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South Indian Inscriptions


 

BOMBAY-KARNATAKA INSCRIPTIONS

VOLUME XI - Part II

TRIBHUVANAMALLA VIKRAMADITYA VI

All the inscription in this part belong to the reign of king Tribhuvanamalla Vikramaditya VI of the Western Chalukya dynasty of Kalyana.

No. 119 - 139 | No. 140 - 160 | No. 161 - 181 | No. 182 - 202 | No. 203 - 211


No. 119

(B.K. No. 186 of 1926-27)

Naregal, Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Inside The Temple Of Kalamesvara

This inscription refers itself to the reing of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and places on record the gift of land made by Mundeyara Sri[va]nta-Gavunda on the specified date to Nilakantha Panditadeva, for the benefit of the temple of Mulasthanadevam built by him in the centre of the southern quarter of Narayamgal.  At the time of recording the grant the Sinda Mahamandalesvara Permadidevarasa was ruling over Kisukadu Seventy, Kelavadi Three-Hundred, Bagadage Seventy and Narayamgal Twelve, from his capital at Erambarage.  It is known from a record at Kodikop, a hamlet of Naregal (N.K. No 194 of 1926-27), that the chief was administering the same tract in A.D. 1144 under the Western Chalukya ing agadekamalla II(J.B.B.R.A.S., Vol. XI)

The character is dated Saka 872, Saumya, Pushya, su. Punnami, Monday, lunar eclipse and Uttarayana-sankranti.  The details are vey irregular.  In Saumya according to te Southern cycle, Pushya full-moon fell on Monday but the tithi ended at. 06.  There was no lunar eclipse or Uttaryana-sankranti on this day.  But in the previous year, i.e., Kilaka, which was Saumya, according to the Northern Cycle Pushya-punnami commenced at 11 on Monday; but there was no eclipse on this day and the Uttarayana-sankranti occurred only five days later.  But on the following, i.e., Magha-purnima, there was a lunar eclipse.  Taking Saumya by the Northern Cycle, the week-day ad tithi would yield the English date Monday, December 18, A.D., 948.

No. 120

(B.K. No. 214 of 1926-27)

Yeribyateri, Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Stone Set Up In Front Of The Temple Of Ramalinga

This much damaged inscription belongs to the reing of Tribhuvanamalla-Permadideva (Vikramaditya VI).  It refers to a subordinate who belonged to [Papakalla-kula] and records a gift to the gof of Balera Jogesvarada Mulasthana and to the god Bolesvara.  It entions Chavunda-Gavunda, Joma-Gavunda, Joga-Gavunda and Jakkeyabe.

The record is date Saka 968, Parthiva, paushya, su. [2], Sunday, Uttrayanasankramana.  In Parthiva, the sankramana fell not on Sunday but on Tuesday (=December 24, A.D. 1045).  But in the previous year, i.e., Tarana, it fell on Sunday, Paushya, su. 1 +Sunday, December 23, 1044 A.D.  The latter appears to be the more probable date of the record.

Since the date falls during the first year of the reign of Trailokyamalla Somesvara I, the father of Vikramaditya VI, it is not possible to account for the imperial titles applied to the latter as early as A.D. 1044.

No. 121

(A.R. No. 431 of 1926)

Amminbhavi, Dharwar Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Built Into The Ceiling Of The Central Shrine Of The Jain Basti

This damaged inscription purports to belong to the reing of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and refers to his subordinate Mahamandalesvara Jayakesideva, who was then ruling over Konkana Nine-hundred, Palasige Twelve-Thousand and Kundur Five-Hundred from his capital at Govage (Goa).  It seems to record the foundation of Siva temple at Ammayanabhavi, an agrahara in Kundur-nadu and registers a gift of rice made for offerings in the temple by Machi-ya[nna] and others.

The record is date Saka 993, Virodhakrit, . . . .. . pamchami, Sunday, vyatipata.  The month is lost.  During the year, panchami combined with Sunday on the following occasions:-

(1)   Jyeshtha, ba. 5 = May 22,

(2)   Ashadha, su. 5 = June 5

(3)   Nija-Asvina, ba. 5 = October 16,

(4)   Karttika, su. 5 = October 30,

(5)   Phalguna, su. 5 = February 26,

(6)   Phalguna, ba. 5 = March 11, A.D. 1072.

No. 122

(B.K. No. 27 of 1927-28)

Unachgeri, Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Stone Standing Near The Public Well

The inscription purports to belong to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and records the grant of a house to the god Kallideva of Kuntageyabidu, by four Gavundas and of land and money by (the body of) th Thousand, to the gods Kallidevasvami, Madesvaradeva and Kamesvaradeva.

The record is dated Saka 994, Paridhavin, Pushya, su. 13, Sunday, Uttarayana-sankranti.  The probable equivalent of the date would be A.D. 1072, December 23, Sunday. The tithi was not su. 13, but su. 11.  It has to be remarked that the date of this record is almost identical with that of B.K. No. 33 of 1927-28 above, belonging to the reign of the king’s predecessor Bhuvanaikamalladeva.

No. 123

(B.K. No. 46 of 1928-29)

Hungund, Hungund Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Built Into The Ceiling Of The Temple Of Ramalinga

The inscription belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramditya VI) and is much damaged.  It seems to register the gift of some land to a temple.  It mentions Bahubali, the disciple of [Indra]nandi of the Mula-sangha, Desiya-gana, Pustaka-gachchha and Kundakund-anvaya, who built the temple.

The record is dated Saka 9 . . . . . . Uttarayana-sankranti.  The details are lost.

No. 124

(B.K. No. 237 of 1927-28)

Morab, Navalgund Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up In Front Of The Kalamesvara Temple

The inscription which belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladva (Vikramaditya VI) describes his vassal, Trailokyamalla Vira-Nolamba-pallava-Permadi Jayasinghadeva of the Pallava family’, who bears the epithets yuvaraja, rajaparame-svara, and Chalukya-chudamani and refers to him as the king’s brother.  He held the status of yuvaraja and was governing over [kogale] One-Thousand, Kandur One Thousand, Puligere Three Hundred and Beluvala Three-Hundred.  On the occasion of the Mahadanas connected with the Tulapurusha and the Hiranyagarbha ceremonies performed by him, at the request of his subordinates Mahapradhana, Herilala Kannada-sandhivigrahi, Dandanayaka Sankharayya-nayaka, the prince renamed the big tank at Moraba in Beluvala-nadu as Nolamba-samudra and granted land for its maintenance, to the twelve Gavundas of the village, as a Paramesvaradatti.

The record is datd Chalukya-Vikrama year 3, Pingala, Phalguna, punname, Sunday, lunar eclipse.  Pingala was actually Chalukya-Vikrama year 2.  In this year, there was no lunar eclipse in Phalguna; but there was one in Sravana, on su. 15, Sunday =A.D. 1077, August 6.  Phalguna is evidently a mistake for Sravana.

No. 125

(B.K. No. 97 of 1929-30)

Muttigi, Bagevadi Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Built Into The Proper Left Wall Of The Sangamesvara Temple

The inscription belongs to the reign of Tribbuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and records the construction of the temple of Ramesvara at Murttage and grant of property, for its endowment, into the hands of the trustee Yogesvara-Panditadeva, by the king’s general Govindaraja and his younger sister Ponnakabbe.  It also records the gift, on a later occasion, of land, for the same temple, to Achalesvara-Panditadeva by Vishnudeva alias Vitta, the son of Govindaraja.

The record bears two dates.  The first is Chalukya-Vikrama year 4, Siddhartha, Pushya, amavasye, Monday, Uttarayana-sankranti, solar eclipse.  The sankranti actually commenced on Tuesday, December 24, at 79 and must have been observed on Wednesday, on which day also amavasya commenced at .07 Considering the coincidence of the amavasya and the sankranti, the intended date might be Wednesday, 25th December, A.D. 1079.  But the solar eclipse occurred on the next day i.e., Thursday, December 26.

The second date, Chalukya-Vikrama year 35, Vikrita, Karttika, punnami, Vaddavara, lunar eclipse, regularly corresponds to Saturday, October 29, A.D. 1110.

No. 126

(B.K. No. 76 of 1927-28)

Doni, Mundargi Petha, Dharwar District

On A Slab Built Into The Wall Of The Siddhalingadeva Temple

This inscription which belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) registers a gift of garden made by the Sixty Mahajanas and Settis  of the great agrahara Dronapura, headed by the Urodeya, to the temple of Siddhesvaradeva, while the cief queen Lakshmidevi was governing the town.  The king is given the biruda Rayanarayana.

The record is dated Cahlukya-Vikrama year 5, Raudri, Pushya, su. Padiva, Monday, solar eclipse, vyatipata.  The details corresponds to A.D. 1080, December 14, Monday, on which day padiva commenced at .11.

No. 127

(B.K. No. 128 of 1926-27)

Kurtakoti, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up Near A Well Called Uppunirina-Bhavi

The inscription belongs to the reing of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and registers a gift of income accruing from fines on offences such as defamation, assault, etc., made, for the benefit of the Kadalegere tank, to the Urodeya and the Two-Hundred Mahajanas of the agrahara Kuritakumte by Mahapradhna, Manevergade, Dandanayaka Vamadevayya, an officer under Mahamandalesvara Trailokyamalla Vira-Nolamba-Pallava Permadi Jayasingadeva, of the Pallava family,’ who, as Yuvaraja, was ruling over Purigere Three-Hundred, Beluvala Three –Hundred, Banavasi Twelve-Thousand and Kundur One-Thousand.  The Urodeya and the Two-Hundred Mahajanas also made a gift of land for the tank and for the temple of Anuvesvaradeva.  The inscription was composed by Nagadeva of the vipra-grama Pombolal, written by Kulakarani Mabalarya and engraved by Ayyana, son of Kantada Bamma of the town of Purikara.

No. 128

(B.K. No. 451 of 1926)

Tegur, Dharwar Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Lying In The Village Chavadi

This inscription belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and refers to his subordinate Mahamandalesvara Guvaladeva, who possessed the ‘five great sounds’, who was the lord of Banavasipura and who belonged to the family of Trialochana-Kadamba.  While the latter was governing over Konkana Nine-Hundred and Halasige Twelve-Thousand, Jayadeva-Gavunda granted land for worship, offerings and repairs in the temple of Kalidevasvamin.

The record is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 7 . . . . . . Pushya, su. 5, Sunday, Uttarayana-sankranti.  In Chalukya-Vikrama year 7 (Dundubhi), the Uttarayana-sankranti fell on Pushya su. 3 (=Sunday, December 25, A.D. 1082).  Su. 5 is probably a mistake for su. 3.

No. 129

(B.K. No. 2 of 1927-28)

Savadum Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Stone Leaning Against The Front Wall Of The Village Chavadi

This slightly damaged inscription belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI).  It describes at length the heroic qualities of the chief Achugi and his son Bhulokamalla Permadi, a Mahamandalesvara, who possessed the ‘five great sounds’, who was worshipper of the feet of Bhulokamalladeva and was the ruler of Kisukadu Seventy, Bagadage Seventy and Nareyamgal Twelve.  It registers the grant of land mae by Gangara Bachimayya to Chandrabhushana-Pandita, for the benefit of he temple of Mulasthamadeva at Sayid (Called also Sayyadi) and for feeding ascetics.  The charity was to be administered by the Four-Hundred Mahajanas of the place.

The inscription is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 7, Dundhbhi, Phalguna, ba. Panchami, Monday.  Ba.  Panchami in the given month was not Monday but Saturday, 11th March, A.D. 1083.

No. 130

(B.K. No. 239 of 1926-27)

Sudi, Ron Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up Near The Temple Of Basavanna

This damaged inscription belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and mentions his feudatory, Dandanatha Srivallabha who was then administering a district (probably Kisukadu Seventy).  It records that this chief granted the twon of Mudiyanur to a trustee (name lost) who was a votary of Vigrahesvara.  The charity was placed in charge of Six Gavundas and the Eight Settis.

The record is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 9, Raktakshi, Asvayuja, punnami, Friday, lunar eclipse.  The week day is a mistake for Monday, on which day occurred the full-moon and thelunar eclipse.  The corresponding English date would be A.D. 1084, September 16, Monday.

No. 131

(B.K. No. 235 of 1926-27)

Sudi, Ron Talui, Dharwar District

On A Stone On The Left Side Of The Village Gateway

The inscription belongs to the reing of Tribhuvanamalla-Vallbha (Vikramaditya VI) and records the grant of the village Pomgari in Kisukadu Seventy, by his queen Lakshmadevi, to Somesvara-panditadeva of the temple of Achalesvara at rajadhani Sundi, for the benefit of the temple, for feeding ascetics and for imparting education.

The record is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 9, Raktakshi, Pushya, ba. Navami, Tuesday, Uttaryana-sankranti, which regularly corresponds to A.D. 1084, December 24, Tuesday.

No. 132

(B.K. No. 73 of 1929-30)

Tumbigi, Muddebihal Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Stone Built Into A Bastion In The Village

The inscription which is badly damaged belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and seems to register a gift of land made to the god Traipurushadeva of the sale at the agrahara Tumbigi, by Mahapradhana, Hersian-dhivigrahi, Manevergade, [Danda]nayaka Ni[m*]bana.

The record is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 11, Kshaya, Vaisakha, punname, Sunday.  The tithi fell not on Sunday but on Friday, may 1, A.D. 1086

No. 133

(B.K. No. 122 of 1926-27)

Kurtakoti, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Built Into The Wall Of The Temple Of Virupaksha

This inscription of the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) describes at length the Two-Hundred Mahajanas of Kuritakunte, headed by the Urodeya Vasudeva-Bhatta Somayaji, their trusted and valorous servant, the barber (navida) Dasa, who built the temple of Dasesvara, the members of the Moriya family who endowed the temple richly and the members of the Koneya family.  It registers a gift of one pana on every doni by the One-Thousand of Jaragara-Doni, who belonged to the Moriya family and of oil by the Fifty Families of Telligas (oilmen), for worship, lamp and offerings in the temple mentioned above.  A gfit of land is also stated to have been made to the same temple by the Two-Hundred Mahajanas of Kuritakunte and by the said Dasa (Dasimayya)

The record is dated Saka 1009, Prabhava, Sravana, amavasya, Sunday, full solar eclipse, Vyatipata.  The details regularly correspond to A.D. 1087, August 1, Sunday.

No. 134

(B.K. No. 124 of 1926-27)

Kurtakoti, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Lying On The Tank-Bund

This inscription belongs to the reing of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI).  It praises the great qualities of Belkeyar-Erega, a member of the Two-Hundred Mahajanas of the agrahara Kuritakunte, who built the temples of Vishnu and Sarasvati at Ermeganur Kuripatti and a big well and a tank at Siriguppe.  It records the gift of land made by him, by purchase from the Mahajanas, to the temple of Ere-Vishnu Kesavadeva, built him.

The record is dated Saka 1010, Prabhava, Sravana, amavasya, Sunday, solar eclipse.  The details regularly correspond to A.D. 1087, August 1, Sunday.  This is dated on the same day as No. 1333 (No. 122 of 1926-27) above, though the Saka year there is cited as 1009.

No. 135

(B.K. No. 35 of 1928-29)

Arasibidi, Hungund Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Standing On A Hill To The Right Of The Jain Basti

This Kannada inscription of the time of Tribhuvanamaladeva (Vikramaditya VI) refers to his officer Mahasamantadhipati, Mahaprachanda-Dandanayaka, Mahasenadhipati, [A]vararasa, who was governing over Kisukadi Seventy and Karividi Thirty.  It registers a gift of land and house-sites made by the chief, with the consent of the king, to the Forty-Two learned Mahajanas of the Brahmapuri, at the capital Vikramapura.

The record is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 12, Prabhava, Sravana, amavasya, Sunday, solar eclipse.  The cyclic year, month, etc., are the same as those in the foregoing record and correspond to A.D. 1087, August 1, Sunday.

No. 136

(B.K. No. 85 of 1927-28)

Alur, Mundargi Petha, Dharwar District

On A Slab Built Into The Wall Of The Virabhadradeva Temple

This inscription which is in Sanskrit and Kannada belongs to the reign of the Tribhuvanamalladeva (vikramaditya VI).  It begins with a formal preamble and gives a long genealogy of the dynasty in the style of the copper-plate grants.  This introductory portion very largely agrees with that of the Nilgunda Plates of this king (Ep. Ind. Vol. XII).  It registers the gift of land, house-sites, etc, made by the king to his servant (lenka) Mahadevayya-Nayaka for the benefit of the temple of Tripurushadeva built by the latter at Malad-Aluru when the former was in his military camp (vijaya-skanadhavara) of Rajasraya.  The Two-Hundred Mahajanas of the village, which was an agrahara in Masavadi One-Hundred and Forty, received from this Mahadevayya-Nayaka, 130 Lokkigadyanas and gave in exchange 200 mattar of land, etc., for the purpose of the gift.  The grant was made during the regimeof Mahapradhana, Herilala-Kannada-sandhivigrahi, Dandanayaka Raviyana-Bhatta.  It may be noted that ‘Rajasraya’ was the title of th Western Chalukya king Vinayaditya (Bomb. Gaz., Vol. I)

The record is dated Chalukya-Vikrama year 16, Prajapati, Pushya, su. Dvadasi Thursday, Uttarayana-sankramana, which regularly corresponds to A.D. 1091, December 25, Thursday.

No. 137

(B.K. No. 75 of 1926-27)

Soratur, Gadag Taluk, Dharwar District

On A Slab Set Up In Front Of The Kallesvara Temple

This inscription belongs to the reign of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and states that while (the goddess) Mahalakshmidevi of Kollapura was presiding over and protecting Soratavura, Telliga Jakkiyabbe bought some land from the Two-Hundred Mahajanas of the place and dedicated it for a satra for feeding the Brahmanas.  Ths same lady is stated, in a supplement, to have made a similar gift on a second occasion.

The record contains two dates.  The fist is Chalukya-Vikrama year 16, Prajapati, Pushya, su. 12, Thursday, Uttarayana-sankranti, vyatipata.  The tithi and weekday agree and fall on A.D. 1092, December 26, Sunday; but the sankranti occurred on the previous Friday, i.e., December 24.

The record was composed by Madhava-Bhatta.

No. 139

(B.K. No. 90 of 1929-30)

Hebbal, Bagevadi Taluk, Bijapur District

On A Slab Standing Near The Mallikarjuna Temple

This inscription belongs to the reing of Tribhuvanamalladeva (Vikramaditya VI) and is interesting on account of the mention of the king’s son and crown prince Yuvaraja Mallikarjunadeva, who was governing over the Tardavadi Thousand province as tribhog-abhyantara-siddhi.  It registers a gift of land made by the prince, at the request of his subordinate Mahasamantadhipati, Dandanayaka, Bhivanayya, to the temple of the goddess Sarasvati.  The gift was made into the hands of Chandrasekhara Pandita, the acharya of the matha in the temple of Svayambhu Dakshina-Somanatha at Perbbal, the chief among the Twelve (villages)

The inscription is dated Chalukya-Vikarama year 20, Yuva, Paushya, ba. 11, Monday, Uttarayana-sankranti, which corresponds to A.D. 1095, December 24, Monday, on which day the sankranti actually commenced.

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