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Thursday, October 27, 2005


South Indian Inscriptions





Ahavamalla Taila II | Irivabodanga Satyasraya | Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya V  Jagadekamalla Jayasimha II | Trailokyamalla Somesvara I | Bhuvanaikamalla Somesvara II

No. 45

(B.K. No. 231 of 1928-29)

Kurhatti, Navalgund Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Lying In Front Of The Temple Of Hanuman

This inscription, which is much damaged, belongs to the reign of king Ahavamalla (Nurmadi-Taila II) and his dated in the year Vikrama which corresponded to Saka 902 (-A.D. 980).  It refers to a family of local chiefs, descended from Revanta, among whom are mentioned: (1) Kemcha, who acquired by conquest (the) Belvala (country) wherein lay Navilgundapura (the modern navalgund); (2) his eldest son Siri-Mudda; (3) in their family Piriya [Ko]ti-gavunda who built a Siva temple and a [Jai]na-sala; (4) his son Piriya Aycha; (5) in his family Tonda; and (6) his eldest son Kalidhurandhara who pleased (king) Kannaradeva (probably the Rashtrakuta king Krishna III) by his valour.  It mentions also the Vedic scholars Chaturvedi-Bhatta, Jataveda-Bhatta, Chamunda-Bhatta, also called Gunanidhi, born in the race of the Rishi Agastya, and his younger brother Ereyamma-Dikshita, who was versed in the Lakula-siddhanta, was a sakta and performed many sacrifices.  The record registers the gift of the village Karanaguripatti as an agrahara to Gunanidhi and of some money and land made by the king and his subordinate Sobhana who was ruling over the BelvalaPurikara country.  Sobhana is identical with Mahasamanta Sobhanarasa (Dyn.  Kan.  Dists. P. 432 and Ep. Ind. Vol. IV p. 205)  Karanaguripatti is the modern Kurhatti, from which the inscription comes.

No. 46

(B.K. No. 260 of 1927-28)

Hallur, Bagalkot Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab In The Basavesvara Temple

This multilated and damaged inscription belongs to the reign of Taila II and is dated in Saka 911, Vikrita (=A.D. 990-91).  From what remains of the record, it appears to be a copy of the Sinda inscription at Bhairanmatti published in Epigraphia India Vol.  III, p. 232.  Dr. Fleet thinks that Saka 911 is a mistake for Saka 912 (expired), (ibid).

No. 47

(B.K. No. 111 of 1926-27)

Housr, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up Near The Durgavva Temple

The inscription belongs to the reign of Ahavamalladeva (Nurmadi-Taila II).  It records grants of garden-land at Eleya-Posavuru (i.e., modern Hosur) made by Koralagunda, -the manneya of  Mulugunda Twelve and the nalgavunda (i.e., nadu-gavunda) who belonged to the Sinda race and the Kunnala family and bore the snake-banner (naga-dhvaja) and the tiger-crest (vyaghra-lanchhana)-and the gavundas of Mulugunda Twelve, headed by Aycha-Gavunda, for the benefit of the temple of Mulasthanadeva at Posavuru.  A certain Ereyamma-Gavunda, gave land for vidyadana, in the same temple.  The Mahasamanta Sobhanarasa (same as the Sobhana of inscription No. 45 above) was then ruling over the Two Six-Hundred (divisions).  He bore the epithets, Kannana-banta and Konkana-bhayankara.

The inscription is dated in Saka year 915, Jaya, Uttarayana-sankranti and solar eclipse.  In Jaya, which corresponded to Saka 916 according to the Southern cycle and to Saka o15 according to the Northern cycle, there was no solar eclipse on the Uttarayana-sankranti day which fell on Monday, December 24, A.D. 994.  But there was a solar eclipse in this year on Pushya, ba. Amavasya, which corresponded to A.D. 995, January 4, Friday.

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