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Saturday, March 03, 2007


 

South Indian Inscriptions


 

Pallva Inscriptions

Nos.251 to 260

No. 251.

(A. R. No. 325 of 1913).

In the same temple.

On the right doorjamb in the main entrance into the Sivakami-Amman shrine.

The present inscription states that the pillar (tirunilaikal) on which it is engraved was the gift of Perumalpillai alias Solakonar, an officer (mudali) of Avanialappirandan Kopperunjinga, on behalf of his master.

No. 252.

(A. R. No. 367 of 1918).

Shiyali, Shiyali Taluk, Tanjore District.

On a slab built into the floor of the inner circuit of the Brahmapurisvara temple.

This fragmentary inscription records a gift of land for reciting the tiruppadiyam hymns in the temple of [Aludaiya]-Pillaiyar.

No. 253.

(A. R. No. 391 of 1918).

On the south wall of the first prakara in the same temple.

In this damaged inscription the regnal year is lost. Some of the inscribed slabs are also missing. It seems to record the gift of a garden, free of taxes, in Akkur, to the Padimattar of the temple of Mahasastan Peruvembudaiyar by (the authorities) of the temple of Tiruttonipuramudaiyar.

                                           No. 254.

(A. R. No. 543 of 1920).

Kattumannarkoyil, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Viranarayanasvamin temple.

This damaged inscription registers the kadaiyidu granted by the officer (mudaliyar) Iladattaraiyar under the following circumstances: Owing to some offence of . . . . . . . . . . Brahmarayan, his lands measuring 34 ma in extent were ordered to be sold in the 15th year and 295th day of the rule of the chief. According to the decision of the officer mentioned above to sell these lands to temples which had surplus money left, the temple of Tuvarapati-Emberuman purchased them for 20,000 kasu from the amount provided for buying ornaments to the god Mannanar. On the representation of the trustees of the temple that the planting of boundary stones and the engraving of this transaction on temple walls had not yet been carried out, Iladattaraiyar now issued a kadaiyidu for completing the procedure. The document is signed by the accountant Alattudaiyan and Umiyur Tiruvenkadu-Bhattan.

No. 255.

(A. R. No. 388 of 1921).

Tiruvadi, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the south wall of the first prakara in the Tiruvirattanesvara temple.

Only a portion of this inscription is preserved. The date of the epigraph is also lost. It records the provision made by Surainayakan Pugalalvan for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Tiruvirattanamudaiya-Nayanar at ……….[pu]ram in Tirumunaippadi, situated in Rajadhiraja-valanadu.

No. 256.

(A. R. No. 433 of 1921).

Tiruvennainallur, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west wall of the mandapa containing the Somskanda images, in the Kripapurisvara temple.

This is a memorandum issued to Chinattaraiyan who was in charge of Vilinallur in Sendamangalapparru, evidently in the time of Kopperunjingadeva. It states that the kaniyalar planted areca-palms and betel creepers from the 26th year of the chief on lands in Vilinallur watered by the spring-channel which irrigated the village Ponmeyndasolamangalam, belonging to the god Atkondadeva at Tiruvennainallur. Objection having been raised to the use of this channel in the village Vilinallur, facilities were, on representation, provided for raising new groves on lands with wells and also for exchanging lands which ere assessed at a lower rate. The document is attested by kopperunjinga and Tondaiman, who also figure as signatories in a record of Sakalabhuvanachakravartti Avanialappirandan Kopperunjingadeva, dated in the 18th year[1].

No. 257.

(A. R. No. 484 of 1921).

On the north wall of the central shrine in the Vaikuntha-Perumal temple in the same village.

This is in an order of Kadavarayan issued to the trustees of the temple of Alagiyapallava-vinnagar-Emberuman at Tiruvennainallur remitting the taxes on the tiruvidaiyattam lands, for effecting repairs to the temple which was constructed by his mother but which had become ruined after the death of his father Manavalapperumal. The order is signed by Kadavarayan. It may be noted that the god Vaikuntha-Perumal at Tiruvennainallur was called Alagiyapallava-vinnagar-Emberuman after the surname of Manavalapperumal[2], the father of Kopperunjingadeva II. The donor Kadavarayan may be identified with Kopperunjingadeva (II).

No. 258.

(A. R. No. 503 of 1926).

Omampuliyur, Chidambaram Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the west and south walls of the central shrine in the Pranava-Vyaghrapurisvara temple.

The date of this damaged inscription is lost. It gives an instance of how the temple came to the rescue of persons placed in financial difficulties. The record states that certain Brahmans of Ulagalandasola-chaturvedimangalam, a brahmadeya in Merka-nadu, a subdivision of Virudarajabhayankara-valanadu ‘on the northern bank’, had stood surety for some tenants who went away without paying the dues on their lands. The duty of paying the arrears of dues devolved upon these persons, who when pressed for payment tried in vain to transfer the lands to others. Finally they requested the trustees of the temple, evidently at Omampuliyur, to advance them money by taking at least a portion of the land as tirunamattukkani. The trustees thereupon sold some ornaments in the treasury which were perhaps not in use, and with the proceeds, assisted the Brahmans by buying the land for the temple.

In this inscription Omampuliyur is called Ulagalandasola-chaturvedimangalam.

No. 259.

(A. R. No. 383 of 1928-29).

Tirupparuttikkunram, Conjeeveram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the east wall of the compount wall of the Trailokyanatha (Jain) temple.[3]

This record states that the wall on which it is found was built by Alagiya-Pallavan. From paleography it may be assigned to the 13th century A.D. since the surname Alagiya-Pallavan was borne by the elder and the younger Kopperunjingadeva, it is evident that this wall must have been raised during their period, and more probably it came into existence in the time of the younger chief.

No. 260.

(A. R. No. 98 of 1934-35).

Vriddhachalam, Vriddhachalam Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the north wall of the kitchen in the Vriddhagirisvara temple.

In this inscription the beginning of lines except that of the first is lost. It is engraved in continuation of No. 144 above dated in the 4th year of Kopperunjingadeva (II). It registers a gift of 96 sheep by Alappirandi Sutta[lvi] for burning a perpetual lamp in the temple of Udaiyar Tirumudukunramudaiya-Nayanar.


[1] No. 206 above.

[2] For Manavalapperumal, see A. R. Nos. 133 of 1900, 313 of 1902, 43 and 73 of 1903, 63 of 1919 and Ep. Ind. Vol. XXIV, pp. 22 ff.

[3] On the north side of the altar built round the kura tree in the same temple is a slightly damaged inscription of the 13th century recording the construction in stone of this altar to the west of the place where three sages reside (i.e., in the temple of Trailokyanatha) at Tirupparuttikkunra (near) Kachchi, by a Pallava chief. This chief is probably to be identified with Kopperunjingadeva who constructed the compound wall of the temple.

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