajnan Sattan, the headman of Devan-mangalam in Merka-nadu. The details of the provision required for each meal are given.

No. 92.

(A.R. No. 562 of 1920.)

On the same wall.

This records the endowment tax-free, of Kappuveli the eastern hamlet of their village, and the land round about the temple with all the appurtenances, by the Perunguri-perumakkal (assembly) of Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam for offerings to the deity during the three services in the temple of Tiruvanantisvarattu-Paramasvami. The assembly is said to have met in the temple of Viranarayana-Vinnagar. The date of the inscription, 4th year, Kumbha, Tuesday, Uttiradam, corresponds to A. D. 952, January 27, though the details are not enough for verification. The inscription may therefore be assigned to Gandaraditya.

No. 93.

(A.R. No. 580 of 1920.)

On the west wall of the same shrine.

The inscription is much worn out. It registers an order of the Perumakkal (assembly) who ‘looked after the gramakaryam for the year from the month of Mithuna’, and who are said to have consisted of 120 members, giving a plot of land in exchange for the one below the Kilinalur tank which had been already endowed for the daily offerings and worship to the deity by the Perungurip-perumakkal (assembly), but which, not having been enjoyed, had been otherwise utilized by them subsequently. An inscription of either Gandaraditya or Sundara-Chola.

No. 94.

(A.R. No. 530 of 1921.)

Emapperur, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the east wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Vedapurisvara temple.

A gift of 96 sheep for maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-udaiya-Paramasvami by Munainangaich-Chani, the wife of Vana-Nambi, a resident of the village and the headman of Padiri. Padiri is probably a shortened form of Padirppuliyur or Tirupadirippuliyur (Tiruppappuliyur) near Cuddalore.

No. 95.

(A.R. No. 444 of 1922.)

Kayar, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a stone near the Kamalanarayana-Perumal image in the village.

This is an incomplete inscription recording an endowment of land, tax-free, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Urudaip-Perumal Tirumerralideva, by Kandan Pudi, the head man of a village (name lost) in Sonadu.

No. 96.

(A.R. No. 445 of 1922.)

On another stone in the same place.

A portion of the inscription at the end is lost. This records an endowment of land at Kayar in Kumili-nadu, a subdivision of Amur-kottam, by Arinjoman, the headman of Anaichchur in Tirunaraiyur-nadu, a subdivision of Sonadu, to provide for the sribali offerings in the temple of Urudaip-Perumal Tirumerralideva at the village. It also records another gift of land for the expense of the tiruchchennadai (procession) of the god. Both these lands are stated to have been made tax-free by the sabha of the village with whom they were left, evidently in consideration of a lump sum deposit.

No. 97.

(A.R. No. 419 of 1923.)

Venpakkam, Conjeeveram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a slab set up in the village.

This records the construction of a sluice by Keralan Rajadittan alias Nani Vichchadara (Vidyadhara) marayan who had the jivita of Velakkon-mangalam in Kunra-nadu, a subdivision of Urrukkattuk-kottam. His names suggest that he was possibly a person of high musical attainments which accounted for his jivita, probably at the hands of prince Rajaditya.

No. 98.

(A.R. No. 394 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalayam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the west wall of the Minakshiyamman Shrine, Sundaresvara temple.

This states that Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Maravan of Mannupperum-Paluvur in Kunra-kurram, who founded the temple of Tiruttottamudaiyar at the village, granted the right of worship in the temple to Ilangodi Suryan a share-holder in Tiruchchiruvalandai on the suggestion of Kavisikan Nakkan Maran, the supervisor of the temple, while he was staying at Senapuram in Maladu. As this chief also figures in No. 395 of 1924 in the reign of Uttama-Chola, it is probable that the Rajakesarivarman of this record refers to Rajaraja I.

No. 99.

(A.R. No. 117 of 1926.)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Manavalesvara temple.

This records an endowment of land to provide for the daily supply of six nali of rice for offering in the temple of Naduvil-Srikoyil at Muruguvel-mangalam, a brahmadeya in Kurukkai-nadu, by Paradayan Vengadavan Chandiradittan of the village, and its exemption from taxes by the sabha.

No. 100.

(A.R. No. 321 of 1927.)

Innambur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a stone built into the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Aksharapurisvara temple.

This is an incomplete inscription recording the construction of a Vishnu temple by Satti Arinjigai alias Tennavan Vilupparaiyan after his own name at Innambar in Innambar-nadu, and some provision (details lost) made by him to feed five Brahmanas in the temple every day after offerings to the deity.

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