www.whatisindia.com

What Is India News Service
Saturday, March 03, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 226.

(A.R. No. 231 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjore

 District. On the north wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This records the gift of 12 Ilakkasuby Porrichchani, the wife of Kokkarai Madavachchomasiyar of Kurumbil in Vandali Velur-kurram for burning a lamp in the temple of Tiruchcheyalur-Mahadeva in Rajakesari-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 227.

(A.R. No. 371 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

This records the gift of a well and a land after reclaiming them both from their neglected state by Mallan Sankaran Palavur Sankarappadi, for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Avanigandharvva-Isvaragriham.

No. 228.

(A.R. No. 202 of 1925.)

Talachchangadu, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the Nanmadiya-Perumal temple.

The stones of this inscription are built out of order.  This records an endowment for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Sri Madhurai Adivarahar at Talaichchangadu by Ayyan Kesuvan, a merchant of kollam in malai-nadu.

No. 229.

(A.R. No. 229 of 1926.)

Kilappalauvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vatamulesvara temple.

This records a gift of 90 sheep for a daily supply of an ulakku of ghee by the narayam measure, for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Sirupaluvur in Kunrak-kurram by Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar.  An inscription of Sundara-Chola.  (M.E.R. 1926, II, 17)

No. 230.

(A.R. No. 167 of 1928.)

Tiruppalanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Apatsahayesvara temple.

This records an endowment of 25 kalanju of gold by Bradayan (Bharadvajan) Singan Srikantan of the village for a perpetual lamp in the temple.  Probably an inscription of Sundara-Chola judging by the characters.

No. 231.

(A.R. No. 32 of 1931.)

Tirukkodikaval, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Tirukkotisvara temple.

This is said to be a copy of, and to cancel, an old document engraved on a loose stone now become useless.  It records an endowment of 8 ma of land after purchasing it free of all taxes from the sabha of Tirukkodika alias Kannamangalam, by Masenan Madan of Sirukattur in Merkka-nadu, to provide for the supply of 5 pots of water (thrice ?) every day by the temple servants from the river Kaviri for the sacred bath of the god.  A kalanju of gold was also separately endowed for the purchase of a (mud) pot of one tuni capacity every month with the interest thereon.

No. 232.

(A.R. No. 629 of 1905.)

Tiruchchengodu, Tiruchchengodu Taluk, Salem District.

On the rock to the west of the boulder called Nagargundu on the way to the Ardhanaraisvara temple.

This records an endowment of 20 kalanju of gold by the Kasettangal (see No. 211) left in charge of the pannirandu-nattu-perumakkal (assembly) of Tiruchchengodu by Kamakkanar, wife of Ilangonadigal, for feeding 20 Brahmins of the days of ekadasi.  The gift was to be administered by the Tiruvekadasi-ganapperumakka,, who appear to have formed part of the assembly.

No. 233.

(A.R. No. 287 of 1911.)

Tillaisthanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Ghritasthanesvara temple.

This is very probably an inscription of Sundara-Chola.  It records an undertaking given by the sabha and patipadamulam (temple servants) of Tiruneyttanam, a devadana in Poygai-nadu, to burn two perpetual lamps in the temple for an endowment of 10 sey of land purchased with 50 kalanju of gold which had been presented by a certain Tennavan Pirudimarasan  alias Katti Orri-uran and by Varaguna-Perumanar, the wife of Parantaka-Ilangovelar.  This Ilangovelar has been identified with Vikramakesari, the Kodumbalur chief and subordinate of Paantaka II Sundara-Chola (The Colas., Vol. I., p. 187 and Ep. Ind., Vol. XX., p. 53).

Text.

Published in South Indian Inscriptions, Volume III, No. 113.

No. 234.

(A.R. No. 479 of 1922.)

Arayapuram (near Papanasam), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the left side of the entrance into the ardha-mandapa, Ramalingasvamin temple.

A gift of a kalanju of gold for burning a lamp daily in the temple of Periyatali-Mahadeva at the devadana  village Tiruvarapuram, by an individual whose name is lost.

No. 235.

(A.R. No. 357 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

This states that a plot of land, 8 ma in extent, in the devadana village Uragankudi belonging to the temple of Avanigandarvva-Isvaragriham in Kunrak-kurram, which had been lying fallow was brought under cultivation by order of Pudi Paluvettaraiyan Kumaran Kandan, son of Pagaividai-isvarattu-Devanar of Paluvur and left in charge of the 7 temple servants for maintaining two perpetual lamps in the two shrines of the temple.  From the mention of Devanar in this record with paluvettaraiyar we may conclude that two other chiefs of this name figuring in the records of Melappaluvur (See No. 153 above) also belonged to the Paluvettaraiyar family, though their relationship with each other is not clear.  It is possible that ‘Devanar’ issued in all these cases only as a term of respect and not as a proper  name.

No. 236.

(A.R. No. 370 of 1924.)

On the north wall of the same shrine.

This inscription states that under orders of Adigal Palavettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar, the temple authorities assigned 24 veli of devadana land at Pasungulam in Virai-kurram on permanent tenancy lease to Vettakkudaiyan Govindan Kadamban of Poygaikkuruvidam, on condition that he should measure out 2880 kalam of paddy every year to the temple at the rate of 120 kalam for every veli.  Evidently a record of Sundara-Chola.

No. 237.

(A.R. No. 142 of 1928.)

Tiruppalanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Apatsahayesvara temple.

A gift of 100 sheep by a certain Nandi [Pa]ngi of Tanjavur for the supply of ghee by the patipadamulttar for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruppalanam and for the sacred bath of the deity with ghee on the day of Tiruvadirai in Margali and Tiruvisakam in [Ma]si.

No. 238.

(A.R. No. 13 of 1931.)

Tirukodikaval, Kumbakonam taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Tirukkotisvara temple.

Like all the other records of this place, this also is stated to be a copy of an old inscription engraved an a loose stone which had become useless, and hence to cancel that record.  It registers an endowment of three plots of land after purchase, one for converting it into a flower-garden and the other two for the maintenance of its gardeners, for the benefit of the temple of Tirukkodikka by Perumbidigu Vinjavadiyaraiyan alias Nakkan Seruvidai of Kilandi in Malli-nadu.  The sabha of Kannamangalam which was the other name of Tirukkodikka, agreed to make the lands immune from all taxes.

No. 239.

(A.R. No. 163 of 1931.)

Tiruchchatturai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west and south walls of the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple.

This inscription is damaged and also built in.  It records a gift of 90 sheep for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple at Tiruchchorrutturai, probably by the donor mentioned in No. 237 above.  The early writing and the virama mark over the consonants make the inscription assignable to Aditya I.

No. 240.

(A.R. No. 250 of 1931.)

Lalgudi, Lalgudi Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of thecentral shrine, Saptarishisvara temple.

This inscription registers a sale of half a veli of land, tax-free, by the sabha (assembly) of Manalkal, a brahmadeya in Kalar-kurram, to the temple of Isvara-Bhattaraka at Tiruttavatturai in Idaiyarru-nadu, for 30 kalanju of gold endowed for a lamp in it by Nangai Varaguna-Perumanar, the sister of the Chola king.  From No. 233 dated in the 13th year of the king (published above), Varaguna is known to have been the wife of the Kodumbalur chief Parantakan Ilangovelar.  This is evidently an inscription of Sundara-Chola.

No. 241.

(A.R. No. 99 of 1905.)

Ambasamudram, Ambasamudram Taluk, Tinnevelly District.

On the north wall of the Erichcha-Udaiyar shrine in the Erichcha-Udaiyar temple.

This is a Vatteluttu inscription of Rajaraja I who was also known as Rajarajakesarivarman.  The king’s name is read as Rajakesarivarman in the M.E.R. for 1905.  The inscription records an endowment made for a lamp in the temple by Achchan Uraiyur alias Soliaraiya-Mayiletti, a merchant of Kumarama[r*]ttandapuram in Tiraimur-nadu.  This place with its merchant guild (nagarattar) is already known to us from No. 13 above.

No. 242.

(A.R. No. 623 of 1905.)

Tiruchchendgodu, Tiruchchengodu Taluk, Salem District.

On the rock to the west of the boulder called Nagaragundu on the way to the Ardhanarisvara temple.

This records a gift of 15 kalanju of gold by the Kasettangal (See No. 211), for burning a lamp in the temple of Tiruchchangottu-Alvar by Muri-Amudanar, the wife of Ilangonadigal.  The gift was left in charge of the Pannirandunattu-perumakkal  (assembly).  This donatrix may be identical with  (if not a co-wife of) Kamakkanar mentioned in No. 232 above and in No. 244.

No. 243.

(A.R. No. 624 of 1905.)

On the same rock.

This is a damaged and incomplete record.  It seems to register an endowment of money for feeding (?) on ekadasi days in the temple, made by Muri-Amudanar the lady mentioned in No. 242 above.

No. 244.

(A.R. No. 627 of 1905.)

On the same rock.

This inscription registers an endowment of 20 kalanju of gold by the Kasettangal, for feeding 20 Brahmans on the day of Ardra every month, by Muri Kamakkanar, the wife of Ilangonadigal on behalf of a person named Ekavira-Divakaradevar.  This name which sounds very much like a surname was probably the title of Ilangonadigal himself.  A body called the Tiruvadirai-ganapperumakkal  accepted this gift (See No. 232 above.)

No. 245.

(A.R. No. 84 of 1908.)

Vedal, Arkonam Taluk, North Arcot District.

On a boulder in front of the natural cave known as Andar-madam on the hill.

This inscription incised in archaic characters is assignable to Aditya I.  it records an undertaking given by the lay disciples of a Jaina monastery at Vidal alias Madevi-Arandimangalam in Singapura-nadu, to protect and feed along with her lady pupils, Kanakavira-Kurattiyar, a woman-ascetic and disciple of (the teacher) Gunakirtti-Bhatara.

Text.

Published in South Indian Inscriptions, Volume III, No. 92.

No. 246.

(A.R. No. 299 of 1908.)

Tirukkalittattai, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Vedapurisvara temple.

This registers an endowment of 25 ilakkasu each for two perpetual lamps in the temple of Tirukkudittittai-Perumal at Amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam by Rajadichchi and Kunjaramalli, the wife and daughter respectively of Siriyavelan.  Thechief is evidently identical with Parantakan Siriyavelar, the commander of the Chola king Parantaka Sundara-Chola.

Text.

Published in South Indian Inscriptions. Vol. III, No. 122.

No. 247.

(A.R. No. 284 of 1911.)

Tillaisthanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Ghritasthanesvara temple.

This inscription records a gift of thirty kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruneyttanam by Nangai Sattaperumanar, the mistress of the king. The sabha and the ur of the village who received the endowment utilized the amount for the construction of a bathing mantapa for the deity, but undertook to maintain the lamp out of the income from some land which had been purchased for the temple from the sabha in Perumbuliyur.  This is the same as No. 36 of 1895 published in South Indian Inscriptions (Texts) Vol. V, No. 593.  The early script of the record and the use of pulli marks over basic consonants make it assignable to king Aditya I.  Nangai Sattaperumanar figures as a donatrix in the king’s 11th year of reign in No. 219 above from Tiruppundurutti, a neighboring village.

No. 248.

(A.R. No. 285 of 19131.)

On the same wall.

This records a gift of 96 sheep for the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee for burning a lamp in the same temple, by a certain Valavakon Peraraiyar.  The sabha of the village undertook the maintenance of the lamp.  This inscription should also be assigned to Aditya I on account of the early script employed in it and the pulli over consonants.  Tiruneyttanam is referred to as a devadana  in Poygai-nadu.

No. 249.

(A.R. No. 589 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

This gives the extent and description of the plots of lands endowed, evidently as an addition to those mentioned in Nos. 224 and 225 above, by Udayapirattiyar Viman Kundavaiyar after purchase from different owners, for providing for the sacred bath of the dety on the days of Sankramana every month with 1,000 potfuls of water.  The Rajakesarivarman of this record is evidently Sundara-Chola whose mother the donatrix was.

Mention is made of a road called Gandarulganda-vadi  probably after the surname of the king, and of a channel called after queen Vanavan-Mahadevi.

No. 250.

(A.R. No. 266 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This is a bilingual record in Sanskrit (portions damaged) in Tamil, and registers an endowment of 20 Karunkasu made to the temple by Baradayan Senada-Nakkapiranbatta-Sarvakratuyajiyar of Kurramangalam (the same as the donor of No. 169 above of the 7th year of Rajakesarivarman), with the proviso that the annual interest of 3 kasu accruing there form was to be given as prize among the competitors, excluding those who were successful in previous years, to the best reciter of prescribed portions of Jaiminiya-Samaveda before the god on the night of Tiruvadirai in Margali month.  The record might be one of Sundara-Chola Parantaka II.

               Home Page


Archives | Links | Search
About Us | Feedback | Guestbook

© 2007 Copyright What Is India Publishers (P) Ltd. All Rights Reserved.