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South Indian Inscriptions


 

SOUTH INDIAN INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XIII

INSCRIPTIONS OF RAJAKESARIVARMAN 

No. 176.

(A.R. No. 172 of 1907.)

Tiruppalatturai, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Adimulesvara temple.

This inscription is much damaged.  It seems to register a grant of land made by Sendampunagi, the wife of Kachchuvan Madhavan to provide for the sacred bath of God Paramesvara at Tiruppatturai on the days of Sankranti.  Among the boundaries of the land is mentioned a channel called Uttamasili-vaykkal.  Probably a record of Gandaraditya.

No. 177.

(A.R. No. 176 of 1907.)

On the north wall of the same shrine.

This is also probably an inscription of Gandaraditya.  It registers an endowment of land by Tappildaram Pallavaraiyan alias Kilmattur Paruvur, an officer of prince Arikulakesarideva for offerings and worship to the deity at Tiruppanambudur which formed part of Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya village on the southern bank (of the river).  It is the same as No. 570 of 1908 which is published in South Indian Inscriptions, Volume III, No. 111.

No. 178.

(A.R. No. 564 of 1908.)

On the south wall of the same shrine.

This inscription is damaged.  It records a gift of 45 kalanju of gold for burning a perpetual lamp and a day-lamp in the temple by Balasiriyan Narayanan Jana[rdana] of Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 179.

(A.R. No. 567 of 1908.)

On the west wall of the same shrine.

This inscription is identical with No. 176 above.

No. 180.

(A.R. No. 570 of 1908.)

On the north wall of the same shrine.

This inscription is identical with No. 177 above.

No. 181.

(A.R. No. 574 of 1908.)

On the same wall.

This is also probably an inscription of Gandaraditya like No. 177 above, and records an agreement given by the perunguri-sabhai of Uttamasili-chaturvedimangalam making tax-free for a lump-amount of 10 kasu received by them from Tappildaram-Pallavaraiyan, one ma and odd of land belonging to the temple of Paramesvara at Tiruppanambudur.

Text.

Published in South Indian Inscriptions,  Volume III, No. 112.

No. 182.

(A.R. No. 683 of 1909.)

Tirunedungalam, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the south wall of the ganesa shrine, Nedungalanathasvamin temple.

The inscription registers a sale of land as kudinikka-devadana by the sabha, the ur and the devakarmis of the temple at Tirunedungalam, a devadana in Kavira-nadu, for 30 kasu received by them as karpura-vilai for the temple, to Kamban Maniyan, the headman of Suralur, with the stipulation that after clearing the forest and reclaiming the land he was to pay 150 kalam of paddy annually as kanikkadan to the temple.  The land was to be irrigated by the same stream called Kumiliyaru which also irrigated the temple lands.  Mention is made of a certain standard grain-measure (urkkal) called Kodukulavan.  The characters belong to about the 10th century A.D., and from the reference made in it to the officer Rajaraja-Brahmamaraya, the record may be assigned to Rajaraja I.  Tiruvelpur (Tirugokarnam) of No. 174 above was also in Kavira-nadu.

No. 183.

(A.R. No. 347 of 1918.)

Palur, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Sundaresvara temple.

This records an endowment of land after purchasing it from the urar of Tiruppaluvur in Vilattur-nadu, who made it tax-free after reclamation, by Sattan Achchan of Adavattur in Uraiyur-kurram, for the special sacred bath of the deity on the days of Sankranti.

No. 184.

(A.R. No. 573 of 1920.)

Udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Anatisvara temple.

This records an endowment for a perpetual lamp made by pandan Orriyuran, a shepherd (manradi) of the place.  The manradi-kalanaiyar including the variyan of the village agreed to the daily supply of ghee for the purpose. A record possibly of Gandaraditya.

No. 185.

(A.R. No. 416 of 1922.)

Badur, Wandiwash Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the south wall of the Tiruvanantisvara temple.

A gift of 90 sheep for a perpetual lamp in the temple at Vadavur by Sangan Kutteran alias Ilamai-Manradi (a shepherd of the place).

No. 186.

(A.R. No. 269 of 1923.)

Koyil-Tevarayanpettai (near Pandaravadai), Papanasam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Matsyapurisvara temple.

This is an incomplete record and stops with the mention of the madhyastha of the village.

No. 187.

(A.R. No. 202 of 1926.)

Sendalai, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Sudnaresvara temple.

This records an endowment of a veli of land for the maintenance of a hall (ambalam) erected by him at Chandralakhai-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Arkkattu-kurram, by Vayiramegam Pidaran of Vennayil in Miysengili-nadu, after purchasing it tax-free from the perunguri-sabha of the place.  The land was allotted in certain specified proportions for the following services in the ambalam : supply of drinking water (to the wayfarers) during summer, keeping the premises clean, supply of oil for a lamp, supply of earthen pots (for the water-shed) ; and for general periodical repairs.  Vayiramega was a surname of the Pallava king Dantivarman.  This is probably a record of Aditya I  (M.E.R.  1916, II, 7).

No. 188.

(A.R. No. 242 of 1926.)

Kilapaluvur, Udayarpalaiyam Taluk, Trichinopoly District. 

On the south wall of the central shrine, Vatamulesvara Temple.

This inscription is built in at the right end.  It registers a sale of land to the temple of Tiruvalandurai-[Mahadeva] at Sirupaluvur, a brahmadeya in Kunrakurram, by Savandi Damodiran Korran, a resident of the village.

No. 189.

(A.R. No. 332 of 1927.)

Tiruppurambiyam, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sakshisvara temple.

This records the gift of 6 kalanju of gold to provide for the daily supply of an alakku of ghee, for half a lamp in the temple of the Bhattarakar at Tiruppurambiyam by a Vellala of the place named Desakkurai Aranidi.  This is possibly an inscription of Sundara-Chola.

No. 190.

(A.R. No. 79 of 1931.)

Tiruppundurutti, Tanjore Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Pushpavanesvara temple.

This is an unfinished inscription which stops with the mention of the sabha of Tiru[t*]turutti, a devadana in Arkkattu-kurram and Iraviyachchan Sembiyan, a resident of the village.

No. 191.

(A.R. No. 220 of 1931.)

Manmadi, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the west wall of the central shrine, Tirukkaraisvara temple.

This inscription is built in the middle.  It seems to register the sale of some land by the urar (assembly) of Kalakkattur in Amur-kottam, to Araiyan Tillaikkuttan alias Rajaraja-Animuri-Nadalvan who probably endowed it to the temple under the name kalaikalabharanan.  The shrines of Kadugal (Pidari) and Sattan (Sasta) evidently situated within this land are specifically excluded in the transaction.  The surname of the donor suggests that the inscription may belong to Rajaraja I.

No. 192.

(A.R. No. 225 of 1931.)

On a stone lying on the pavement of the first prakara in the same temple.

This is a fragmentary inscription.  It probably records an endowment for offerings to god Tirukkarapuradeva by a chief whose name is lost.  It is possible that he was identical with the donor mentioned in No. 191 above.

No. 193.

(A.R. No. 13 of 1907.)

Tiruvisalur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Sivayoganathasvamin temple.

This registers a sale of land by Kuravasri Tiruvorriyuradigal-Kramavittan, a member of the alunganam of Amaninarayana-chaturvedimangalam, to a lady named Nakkan Varaguna, the wife of Marudan Pattan alias Solavelan, the headman of Karugavur.  As the inscription is incomplete the details of the transaction are lost.

No. 194.

(A.R. No. 178 of 1907.)

Tiruppalatturai, Trichinopoly Taluk, Trichinopoly District.

On the north wall of the central shrine, Adimulesvara temple.

This is the same inscription as No. 574 of 1908 which is published in South Indian Inscriptions, Volume III, as No. 112.  pp. 248 ff.  The regnal year is read there as 8.  (See No. 181 above).

No. 195.

(A.R. No. 260 of 1907.)

Tiruvidaimarudur, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Mahalingasvamin Temple.

This records an endowment of tan ma of land for the maintenance of a gardener who was to tlook after a flower-garden of sirusenbagam (champak) laid out by one Tiruvenkattu-Pichchan, by the sabha and ur of Tiraimur in co-ordination with the nagarattar of Tiruvidaimardil and the patipadamulattar (of the same village).  Tiruvenkattu-Pichchan figures in the same capacity in No. 249 of 1907 of the time of Parakesari ‘who took the head of the Pandya’ (Aditya II Karikala).   The record may be one of Parantaka II Sundara-Chola.

No. 196.

(A.R. No. 266 of 1910.)

Tiruvadandai, Chingleput Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the north base of the central shrine, Varaha-Perumal Temple.

The inscription records a gift of 48 sheep for burning half a perpetual lamp in the temple of Alvar at Tiruvidavandai, a devadana of Paduvur-nadu in Amur-kottam, made by Ketti the wife of Kaliyan Achchan, a resident of the village, and left in charge of two local shepherds  who were to supply the ghee under the superivision of the sabha.

No. 197.

(A.R. No. 215 of 1911.)

Tirunagesvaram, Kumbakonam Taluk, Tanjore District.

On the south wall of the central shrine, Naganathasvamin temple.

The inscription opens with two verses in Sanskrit which are damaged, and which mention the heroic achievements in Simhala (Ceylon) of a Bana chief (name lost) ‘the ornament of Bali-kula’, and also refer to the daughter of Arikulakesari.  It records an endowment made by this princess, called Arinjigai-Pirattiyar and the wife of the Bana, for the conduct of worship and offerings and for burning 2 lamps during the three services every day to god Amarasundaradeva set up by her probably in memory of her husband in the temple at Tirunagesvaram, a devadana in Tiraimurnadu on the southern bank.  Details of items required for each service are also given.  As the record is incomplete the nature of the endowment is not clear.

Pillaiyar Arikulakesari, the father of the donatrix is no other than Arinjaya.  Rajakesarivarman of this inscription should therefore refer to his son and successor Sundara-Chola.  The expedition to Ceylon mentioned in the record, wherein the Bana prince is said to have distinguished himself (at the cost of his life), is known to have been led by the Kodumbalur chief and general Parantakan Siriyavelar in the reign of Sundara-Chola (Ep. Ind.  Vol. XII, pp. 124 ff. and M.E.R. 1914., II, 15).

No. 198.

(A.R. No. 612 of 1920.)

udayargudi (near Kattumannarkoyil), Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the outer base of the south wall of the mandapa in front of the central shrine, Anantisvara temple.

A gift of 90 sheep left in charge of the manradikkalanaiyar of Viranarayana-chaturvedimangalam for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvanantisvara, by Kadan Vamadevi of Kadambur.  This is probably a record of Sundara-Chola.

No. 199.

(A.R. No. 410 of 1922.)

Badur, Wandiwash Taluk, North Arcot District.

On the north wall of the Tiruvanantisvara temple.

This is an inscription of Rajaraja I who is otherwise known as Rajarajakesarivarman.  The name has been read as Rajakesari in the Epigraphical Report.  It records a gift of the tank Araiyan-eri and the land irrigated by it, free of taxes, to the temple of Tiruvanantisvaram-Udaiyar at Vadavur in Vadavur-nadu, a subdivision of venkunra-kottam by the urar of the village.

No. 200.

(A.R. No. 415 of 1922.)

On the west wall of the same temple.

This records the gift of a gold ornament, 30 sheep and a cocoanut garden by the urar of Vadavur for a perpetual lamp in the temple, agreed to be burnt by the Sivabrahmanas in whose charge the endowment was left.  Possibly an inscription of Sundara-Chola to judge by the writing.

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