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Saturday, March 03, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 51.

(A.R. No. 129 of 1914.)

Tiruverumbur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Pipilikesvara temple.

The inscription registers another sale of land, made tax-free, at Srikantha-chaturvedimangalam by the assembly (Perunguir-sabhai) of the village to Velan Viranaranan alias Sembiyan Vedivelar of Sirudavur who is stated to have constructed the Srivimana to (god) Tiruverumbiyur-Alvar. This person, after paying the cost of the land as well as a lump sum towards its tax-exemption, and also redeeming it from a certain resident of the village named Mappani Kari Nakkan in whose charge the land had been left by the assembly (evidently in mortgage), endowed the land for the maintenance of our persons who were to sing the Tiruppadiyam hymns to the accompaniment of udukkai and talam daily during the tree services in the temple. The donor is also said to have added to this land, another piece which had been the object of a boundary dispute (sima-vivadam) between the residents of Srikantha-chaturvedimangalam and Tiruverumbiyr, and which he had purchased from both the parties (See No. 50 above). The inscription refers to a channel dug by the donor. This is evidently the one mentioned in No. 50 above.

No. 52.

(A.R. No. 57 of 1918.)

Vriddhachalam, Vriddhachalam Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front

of the central shrine in the Vriddhagirisvara temple.

This records an assignment of 8 ma of land, which had been given by king Uttama-Chola as devadana to the temple of Tirumudukunram-Udaiyar at Nerkuppai in Paruvur-kurram of Irungolappadi, by the residents of thevillage to a certain Paradayan Kumaranarayana-Bhattan for the supply of sandal-paste and incense powder for the daily use of the deity, and for the ingredients of sacred bath on the days of Sankranti. The record seems to belong to Rajaraja I.

No. 53.

(A.R. No. 147 of 1918.)

Turuvaiyaru, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a stone built into the west gopura of the Panchanadesvara temple.

The gift of gold chamara made to god [Tiru]vaiyarudaiyar by Panchavanmadevi, queen of Mummudi-Cho[la] (Rajaraja I).

No. 54.

(A.R. No. 129 of 1919.)

Olagapuram, Tindivanam Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, ruined Siva temple.

This records an endowment of 96 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Sri Kailayattu-Paramasvami at Ulogamadevipuram, a taniyur in Oyma-nadu, by Ambalavan Gandaradittanar, a noble-man of the king, who isstated to have also built the temple with stone. The name of the village was evidently derived from Lokamahadevi, a queen of Rajaraja I.

No. 55.

(A.R. No. 98 of 1920.)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the east wall of the ruined mandapa to the north

of the shrine of the goddess in the Vaidyanatha temple.

This records an undertaking backed with a security in land, given by two servants of the temple to make an offering of flaked rice to god Ganapati in the temple at Punalvayil on the day of Arudra in Margali month, with the money endowed for the purpose and left in their charge by a certain Sendan Velala-Pillaiyar of Kumballumbur in Oyma-nadu, a subdivision of Tondai-nadu.

No. 56.

(A.R. No. 542 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

A gift of 13 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple by Arisu-Kadi, a Vellala woman resident of Sirukadambur in Vilattur-nadu.

No. 57.

(A.R. No. 543 of 1920.)

On the same wall.

A gift of 13 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple by Muppiral Srikrishna-Kramavittan of Panditavatsalacheri (quarter). Panditavatsala was a well-known title of Parantaka I.

No. 58.

(A.R. No. 550 of 1920.)

On the same wall.

An undertaking by a group of shepherds (Manradikalanai) to supply an olakku of ghee to the temple every day for lamp, in return for 6 kalanju of gold, of which 5 kalanju was received from Puliyan Tali, wife of Sankarappadiyan Periyan, a resident of Kadambur, and the balance from the temple.

No. 59.

(A.R. No. 551 of 1920.)

On the same wall.

A gift of 15 kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple by Jataveda-Bhatta son of Attampurattu Vennaya-Bhatta residing at Panditavatsalachcheri (quarter), so called evidently after the title of Parantaka I.

No. 60.

(A.R. No. 599 of 1920.)

On the north wall of the same shrine.

This records a gift of 12 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantesvarattalvar by Tayan vadugi, a lady of Vadavur in Pandi-nadu. The date 3rd year, Karkataka, Saturday, Tiruvadirai, corresponds to A.D. 951, July 5, though one or two more details would admit of sure verification. The record may be assigned to Gandaraditya.

No. 61.

(A.R. No. 614 of 1920.)

On the outer base of the south wall of the mandapa in front of the same shrine.

This records an endowment of 19 veli and odd of land for feeing 56 Brahmans in the temple, by Gangan Ambalavan Gandaradittan alias Mummudisola-Vilupparaiyan of Kuvalalam in Ganga Six thousand (territory), who belonged to the perundaram of the king, and by two others for the merit of the former. Of this land 12 veli is said to have been purchased from a certain . . . . . . . . Sarvisara Trinetra Dasapuriya Bhattan who had himself purchased it from Uttama-Chola. The record seems to belong to Rajaraja I.

No. 62.

(A.R. No. 618 of 1920.)

On the outer base of the north wall of the same mandapa.

A gift of 14 kalanju of gold for purchasing 96 sheep and a ram with which to maintain a perpetual lamp in the temple, by Nagan Sattan alias Paramesvara-Perunayakan, a Vellala of Parakesarichcheri (quarter) of the village.

No. 63.

(A.R. No. 29 of 1922.)

Tiruvamattur, Villupuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the room inside the ardha-mandapa, Abhiramesvara temple.

A gift of 96 sheepfor a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tiruvamattur, a devadana in Vavalur-nadu to the west of Aruva-nadu by Miladudaiyan Raman Siddhavadavan alias Vikramasola-Miladudaiyan of the Bharggava-gotra. This chief figures also in No. 7 of 1905 in the 5th year of Rajakesarivaraman from Kilur in the same district, wherein he is stated to have married a Pandya princess. Vikrama is probably a title of Uttama-Chola (M.E.R. 19129, II. 29). The inscription is evidently one of Rajaraja I.

No. 62.

(A.R. No. 618 of 1920.)

On the outer base of the north wall of the same mandapa.

A gift of 14 kalanju of gold for purchasing 96 sheep and a ram with which to maintain a perpetual lamp in the temple, by Nagan Sattan alias Paramesvara-Perunayakan, a Vellala of Parakesarichcheri (quarter) of the village.

No. 63.

(A.R. No. 29 of 1922.)

Tiruvamattur, Villupuram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the room inside the ardha-mandapa, Abhiramesvara temple.

A gift of 96 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tiruvamattur, a devadana in Vavalur-nadu to the west of Aruva-nadu by Miladudaiyan Raman Siddhavadan alias Vikramasola Miladudaiyan of the Bharggava-gotra. This chief figures also in No. 7 of 1905 in the 5th year of Rajakesarivarman from Kilur in the same district, wherein he is stated to have married a Pandya princess. Vikrama is probably a title of Uttama-Chola (M.E.R. 1929, II. 29). The inscription evidently one of Rajaraja I.

No. 64.

(A.R. No. 441 of 1922.)

Kayar, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a pillar in the Aderisvara temple.

The inscription is worn out in the middle portion. It seems to record an endowment of land as bhattarvritti, made after its purchase from the assembly of Venkudi in Sengattu-kottam, by Parachakran Ramasiyachchetti alias Dharmasetti, a resident of the village.

No. 65.

(A.R. No. 494 of 1922.)

Tirukkannapuram, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar of the north verandah in the first prakara, Sauriraja Perumal temple.

This registers an endowment of 2 plots of land by a certain Alchchanran Munnurruvapperuman alias Solavel Enadi, a resident of Tirukkannapuram (also called Srikrishnapuram) a devadana and brahmadeya in Marugar-nadu, after purchasing them from a private individual and from the sabha of the village.

No. 66.

(A.R. No. 238 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This records an endowment of one ma of land after purchasing it for 9 karunkasu from a resident of Manoramachcheri, a quarter of Ilamangalam in Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam, by a Vellala of the same village, for providing for the sacred bath of god Mahadeva at Tiruchchelur with water from the Kaveri. The purchase is said to have been made in the name of another person before endowment.

No. 67.

(A.R. No. 268 of 1923.)

On the south wall of the same shrine.

This records a gift of land after purchase, made tax-free by a payment in gold to the Mahasabha, by Raman Konadigal alias Panchavan Pallavaraiyan of Adhirajamangalam in Vedakkur-nadu, for burning a lamp in the temple of Tiruchchelur-Paramesvara. A channel called Aditya-vaykkal and a road Naratonga-vadi are mentioned among the boundaries of this land.

No. 68.

(A.R. No. 276 of 1923.)

On the same wall.

This records a gift of a ma of land by a certain Balasiriyan Puvattan Sankaran of Pullamangalam, a resident of Naratongachcheri (quarter) in Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam, to supplement the 5 ma endowed tax-free by the sabha for (the maintenance of a person) supplying a pot of water daily from the Kaveri for the sacred bath of the deity.

No. 69.

(A.R. No. 53 of 1925.)

Tirukkolambiyur, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the gokharesvara temple.

This records the remission of taxes due on a land belonging to the temple of Tirukkolambam-udaiya-Mahadeva, by the sabha of Duvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Peravur-nadu, in consideration of a lump sum of 14 kasu received by them (evidently from the temple).

No. 70.

(A.R. No. 268 of 1925.)

Tiruvidaikkali, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Subrahmanya temple.

This is a fragmentary inscription and seems to record an endowment of land by a certain Sembiyan Korraperungaliyar for feeding two persons in the temple. Kanru[r]-nadu in Manayir-kottam, a subdivision of Tondai-nadu is mentioned.

No. 71.

(A.R. No. 360 of 1925.)

Palankovil, Polur taluk, North Arcot District.

On a pillar in the Mukha-mandapa, Phalagrahisvara temple.

A gift of 90 sheep for the maintenance of a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Palangolur in Kattalur-kurram, a subdivision of Kilvembu-nadu in Palkunra-kottam, by Annavan Kodandaraman of Pudiyur.

No. 72.

(A.R. No. 497 of 1925.)

Sembiyanmahadevi, Negapatam Taluk, Tanjore district.

On the south wall of thecentral shrine, Kailasanatha temple.

This gives a list of several articles presented to the temple of Kailasam-udaiya-Mahadeva at Sembiyanmahadevi-chaturvedimangalam in Ala-nadu by Sembiyan-Mahadevi alias Parantakan Madevadigalar, the mother of Uttama-Chola, in the month of Mina of the year. These comprised a golden pot (weight 190 kalanju), two golden forehead-plates (90 kalanju), 3 gold flowers (11 kalanju), 21 gold flowers (79 kalanju) and two more gold flowers (5 kalanju). Evidently this is a record of Rajaraja I.

No. 73.

(A.R. No. 116 of 1926.)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of thecentral shrine, Manavalesvara temple.

This records an endowment of two pieces of land and a house-site by the sabha of Murugavel-mangalam, a brahmadeya in Kurukkai-nadu on the north bank, for the maintenance of three persons sounding the kalam and gong during the sribali service in the temple of Mahadevar Mangala-Mangala-Nakkar in the village. One of these lands and the house are said to have belonged to two brothers and, after their demise without issue, to have gone under the ward of the assembly.

No. 74.

(A.R. No. 104 of 1929.)

Lalgudi, Lalgudi Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Saptarishisvara temple.

This records an additional endowment of a land after its reclamation, to the temple at Tiruttavatturai in Idaiyaru-nadu by Sivagochari-Pidaran Desavidangan, a Pattudaiyan of the temple, as a previous gift made by him for the maintenance of two hymnists for singing the Tiruppadiyam was found inadequate. The donees were to receive the sevvaram share on these lands while the sirukudivaram was to be paid to the temple in the shape of oil (for lamps). As the previous gift referred to here is evidently the one mentioned in No. 99 of 1929, dated in the 37th year of Parantaka I, it is probable that this record is one of his successor Gandaraditya, though it is attributed to Sundara-Chola for this same reason in M.E.R. for 1929, Part II, Para 2.

No. 75.

(A.R. No. 110 of 1929.)

On the east wall of the same shrine.

This records an endowment of land made by a certain Devan Arumoli of Perumpaluvur in Kunrak-kurram, after purchasing a piece of dry land in the devadana village Anittiramangalam, and converting it into wet land, for the maintenance of a flower garden which had been given by the donor to the temple of Isvara Bhattaraka at Tiruttavatturai in Idaiyaru-nadu. Arumoli was a surname of king Rajaraja.

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