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Saturday, March 03, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 326.

(A.R. No. 316 of 1904.)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State.

On a pillar of the rock-cut shrine, Melaikkoyil Temple.

This inscription is damaged.  It records an endowment of money for burning a lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattur-Perumanadigal at Tirunilakunram in Kunriyur-nadu by a certain Kavisiyan Peruman.

No. 327.

(A.R. No. 330 of 1904.)

On the north face of the south pillar in the same rock-cut shrine.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple.

This records and endowment of 4 kalanju of gold for burning a lamp throughout the day-time in the temple at Tirunilakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu, on behalf of a person called Sendan-Nakkan.  The name of the donor is lost.

No. 328.

(A.R. No. 604 of 1904.)

Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On a stone built into the floor of the Visvanathasvamin temple.

This is a fragmentary inscription which seems to record the provision made by order of the king for burning a perpetual lamp before god PallikondarulukinraPerumanadigal (Ranganatha).  This stone is obviously from elsewhere.

No. 329.

(A.R. No. 600 of 1904.)

On the south wall of the Pattabhiramasvami shrine, in the same temple.

The inscription is damaged.  It seems to record an endowment of 18 ½  kalanju of gold by the standard weight called pachchirkal left by Niliyar a lady resident of Tottiyam, in charge of the assembly of the village, who set apart some land in return as archana-bhoga out of which the daily offerings to the god were to be provided for.  The assembly is said to have consisted of 48 members.

No. 330.

(A.R. No. 325 of 1906.)

Tirumalpuram, Arkonam Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, ruined Vishnu temple.

This records a gift of sheep for a lamp in the temple of Perumanadigal at Govindapadi in Valla-nadu, a subdivision of Damark-kottam, by Arangan Ka[ru]nakaran alias Tennavan-Muvendavelan of Kulamangalam in [A]mbar-nadu.  This donor is evidently different from Adittan Suryan of Poygai-nadu an important person of thetime of Rajaraja I, who had the same title (S.I.I. II.  Intr. P. 11).

No. 331.

(A.R. No. 326 of 1907.)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvamin temple.

This is merely an unfinished fragment.

No. 332.

(A.R. No. 297 of 1908.)

Tirukkalittattai, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vedapurisvara temple.

This records the gift of a silver pot for thesacred bath of god Srikudittittai-Mahadeva at Vembarrur by Sembiyan-Mahadevi-Pirattiyar the mother of Uttama-Chola.  The inscription is evidently one of Rajaraja I.

No. 333.

(A.R. No. 446 of 1908.)

Tiruvilimilalai, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the first pillar in the inner gopura, Vilinathasvamin temple, right of entrance.

This is below an inscription of the 12th year of Rajaraja I and seems to be connected with it.  A portion to its right is chiseled off.  It states that the garden-land given (by the assembly of Malalai) to a temple servant, which had been dry on account of the low level of water, was to get facilities for irrigation from a tank (near by ?)

No. 334.

(A.R. No. 563 of 1908.)

Tiruppalatturai, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Admulesvara temple.

This inscription is damaged and its latter portion is lost.  It seems to record an endowment of land to meet the expenses of the temple at Tirupparrurai by Kuttapiran-Bhatta[n] of Adanur, after purchasing it for the purpose from Korovi Sri Narayana-Bhattan of Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam.  Uttamasili is known to have been a son of Parantaka I  (M.E.R. 1907, II, 31).

No. 335.

(A.R. No. 696 of 1909.)

Tirunedungalam, Lalgudi Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On three fragments of stone built into the wall of a mandapa, Nedungalanathasvamin temple.

The inscription on one of the fragments seems to belong to Aditya I and refers to a previous gift of 60 palankasu made by Pandya Varaguna-Maha[raja]for burning a lamp in the temple.  This had been entrusted to the sabha who, it is stated, now endowed a land tax-free for that amount.

The donor Varaguna is evidently the Pandya king who came to the throne in A.D. 862 and who fought a battle at Sripurambiyan with Pallava Aparajita and was defeated by him (S.I.I. III. p. 449).  It is known that Aparajita was himself over thrown later on by Aditya I (ibid. p. 386).

The third fragment mentios [Madi]raikonda Parakesari, i.e., Parantaka I.

No. 336.

(A.R. No. 239 of 1911.)

Kumbakonam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Nagesvara temple.

This slightly damaged inscription records a gift of 96 sheep entrusted to three shepherds, for the supply of ghee for a perpetual lamp in the temple of [Tiruk]kilkottattil-Paramasvamin at Tirukudamukkil, a devadana in Pambur-nadu by Bala[siriyan] Amaraditan Madurantakan the headman of Perungudi.

No. 337.

(A.R. No. 286 of 1911.)

Tillaisthanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Ghritasthanesvara temple.

This inscription records a gift of 100 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruneyttanattu-Madeva by Kadambamadevi, the wife of Vikki-Annan who is stated to have received several honours and the hereditary title ‘Sembiyan-Tamilavel’ both from the Chola king ‘who overran the Tondai-nadu and was the conqueror of kings with many elephants’ and from the Chera king Sthanu-Ravi.  This Chola king has been identified with Aditya I who is known from the Tiruvalangadu Plates  to have conquered Tondaimandalam from the Pallava king Aparajita.

Text.

Published, South Indian Inscriptions,  Volume III, No. 89.

No. 338.

(A.R. No. 203 of 1914.)

Perungalur,Pudukkottai State.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple.

This is a collection of fragmentary pieces engraved in early characters.  On of them seems to record a sale of lnad by Sembiyan Indavadi-Araiyan alias Seruvidai-Va . . . . . .  . . .. . . . Another mentions the urar of Sattanur and Perungolur, and a gift of lamp to the temple of Mahadeva at Sola Chulamani-chaturvedimangalam.  Solachulamani was evidently a title of the Chola king (See No. 277 above).  Two others refer to the regnal years (lost) of a Parakesarivarman.

No. 339.

(A.R. No. 354 of 1918.)

Palur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sundaresvara temple.

This states that Madan Arinjigai of Tiruvellarai brought under cultivation an old devadana land which had evidently been lying fallow, and gave it for the maintenance of the priest doing service in the temple of Paramesvara at Tiruppaluvur in Vilattur-nadu.  As this same land is mentioned as one of the boundaries of a plot in No. 143 above from the same place belonging to the 6th year of the king, the date of this inscription should be earlier than that year.

No. 340.

(A.R. No. 575 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

An endowment of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple by a lady named Korri in the name of her husband Kandiyur Sankaranarayana-Bhatta of Bhuvanachulamanichcheri (quarter) of the village, who is called Vidyasagara-paraga and Gunanidhi in the Sanskrit portion.  The manradikkalanai including the variyan  agreed to the daily supply of ghee for the purpose.  The name of the quarter suggests that it was called after the biruda of a king, possibly Parantaka I.

No. 341.

(A.R. No. 51 of 1923.)

Pullalur, Conjeevaram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On  stones built into the walls of the Vishnu temple.

Portions of the inscription are lost.  This seems to record an endowment after purchase, of some lands by the mahasabha of the village including the Annual Supervision Committee for providing for worship, offerings and lamp to goddess Durga Bhataraki in the village.

No. 342.

(A.R. No. 55 of 1923.)

Pullalur, Conjeevaram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On other stones built into the Kailasanatha and Vishnu temples.

This is an inscription formed by piecing together the stones found in the two temples.  It seems to record an agreement by the assembly and the two Piranadhikarigai who are mentioned in No. 121 above of the 5th year of the king, to maintain two services and to burn a lamp in a temple (name lost) with the income from some land, 3 patti in extent (?) of which they are stated to have taken the management.  Another fragment dated in the same reign merely gives the names of the Piranadhikarigai Surankudaiyar and Pira . . . . . . . . of whom a third fragment supplies the full name as Pirayurudaiyan.  This makes mention of some messengers (olaitudodakkadavargal).  A fourth fragment mentions Mummudisolavadi (road) called after Mummudi-Chola which was a surname both of Gandaraditya and Rajaraja I.  Still another fragment, the last one mentions an endowment as Mahabharata-vritti.

No. 343.

(A.R. No. 56 of 1923.)

On some other stones built into the Kailasanatha and Vishnu temples.

This inscription is formed by piecing together the stones found in the two temples.  Portions of the inscription are lost.  It seems to record the gift of some plots of land by the mahasabha and the Piranadhi[karigal] to a certain (teacher called ?) Padasiva for burning a lamp during the services and for the maintenance of worship and offerings in a temple (name lost).

No. 344.

(A.R. No. 374 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the east wall of the mandapa infront of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

The inscription is much damaged.  It seems to be connected with No. 215 above and to record an order of [A]digal Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandan to the Todapattikkarach-Chettigal (merchant community) of the place perhaps permitting the payment of taxes due by them at the rates prevailing at Nandipuram, on the representation made on their behalf by . . . . . . . .navan Araiyan alias Kandasetti.  The order was communicated through the officer Velan Chintamani, the headman of Tattanur.

No. 345.

(A.R. No. 132 of 1926.)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Manavalesvara temple.

This is damaged at the ends of lines.  It records a gift of 96 sheep for burning a lamp in the temple, by a native of Kaduvangudi.

No. 346.

(A.R. No. 133 of 1926.)

On the same wall.

This is damaged and built in.  It records the gift of a gong and provision of a kasu as remuneration for sounding it in the temple, by a merchant of Ambar in Ambar-nadu.  The village which is called Tiruvelvikkudi, is said to have formed part of Videlvidugu-[chaturvedima]ngalam in Kurukkai-nadu on the northern bank (of the river).

No. 347.

(A.R. No. 102 of 1931.)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Pushpavanesvara temple.

This record is incised in early characters and has therefore been assigned to Aditya I  (M.E.R. 1931, II. 4).  It registers a gift of 25 kalanju for a perpetual lamp in the temple by Gandharvan Baradayan Singan Srikanthan.  The ends of the lines are built in.

No. 348.

(A.R. No. 103 of 1931.)

On the same wall.

The inscription is built in at the right end.  It registers an endowment in gold made by a certain Gunavan Puttan  of Kalattur[kottam ?] for a perpetual lamp in the temple to be maintained by the sabha of Tirutturutti.  The donor seems to be identical with Gunavan Puttadi mentioned in No. 273 above from Tillaisthanam, which is dated in the 17th year of the king.  The name of his native village is given there as Kumarapadi in Vaidavur-nadu a subdivision of Kalattur-kottam.  The record is assignable to the reign of Aditya I on account of its early script.

No. 349.

(A.R. No. 143 of 1931.)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the orth wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple.

This inscription is damaged.  It seems to record a gift of sheep for a lamp in the temple of Tiruchchorrutturai-Udaiyar.

No. 350.

(A.R. No. 155 of 1931.)

On the west wall of the same shrine.

This inscription is damaged.  It registers a gift of 25 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp (in the temple) by a certain Kar Se . . . . . . . . the son of Devanar of the village.

No. 351.

(A.R. No. 180 of 1931.)

On the south wall of the same shrine.

This inscription is damaged.  It records an endowment of 20 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruchorrutturai by Tribhuvanamadevi Vayiriyakkanar the Chola queen and the daughter (?) of Kadupattigal Tamarmettiyar (see No. 304 above).  Kadupattigal seems to refer to a Pallava chief of the period.  This is a record of Aditya I.

No. 352.

(A.R. No. 242 of 1931.)

Tirunarayanapuram, Musiri Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the Vedanayaki-Tayar shrine, Vedanarayana-Perumal temple.

This is a mere fragment of an inscription which should have recorded an endowment for a lamp in the temple.

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