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South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 201.

(A.R. No. 382 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the Cholesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

This records an agreement given by seven temple servants (talippattudaiyar) to burn a perpetual lamp in the shrine on the north side of the temple of Mahadeva of Avanigandharvva-Isvara-griham, a devadana in Kunrak-kurram with the interest of ten kalanju of gold now received by them from the two (classes of) nagarattar with whom the amount had been originally deposited by the donor, Virasola Anukkan Siriyappi Malapadi of Avanigandarvvapuram in the 1[6]th year of Parakesarivarman Uttama-Chola in the regime of Adigal Paluvettaraiyar Kandan Maravanar.  At the time of the transfer of this amount the administration of the temple is said to have been vested with one Kausikan Nakkan Marapiran.  The inscription may be assigned to Rajaraja I.

No. 202.

(A.R. No. 209 of 1926.)

Sendalai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sundaresvara temple.

The inscription records a gift of 2 shares (of land) after purchasing them from two members of the alunganam of the village Chandralekai-chaturvedimangalam Irayur Narayana-Batta Dasapuriya and Kuravasiri Echcha (Yajna) Kumara Dasapuriya, and getting them made tax-free by the sabha, by a certain Kodai-Pavitram for providing for the expenses of the festival in the temple of god Tirupperundurai-Perumanadigal.  As the script employed in this inscription is of the same early variety as that of No. 310 of the 24th year of Rajakesarivarman published below, which has been assigned to Adiya I,  this may also be attributed to that king.

No. 203.

(A.R. No. 238 of 1927.)

Ammangudi, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a stone-mortar kept in the Lakshminarayana-Perumal Temple.

This consists of a number of fragments which should have originally formed part of a complete inscription.  It seems to record the re-construction of a temple or shrine under the name Tiruvaiyotti (Ayodhya) to Ramadevapperumal, and consecration of the image of the deity therein, and an endowment of land for offerings, worship and lamps to the god and for a flower-garden by the ganapperumakkal (of the village).  This is an inscription of Rajaraja I.

No. 204.

(A.R. No. 126 of 1929.)

Lalgudi, Lalgudi Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Saptarishisvara temple.

This records the sale of quarter veli and odd of land, free of taxes, to the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruttavatturai in Idaiyarru-nadu by the sabha of Nityavinitamangalam, a brahmadeya in the same nadu, for 15 kalanju of gold which was endowed for a perpetual lamp in the temple by a certain Puvalsayanganam-Udaiyan.

No. 205.

(A.R. No. 483 of 1904.)

Vedaranyam, Tirutturaipundi Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a pillar in the mandapa in front of Ramanathesvara shrine, Vedaranesvara temple.

This records a gift of 90 sheep by Pullunjiru-Nambi a merchant of Arimukkapuram in Malai-nadu, for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumaraikkattalvar. The temple servants (devaridaichchanrar) who received the sheep agreed to supply an ulakku of ghee by the measure Tirumaraikkadan every day for the purpose.

No. 206.

(A.R. No. 383 of 1913.)

Erumbur, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Kadambavanesvara temple.

This records a gift of a lamp-stand and 90 sheep for burning a lamp in the temple of Siru-Tirukkoyil-Mahadeva at Urmur, a devadana in Nalvayalur-kurram, by Kurumban Sirugan of Villangattur in Arumbur-kurram (a subdivision) of Pandi-nadu.  The gift was entrusted to the sabha of the village.  This is possibly an inscription of Sundara-Chola.

No. 207.

(A.R. No. 356 of 1918.)

Palur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sundaresvara temple.

The inscription is incomplete and left un-engraved in places.  It seems to record a gift of land to the temple of Paramesvara at Tiruppaluvur in Vilattur-nadu by Ramadevan of Karaikkudi in the same nadu.  Perhaps a record of Sundara-Chola.

No. 208.

(A.R. No. 365 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

This states that at the instance of the chief Paluvettaraiyar Maravan Kandanar, the nagarattar of Avanigandharvvapuram had it engraved on stone that all the taxes (manrupadu) in this village might be accepted on the model of those prevailing at Nandipuram from olden times (See No. 215 below).  This is evidently an inscription of Sundaa-Chola.

No. 209.

(A.R. No. 232 of 1926.)

Kilap Paluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Vatamulesvara temple.

This records the gift of 60 sheep by Nilaiyan Pugalan, a shepherd of the village for burning a lamp during the day in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva at Sirupaluvur, a brahmadeya in Kunrak-kurram, and for bathing the god in ghee on the day of Uttarayana-sankranti every year.

No. 210.

(A.R. No. 240 of 1925.)

On the south wall of the same shrine.

A gift of 90 sheep left in charge of the sabha of [Sirupaluvur for the daily supply of an ulakku of ghee by the narayam (measure) for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvalandurai-Mahadeva of the village, by Nakkan Kadanar of Paluvur.

No. 211.

(A.R. No. 333 of 1928.)

Nerur, Karur Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Varadaraja-Perumal temple.

This registers a sale of land to the temple of Sri Pandan-Vinnagardevar at Virasola-chaturvedimangalam  (by which name evidently Nerur was known), a brahmadeya in Kilanga-nadu by Baradayan (Bharadvajan) Narayanan Narayanan a resident of the village.  The price he received is stated to have been 3 ½  kalanju of gold by the standard weight known as Kasettankal, which probably signifies that a kalanju of gold was equivalent to 8 kasu in weight.  This is incised in late characters and is probably an inscription of Kulottunga-Chola I.

No. 212.

(A.R. No. 74 of 1931.)

Pandanallur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Pasupatisvara temple.

This is said to be a copy of an old stone inscription.  It records a gift of two kasu made by Periyanambi-Bhattan, son of Gomadattu Dakshinamur[t*]ti-Bhatta Sarvakratuyaji of Kattur-Avanimanikka-chaturvedimangalam on the north bank of the Manni (river), and his wife Piramachchani for burning a lamp every morning and evening in the temple of Pasupatideva at Pandananallur.

No. 213.

(A.R. No. 329 of 1904.)

Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State.

On the north face of the south pillar in the rock-cut shrine, Melaikkoyil temple.

This records a gift of 7 ½ kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirumulattanattur-Perumanadigal at Tirunilakkunram in Kunriyur-nadu by Nanban Tunaiyan of Kuttakkudi in the same nadu.  The writing seems to be of the time of Aditya I.

No. 213.

(A.R. No. 283 of 1911.)

Tillaisthanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Ghritasthanesvara temple.

The inscription is slightly damaged.  It registers the gift of two forehead plates to the deity out of about 14 kalanju of gold collected as fine from 3 members of the nagarattar community of the village by Ayan Kamakkodanar while he was the investigating officer of the affairs of the temple (srikaryam) at Tirune[y*]ttanam.  The name of one of the nagrattar is given as Arinjigai Neyttanan.  This is possibly a record of the reign of Sundara-Chola.

No. 215.

(A.R. No. 367 of 1924.)

Melappaluvur, Udaiyarpalaiyam  Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the Agastyesvara shrine, Agastyesvara temple.

This states that on the representation of Karambiyan Pirantakan alias Karuvidaipperaraiyan made to Adigal Palavettaraiya Maravan Kandanar, the latter permitted the adoption of the manrupadu at Palavur by the servants of the two temples, the two (classes of) nagarattar and the 12 kalanai on the scale (or in the manner) that prevailed at Nandipuram since olden times.  On receipt of the order by Velan Chintamani, the headman of Tattanur, the first of the groups mentioned had it engraved on stone.  The nagarattar’s action on the same is recorded in No. 208 above.  An inscription of Sundara-Chola.

No. 216.

(A.R. No. 315 of 1929.)

Tiruppalaivanam, Ponneri Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Tiruppalesvara temple.

This records an agreement of Sivabrahmanas of the temple at Tiruppalaivanam to burn a perpetual lamp before the deity, in lieu of interest for the gold received by them from a resident of Tiruvanmiyur in Puliyur-kottam.  The gilding of the Tirupperambalam, i.e., the temple at Chidambaram, which is claimed for king Rajakesarivarman of this record, is also attributed (in A.R. No. 349 of 1929 from the same place) to Tribhuvanachakravartin Kulottunga-Choladeva who has been identified with Kulottunga II in the Epigraphical Report for 1929, Part II, para 35.  The present inscription may therefore be assigned to that king.  (See also M.E.R.  1927, II. 24)

No. 217.

(A.R. No. 10 of 1931.)

Tirukkodikkaval, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Tirukkotisvara temple.

This is stated to be a copy of an old inscription on a loose stone and hence to cancel that document.  It records an endowment in the shape of 360 kalam of paddy made by Masenan Madan of Sirukattur in Me[r*]kka-nadu and left in charge of the assembly of Narasingamangalam in nallarrur-nadu for providing, with the interest thereon, daily offerings and a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirukkodikka.

No. 218.

(A.R. No. 16 of 1931.)

On the same wall.

This, like No. 217 above, is also stated to be a copy of an old record on a loose stone for which consequently there was no use.  It records an agreement given by the sabha of Tirukkodikka alias Kannamangalam for the lump amount (iraiyili-mudal) received by them, to pay all the taxes on 3 ½ ma of land endowed to the temple by a certain Arulakki sendan of Arur in Nallarrur-nadu for feeding women and men pilgrims in the temple.

No. 219.

(A.R. No. 105 of 1931.)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Pushpavanesvara temple.

On account of its decidedly early characters this inscription has been assigned to Aditya I (M.E.R. 1931, II. 4).  This registers an endowment of 30 kalanju  of gold for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirutturutti, by Nangai Sattaperumanar by bogiyar (mistress) of the Chola king.  This donatrix figures also in No. 247 from Tillaisthanam dated in the 14th year of the king, published below.

No. 220.

(A.R. No. 37 of 1907.)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvamin Temple.

This records a gift of 96 sheep for burning a lamp in the temple of Perumanadigal at Tiruvisalur which formed part of the devadana-brahmadeya village Amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam by a certain . . . . . . . . . . . Vadugan of Kovurk-kurram, a division of Pandi-nadu.

No. 221.

(A.R. No. 335 of 1907.)

On the south wall of the same shrine.

This records a gift of twelve veli of land to the temple by ‘Purvade[viyar]’ the lady mentioned in No. 271 below dated in the 17th year of Rajakesari.  As the inscription is damaged the purpose of the endowment is not clear.  This also like No. 271, may belong to Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.

No. 222.

(A.R. No. 712 of 1909.)

Alambakkam, Lalgudi Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Varadaraja-Perumal Temple.

This inscription is mutilated and is incomplete.  It registers a gift of land tax-free, after purchasing it from the sabha of Dantivarmamangalam, by a resident of the village called Mutta Bhavasena-[Krama]vittan, for providing for offerings and a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvisalur-Perumanadigal in the village.  The land is stated to have been irrigated from the tank called Marpidugeri.  Marpidugu might have been a surname of the Pallava king Dantivarman.  Mr. Krishna Sastri thinks that the tank probably owed its origin to Marpidugu-Ilangovelan, a subordinate of king Dantivaran  (M.E.R. for 1910, II,  7).

No. 223.

(A.R. No. 329 of 1910.)

Tirumeyjnanam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Jnanaparamesvara temple.

The inscription is much damaged.  It seems to register the remission of taxes on some land belonging to the temple of Sambarisvarattu-Perumanadigal at Nalur in Serrur-kurram by the mahasabha of the village, in consideration of a lump sum of 100 Ilakkasu received by them.  Possibly a record of Sundara-Chola.

No. 224.

(A.R. No. 572 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

This is probably an inscription of Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.  It records a gift of some lands for providing for the sacred bath with a thousand potfuls of water of god Tiruvanantisvarattu-Paramasvami at Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam on the day of Sankranti every month, by Viman Kundavaiyar the mother of Arinjiya Pirantakadevar, by which is evidently meant parantaka, son of Arinjaya.  Kundavaiyar is surmised to have been a daughter of Adittan Viman, the chief of Andurai and the donor of two grants in the reign of Arinjaya (M.E.R. 1928, II. 3).  Among the boundaries of the gift-lands is mentioned a channel called Irumudichcholavaykkal and another called Manavalla[bha*]-vaykkal.  Irumudi-Chola was a surname of Parantaka I (S.I.I. Vol. III, Int. p. 13)

No. 225.

(A.R. No. 587 of 1920.)

On the north wall of the same shrine.

This records an endowment of 2 plots of land after purchase, one by Adi[t*]tan Kodaippirattiyar, the queen of Arinjigai-Panmar ‘who died at Arrur’  for providing for the sacred bath of the god with 108 pots of water, and for offering on the day of Vishu in Chittirai, and the other by Viman Kundavaiyar, another queen, towards the supply of 1,000 potfuls of water for the same purpose.  This gift by the latter is evidently meant as a supplement to the one mentioned in No.224 above.  This is also an inscription of Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.

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