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Saturday, March 03, 2007


South Indian Inscriptions




Inscriptions of Miscellaneous Kadava chiefs

No. 261.

(A. R. No. 355 of 1923).

Perunagar (Pennagaram), Conjeeveram Taluk, Chingleput District.

On the south wall of the central shrine in the Brahmapurisvara temple.

 [1] in the Chingleput district.

No. 262.

(A. R. No. 115 of 1904).

Tirttanagari, Cuddalore Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the South wall of the central shrine in the Sivankuresvara temple.

This is a verse inscription of Atkoli Kadavarkon, the chief of Kudal, remitting the taxes perum-padikaval and vetti for providing offerings to, and maintaining a perpetual lamp in the temple of, and god Polittinaimanagar (i.e.,) Tirttanagari.  The donor was an ancestor of Kopperunjingadeva (see No. 263 below) and flourished during the reign of the Chola king Rajaraja II (A.R.  No. 486 of 1921).

No. 263.

(A. R. No. 74 of 1918).

Vriddhachalam, Vriddhachalam Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the second gopura (right of entrance) of the Vriddhagirisvara temple.

This inscription consisting of 11 verses in Tamil and praising the family of Kadava chiefs, was engraved under orders of Arasanarayanan Alappirandan Virasekharan alias  Kadavarayan on the ‘Gandaradittan-vasal’ in the Vriddhagirisvara temple at Vriddhachalam.  The verses themselves do not give any historical information, but the prose passages prefixed to some of them give the following genealogy for the Kadava chiefs.

Valandanar alias Kadavarayar

Atkolliyar alias Kadavarayar

Elisaimogan Kadavarayar,                                Arasanarayanan Kachchiyarayar‘

who conquered the four quarters’                                         alias  Kadavarayar


                                                                        Alappirandan Virasekharan alias

                                                                   Kadavarayan, ‘who destroyed kudal

                                                           in S 1108 (= A.D. 1186).’

The last-mentioned chief viz., Alappirandan Virasekharan alias Kadavarayan is also stated to have proceeded due west of the ‘Gandaradittan-vasal’ in the Saka 1106 (A.D. 1184), destroyed Kudal belonging to Karkataka-Marayan and the country of Adiyaman and planted there his flag with the figure of Hanuman on it.  From the context we have to take ‘Gandaradittan-vasal’ as the gopura where this inscription is found.  The Kudal mentioned above may be identified with the village Tirttamalai in the Salem District (A.R. No. 660 of 1905).

A copy of the present inscription is also found in the gopura of the Kripapurisvara temple at Tiruvennainallur (No. 264 below).

No. 264.

(A. R. No. 463 of 1921).

Tiruvennainallur, Tirukkoyilur Taluk, South Arcot District.

On the inner wall of the gopura, left of entrance, in the Kripapurisvara temple.

This damaged inscription is identical with the previous record found at Vriddhachalam.

No. 265.

(A. R. No. 49 of 1909).

Tirukkadaiyur, Mayavaram taluk, Tanjore District.

On the third gopura of the Amritaghatesvara temple, right of entrance.

This inscription consists of three verses in Tamil in praise of the Kadava chief who made the ruler of the land bordering the river Kaveri his subordinate, by taking from him the tiger banner.

[1]  S.I.I.  Vol. IV, No. 634.

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