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Saturday, March 03, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 251.

(A.R. No. 203 of 1926.)

Sendalai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Sundaresvara temple.

This records an endowment of 6 ma of land for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirupperundurai-Paramesvara at Chandralekai-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Arkkattu-kurram, and to provide for the principal offerings on the 6th day of a festival to the god in the month of Chittirai, by Kalavana Narayana-Narayanan of Tirumangalam a resident of the village.  This field is said to have formed part of a plot of 9 ma of land belonging to the donor who had presented the remaining 3 ma to his (younger) wife Srirama Nilakanti on the occasion of his marriage with her.  This is very probably an inscription of Sundara-Chola.

No. 252.

(A.R. No. 188 of 1931.)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple.

This inscription is incised in early script with the virama marked over final consonants in a few cases, and is probably a record of Aditya I.   The ends of lines are built in.  It records a gift of sheep for a lamp in the temple of Tiruchchorrutturai-Mahadeva by a native of Arkattu-kurram.

No. 253.

(A.R. No. 300 of 1908.)

Tirukkalittattai, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Vedapurisvara temple.

This records an endowment of 25 Ilakkasu for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkuduttittai-Perumal at Amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam, a devadana-brahmadeya on the northern bank (of the Kaveri), by Vimaladevarasa Vasudevabhatta-Somayaji of Aranaippuram, and evidently of an equal amount for a second lamp by a resident of Panaiyur named Chandrasekharan Tirumoy-Adi…………………  The inscription is probably one of Sundara-Chola.

No. 254.

(A.R. No. 330 of 1910.)

Tirumeyjnanam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Jnanaparamesvara temple.

This records an agreement given by the servants of the temple of Tirumayanattu-Paramesvara at Nalur to burn 12 lamps every evening for three hours in the temple with (the interest on) 12 Ilakkasu received by them from Naranan Soladigal alias Tirunavukkaraiyan, a merchant of the place, subject to a fine in case of default.

No. 255.

(A.R. No. 252 of 1911.)

Kumbakonam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Nagesvara temple.

This records the endowment of a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukkilkottattu-Perumanadigal at Tirukkudamukkil by a certain Kalayan Manikkam, who also presented 2 tadam (?) and one kadaram (drum).  The writing looks early, and might be assigned to the period of Aditya I.

No. 256.

(A.R. No. 611 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram taluk, South Arcot District.

On the outer base of the south wall of the mandapa

 in front of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

This is an incomplete inscription, meant to record a gift by a private individual to the temple of Tiruvanantisvarattu-Paramasvami at Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam.  This is probably assignable to Sundara-Chola.

No. 257.

(A.R. No. 548 of 1921.)

Pullamngai (near Pasupatikoyil), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Brahmapurisvara temple.

This records a gift of 90 sheep by a certain Virasikhamani-Pa[lla]va[rai]yar for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva, with an ulakku of ghee to be supplied every day.  Probably an inscription of Sundara-Chola.

No. 258.

(A.R. No. 111 of 1926.)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Manavalesvara temple.

A gift of 96 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Alvar at Tiruvelvikkudi in Kurukkai-nadu on the northern bank, by Nakkan Tiruveli and Nakkan Kuttan on behalf of their father Veli Nakkan, a merchant of the place.

No. 259.

(A.R. No. 31 of 1931.)

Tirukkodikaval, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Tirukkotisvara temple.

Like the other inscriptions of the place this is said to be a copy of an old document engraved on a loose stone.  It records an endowment of 70 kalanju of gold, left in charge of the sabha of Tirukkodikka alias  Kannamangalam, for the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee for the perpetual lamp and of two nali of rice for offerings in the temple of Mahadeva, by Kumaran Ganavadi(pati), a merchant of Nandipuramin Palaiyaru.  Palaiyar was one of the places in the south where Pallava Nandivarman III is said to have fought battles (Sewell’s Historical Inscriptions of Southern India, p. 34).  In later times, it is known to have been a Chola capital under the name Mudigondasolapuram, and the royal palace therein is referred to in several inscriptions (M.E.R. 1927, II, 12 and 33).  This is distinct from Gangaikondasolapuram in the Trichinopoly district, the city founded by Rajendra-Chola I in commemoration of his northern campaign of conquest (S.I.I. Vol. III, Intr. P. 20).

No. 260.

(A.R. No. 80 of 1931.)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Pushpavanesvara temple.

This is probably an inscription of Sundara-Chola.  It comprises two parts the earlier of which registers the sale of a land by two brothers named Bradayan Narayanan Turutti and Bradayan Narayanan Nakkan of Tirutturutti in Arkattukurram, to the temple to meet the fine (dandakanam) of 72 kalanju and odd of gold imposed by the assembly of the village upon their brother Narayanan Srimadhavan, who however, seems to have died (or run away) without paying the fine.  The land included their own portion also in addition to that belonging to their brother and to Baradayan Narayanan Srikantan alias Narayanan Tali who had stood surety to the defaulter-brother.  The latter portion states that on the representation (made by these two brothers and by Tali to the king) that their land was unjustly mixed up in the sale transaction for no fault of theirs, it was restored to them by the king’s orders.  A portion at the end of the inscription being built in, the exact nature of the conditions of the return is not clear.

No. 261.

(A.R. No. 625 of 1905.)

Tiruchchengodu, Tiruchengodu Taluk, Salem District.

On the rock to the west of the boulder called Nagargundu on the way to the Ardhanarisvara temple.

This registers an endowment of 25 kalanju of gold by a certain Korrandai Poduvan Mari and her husband Perangi Maniyan ma  . . . . . .  for feeding Brahmanas every year on the day of Svati in Purattadi month which was her natal star.  The gift was entrusted to the sabha called the Pandinattu-Perumakkal of Tiruchangodu.

No. 262.

(A.R. No. 158 of 1921.)

Kavanur, Gudiyattam Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the west wall of the Kailasanathasvamin temple.

This records a gift of 400 kuli of land for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Pulippagavadevar at Kavanur in Miyaru-nadu, made by [Ku]rovi Channayakramavitta-Sarvakratukkal, a member of the alunganam of the village, after purchasing it tax-free from the sabha.  The gift was left in charge of the sabha itself.  This might probably be a record of Sundara-Chola.

No. 263.

(A.R. No. 528 of 1921.)

Emapperur, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Vedapurisvara temple.

This inscription is damaged at the end.  It records the gift of a perpetual lamp to the temple of Tiruvalanadurai-Alvar at Emapperur in Tirumunaippadi(nadu) by a certain Kittimattanda0Meniyan of Perunkurumbu on behalf of his son Malli-Nambi Kirttimarttanda was a surname of the Rashtrakuta king, Krishan III.  This might probably be a record of Sundara-Chola.

No. 264.

(A.R. No. 233 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north  wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This is built in at the beginning.  This seems to record a gift of half a lamp by a lady of pandi-nadu to the temple of . . . . . . . . rapperumal at Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam.  Immediately below this is engraved an incomplete inscription of the 36th year of reign of Parantaka I.

No. 265.

(A.R. No. 201 of 1925.)

Talaichchangadu, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the Nanmadiya-Perumal temple.

The stones containing this inscription are out of order and some are lost.  It seems to record a gift of land to the temple of Srimadhurai A[divaradhar] by a certain Narayanan Satti.

No. 266.

(A.R. No. 134 of 1926.)

Tiruvilakkudi, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Manavalesvara temple.

This inscription is built in at the ends of lines.  It seems to record the mortgage of some lands belonging to (?) the temple of Tiruvelvikkudideva for 16 kalanju and odd to Tiruvadi Irayeri, a maid-servant of the queen.  It also speaks of 4 kalanju due (to the temple) from some tenants.

No. 267.

(A.R. No. 101 of 1931.)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Pushpavanesvara temple.

This records an endowment of 12 kalanju of gold left with the sabha of Tirutturutti for burning a lamp in the temple throughout the day-time, by Pa[ra]siriyan Pidaranar, a resident of the village.

No. 268.

(A.R. No. 67 of 1934.)

Velur, Chengam Taluk, North Arcot District.

On five pieces of a broken slab lying near the vediyappan temple.

This inscription has been assigned to the reign of Sundara-Chola  on account of its script (M.E.R. 1934, II, 11).  It records the death of Pongala-Vembadiyar, a resident of Velur after rescuing the cattle in a cattle-raid made in this village by another person also called Vembadi son of Pongalat-Tondaiman of Mel-Velar in Miykonrai-nadu.  To judge from the name and surname of the combatants in this fight, it seems to have been a family quarrel between two members of the same clan, both subordinate to one chief Vettuvadi Vanakovaraiyar.

No. 269.

(A.R. No. 346 of 1906.)

Uttukkadu, Conjeeveram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On a pillar of the mandapa in front of the ruine Perumal Temple.

This records the remission of taxes granted by the urar of Urrukkadu in Urrukkattu-kottam on a land called Manabharanapperunjeruvu belonging to the (shrine of) god Sattanar (Sasta) on the western quarter of the village.  Manabharana was probably a title of the reigning king.

No. 270.

(A.R. No. 216 of 1907.)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvamin temple.

This record states that consequent on the investigation of (the officer or chief) Pirantaka-Muvendavelar, the sabha and the urar of Tiraimur and the nagarattar of Tiruvidaimarudil and the devakarmis (of the temple) resumed possession of a land at Vilangudi, 10 ma in extent, which had been in the enjoyment of a malaikaran (garland-maker) without any title for the same, and gave a quarter sey (i.e. 5 ma) of it each to two individuals for raising a jasmine-garden for the temple.  This is very probably an inscription of Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.

No. 271.

(A.R. No. 333 of 1907.)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District. 

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvamin temple.

This records a gift of 300 and odd sheep for the maintenance of 3 ˝ perpetual lamps in the temple of Perumanadigal at Tiruvisalur in Avaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam by Purvadeviyar, the mother of Madevadigal (king ?). Purvadeviyar seems to connote merely ‘the elder queen or the queen mother.’  The palaeography of the record and the high rengal year of the king make it assignable to Paranataka II Sundara-Chola.

No. 272.

(A.R. No. 138 of 1911.)

Tiruviramisvaram, Mannargudi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Ramanathesvara temple.

The inscription is mutilated.  It records an endowment of land for a perpetual lamp made to the temple of Tiruviramisvarattu-Mahadeva at Madanamanjari-chaturvedimangalamin nenmali-nadu by Akkumara-Kramavittan, a member of the alunganam of the village.  This is also probably referable to Sundara-Chola.

No. 273.

(A.R. No. 282 of 1911.)

Tillaisthanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore Dsitrict.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Ghritasthanesvara temple.

This records a gift of gold by Gunavan Puttadi of Kumarapadi in Vaidavurnadu, a subdivision of Kalattur-kottam for burning a lamp in the temple of Mahadeva.  Kalattur-kottam was a division in Tondai-mandalam in which Vallam and Tirukkaluk-kunram were also situated (South Indian Inscriptions, Volume II, p. 340).  It seems to be assignable to Aditya I.

No. 274.

(A.R. No. 206 of 1915.)

Brahmadesam, Cheyyar Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Chandramaulisvara temple.

This is probably an inscription of Sundara-Chola.  It records an endowment of two plots of tax-free land, one after purchase and the other after exchange, left in charge of the ganavariya-perumakkal of the temple of Sri-Pondaipperumal at Rajamalla-chaturvedimangalam, by Bharadvaji Sadasivan of the tiruvunnaligai (inner temple) of Tiruvegambam at Kachchippedu (Conjeeveram) for the supply of sandal paste to the god.

No. 275.

(A.R. No. 6 of 1920.)

Tirumalavadi, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Vaidyanatha temple.

This inscription is left unfinished. It records a gift of a perpetual lamp to the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumalavadi a devadana in Poygai-nadu, by Vachchiyan [Ta]yan Devan of Pullamangalam in Kilar-kurram.  This is probably a record of Sundara-Chola.

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