INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN
(A. R. No. 570
Tiruvarur, Negapatam Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of the Achalesvara shrine, Tyagarajasvamin
This records a gift of two silver vessels in which offerings
were to be made to god Tiruvaraneri-Alvar by Udaiyapirattiyar
Sembian-Mahadeviyar for the merit of Uttama-Choladeva. This is evidently an inscription of the
reign of Rajaraja I whose uncle was Uttama-Chola.
(A. R. No. 586
Srinivasanallur, Musiri Taluk, Trichnopoly District.
On the east wall of the Korangunathan temple.
This records a gift of 30 sheep and 30 goats to provide ghee
for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tirukurakkuturai-Perumanadigal at
Mahendramangalam, by Kappiyan Euvan Gangadharan of the village for the
merit of Gangadharan Arattan. Judging from the writing the inscription may be ascribed to the reign of Gandaraditya.
(A. R. No. 596
On the north wall of the same temple.
This inscription gives a list of
the several tax-free temple
lands with their incomes specifically allocated for the various requirements
(of the temple) at the instance of Araiyar Acharakanta-Brahmadhiraja to
the Mulaparishad of
Mahendramangalam, who had this re-engraved on stone after collecting the
necessary information, by appointing a committee (varigam) for that
purpose. Incidentally we learn that
provision was made for the playing of music during the sribali service
by seven persons, three for mattali, one for maradigai, one for talam,
one for padagam and one for sengandigai. The characters of the record and its style
seem to point to the time of Rajaraja I.
(A.R. No. 514
Tiruvellarai, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.
On the west wall of
the central shrine in the Jambunatha
This inscription records an agreement given by the Mulaparishad of Tiruvellarai
to burn a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanaikkallil-Bhattarakar with the
interest on 25 kalanju of gold endowed by Marudan Achchan of Sankarappadi, (a
hamlet of) Tiruvellarai.
(A.R. No. 532
On a pillar in the rock-cut cave, Pundarikaksha Perumal
temple in the same village.
This inscription is fragmentary and damaged. It stops with the mention of the big (temple
?) at Tiruvellarai.
(A.R. No. 184
Uraiyur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.
On the south wall of the central shrine, Panchavarnesvara
This inscription is built in at the end of each line. It records a gift of land by Kavuniyan
Neri . . . . . . . . . . . . of Uraiyur, a brahmadeya village in
Uraiyurkurram, to provide for the daily supply of ghee at one ulakku for
a perpetual lamp in the temple.
(A.R. No. 239
Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of thecentral shrine, Mahalingasvamin
This records an endowment of 8 ilukkasu by a certain kuralai
Duggaiya-Kramavittan of Emanallur, a brahmadeya village in
Manni-nadu on the northern bank (of the Kaveri), who was an agent of a chief
(?) of Kila-nadu, for the daily supply of ten plantain fruits for
offering to the image of Purana-Ganapati set up on the south side of the Mulasthana at Tiruvidaimardil in Tiraimur-nadu on the southern bank. The money was entrusted to the Senaiyar
(Military Community ?) of the
place. The currency of Ceylon coinage
here may by noted.
(A.R. No. 314
Tiruvisalur, Kumbhakonam Taluk Tanjore District.
On the north wall of
the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvamin
This records a gift of 90 sheep and a ram for a perpetual
lamp in the temple of Tiruvisalur-Perumanadigal at Amaninarana-chaturvedimagalam, a devadana-brahmadeya in Manni-nadu by Pannagada-Muvendavelar
of Pennagadam in Tanjavur-kurram. Avaninarayana
is a well-known surname of Parantaka I as also that of the Pallava king
(A.R. No. 317
On the same wall.
This inscription registers an endowment of land after
purchase for feeding a Veda-Brahmana every midday in the temple at
Tiruvisalur by Pirantakan Irungolan alias Siriyavelar of
Kodumbalur, who was a general of king Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.
Published in South Indian Inscriptions, Vol. III, No.
(A.R. No. 156
Tirunaraiyur, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of the central shrine, Siddhanathasvamin
This records the gift of a silver plate and a pot and also a chauri with gold handle, by Udaiyapirattiyar Sembiyan-Mahadeviyar alias Pirantakan-Madevadigalar to the temple of Siddhesvaram-udaiya-Mahadeva
at Tirunaraiyur in Tirunaraiyur-nadu. The inscription should be one of Rajaraja I.
(A.R. No. 321
Tirumeyjanam, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the north wall of
thecentral shrine, Jnanaparamesvara
This record states that the assembly
of Nalur, a brahmadeya in Serrur-kurram sold the (right of collecting
the) market-fees of the bazaar-street (in their village) for a lump sum of 25 kasu
to the temple of Mulasthanattu-Mahadeva at Tirumayanam. The early characters of the inscription make
it attributable to the time of Aditya I.
Published in South Indian
Inscriptions, Vol. III, No. 90.
(A.R. No. 329-A
On the same wall.
This inscription is damaged. It seems to record an endowment of an areca
garden to the temple of Sambaresvara at Nalur in Serrur-kurram. This seems to be a record of Rajaraja I
because of the close resemblance of its writing to that of a fragment of
Rajendra Chola I immediately below.
(A.R. No. 222
Tirunagesvaram, Kumbhakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.
On a pillar lying in a mandapa at the end of the street in
front of the Naganathasvamin temple.
This inscription is engraved in
archaic characters and has been assigned therefore to Aditya I. It records the provision made by the Perunagarattar
(merchant community) of Kumaramattandapuram in Tiraimur-nadu for the renovation
of the surrounding hall (tiruchchurralai) and the gopura in a
(Jaina) temple called the Miladudaiyar-palli. Kumaramarttanda seems to have been a surname of the Pallava king Nandivarman
III (No. 199 of 1907).
Published in South Indian
Inscriptions, Vol. III, No. 91.
(A.R. No. 21
Tirumananjeri, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of thecentral shrine, Udvahanathasvamin
This records an order of Sembiyan-Mahadeviyar,
the mother of Uttama-Chola fixing the allotment of paddy for the several items
of daily expense in the temple of Tirukkarrali-Mahadeva at Tirumananjeri, near
Kadalangudi in Kurukkai-nadu, out of the produce from 14 veli of land
endowed by her in Mulangudi in Nallarrur-nadu. This is evidently an inscription of the time of Rajaraja I.
(A.R. No. 466
Tiruvenkadu, Shiyali Taluk, Tanjore District.
On a pillar near the north wall of the central shrine,
This is a damaged inscription
recording a gift of 96 sheep (for a lamp). Mention is made of Perunarkilli-Chola (See No. 21 below).
(A.R. No. 491
On the east inner gopura, left side, of the same temple.
This records an endowment of 60 kalanju
of gold by a certain Ayyan Vembadigal of the Parttivasekarat-terinja-Kaikkolar
(regiment ?) for daily offerings and for feeding in the temple of
Tiruvengadudevar. The assembly of
Nangur received the amount and sold to the temple tax-free, one veli of
land for this purpose. Among the
boundaries of the land mentioned, are a high road leading to Pattanam
(Kaverippumpattinam), and another land which had been endowed to the temple by
a certain Kottappichcholar (Pottapi-Chola). This
person may be identical with the chief Pottappichcholar Sattiyaraiyar
figuring in a record from Vriddhachalam in the South Arcot district (No. 49 of
1918), dated in the 7th year of Rajaraja I, and hence the present inscription may be
assigned to that king. Parthivasekhara
after whom the Kaikkolar regiment was called seems to have been a title of
(A.R. No. 607
Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk,
Sourth Arct District.
On the north wall of the central shrine, Anantesvara temple.
A gift of 12 ˝ kalanju of gold
for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantisvarattu-Paramasvami at
Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam by Kanjai Tiruvenkada-Kramavittan of Kondandaramachcheri. Viranarayana was a surname of Parantaka
I. This record might be referred to
the reign of either Gandaraditya or Sundara-Chola.
(A.R. No. 124
Tiruvaduturai, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of the central shrine, Gomuktisvara temple.
This is an incomplete inscription,
recording a gift of 12 kalanju of gold for a perpetual lamp in the
temple of Tiruvavaduturai-Mahadeva at Sattanur, a brahmadeya
in Tiraimur-nadu by a merchant of Karuppur. The wiring appears to be earlier than that of No. 17 above.
(A.R. No. 267
Tiruvidaikkali, Mayavaram Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the north wall of the mandapa in frong of the central
shrine, Subrahmanya temple.
This inscription is damaged. It seems to register the mortgage of a piece
of land for the dues of 200 kalam of paddy by Korrappalli Kandan
Ayyan, a resident scholar (?) of the village, to the temple at
Tiruvidaikkali, a devadana in Kurumbur-nadu. The characters appear to be similar to those of No. 17 above.
(A.R. No. 70
Tiruppugalur, Nannilam Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of thecntral shrine, Agnipurisvara temple.
This is a fragmentary epigraph
registering a gift of a silver vessel to (god) Sri Pugalurdeva. Below and close to this is another fragment
of the 3rd year of a king whose name is lost, which records gift of
a silver pot to the same deity by Pa[Bha)ttan Danatungi[yar], a queen of
(A.R. No. 143
Tiruppalanam, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the north wall of the central shrine, Apatsahayesvara
This records a gift of 30 kalanju
of gold for a perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tiruppalanam, a devadana
in Mirai-kurram, by Solaperumanadigal Perunerkillich-Chola. The donor is evidently identical with king Rajakesarivarman
himself who was called so after his great ancestor Perunarkilli of Sangam fame
who performed the Rajasuya sacrifice. The same surname is found for the donor in No. 15 above from
Tiruvenkada, which is also dated in the 2nd year of
(A.R. No. 191
Tiruchchatturai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.
On the south wall of
the central shrine, Odanavanesvara temple.
This records an endowment of 145 kalanju
of gold by Somasi Sendan alias Solaperunkavidi, the Madhyastha
of Ayirattali, for daily offerings in the temple of
Tiruchchorrutturai-Mahadeva. The Patipadamula-Pattudai-devakanmis
of the temple undertook to maintain this gift with the (interest in) paddy
derived from the temple land at Kodyalam.
(A.R. No. 349
Kudumiyamalai, Pudukkottai State.
On the south wall of the rock-cut shrine, Melaikoyil temple.
This records a gift of 31 cows for
the supply of milk for the early morning bath of the deity, and milk and ghee
for offerings in the temple of Tirunilakkunrattu-Paramesvara by Sandaiyan,
a cavalier of Mahimalaiya-Irukkuvelar. This Irukkuvelar is also called Parantakan Virasolan in No. 117
(published below) dated in the 5th year of the king. This may be a record either of Gandaraditya
or Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.
(A.R. No. 466
Vedaranyam, Tirutturaippundi Taluk, Tanjore District.
On a pillar in the mandapa in front of the Tyagaraja shrine
in the Vedaranyesvara temple.
This is slightly damaged. It seems to record a gift of 90 sheep for a
perpetual lamp in the temple of Mahadeva at Tirumaraikkadu, a devadana
in Umbala-nadu, by a lady, Nangai [Pa]ravvaiyar, a ‘parikai’ in the Big
Temple (or palace at Tiruvarur and another individual, probably an officer of
the king (Tiru-ulagaperumanar).
(A.R. No. 469-A
On another pillar in the same mandapa.
This records a similar gift of 90 sheep left in charge of
the servants of the temple at Tirumaraikkadu, a devadana in Umbala-nadu,
for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple with an ulakku of ghee daily,
by a native of Velur in Oyma-nadu.
No. 17 a.
(A.R. No.577 of 1920.)
On the west wall of the central shrine, same temple, 2nd
(Published in Ep. Ind. Vol. XXI. Pp. 165-79).